Military Cross (MC)

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ALDERSON, John

No 3 Commando
Captain John Alderson MC, OC 6 troop,  died during the fighting at Leese, Germany. He had rejoined No.3 Commando after being wounded in the knee at Amfreville during the Normandy landings. He was awarded the Military Cross "In recognition of gallant and distinguished services in Normandy."
 
Citation

ALLEN, Michael Rhys Harvey

No 9 Commando
Captain Michael Allen , Adjutant of No. 9 Commando, was awarded the Military Cross [1] in recognition of gallant and distinguished service during operations at Monte Faito, Italy, on 2/3 February 1944 [2].
Recommendation
Action at Monte Faito night 2/3 Feb.44, MR. 858043, Italy 1:50,000 Sheet 160-II.

ANGUS, David Charles

40RM Commando
Captain David Angus was awarded the Military Cross for gallantry, zeal and skill during the attack on Sarande and the seizure of the Island of Solta.
 
The death of Captain Angus MC of St. Ninian, Stirling, was announced in Commando Association newsletter 98 issued March 1994.
 
Source
London Gazette 37013, page 1791.
 

ANRUDE, Jack

Lieutenant Jack Anrude
40 Cdo. RM
Lieutenant Jack Anrude was awarded the Military Cross for gallant and distinguished services in Afghanistan in 2010 [1].
 
Lt. Anrude led his troop out of Patrol Base Hanjar accompanying an Afghan Special Forces unit to speak with locals at a mosque. 

ARMSTRONG, Liam Peter

Marine Liam Armstrong MC
45 Cdo. RM
Marine Liam Armstrong was awarded the Military Cross  in recognition of gallant and distinguished services in Afghanistan in 2002.
 
Sources
London Gazette Supp. 56920, page 5274.
[Image] BBC News online 4 Dec. 2006.
 

BALLANCE, John

45 Cdo. RM
Corporal John Ballance was awarded the Military Cross in recognition of gallant and distinguished service in Afghanistan during the period 1st October 2008 to 31st March 2009 [1].
 
A spokesman for the MoD said: "Despite a heavy weight of enemy fire, Ballance and a comrade relentlessly cleared a route towards stricken casualties. With complete disregard for his own safety, Ballance repeatedly ran from cover into fire to manage the evacuation of a casualty and continue the battle" [2].
 
Sources

BASSETT-WILSON, Paul Francis

No 9 Commando
No 12 Commando
Captain Paul Bassett-Wilson MC died during operations with No.9 Commando at Lake Comacchio, Italy [1].
A former pupil of Stowe School and student at Trinity College [2], he had earlier served as a Lieutenant in No 12 Commando and took part in the raid at St Nazaire. He was one of the commando contingent on board ML 443 and was evacuated back to the UK [3].
  • 4 September 1943 posted from No.12 Commando to No. 9 Commando [4].

BATEMAN, Richard

Royal Marines
Corporal Richard Bateman was awarded the Military Cross in recognition of gallant and distinguished service in Afghanistan during the period 1st October 2008 to 31st March 2009.

BEADLE, Ian Nigel Neville

Major Ian Beadle MC 45RM Commando
45RM Commando
Formerly Captain of 'E' troop, Ian Beadle was awarded the Military Cross in 1945, whilst Acting Temporary Major with 45RM Commando for " distinguished service while operating with the Army in NW Europe."  (Source: London Gazette 36947, page 998, and 36992, page 1507.)

BEADLE, Jeffrey Charles

40RM Commando
Temporary Lieutenant Jeffrey Charles Beadle was awarded the Military Cross for gallantry, leadership and outstanding determination whilst serving in Commando operations in the Adriatic, June, 1944, specifically the attack on Brac Island [more....] [1].
  • 1967 (Major) appointed M.B.E. (Military Division) in the New Year's Honours list [2].
Sources
[1] London Gazettes Supp. 37387, page 6085.

BILLINGHAM, Paul Jonathon

Royal Marines
Staff Sergeant Paul Billingham, serving with the Parachute Regiment, was awarded the Military Cross in recognition of his gallant and distinguished service in Afghanistan during the period 1 October 2013 to 30 June 2014 [1]
  • 26 August 2008 (Corporal) (Royal Marines) awarded the Royal Naval Long Service and Good Conduct Medal [2].
Sources
[1] London Gazette Supp. 61155, page 3471.
[2] London Gazette Supp. 58804, page 12962.
 

BISPHAM, Matthew

42 Cdo. RM
Marine Matthew Bispham was awarded the Military Cross in recognition of gallant and distinguished service in Afghanistan [1].
 
On 13 January 2007 Bispham’s company conducted a deliberate attack onto a hill and compounds. The enemy fired machine guns and rocket-propelled grenades from a group of compounds and all Troops were pinned down by the accuracy of the fire. Bispham’s group was tasked to assault.

BLACK, Graeme Delamere

No 2 Commando

Captain Graeme Black DSO, MC, was executed whilst a Prisoner of War. He was one of the seven Commandos of No. 2 Commando who were captured after Operation Musketoon, and later executed under Hitler's Commando Execution Order, at Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp, Berlin, 1942.

He was awarded the Military Cross in recognition of gallant and distinguished services in successful combined operations, against the enemy at Vaagso and Maaloy.

He was awarded the Distinguished Service Order in recognition of gallant and distinguished services in the field.

BLAKE, John Philip

Capt Blake MC 43RM Commando
43RM Commando
Captain John Blake MC died [1] during operations against the enemy held island of Brac. He had earlier been awarded the Military Cross [2] for leadership, gallantry and devotion to duty while serving with Royal Marine Commandos in the capture of Mt. Ornito, Italy on the 3 Feb. 1944 [3].
 

BOYLE, Richard

'Layforce'
Major Richard Boyle MC died serving with the 1st Black Watch during operations at the River Rhine crossing having left the Commando. (1) 
 
He had previously served as Captain of 'D' Company,  'D' Bn.  Layforce, and was one of those who escaped from Crete after the ill fated action there. (2)
 
In 1942 he was awarded the MC for gallant and distinguished services in the Middle East. (3)
 
Sources

BRAND, Douglas John

45 Cdo. RM
Lieutenant Douglas Brand was awarded the Military Cross for distinguished service in operations in the Radfan Area, Western Aden Protectorate during the period 1st to 15th February 1965.
 
Recommendation

BRETT, Gerrard

No 12 Commando
Lieutenant Gerrard Brett was awarded the Military Cross [1] in recognition of gallant and distinguished service during Operation Chariot, the raid at St Nazaire 27/28 March 1942. He embarked on board HMS Campbeltown [2], was taken prisoner after the raid and sent to Stalag 3D Berlin-Steglitz [3].
  • 7 November 1953 relinquished commission and granted honorary rank of Captain [4].
Sources
[1] London Gazette 37162, page 3493.

BRODIE, Alexander Clare Cunningham

Middle East Commando
Captain Alexander Brodie served in the Middle East Commando. This Commando was short lived and he eventually returned to his Unit [1].
  • 11 July 1944  (Captain)  (5th Bn The Black Watch) awarded the Military Cross in recognition of gallant and distinguished service whilst commanding 'A' Company during operations at Colombelles, North West France [2][2A].

BUCHANAN, Craig Andrew

Marine Craig Andrew Buchanan 40 Commando
40 Cdo. RM
Marine Craig Buchanan was awarded the Military Cross for his immense bravery and remarkable composure under fire when his patrol was attacked by a rogue Afghan policeman, during the period 1 October 2012 to 31 March 2013.
 
Sources
London Gazette Supp. 60647, page 19570.

