No 2 Commando

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'Messina to Palermo railway raid'

Location

Sicily
38° 1' 19.6896" N, 14° 11' 7.9656" E
Friday, August 29, 1941
On the night of 29th/30th August, 1941, a small party of Commandos, led by Lt. Dudley Schofield, landed from the submarine 'Triumph' of the 10th Submarine Flotilla (operating from Malta), and successfully demolished one and a half spans of a bridge about 55 miles East of Palermo carrying the main Messina to Palermo Railway.  
 

Log Book HMS Triumph 30 Aug.1941

'Operation Blackcock'

Sunday, August 15, 1943

Operation Blackcock was a British amphibious landing to take Scaletta on the north-east coast of Sicily. Planned by Lieutenant General Sir Miles Dempsey’s XIII Corps, of General Sir Bernard Montgomery’s 8th Army, the operation was designed as one of a pair of Allied operations to cut off the last elements of the German forces trying to fall back to their evacuation point at Messina in north-eastern Sicily.

2 Commando

The History

The first No.2 Commando was formed on the 22nd June 1940 for a parachuting role at Cambrai Barracks, Perham Down, near Tidworth, Hants. The Unit at the time consisted of four troops - 'A', 'B', 'C' and 'D'.  Eventually 11 troops were raised. A nominal roll of 'C' and 'D' troops can be found in our documents album within the No 2 Commando gallery.

2 Commando Commanders

This history of No. 2 Commando was compiled at the request of The Commando Veterans Association, who wanted a record of the unit’s activities and first-hand recollections of its members as seen through the eyes of a No. 2 Commando veteran. There was a certain urgency about the request because this veteran, turned author, is old and just about one step away from the knacker’s yard. There is much to tell about the No. 2 Family and its Father, Charlie Newman.

Bob Bishop

Read more about each Commanding Officer below.

2 Commando Detachment 13 Sep'41 for 7 months

On 13 September 1941 Captain Godfrey Franks and a detachment of 25 Other Ranks left No.2 Commando and proceeded to Gibraltar from where they made several onward and return journeys between Gibraltar and Freetown, via Ghana and Lagos. Their role on board was primarily manning A.A. guns, the 14 pounder on the stern, 3 Bren guns on the top deck, and general ship maintenance and look out duties.
 

2 Commando Nominal Roll

In 1946 the Army Council decided that the Army Commandos were to be disbanded and no provision was allowed or made for any depository or office which would have at least contained a complete Roster of Names of the men who served in the various units. 

2 Commando Salerno/Scaletta Casualties

Type: Files
Author: No 2 Commando Officer
Year of Publishing: 2018
Keywords: salerno, casualties, 2 commando, avalanche, vietri, dragone hill, piegolette, piegolelle, the pimple, scaletta, sicily, italy

A document created by an officer of No 2 Commando with specifics relating to No 2 Commando casualties at Salerno, and locations of where they lay, or were first buried.

It also includes details of three from the action at Scaletta, Sicily the previous month.

We have a full Commando Roll of Honour for Salerno. [view].

nb. If the document below does not display, reload/refresh this page in your browser.

2 Commando, Glomfjord, Norway

Operation Musketoon

"It was on a day in late July, 1942 that the author noted the absence from the ranks of his troop of Capt. Graeme Black, Pte. Eric Curtis and Rfmn. Cyril Abram. At the same time, men of other troops recorded that Capt. Joe Houghton, Sgt. Richard O’Brien, L/Sgt. Bill Chudley, Pte. Reg Makeham, Cpl. John Fairclough, T.S.M. Miller Smith and Pte. Fred Trigg had also vanished. No member of No. 2 Commando had any inkling as to the significance of these disappearances, but as usual, no questions were asked.

2 Commando, Lake Comacchio

Operation Roast.

"Remote from what was to be known as the ‘Battle of Lake Comacchio’, this author did not have a clue as to what was happening to his friends in No. 2 Commando. He had been inside Germany for some time and way out of touch.