BURN, Michael Clive

Capt. Burn MC 2 Commando
No 2 Commando

Captain Michael Burn, 6 troop, was awarded the Military Cross  for gallant and distinguished service during Operation Chariot, the raid at St Nazaire 28 March 1942. 

He was in charge of the commando contingent on board motor launch ML 192. Reported missing after the raid he was later found to have been taken prisoner. He was imprisoned at Oflag 4C Saalhaus Colditz.

BURT, Hutchison

Hutchison Burt 4 Commando
No 4 Commando
Captain Hutchison Burt, 'E' Troop, was awarded the Military Cross in recognition of gallant and distinguished service during operations in Normandy [1].
  • 23 April 1942 commissioned 2/Lt. from the rank of Warrant Officer Class 11 (S. Gds) [2].
Sources
[1] London Gazette Supp. 36679, page 4045.

BUTLER, Brian Dear

No 3 Commando
Major Brian Butler MC died [1] at Chateau d'Amfreville during severe mortaring of their HQ. Five others also died. Lt T.N. Skelly and three others were wounded [2]. He had previously been awarded the Military Cross [3] whilst a Troop Captain for gallant and distinguished services on the 4th October 1943 at Termoli, Italy [4].
 
Sources:
[1] CWGC
[2] No 3 Commando War Diary dated 11th June 1944.

CAMERON, Charles Peter

Major Charles Peter Cameron
3 Cdo. Bde. Air Sqn / Helicopter Force
Major Charles Cameron, OC 3 Commando Brigade Air Squadron [1][2], was awarded the Military Cross for his actions during operations on the Falkland Islands [2].
 
Citation
"Major Cameron is the Commanding Officer of 3 Commando Brigade Air Squadron. 

CAMERON, Ralph Alverne Cyril

No 9 Commando
Captain Ralph Cameron was awarded the Military Cross [1] in recognition of gallant and distinguished service whilst in charge of 2 troops whose task was to destroy an enemy post near a demolished bridge West of the River Garigliano, Italy, on the night of 29/20 December 1943 during Operation Partridge [2].
 
4 July 1947 awarded the Territorial Efficiency Medal (rank shown as Captain (Honorary Major) (Q.O.C.H.) and later the Territorial Decoration [3].
 
Sources

CARR, Edward Lionel Knyvet Augustus

Captain Carr MC 4 Commando
No 4 Commando
Captain (E.L.K.A.) Knyvet Carr, Heavy Weapons Troop, was awarded the M.C.[1] in recognition of gallant and distinguished service during operations at Flushing on the 1st November 1944 [2]. He remained in service with the Royal Artillery post war retiring with the rank of Lieutenant Colonel on 20 July 1974 [3].
 
The death of "Capt. (later Lt. Col.) E.L.K.A. (Knyvet) Carr MC of Sheet, Hants.", was announced in Commando Association newsletter 111 issued September 2000.
 
Sources

CARR, Richard Philip

No 11 Commando
Captain Richard Carr, 1 troop, was attached to the Commandos from the Royal Artillery. He was taken prisoner of war early in 1942 and, despite several escape attempts, remained in captivity for the remainder of the war.
 
He was awarded the MC whilst serving as a 2nd Lieutenant with the Royal Artillery for 'gallant and distinguished services in action' at Dunkirk. (London Gazettes Supp. 34931, page 5201.)
 

CARTER, Robert Ponsonby

45 Cdo. RM
Captain Robert Carter received a Mention in Despatches announced on 27 April 1951 for distinguished service in operations in Malaya [1]. 
  • Awarded the Military Cross for gallant and distinguished services during operations at Tapah, Malaya, between 1 January and 30 June 1951 [2] [3].

CHANT, Stuart Whitemore

Stuart Chant 5 Commando
No 5 Commando
On the 22nd October 1939 whilst in the Artists Rifles TA, the then Private (Cadet) Chant was granted an emergency commission as Second Lieutenant having attended the 163rd Officer Cadet Training Unit [1]. 
  • October 1940 volunteered for the Army Commandos; attached to No.5 Commando [2].

CHRISTIE, Thomas John

Brigade Signals
Lieutenant Thomas Christie, Lines Officer 1st Commando Brigade Signal Troop, was awarded the M.C. [1] in recognition of gallant and distinguished service during operations in NW Europe, specifically whilst laying out a communications line over a demolished railway bridge across the River Rhine at Wesel [2].
 
  • Commissioned at OCTU from the ranks 20 December 1944 [3].
Sources
[1] London Gazette Supp. 37302, page 4999.

CLAPTON, John Francis

Lieutenant John Clapton 6 Commando
No 6 Commando
No 12 Commando
Lieutenant John Clapton was awarded the Military Cross [1] in recognition of gallant and distinguished service on 28 January 1945 whilst leading a small Recce patrol at a wood near Linne [2].
  • Served in No.12 Commando 4 Parachute Troop prior to moving to No.6 Commando [3].
Sources
[1] London Gazette 37027, page 1942.
[2] National Archives file WO373/53/64.

COULSON, Leonard Nickson

Captain Len Coulson 4 Commando
No 4 Commando
Temporary Major Leonard Coulson was awarded the M.C. [1] in recognition of gallant and distinguished service during operations at Normandy on 6 June 1944 and the days following it [2].
 

On the 21st September 1954 he was promoted Major in the Royal Pioneer Corps [3].

Sources
[1] London Gazette Supp. 37442, page 639.
[2] National Archives file WO373/56/813.
[3] London Gazette Supp. 40305, page 5958.
 

COWAP, Dalton Hayton

No 1 Commando
Captain Dalton Hayton Cowap MC, known as George [1], served in 4 troop, and was wounded during operations at Myebon in January 1945 [2].  In 1943 whilst a Lieutenant in No 1 Commando he had been awarded the M.C. in recognition of gallant and distinguished services in North Africa [3].
 
On the 16th April 1947 he relinquished his commission and was granted the honorary rank of Captain [4].
 
Post war he lived in Rhodesia (Zimbabwe.) [1].
 

COX, Mark Andrew

Royal Marines
Sergeant Mark Cox was awarded the Military Cross in recognition of gallant and distinguished service serving with the United Kingdom component of the International Force for East Timor during the period 1st October 1999 to 31st March 2000 [1].
 
Operations concerned were Op. Langar/ Op. Halyard, East Timor [2].
 
Sources
[1] London Gazette Supp. 56017, page 12363.
[2] Globe and Laurel Nov-Dec. 2000.
 

D'ARCY, Edward John

No 9 Commando
Captain Edward D'Arcy, Medical Officer, was awarded the Military Cross for gallant and distinguished service during operations at Monte Faito Italy on 2/3 February 1944.
 
Sources
London Gazette 36586, page 3070.
National Archives file WO373/6/353.
Commando Association newsletter 99 issued September 1994.
 

DAVIDSON, Douglas Malcolm

Capt.D.M. Davidson MC
No 1 Commando
Captain Douglas Davidson MC died of wounds sustained on the 14th March whilst leading a patrol and being engaged by the enemy. The location for the entry recorded in the War Diary shows Sidi es Siah. (Source: No 1 Commando War Diary March 1943.)
 
He was awarded the MC for his gallantry in North Africa. (Source: London Gazette Supplement 35987, page 1846.)
 

DAY, Stanley Ambrose

Capt Stanley Day MC 2 Commando
No 2 Commando
No 4 Independent Company
Captain Stanley Day, adjutant of No 2 Commando, was awarded the Military Cross in recognition of gallant and distinguished services during Operation Chariot, the raid on St. Nazaire. He was one of Lt. Col. Newman's HQ party on board MGB 314 and was taken prisoner after the raid. He was held at Oflag 9A/H at Spangenberg, Germany.
 
Sources
London Gazettes Supp. 37162, page 3493
Prisoners of War 1715-1945 / National Archives file WO392/1.

DELAP, Peter

40RM Commando
Captain Peter Delap, M.B. (R.A.M.C.), attached to 40RM Commando [1], was awarded the MC in recognition of gallant and distinguished services in the field [2].
 
Sources
[1] Commando Association newsletter 118.
[2] London Gazettes Supp. 36983, page 1427 published 15March 1945.
 

DEXTER, John

41RM Commando
Captain John Dexter was awarded the MIlitary Cross for gallant and distinguished services in North West Europe.
 
Recomendation
"Captain Dexter landed in Normandy on D Day as a Machine Gun Officer, and was very shortly afterwards to Command of the Support Troop of his unit. Throughout the campaign in NW Europe he has been engaged in every major and minor battle in which his unit took part.

DUNN, Edwin

48RM Commando

Captain Edwin Dunn was awarded the MC for gallantry, leadership and undaunted devotion to duty during the assault on the Island of Walcheren.

ECREPONT, Edward William

40RM Commando
Captain Edward Ecrepont was awarded the Military Cross for leadership, gallantry and devotion to duty on the 22nd January 1944. After the crossing of the River Gargliano, Italy, he led two troops in seizing the essential feature to the North of Mount Castellucio and successfully holding it for 36 hours until relieved despite repeated counter-attacks  [1][2].
 

EMSLIE, Hamish Brian

42 Cdo. RM
Lieutenant Hamish Emslie was awarded the Military Cross for distinguished service in operations in Malaya with 42 Commando RM [1+2].
 
Recommendation for MC:  
Perak, Malaya.  July 1950 to Nov. 1950.
This Officer has been most zealous in operations for a continuous period since July 1950. He is bold and courageous and sets a fine example to the ranks under his command.

EPHRAUMS, Michael Jarvis

40RM Commando
Captain Michael Ephraums MC died during operations at Termoli, Italy. He had previously been awarded the M.C. [2] for gallant and distinguished service whilst commander of 'A' troop at the Pachino Peninsula on the 10th July 1943 [3].
 
Sources 
[1] CWGC
[2] London Gazettes Supp. 36229; Page: 4812.
[3] National Archives file WO373/47/133.
 

EVANS, Humphrey Ap

45RM Commando
Captain Humphrey Evans, Royal Artillery Forward Observation Officer attached to 45RM Commando, was awarded the M.C. [1] in recognition of gallant and distinguished services during the River Rhine crossing on the 23/24 March 1945 [2].
 
Sources
[1] London Gazettes Supp. 37172, page 3591.
[2] National Archives file WO 373/ 54/714.
 

FLUNDER, Daniel John

Captain Daniel Flunder MC
48RM Commando

Captain Daniel Flunder was awarded the MC for gallantry, leadership and undaunted devotion to duty during the assault on the Island of Walcheren [1]. He became the Adjutant and Commander of  'A' Troop of 48 RM Commando [2].

The death of Major Daniel John Flunder OBE, MC, VRD (48 RM Cdo) of Helston, Cornwall, was announced in Commando Association newsletter 102 issued March 1996.

FYNN, Francis West (Lt Col)

Lieutenant Colonel Francis Fynn 2 commando
Lieutenant Colonel Francis Fynn 2 Commando
No 2 Commando
No 12 Commando
Lieutenant Colonel Francis West Fynn became the Commanding Officer of No 2 Commando from June 1944 after Lt Col Churchill was taken prisoner of war. 
 
A former Lance Sergeant in the Royal Artillery T.A., he was appointed Second Lieutenant on the 23rd December 1939 [1]. On the 11th July 1942 the then Lieutenant Fynn was posted from the RA to the Gordon Highlanders [2]
 

GARDNER, James Patrick

42 Cdo. RM
Lieutenant James Patrick Gardner, 'B' Troop, was awarded the Military Cross  for gallant and distinguished service with 3 Commando Brigade, Royal Marines in Malaya during the period 1st January to 30th June, 1952 [1].
  • 1964 (Captain) (Local Major) Mentioned in Despatches for gallant and distinguished services in operations in Borneo Territories during the period 24th December 1963 to 23rd June 1964 [2].
Sources
[1] London Gazette 39675, page 5528.

GIBSON, Robert Roy

2 Special Service (Commando) Brigade

Lieutenant Robert Gibson, attached to Special Service troops, was awarded the MC for gallant and distinguishes services in Italy. [Source: London Gazettes Supp. 36327, page 256.]

GOURLAY, Basil Ian Spencer

Basil ian spencer Gourlay
43RM Commando
Acting Captain Basil Gourlay was awarded the Military Cross whilst serving with 43RM Commando in WW2. 
 
Post war he served in 45 Commando Royal Marines 1945-1948, Brigade Major 3 Commando Bde Royal Marines 1955-1957; OC 42 Commando Royal Marines 1963-1965, ultimately being appointed Commandant General Royal Marines from 1971-75 after which he retired.
 
  • M.C. (A/Captain 43RM Commando) for gallantry, zeal and skill during the attack on Sarande and the seizure of the Island of Solta. [1 +2]

GRANT, Richard Henry

40 Cdo. RM
Captain Richard Grant, OC  'A' troop, was awarded the M.C. [1], for distinguished services in operations against terrorists in Cyprus during the period Sept. 1955 and August 1956 [2].
 
He had earlier received a MID for  gallant and distinguished services in Palestine during the period 27th March, 1948 and 30th July, 1948 [3].
 
Sources
[1] London Gazettes Supp. 40987, page 653.
[2] National Archives file WO 373/126/14.

GRAY, Thomas Malcolm

41RM Commando
46RM Commando
40 Cdo. RM
Colonel Thomas Malcolm Gray DSO, MC, died in service whilst serving at HMS President.
  • Commanding Officer 41RM Commando on D Day, awarded the Military Cross.
  • Commanding Officer 46RM Commando from November 1944
Citation for the M.C.

GRIFFITHS, Patrick

Patrick Griffiths MC
45 Cdo. RM
Lieutenant Patrick Griffiths was awarded the Military Cross for distinguished service in operations in Malaya during the period 1st August  to 15th November, 1950 [1].
  • 11 June 1977 (Colonel) appointed C.B.E. (Military Division) [2]
Sources
[1] London Gazettes Supp. 39215, page 2389.
[1] National Archives file WO 373/129/123.
[2] London Gazette Supp. 47234, page 7085.
[Image] Obituary in the Globe and Laurel Jan/Feb.1994.
 

HARDEY, Ronald Graham Kennell

Capt RGK Hardey MC
No 6 Commando
Commando Basic Training Centre
Captain Ronald Hardey, 2 troop, was awarded the MC for his gallantry and leadership during operations on D Day at Normandy. (London Gazettes Supp. 36679, page 4046.)
 
In 1945 he served at the CBTC. He is shown in a photo entitled "Commando Basic Training Centre - Officers Mess - 1945." (CVA Gallery).
 

HARRIS, Douglas Ewart

DouglasEwartHarrisMC
No 1 Commando
Douglas Ewart Harris served in the ranks of No. 1 Commando. He was selected for Officer training and was commissioned Second Lieutenant in the South Wales Borderers on 21 July 1944.
  • Awarded the Military Cross [1] in recognition of his gallant and distinguished service during operations in April 1945 with the 2/5th Bn. The Queen's Royal at Lake Comacchio, Italy [2]. He left the Army on 18 October 1950.
Sources
[1] London Gazette Supp. 37235, page 4268.

HARRISON, Stewart Sandbach (LtCol)

No 12 Commando
Commanding Officer of No. 12 Commando.
 