It seems that No. 2 Commando had been joined by No. 9 Commando and Nos. 40 and 43 R.M. Commando to implement the task of grabbing a spit of land which extended from Lake Comacchio to the Adriatic Sea, with further exploitation northwards envisaged in the minds of the ‘planners’.

2 Commando, Operations from Vis

"No. 2 Commando started to arrive at Komiza on the Yugoslavian island of Vis on January 16th, 1944. They were to operate on Yugoslav soil for the next six months. The Commando was still much-depleted as a result of the battering it had taken at Salerno, and almost half the unit remaining in Italy consisted of the replacement men and those ‘old hands’ who formed the training cadres.

2 Commando, Salerno Aftermath

"As the No. 2 Commando War Diary states, the remnants of the unit, following the Salerno campaign, were redeployed to Catania, Sicily. For once they were not lodged in their usual dusty field. By some accident they had been given a roof over their heads in the shape of a former Italian barracks.

2 Commando, St. Nazaire

Operation Chariot

"If any reader of this attempt to record the history of No. 2 Commando has gotten this far, he or she will have noted that the pride of place, on Page 1, has been given to the remembrance of the men of the Commando who died in the course of No. 2 Commando operations, including the men who did not return from St. Nazaire.

2 Commando, Vaagso

"The frustrations of 1941 dragged on almost to the end. It had not been a good year from the offensive-action viewpoint of the men of No. 2 Commando. They had done nothing to speak of and were upset at being unemployed. However, the Vaagso raiding force announced the end to this inertia, commencing warfare on December 27th, 1941, landing on Maaloy Island and overrunning the place in less than ten minutes.

ABRAM, Cyril

No 2 Commando

Rifleman Cyril Abram was one of the seven men of No. 2 Commando who were captured after Operation Musketoon, and later executed under Hitler's Commando Execution Order, at Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp, Berlin, 1942.

This was a raid on an electricity generating station at Glomfjord in German occupied Norway. They were taken by submarine to a remote Fjord, completed a difficult overland route, approaching their target from the rear and successfully destroyed it. Seven were captured and later executed at Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp under Hitler's infamous Commando Order. 

ALDRED, Jack

No 2 Commando
Lance Corporal Jack Aldred, 4 Troop, was one of the Commando contingent emabarked on Motor Launch ML 443 for Operation Chariot, the raid at St Nazaire 28March 1942. He was evacuated back to the UK after the raid [1].
His final rank attained was Sergeant and post war he lived in Bolton [2].
 
Sources
[1] St Nazaire Society website.
[2] Commando Association newsletter 65 issued Sept. 1977.
 

ALLAN, Hugh Bryan

No 2 Commando
Lance Corporal Hugh Allan died [1] during the action at Jaconti, near Vietri. He was originally buried "at the bottom of Jaconti village (East side). Map Ref. 601307."[2].
 
Sources
[1] CWGC.
[2] 2 Commando Casualties Salerno document below.
 

AMESBURY, Alfred Edmund

No 2 Commando

Alfred Amesbury, formerly No.2 Commando 3 Troop, was awarded the Military Medal in recognition of gallant and distinguished services in Italy serving with the Reconnaisance Regiment having left the Commando.

Sources
London Gazettes Supp. 36349, page 519.
National Archives file WO373/4/320.
 
Notes
On the National Archives file WO/373/4/320 his rank is shown as Trooper
 

AMOS, Richard Henry

Richard Henry Amos 2 Commando
No 2 Commando
Private Richard Amos (1 Troop) was one of the Commando contingent embarked on Motor Launch ML 446 during Operation Chariot at St Nazaire.
Evacuated back to the UK he remained with No.2 Commando and by the end of the war held the rank of Sergeant. Wounded 1944.

The death of Sergeant Richard Henry Amos (2 Cdo) of Dalmellington, Ayr, was announced in Commando Association newsletter 92 issued March 1991.