A veteran of World War One and recipient of the Military Cross, announced in July 1918, and later a bar to the Military Cross in August 1919.
 
Sources
London Gazette Supp. 30780, p7909 and Supp. 31745, p924.
List The Bugle , author Maj. Gen. Corran Purdon CBE, MC, CPM.
Commando Association obituaries newsletter 70 issued March 1980.
 

HEAD, Charles Searle

Charles Head 3 Commando
No 3 Commando
Acting Captain Charles Head was awarded the Military Cross [1] in recognition of gallant and distinguished service on the night of 13/14 July 1943, after landing at Agnone and during the advance to Malati, Sicily [2].
 
11 October 1945 Captain Charles Head relinquished his commission on the grounds of disability and was granted the honorary rank of Major [3].
 
Sources
[1] London Gazette Supp. 36217, page 4661.

HELLINGS, Peter William Craddock

40RM Commando
On the 6th September 1940 it was announced that Lieutenant Peter Hellings RM had been awarded the Distinguished Service Cross for courage and devotion to duty during the withdrawals from Boulogne and Calais [1]
  • 1943 (Acting Major)(40RM Commando) awarded the Military Cross for gallant and distinguished services in operations leading to the capture of Termoli [2]
  • 12th February 1946 (Captain)(Acting Lieutenant Colonel) received a Mention in Despatches for gallant and distinguished services in NW Europe [3].

HENDERSON, John Patrick Leo

Lt Henderson 2 Commando
No 2 Commando
2 Special Service (Commando) Brigade
Major John Henderson MC, 2 Special Service Brigade, died during operations in Italy [1].
 
On the 8th May 1940 he transferred from the Oxford and Bucks Light Infantry to the Royal Engineers retaining his seniority as 2/Lieutenant. [2]
 
​He was awarded the MC whilst a Captain (T/Major)  in No 2 Commando at Salerno. [3].
 
Citation

HILTON-JONES, Bryan

Captain Bryan Hilton-Jones 10 Commando
No 10 Commando
Captain Bryan Hilton-Jones, No.10 (Inter Allied) Commando, was the commander of 3 troop, also known as 'X' Troop. He was awarded the Military Cross [1] in recognition of gallant and distinguished service during a series of covert operations codenamed Tarbrush along the North coast of France in the middle of May 1944 gathering vital intelligence in preparation for D Day [2]

HOOPER, Richard Henry

Capt Richard Hooper MC 2 Commando
No 2 Commando
No 4 Independent Company

Captain Richard Hooper was awarded the Military Cross for his gallantry during operations at Scaletta Sicily on the 16th August 1943. He had previously taken part in operations at Vaagso and St Nazaire. During the latter he was in charge of an assault squad on motor launch ML 156, wounded, and evacuated back to the UK.

On the 21st September 1951 it was announced that Capt. (Hon. Maj.) R. H. Hooper, M.C. of the King's Regiment had been awarded the Efficiency Medal Territorial.

HOPSON, Donald Charles

Donald Charles Hopson
No 3 Commando
Second Lieutenant Donald Hopson was commissioned into the Lancashire Fusiliers which later converted to an armoured unit of the Royal Armoured Corps. He served in No 3 Commando and 1 Commando Brigade in both Italy and NW Europe . His last rank whilst in the Commando was Temporary Major.
 
Post war he had a distinguished career in the Diplomatic Service. He held posts of Ambassador to countries such as Laos, China, Venezuela, and Argentina. He was subsequently knighted.
 

HOUGHTON, Robert Dyer

Robert Houghton 40 Commando
40RM Commando
Acting Major Robert Houghton, Second in Command of 40RM Commando, was awarded the Military Cross for bravery, endurance and inspiring devotion to duty whilst serving in Commando operations in the raid on Dieppe, 19th August, 1942, and later as prisoner of war in

HUNTER, David Peter Lafayette

45 Cdo. RM
Captain David Hunter, Officer Commanding the operational troops of 45 Commando RM in the Cameron Highlands Malaya, was awarded the Military Cross for distinguished service from 1st August 1950 onwards [1].
  • 9 January 1961 to 11 January 1963 (Lieutenant Colonel) Commanding Officer 40 Commando RM [2]
World War 2
David Peter Lafayette Hunter served as a Lieutenant in the Royal Marines from 1937.

HUNTER-GRAY, John Simon

John Simon Hunter-Gray 4 Commando
No 4 Commando
Lieutenant John Hunter-Gray was awarded the M.C. [1] in recognition of gallant and distinguished service during operations at Flushing on the 1st November 1944 [2].
 
Sources
[1] London Gazette Supp. 36994, page 1542.
[2] National Archives file WO373/52/673.
 

JAMES, Clifford Vizetelly

Brigade Signals
Lieutenant Clifford James, 2 Special Service Brigade Signals Officer, was awarded the Military Cross for gallant and distinguished service during operations at Salerno between 9-16 September 1943 [1][1A].
  • January 1945 received a Mention in Despatches for gallant and distinguished services in Italy. [2]
The death of Major Clifford James, 2 Brigade Signals, of Bristol, Avon., was announced in Commando Association newsletter 112 issued March 2001.
 
Sources

JOLE, Leslie Hugh

Captain Leslie Jole MC
42 Cdo. RM

Captain Leslie Jole, Officer Commanding 'Y' Troop since September 1950,  was awarded the Military Cross for gallant and distinguished services in Malaya during the period June 1951 to 31st December, 1951.

JONES, Mkhuseli

Royal Marines

Marine Mkhuseli Jones was awarded the M.C., in recognition of gallant and distinguished services in Afghanistan during the period 1st October 2007 to 31st March 2008.

KEEP, Raymond Walter

Raymond Walter Keep 2 Commando
No 2 Commando
Acting Major Raymond Keep was awarded the Military Cross (Periodic) [1] in recognition of his consistent gallant and distinguished service during operations at Scaletta, Salerno, Brac, Solta, Miljet, and Hvar [2].
  • January 1945 serving as G.S.O.3 (Ops) Commando Group [3].
Sources
[1] London Gazette Supp. 36950, page 1040.

KIEFFER, Phillippe

Phillippe Kieffer
No 10 Commando
Captain (Commandant) Phillippe Kieffer, Officer Commanding the French Detachment, was awarded the Military Cross for gallant and distinguished service during operations in Normandy.
 
Recommendation

KING, Peter Frederick

No 4 Commando
Lieutenant Peter King was awarded the Military Cross in recognition of gallant and distinguished service during operations in NW Europe [1].
  • 3 July 1944 (Sergeant) granted an Immediate Emergency Commission [2].
  • 21 December 1949 relinquishes his commission [3].

KITHER, Harry Thomas

Lt Kither 9 Commando
No 9 Commando
Captain Harry Kither MC, from Longcot Shrivenham near Swindon, died during operations at Lake Comacchio and the Argenta Gap. He had been awarded the Military Cross "in recognition of gallant and distinguished services in Italy."
 
Sources
CWGC.
London Gazette 37162, page 3494.
England & Wales Government Probate Death Index.
 

KNIGHT, James

3 Cdo. Bde. RM
Captain James Knight RM, attached 1 Prince of Wales's Royal Regiment, was awarded the Military Cross for gallant and distinguished services in Iraq during the period 1st October 2006 to 31st March 2007 [1].

KNIGHTS, Terry Robert

3 Cdo. Bde. RM
Corporal Terry Knights RM, attached  to 38 Engineer Regiment Group, was awarded the Military Cross for gallant and distinguished services in Iraq during the period 1st October 2006 to 31st March 2007.
 
Sources
London Gazette Supp. 58396, page 10413.
Globe and Laurel Jul/Aug. 2007 edition.
 

KNOTT, Terence Peter Phayre

45 Cdo. RM
Lieutenant Terence Knott was awarded the Military Cross for gallant and distinguished service in Aden.
 
Recommendation
Early on the morning of 30th May 1967, Lieutenant Knott was commanding the Reconnaissance Troop of 45 Commando Royal Marines, which was the emergency standby troop at Habilayn Aden, and was at fifteen minutes notice to move.
 

LANE, George

Lieutenant George Lane 10 Commando
No 10 Commando
George Lane, born Lanyi, a Hungarian national of the Jewish Faith had been a freelance journalist before the war and came to England in 1935 aged 20. When war was declared he immediately attempted to join the Grenadier Guards.  After initially being served with a deportation order as a "friendly alien" this order was rescinded and he was permitted to join the Pioneer Corps. Subsequently he joined the Special Operations Executive but later declined to take part in SOE operations in Hungary and was released. From there he joined the Commandos.
 

LEAVER, Andrew

45 Cdo. RM
Sergeant Andrew Leaver, 45 Commando RM, was awarded the Military Cross in recognition of gallant and distinguished service in Afghanistan during the period 1st October 2008 to 31st March 2009 [1].

LEE, Jack William

General List
Lieutenant Jack Lee (born Raymond Jack William Couraud) was a French Liaison Officer attached to No.2 Commando specifically for Operation Chariot, the raid at St. Nazaire 28 March 1942. He embarked on Motor Launch ML 447. [1][1a]
  • Wounded during the raid and evacuated back to the UK [2].

LEE, John

46RM Commando
Major John Lee, MC, LLB, the Second-in-Command,  died during operations at Beuzeville, Normandy.
 
He was awarded the MC, in the rank of Acting Major, for "gallant and distinguished services while operating with the Army during the successful landings in Normandy."
 
Sources
CWGC

LEWIS, Ross

Royal Marines
Marine Ross Lewis was awarded the Military Cross in recognition of gallant and distinguished service in Afghanistan in 2014.
 
Sources
London Gazette Supp. 61284, page 12288.
 

LLOYD, Wayne Robert

Royal Marines
Corporal Wayne Lloyd was awarded the Military Cross  in recognition of gallant and distinguished services in Afghanistan during the period 1st October 2007 to 31st March 2008.
 
Sources
London Gazette 58776, page 11242.
 

LONG, Donald Bayley

No 9 Commando
Lieutenant Donald Long was awarded the Military Cross in recognition of gallant and distinguished service during operations against the enemy held spit of land between Lake Comacchio and the Adriatic. This took place at the beginning of April 1945 and was named Operation Roast [1][1A].
  • 28 June 1955 (Captain) (Acting Major) (King's Own) awarded the Territorial Efficiency Decoration [2].
  • 27 March 1958 (King's Own T.A.) promoted Major with seniority from 1 May 1947 [3].

LONG, Michael

No 9 Commando
Temporary Captain Michael Long was awarded the Military Cross in recognition of gallant and distinguished service during operations to cross the Garigliano river on the night of 29/30 December 1943. This was known as Operation Partridge [1][2].
  • 10 November 1964 (Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders T.A.) having attained the age limit ceased to belong to the T.A. Reserve of Officers retaining his rank of Honorary Captain [3].
Sources
[1] London Gazette 36497, page 2044.

LOVAT, Lord

No 4 Commando

Lord Lovat first enlisted in the Scots Guards in 1932, leaving the army in 1937. Two years later at the outbreak of war he rejoined the Army in the Lovat Scouts. Lord Lovat was part of a small but elite group of men who formed the idea of a Special Training Centre, agreed on the location, and devised and implemented a course of training once it was approved. This became the first of many Special Training Centres, STC Lochailort.

The training took place in and around the camp at Lochailort, Lord Lovat's role being Fieldcraft instruction.

MACKAY, Peter Lewis

42 Cdo. RM
Captain Peter Mackay died in Malaya. He was awarded the M.C.,[1] for gallant and distinguished service during an action in which he was shot in the head at Perak Malaya on the 1st May 1951[2]. He died 4 days later [3]. He was leading a charge by his patrol of 11 men against bandit forces firing from a ridge above them [2].
 

MACKENZIE, Roderick Gimson

48RM Commando
Captain Roderick Mackenzie MC,  'X' troop, died of wounds from enemy mortar fire during operations at Walcheren.  He died in hospital in Belgium. He had earlier been awarded the MC for "gallant and distinguished services while operating with the Army during the successful landings in Normandy."
 
Sources
CWGC
London Gazettes Supp. 36676, page 4008.
D Day Commando - From Normandy to the Maas with 48RM Commando, author Ken Ford.
 

MAHONEY, David Callaghan

Captain David Mahoney 42 Commando
42 Cdo. RM
Captain David Mahoney was awarded the Military Cross for gallant and distinguished services in Malaya [1]. He became Commander of 'B' Troop in Malaya in September 1950 and was on continuous operations from that time and throughout the following year, primarily in the Batu Gajah region [2].
 
Sources
[1] London Gazette Supp. 39361, page 5432.
[2] National Archives file WO373/130/44.

MANSELL, William Bradbury

40 Cdo. RM
Lieutenant William Mansell was awarded the M.C., for distinguished service in operations in Malaya during the period 10th June  to 4th September, 1950 [1].
 
In 1985 Colonel William Bradbury Mansell, M.C., former principal of the National Maritime Museum, was appointed O.B.E. (Civil Division) [2].
 
Sources
[1] London Gazettes Supp. 39215, page 2389.
[1] National Archives file WO 373/129/121.
[2] London Gazettes Supp. 50361, page 10.

MARSH, Leslie George

40RM Commando
41 Ind. Cdo. RM
45 Cdo. RM
Captain Leslie Marsh, a veteran of service with 40RM Commando in WW2, was awarded the M.C. during the Korean war for gallant and distinguished service in operations in Korea. He remained in military service taking part in operations at Borneo, Suez, and Aden. He retired with the rank of Brigadier.
 
Sources
London Gazettes Supp. 39230, page 2749.
Obituary in the Daily Telegraph 25 June 2005.
 

MARSHALL, Lionel Guy Bradford

Capt Marshall 40rm commando
40RM Commando
Captain Lionel Marshall MC and bar died during operations in Albania.*
  • Awarded the MC for "gallant and distinguished services in operations leading to the capture of Termoli."
  • Awarded a bar to his MC for "courage, leadership and resource in operations which led to the crossing of the Garigliano River in the face of determined opposition, from the enemy."
Sources
CWGC.
MC: LG Publication date: February 1944 ; Supplement 36367; Page: 687

MCCORMICK, Samuel Joseph

Royal Marines
Corporal Samuel Joseph McCormick received a Mention in Despatches in recognition of gallant and distinguished service in Afghanistan [1].
  • Awarded the Military Cross (rank Sergeant) in recognition of gallant and distinguished services in Afghanistan [2].
  • Appointed M.B.E. (Military Division) (rank Colour Sergeant) in recognition of gallant and distinguished services in the field [3].

McCRACKEN, William Andrew

Captain William McCracken 29 Commando
29 Cdo. Regt.RA
Citation: "Captain William McCracken, 29 Commando Regiment Royal Artillery, was in command of an Artillery and Naval Gunfire Forward Observation Party grouped with B Company 3rd Battalion Parachute Regiment during the period 13th-14th June 1982. During the attack on Mount Longdon in the early hours of 12th June Captain McCracken consistently brought down artillery and naval gunfire safely in very close proximity to his own troops allowing them to manoeuvre whilst still maintaining contact with the enemy.