ANCHOR, John Robert

No 2 Commando
Corporal John Anchor, 6 Troop, was awarded the Military Medal for his gallantry during Operation Healing 2 at Spilje Albania. The citation for his award is on our report on the Operation above.
  • The death of Cpl. John Robert Anchor MM, from Chelmsford, Essex, was announced in Commando Association newsletter 56 issued March 1973.
Sources
London Gazette 36730, page 4570.
CVA Gallery.
 

ANDERTON, Harold

No 2 Commando

Guardsman Harold Anderton (1 Troop) was one of the Commando contingent embarked on Motor Launch ML 446 during Operation Chariot at St Nazaire. He was wounded and evacuated back to the UK*. He remained with No.2 Commando. 

ANDREWS, Albert Mailly

No 2 Commando
Rifleman Albert Andrews, No 2 Commando, was awarded the Military Medal in recognition of gallant and distinguished services in the field [1].
He was one of the Commando contingent that took part in operations from HMS Triumph against the Palermo and Messina railway on the 29/30 August 1941.
His party could not be re-embarked and were subsequently captured. He was eventually imprisoned at Stalag VIIIB. [2][3].
 
Recommendation

ASHCROFT, Arthur

Arthur Ashcroft
Arthur Ashcroft 2 Commando
No 2 Commando
No 4 Independent Company
Private Arthur Ashcroft, 5 Troop, was one of the Commando contingent who embarked on HMS Campbeltown for Operation Chariot , the raid at St. Nazaire 28 March 1942. Wounded and taken prisoner war after the raid, he was later transported to Stalag 344 at Lamsdorf, Poland.
  • 25 April 1940 posted to 'X' Company 1st Liverpool Scottish.
  • Volunteered  for the Independent Companies.
  • Attached to No 4 (Liverpool Scottish) Platoon of No 4 Independent Company based at the time in Paignton.
  • February 1941 joined No 2 Commando 5 troop on its formation.

AUSTIN, James Herbert

James Austin 2 Commando
No 2 Commando
Bombardier James Austin served in No.2 Commando. He was reported missing whilst serving in the Adriatic in June 1944, but subsequently found to be a prisoner of war taken to Germany.
 
Sources
British Army Casualty Lists 1939-45.
Neil Austin (family).
CBF List of No.2 Cdo.
CVA Gallery entry.
 

BACKHOUSE, Charles, R.

SAS
Charles Backhouse served with No. 2 Commando before joining the 1st S.A.S. [1].
He received a Mention in Despatches having been taken prisoner of war whilst serving with the 1st SAS [2].
 
Recommendation 
"Backhouse was taken prisoner on the Mareth Line, Tunisia, on 21 Jan.'43, and at the time of the Italian Armistice was Camp Leader in Camp 146/29 (Lodi). On 20 Aug.'43 Backhouse and one other walked out of camp; they were recaptured about 20 minutes later.

BARLING, Gilbert Michael

Captain Barling RAMC and 2 Commando
No 2 Commando
Captain Gilbert Michael Barling M.B., R.A.M.C. was attached to No.2 Commando HQ on 2 August 1941.  In March 1942 he embarked on board motor launch ML 341 for Operation Chariot, the raid at St. Nazaire but en route transferred to ML 446. After the raid he was evacuated back to the UK treating some of the wounded.
 
Sources
No.2 Cdo. War Diary August 1941.
London Gazette 34977, page 6178.
Obituaries in Commando Association newsletter 69 issued Sept. 1979.

BARNES, William Walter

No 2 Commando
Lance Sergeant William Barnes received a Mention in Despatches in recognition of gallant and distinguished service in the Field [1][1A].
  • December 1942 serving as a Fusilier in 6 Troop [2][2A].
Sources
[1] London Gazette 36950, page 1041 dated 22 February 1945.
[1A] CVA Nominal Roll for 2 Commando.
[2] CVA Gallery list of 6 Troop names.