MCGONIGAL, Ambrose Joseph

Ambrose McGonigal MC
No 12 Commando
SBS
Lieutenant Ambrose McGonigal was awarded the M.C. [1] for distinguished service during a raid on the enemy held island of Sark on the night of the 27th December 1943. This was a reconnaissance operation to obtain certain information and if possible capture a prisoner. Very soon after landing the raiding party inadvertently entered a minefield and the resultant explosions killed one member of the party and badly injured a second. Whilst evacuating from the minefield a further 4 mines exploded killing the already injured man, and wounding Lt. McGonigal and 2 others.

MCMENAMIN, James Hugh

No 2 Commando
Lieutenant James McMenamin was awarded the Military Cross (periodic) for his gallant and distinguished service over a period of 16 months with No. 2 Commando until the end of the war encompassing many of their operations on the Dalmatian Islands, Albania, and Italy.
 
Sources
London Gazette 37386, page 6076.
National Archives file WO373/14/552.
 

MENDAY, Ronald Philip

Captain Ronald Menday 4 Commando
Ronald Philip Menday
No 4 Commando
Major Ronald Menday was second in command of No.4 Commando at Normandy on 'D' Day. Took command for a short period after Lt. Col. Dawson [more...] was wounded [1]
 
  • Commissioned Second Lieutenant May 1940 [2].
  • Received a MiD in recognition of gallant and distinguished services in the field [3].
  • Awarded the M.C. in recognition of gallant and distinguished services in NW Europe [4].

MILLS-ROBERTS, Derek

No 6 Commando

Born in 1908; educated at Liverpool College and Oxford University; worked for his father's firm of solicitors, 1935; joined Supplementary Reserve of Officers, Irish Guards, 1936; joined 1 Bn, Irish Guards, 1939-1942, and served in Norway; transferred to special services No 4 Commando, 1942; took part in Dieppe Raid, Aug 1942; Lt Col, 1943; Commanding Officer, No 6 Commando, North Africa, 1943; Brig, 1944; commanded 1 Special Service Bde (later 1 Commando Bde), North West Europe, 1944-1945; accepted the surrender of FM Erhard Milch at Neustadt, May 1945; retired from Army, 1945; commanded 12

MONTGOMERY, Robert Kerr

No 2 Commando

Captain Robert Montgomery, along with Captain William Pritchard RE [more....], had been instrumental in the initial planning and training of the demolition teams for the St Nazaire raid. Captain Montgomery was in charge of the demolition teams on board HMS Campbeltown [1]
Taken prisoner after the raid and detained at Oflag 09A at Spangenberg kei Kassel, Germany [2].

MOORE, Edward Lewis

Captain Ned Moore 3 Commando Medical Officer
No 3 Commando
Captain Edward Moore, M.B., R.A.M.C., Medical Officer attached to No. 3 Commando, was awarded the Military Cross [1] in recognition of gallant and distinguished service after the landing at Agnone Sicily, and during the advance to the bridge at Malati on the night of 13/14 July 1943[2].
 

MOORE, John Jeremy

John Jeremy Moore
3 Cdo. Bde. RM
Major General John Jeremy Moore served as the commander of the British land forces during the Falklands War in 1982.
  • Lieutenant - awarded the Military Cross for gallant and distinguished service with 40 Commando RM in Malaya during the period 1st January to 30th June, 1952 [1].
  • Captain - awarded a Bar to the Military Cross for gallant and distinguished service whilst Commander of 'L' Company 42 Commando RM during a hostage rescue operation at Limbang, Sarawak, on the 12th December 1962 [2].

MORGAN, Timothy Dennis

 Lt Col. Timothy Morgan © IWM (MH 30869
40RM Commando
Temporary Lieutenant Timothy Morgan, 40RM Commando, was awarded the Military Cross for gallant and distinguished services whilst leading a patrol at Pizzo, Italy, near Vibo Valentia, in September 1943 [1].
 
Partial extract from the Obituary in the Globe and Laurel July/August 1992
  • 1945 (Spring) posted as instructor at the Commando Basic Training Centre.
  • 1947 - 50 (Acting Captain) Troop Commander 42 Commando RM.
  • 1952 (Spring) (Captain, O.C. Royal Marines) HMS Indefatigable. 

MURCUTT, Frederick George Halls

2 Special Service (Commando) Brigade
Commando Basic Training Centre
Frederick Murcutt was awarded the MC for his gallantry whilst a Lieutenant serving in Tunisia. He went on to serve with 2 Commando Brigade.
 
Captain Murcutt MC and Sgt Booth were the last demolition team on the training staff at the Commando Basic Training Centre. Post war they set up a boat hire company called 'The Green Beret Craft Operating Company Ltd." (Commando Association Newsletter 2 of 1946).
 
Additional Information and Sources:

NAPIER, Bevil Charles Alan

No 11 Commando
Major Bevil Charles Alan Napier was attached to the Commandos from the Gordon Highlanders.
 
He was promoted from 2/Lieutenant to Lieutenant on the 1st January 1941. In August 1943  whilst a  Captain (T/Major) he was awarded the MC for "gallant and distinguished services in the Middle East."  (London Gazettes Supp.  35077 page 960 and Supp. 36146  page 3819.)
 

NEALE, Peter Walter James

Captain Peter Neale
RM Engineer Commando
Captain (Acting Lieutenant Colonel) Peter Neale RM, 1st RM Engineer Commando attached to 1 Commando Brigade [1+3], was awarded the Military Cross for bravery and great devotion to duty whilst operating with the allied army in North West Europe [2].
 
  • February 1944 A/Captain Neale was 2nd in command 1st RM Engineer Commando [3].
Sources
[1] Commando Association newsletter107 (obituaries).
[2] London Gazette supp. 37137, page 3090.

NICHOLL, Joseph Edward Chancellor

Captain Nicholl MC
No 2 Commando
Joseph Edward Chancellor Nicholl was commissioned 2/Lieutenant on the 23rd March 1941. [1] 
 
He joined the Commandos in 1942 subsequently becoming a Lieutenant in 6 Troop. After 6 Troop were amalgamated with 4 Troop he continued there until promoted Captain of 4 Troop. Later he took over as Captain of 5 Troop being awarded his Military Cross during operations at Lake Commachio [2].
 
Citation 

NIXON, John Francis

Lt John Nixon MC 3 Commando
No 3 Commando
Lieutenant John Nixon was awarded the Military Cross in recognition of gallant and distinguished services in Italy. [1]
  • 28 December 1945 Lieutenant Nixon relinquished his commission on account of disability and was granted the honorary rank of Captain. [2]
Captain John Nixon MC died in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia in October 1972. [3]
 
Sources
[1] London Gazettes Supp. 36327, page 256.

NORRIS, Paul Andrew

Royal Marines
Sergeant Paul Norris received the Queen's Commendation for Bravery in recognition of gallant and distinguished services at sea during the period 11th to 25th May 2007 [1].
 
He was later awarded the M.C., in recognition of gallant and distinguished services in Afghanistan during the period 1st October 2007 to 31st March 2008 [2].
 

O'BRIEN, John Patrick Joseph

40RM Commando

Captain John O'Brien was awarded the Military Cross for courage, leadership and resource in operations which led to the crossing of the Garigliano River in the face of determined opposition, from the enemy.

Sources
London Gazette 36474, page 1777.
National Archives file WO 373/47/153.

OVENS, Patrick John

Lt PJ Ovens
46RM Commando
41 Ind. Cdo. RM
Commando Basic Training Centre

Lieutenant Patrick Ovens served  for a period at the CBTC and is shown in a photo entitled "Commando Basic Training Centre - Officers Mess - 1945." 