BARRON, Robert James

Robert Barron 2 Commando and SOE
Robbie Barron 2 Commando and SOE
No 2 Commando
Sergeant Robert Barron, 1 troop, was one of the Commando contingent who participated in the St. Nazaire raid on ML 446. Evacuated back to the UK [1]
 
General Service [3].
  • May 1935 T.A. 1st Bn. London Scottish.
  • Sept. 1939 embodied 1st Bn. London Scottish.
  • April 1940 posted No.5 Independent Company.
  • May-June 1940 posted N.W.E.F. 
  • Nov. 1940 - March 1941 - No. 1 S.S. Battalion.
  • March 1941 to Oct. 1942 - No. 2 Commando.

BARRY, John

No 2 Commando
Private John Barry died [1] of wounds received at Dragone Hill, Salerno, on the 13th September 1943.  He died at 67 General Hospital CMF [2].
 

BAVISTER, Robert John

T/Captain Bavister No 2 Commando
No 2 Commando
Captain Robert Bavister, No. 2 Commando Administration Officer [1], received a Mention in Despatches in recognition of gallant and distinguished services in the Mediterranean Theatre [2]. 
 
  • 30 September 1939 commissioned Second Lieutenant [3].

BAYLISS, Leonard, F.

Len Bayliss 2 Commando
No 2 Commando
Lance Sergeant Len Bayliss, 3 Troop, was in Lt. John Roderick's Assault Party on HMS Campbeltown during the raid on St Nazaire. He was wounded during the raid and became a prisoner of war. Initially imprisoned at a temporary camp near Rennes, before being transported to Stalag 344 Lamsdorf, Poland.
 
Sources

BEARDSELL, John Clifford

John Clifford Beardsell
No 2 Commando
Rifleman John Beardsell, 3 Troop, embarked on board HMS Campbeltown for Operation Chariot, the raid at St Nazaire. During the raid he was wounded by enemy fire whilst still on board. He was transferred to a motor launch and evacuated back to the UK [1][2][3].
Service record [4].
16 March 1932 enlisted into the Rifle Brigade.
22 September 1933 posted Malta.
World War Two
Volunteered for the Commandos; attached to 3 Troop No.2 Commando.

BELL, William White

No 2 Commando
Acting Lance Corporal William Bell, 6 Troop, embarked on board motor launch ML 192 for Operation Chariot, the raid at St Nazaire on 28 March 1942 [1]
Reported missing after the raid, found to have been taken prisoner and transported to Stalag 344 Lamsdorf, Poland [2][3].
 
Sources
[1] St Nazaire Society website.
[2] British Army Casualty Lists 1939-45 / National Archives file WO417/43.
[3] Prisoners of War 1715-1945 / National Archives file WO392/11.
 

BELLRINGER, Roy

No 2 Commando
Commando Basic Training Centre
Lance Sergeant Roy Bellringer served with 1 troop and took part in the raid at St Nazaire.  He was on board ML 446 and was evacuated back to the UK. In July 1942 he was part of the No 2 Commando Boxing Team. We have numerous photos in the gallery of him both before and after St Nazaire, and in an image of the boxing team.
 

BENNETT, Derick S.

No 2 Commando
Private Derick Bennett, 6 troop, died [1] on the 13th September 1943 during operations at Dragone Hill, Salerno.  He was originally buried by a house at the top of the steps on the West side of Hill.  Map ref.

BIRNEY, David Leslie

No 2 Commando
Captain David Birney, Officer Commanding 2 troop, died during Operation Chariot, the raid at St Nazaire 28 March 1942.
He was commanding an assault group that had embarked on Motor Launch ML 447. 
  • Born in India, David Birney later attended Trinity College graduating with a BA in 1938.
Sources
CWGC
St Nazaire Society website.
Trinity College Chapel records.
 
Notes

BISHOP, Ivor, W.

Ivor Bishop 2 Commando
No 2 Commando
Lance Corporal Ivor Bishop, 1 Troop,  was one of the Commando contingent who embarked on Motor Launch ML 446 for Operation Chariot, the raid at St Nazaire 28 March 1942. Evacuated back to the UK he became TSM of 6 Troop, and later RSM of the Commando*.
 
Sources
St Nazaire Society website.
CVA Gallery entry.
Commando Association newsletter 32.
*No.2 Commando 1945 panorama image in gallery.

BLACK, Graeme Delamere

No 2 Commando

Captain Graeme Black DSO, MC, was executed whilst a Prisoner of War. He was one of the seven Commandos of No. 2 Commando who were captured after Operation Musketoon, and later executed under Hitler's Commando Execution Order, at Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp, Berlin, 1942.

He was awarded the Military Cross in recognition of gallant and distinguished services in successful combined operations, against the enemy at Vaagso and Maaloy.

He was awarded the Distinguished Service Order in recognition of gallant and distinguished services in the field.

BLACKWELL, Alun Trevor

No 2 Commando
S.O.E.
Private Alun Blackwell enlisted with the South Lancashire Regiment (Prince of Wales Volunteers) in October 1939. In 1940 he volunteered for the Independent Companies and took part in the Scissor Force expedition to Norway. On return he joined No.2 Commando and was later handpicked for a Special Operations Executive operation in Tunisa in 1941. He was later awarded the Distinguished Conduct Medal in recognition of gallant and distinguished service in the Field.
Recommendation

BLISSETT, Harry Harold

Maj. Blissett 2 commando
No 4 Independent Company
No 2 Commando
1 Special Service (Commando) Brigade
Major Harry Harold Blissett served as a Captain in No 4 Independent Company and No 2 Commando. He was appointed Brigade Major in the 1st Special Service Bde in preparation for DDay.  In 1945 he received a MiD for gallant and distinguished services in NW Europe[1].
 
Source
[1] London Gazettes Supp. 36994, page 1558.
 

BLOWER, Alfred

Private Alfred Blower 2 Commando
No 2 Commando
Private Alfred Blower, 4 troop, died [1] of wounds received at Dragone Hill, Salerno, on the 13th September 1943 [2].  He died at 67 General Hospital CMF [2] .
 
Extract from the Liverpool Evening Express - Friday 08 December 1944.
Private Alfred Blower (26), The King’s Regiment (Liverpool), serving with a Commando unit, of Fontenoy Street, Liverpool, 3, has been killed in action in Italy. He was an old boy of the Church of Our Lady of Mount Carmel School, Toxteth. [3]

BLYTHE, William

Bill Blythe 2 Commando
No 2 Commando
No 4 Independent Company

Lance Corporal William Blythe, 5 Troop, was one of the commando contingent embarked on Motor Launch ML 177 for Operation Chariot, the raid at St. Nazaire 28 March 1942. Reported missing after the raid, found to have been taken prisoner and transported to Stalag 344 Lamsdorf, Poland.

BONDY, Theodor

Driver Theodore Bondy BEM 2 Commando
No 2 Commando

Driver Theodor Bondy was awarded the BEM (Military Divison) in 1943 in recognition of gallant and distinguished services in the Middle East. 

Sources
London Gazettes Supp 36209, page 4543
CVA Gallery No 2 Commando images
 

BOWMAN, Lionel George

Lionel Bowman 2 Commando
Original Grave of Private Bowman
No 2 Commando
Private Lionel Bowman, 5 Troop, died during operations at Salerno. Before enlisting Lionel was a newspaper representative from Wanstead.
 
Sources
CWGC.
Troop notes kept by LSgt Rogers MM of 5 Tp.
 
Notes
There are photos in our gallery of the cross at his grave, and another with the CWGC headstone in place.
 

BRADLEY, Eric

No 2 Commando
Sergeant Eric Bradley died as a result of an accident during the period when No 2 was a Para Commando unit.
 
Sources
CWGC.
British Army Casulaty Lists 1939-45.
 
Notes
He is not listed as a Commando on the CWGC database, however his name is on the Wesminster Abbey Commando Roll of Honour.
 