He joined 46RM Commando shortly before it was disbanded.

Post war he served as a Captain with 41 Independent Commando RM in Korea being awarded the Military Cross in 1951 for " gallant and distinguished service".  [1]

PARSONS, George Alexander

No 2 Commando

Captain George Parsons MC died during operations at Sarande, Albania.

No 2 Commando War Diary entry:  " 9th Oct'44. Sarande - 3 troop moving round left flank come upon enemy positions suddenly. Heavy spandau and rifle grenade fire. Capt. Parsons MC is hit. Lt Coyle takes over but is hit in the leg. Moves forward again but is killed by grenade."

PETERS, David Robert

Maj David Peters MC and bar 2 Commando
No 2 Commando
Trooper David Robert Peters, a Cadet from the 102nd Officer Cadet Training Unit, was commissioned 2nd Lieut. on the 9th March 1940. [1]
 
He was attached to No 2 Commando from at least January 1943. [2]
 
On the 15th March 1945 it was announced that T/Captain Peters had been awarded the Military Cross in recognition of gallant and distinguished services in the field. [3]
 

PHILIPS, Michael Rex Selou

No 6 Commando
Lance Corporal Philips served in No. 6 Commando [1]. He was selected for Officer training and on the 25th July 1942 was commissioned Second Lieutenant in the Royal Berkshire Regiment [2]. He was awarded the Military Cross [3] whilst serving as a Lieutenant with the 10th Bn. Royal Berkshire Regiment in recognition of gallant and distinguished service at Vandria, Italy [4].
 
Sources
[1] Commando Association newsletter 105 issued September 1997.

POLLARD, Gordon

Maj Gordon Pollard MC MM
No 3 Commando
The then Sergeant Gordon Pollard, RA,  was awarded the Military Medal in recognition of gallant and distinguished services in the Middle East (Egypt and Libya) during the period May, 1942 to October, 1942.
 
On the 16th May 1943 he was commisioned as Second Lieutenant. Subsequently he joined No 3 Commando remaining with them for the remainder of the war, his final rank attained in the Commandos was Major.
 

POLLITT, Charles Jordan Bellingham

Lt Colonel Charles Pollitt
No 1 Commando
No 5 Commando
No 10 Independent Company
Charles Pollitt, then a Captain, embarked with No 10 Independent Company on their deployment to Freetown in April 1940.  At the end of the year after No 10 Independent Company was disbanded he volunteered for and was posted to the Holding and Training Wing at what was then STC Achnacarry. [1].
 

POOLEY, John Bertram Vaughan

No 3 Commando
Major John Pooley MC died during operations at Normandy. 
 
He had been promoted from the rank of Gunner in the Royal Artillery (TA) to be 2/Lt from the 10th January 1940.  After joining No 3 Commando he was awarded the Military Cross whilst a T/Captain in recognition of gallant and distinguished services in Sicily.
 
Sources
CWGC
London Gazettes Publication date:  5 January 1940; Supplement:  34768; Page: 147.

PRITCHARD, William Henry

Captain William Pritchard RE
Special Service Brigade
No 2 Commando
Captain William Pritchard M.C. died during Operation Chariot, the raid at St Nazaire. He was one of the commando contingent on motor launch ML 457 [1][2].
He and fellow Royal Engineer, Captain Bob Montgomery [more...] had been instrumental in the initial planning and training of the demolition teams [3]

ROBINSON, Douglas Arthur

No 6 Commando
Lieutenant (Temporary Captain) Douglas Arthur Robinson was awarded the M.C. [1], in recognition of gallant and distinguished services on 26 February 1943 at Fedi Et Attia, Tunisia [2], in the action that became known as the Battle of Steamroller Farm.
 

ROBINSON, Harry Thomas

40 Cdo. RM

Marine (Acting Lance Corporal) Harry Robinson, Royal Marines Medical Assistant, 40 Commando Royal Marines, was awarded the Military Cross for his courageous and life-saving actions following an attack on his Troop by a rogue member of the Afghan National Army, during the period 1 October 2012 to 31 March 2013.

RODERICK, John Morgan

Lieut. John Roderick MC, No 2 Commando
No 2 Commando
On the 1st July 1939 the then Private John Roderick received his commission as Second Lieutenant.  After volunteering for the Commandos he joined No 2 Commando 3 troop. During the St Nazaire raid he was OIC of an assault party amongst the commando contingent on HMS Campbeltown.
 

RUSHFORTH, John Nicholson

45RM Commando
Acting Major John Rushforth was awarded the Military Cross [1] for gallant and distinguished service on 7 June 1944 during operations at Franceville-Plage, Normandy [2]
Recommendation
"Major Rushforth was in commando of his Troop in a flank protection role during the advance and attack on Franceville. A strong counter attack was made by the enemy.

SCARAMANGA, George Ambrose

Lieutenant George Scaramanga M.C.
No 1 Commando
Whilst a Lieutenant in No. 1 Commando, George Scaramanga was awarded the M.C. [1] in recognition of gallant and distinguished services in North Africa during Operation Bizerte [2]  [more.....]
 
The death of "Capt. (later Rev.) George Ambrose Scaramanga, MC. (1 Cdo) of Chippenham, Wilts." was announced in Commando Association newsletter 87 issued September 1988.
 
Sources
[1] London Gazettes Supp. 35944, page 1300.

SEEGER, Robert Alan Mountcastle

40 Cdo. RM
Lieutenant Robert Seeger was awarded the Military Cross for gallant and distinguished service in operations in the Borneo Territories and in supporting operations.
 
Citation 
On 8th December 1964, Lieutenant Seeger was leading a patrol in the area of the Border on the West Coast of Sebatic Island, Tawau, Sabah.

SHAW, David Mackenzie

Lt Col Shaw OC No 5 Commando
No 5 Commando
Commanding Officer No 5 Commando when they sailed to India in November 1943 until the 12th September 1944 when he relinquished his command to Lt Col Pollitt and rejoined his Regiment, the Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers.
 
  • 1940 (Captain) (Acting Major) David Mackenzie Shaw was awarded the Military Cross for his gallantry serving with the Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers.
Recommendation

SHEDDON, Richard Graham

No 5 Commando
In 1942 the then Lieutenant Richard Sheddon was awarded the M.C. in recognition of gallant and distinguished services during operations in Madagascar.
 
Sources
London Gazettes Supp. 35740, page 4431.
National Archives file WO 373/29/135.
 
Notes
Surname spelt as SHEDDON on N.A. file, and CA Newsletter 105; SHEDDEN on L.G. record.
 

SMALE, Kenneth William Ridley

40RM Commando
Lieutenant Kenneth Smale was awarded the M.C., for bravery, endurance and inspiring devotion to duty whilst serving in Commando operations in the raid on Dieppe, 19th August, 1942, and later as prisoner of war in Germany, August 1942—May 1945.
 
Source
London Gazette Supp. 37387, page 6085.
 

SMITH, Hugh Norman

45RM Commando
Captain Hugh Smith, R.A.M.C., attached to 45RM Commando, was awarded the M.C. [1] in recognition of gallant and distinguished services during operations at the Merville, Normandy, on the 7th June 1944, and later at Breville on the 12th June 1944 [2]
 
Sources
[1] London Gazettes Supp. 36961, page 1177.
[2] National Archives file WO 373/51/363.
 

STEWART, David James

45 Cdo. RM
Lieutenant David Stewart was awarded the MC for his actions during operations on the Falkland Islands.
 

Citation

Early in the morning of the 9th June Lieutenant Stewart, 45 Commando led a troop strength fighting patrol to the Two Sisters feature in East Falklands with a mission to harass the enemy and

STILWELL, Michael William

Captain Stilwell MC 2 Commando
Lieutenant Michael Stillwell MC
No 2 Commando
Michael Stilwell was commissioned into the Cheshire Regiment on the 22nd Sept. 1940. On the 20th August 1943 he was promoted Lieutenant, serving with the Coldstream Guards before volunteering for the Commandos and being posted to No 2 Commando. He was later promoted war substantive Captain.
 
Captain Stilwell was awarded the Military Cross for his gallantry during operations at Spilje, Albania.
Citation
Spilje Albania, July 28/29, 1944. Operation Healing 11.

STRATFORD, Henry Ernest

41RM Commando
Captain Henry Stratford was awarded the M.C. [1] for gallant and distinguished service whilst commander of 'X' troop during operations at the Pachino Peninsula, Sicily, on the 10th July 1943 [2].
 
Sources
[1] London Gazette Supp. 36229, page 4812.
[2] National Archives file WO/373/47/134.
 

STURGIS, John Russell

41RM Commando
Acting Captain John Sturgis, 'B' Troop, was awarded the Military Cross in recognition of bravery, skill and devotion to duty whilst serving with the Allied Forces during the campaign in the Low Countries, over a period from January to April, 1945 [1]. More specifically on the night of the 14/15 February 1945 whilst in a Fighting Patrol of 20 men at Kapelsche Veer across the River Maas [2].

SUTHERLAND, David (Lt Col)

No 8 Commando
SBS

(The following is from the Times obituary.)
 
LIEUTENANT David Sutherland and Royal Marine John Duggan were the only two to return from Operation “Anglo”, a raid on the Italian-occupied island of Rhodes by the Special Boat Service in September 1942. The SBS team was pursued relentlessly; it had attacked two airfields and destroyed aircraft positioned to support Rommel’s threatened advance on Cairo and to bomb supply convoys to beleaguered Malta. 

SWAYNE, Ronald Oliver Carless

No 1 Commando
Lieutenant Ronnie Swayne was awarded the Military Cross in recognition of gallant and distinguished service on Motor Launch ML306 during the raid at St. Nazaire [1][2]
He was taken prisoner and later transported to Oflag 9A/H at Spangenberg bei Kassel, Germany [3][4].
  • 26 June 1979 conferred with the honour of knighthood [5].
  • 1989 appointed Vice President of the Commando Association [6].
Sources
[1]London Gazette 37162, page 3493.
[2] St Nazaire Society.

SYRAD, Stuart Lawrence

45 Cdo. RM
Lieutenant Stuart Syrad was awarded the M.C., for gallant and distinguished services on the 6th November 1956 during Operation Musketeer, the Anglo-French Invasion of Port Said, Egypt.  
 
Sources
London Gazettes Supp. 41092, page 3418.
National Archives file WO 373/124/52.
 

TATE, Alan

45RM Commando
Lieutenant Alan Tate was awarded the M.C. [1] for courage and great devotion to duty during operations at the River Maas near Roermond on 27/28 January 1945 [2].
 
Citation

TAYLOR, Graham Cecil Gordon

50ME Commando
The full circumstances of the death of Captain Graham Taylor are not known to this archive. At the time of his death his Commando, as part of  Layforce, were engaged in a rearguard action on Crete.
 
As a Second Lieutenant in the 2nd Bn. The Leicestershire Regiment, he had been awarded the MC for distinguished services rendered in the field in connection with operations in Palestine during the period 1st April to 30th July, 1939.
 
Sources
CWGC

THOMAS, D.C.

Lt. DC 'Tommy' Thomas MC
Special Service Brigade
Commando Basic Training Centre
Lieut. Thomas was from Maclear in the Transkei, South Africa. The South African Legion website records him as attached to the RM Commandos, 4th Special Service Bde., during the allied landings at Normandy, and that he recieved shrapnel wounds to his leg.
 
He was awarded the MC for "gallant and distinguished services in operations in North West Europe." (Source: London Gazettes Supp. 36846, page 5809, and Supp. 36895, page 417.)
 

THOMAS, Gareth

Royal Marines
Marine Gareth Thomas was awarded the Military Cross for gallant and distinguished service whilst on operations in Iraq during the period 19 March to 19 April 2003.

TOMLINSON, Matthew Robert

Royal Marines

Acting Colour Sergeant Matthew Tomlinson was awarded the Conspicuous Gallantry Cross in recognition of gallant and distinguished services in Iraq In 2005 [1].

Warrant Officer Class 2 Tomlinson, C.G.C., was awarded the Military Cross for gallant and distinguished services in Afghanistan in 2009 [2].

TULLOCH, John Alexander

45RM Commando
Captain John Tulloch, R.A.M.C., joined 45RM Commando as Medical Officer in September 1944 [1].  He was awarded the M.C. [2] in recognition of gallant and distinguished services during the advance from Brachterbeek to Linne, Holland, on the 23rd January 1945 [3].
 
Sources
[1] The book published for those who served 'The Story of 45RM Commando'.
[2] London Gazettes Supp. 37027, page 1942.

WAKELING, James Dennis

40RM Commando

Major James Wakeling was awarded the Military Cross for great courage and exemplary behaviour whilst carrying out commando operations under heavy enemy fire off the Yugoslavian coast.

Post war he was ordained a priest in 1948, and in 1970 became Bishop of Southwell.

WALL, Patrick Henry Bligh

48RM Commando
Acting Major Patrick Wall was awarded the M.C. [1] for bravery and great devotion to duty on 20/21st April 1945 whilst second in command of No.48 RM Commando and leading a patrol across the River Maas in the Biesbosch area of the Netherlands [2].
 
  • He was also awarded the Legion of Merit, Degree of Officer, bestowed by the President of the United States of America, for gallant and distinguished service during the invasion operations in Italy and Southern France [3]

WARDLE, Arthur

Arthur Wardle MC
No 2 Commando
No 3 Commando
Sergeant Arthur Wardle, 4 Troop No.2 Commando, was one of the Commando contingent embarked on board Motor Launch ML 443 for Operation Chariot, the raid at St Nazaire on 28 March 1942. He was evacuated back to the the UK after the raid [1][2].
By December 1942 Arthur was the Troop Sergeant Major of 2 Troop No. 2 Commando [3]
30 July 1943 commissioned Second Lieutenant [4] and subsequently attached to No. 3 Commando [5].  

WEBB, Gordon Geoffrey Henry

Capt Gordon Webb MC 4 Commando
No 4 Commando
Gordon Webb was called up for military service as a Gunner in the Royal Artillery on the 9th September 1939. [1]  However in 1936 at Trinity College he had completed the requirements  necessary for the Officers Training Corps and was therefore eligible for consideration for a commission which he received. [2]
 

WESTLEY, Eric Roy

No 3 Commando
Captain Eric Roy Westley was in command of 3 troop during the attack on Le Plein, Normandy, where he was wounded in the hand, but rejoined the troop immediately after medical treatment in the field. The recipient of two Military Crosses for gallant and distinguished services, he was posted to the South Staffordshire Regiment on the 21st November 1945 and later resigned his commission on the 26th March 1951.
 
Sources:
MC: LG Supplement 36637, Page 3605
Bar to MC: LG Supplement 36679, Page 4044.

WESTON, John Culpeper

40 Cdo. RM
Captain John Weston was awarded the Military Cross for distinguished service in support of operations in East and West Malaysia during the period 24th June 1965 to 23rd December 1965.
Recommendation
"On the 12th September a reconnaissance patrol from 'C' Company of 40 Commando discovered a platoon of Indonesians in position on the Sarawak Border.
Operation 'Stonehouse' was mounted on the 14th September with the aim of destroying this force.

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