BRADLEY, Richard

LSgt Richard Bradley MM 2 Commando
No 2 Commando
Lance Sergeant Richard Bradley, 1 troop,  was awarded the Military Medal for gallant and distinguished services in the field relating to his successful escape in October 1943 after being wounded and captured during the raid at St Nazaire in March 1942. He was one of the Commando contingent on board motor launch ML 457.
 

BROOME, Richard Frank

No 2 Commando
No 4 Independent Company
Captain Richard Broome, OC 5 troop, died [1] during operations at Salerno and was originally buried on the forward slope of Dragone Hill [2].
 
Richard Broome volunteered from the South Lancs for the Independent Companies when they were raised. He joined No 4 Independent Company as a Lieutenant and saw action during an operation in Norway.  

BROWN, Louis Walter

Louis Walter (Ben) Brown 2 Commando
No 2 Commando
No 4 Independent Company
Sergeant Louis 'Ben' Brown, 5 Troop, took part in Operation Chariot, the raid at St Nazaire. He embarked on board HMS Campbeltown and was wounded during the raid and taken prisoner.  He was imprisoned at Stalag 344 at Lamsdorf, Poland..
 
Sources
Prisoners of War 1715-1945 / National Archives file WO392/11.
St Nazaire Society website.
Image: CVA Gallery.
 

BROWN, Robert Hall

No 2 Commando
Lance Sergeant Robert Brown, No 2 Commando, was awarded the Military Medal in recognition of gallant and distinguished services in the field [1].
He was one of the Commando contingent that took part in operations from HMS Triumph against the Palermo and Messina railway on the 29/30 August 1941. His party could not be re-embarked and were subsequently captured. He was eventually imprisoned at Stalag 344 Lamsdorf [2][3].
 
Recommendation

BRUCE, James

No 2 Commando
Sergeant James Bruce, 1 Troop, took part in Operation Chariot, the raid at St Nazaire. Embarked on board motor launch ML446 he was wounded during the raid and evacuated back to the UK.
 
Sources
British Army Casualty Lists 1939-45 / National Archives file WO417/41.
St Nazaire Society website.
Obituaries in Commando Association newsletter 94 issued March 1992.
 

BRYAN, Edward Joseph

Edward Bryan 2 Commando
No 2 Commando

Lance Corporal Edward Bryan, 4 troop, died during Operation Chariot, the raid at St Nazaire. He was one of the commando contingent on Motor Launch ML 267. The launch was hit by enemy fire and sank. Eight of the 11 Commandos, and all bar 5 of the RN crew,  on board were killed.

Sources
CWGC.
St Nazaire Society website.
Storming St. Nazaire, author james Dorrian.

BUCKMASTER, Eric Henry

Eric Buckmaster
No 2 Commando
Eric Buckmaster served in No 2 Commando 5 troop from mid 1942 until the Commando was disbanded soon after the war ended. Eric was wounded on 9 September 1943 during operations at  Salerno, Italy, and sent for medical treatment to North Africa. He returned to the unit in November 1943. Read some of his memories from that period below.
 
His older brother Stanley Buckmaster [more....] also served in 5 troop, joining them when the Commando was reinforced after Salerno. 
 

BUCKMASTER, Eric, Memories of No 2 Commando

Over the last few years Eric Buckmaster, No 2 Commando, has been a wonderful help to this Archive by providing information in response to our many questions, not only about those who served with him in No 2 Commando 5 troop, but also in providing other more general information about events and places. 
 
Eric served alongside his brother Stanley Buckmaster [more...] in 5 troop. Here are some extracts from a few of his responses.
 
Joining No 2 Commando 5 troop

BUCKMASTER, Stanley Owen

No 2 Commando
Stanley Buckmaster served in No 2 Commando 5 troop joining them whilst they were overseas after the Salerno raid. His younger brother, Eric Buckmaster [more....], was already serving in 5 troop at the time.
 
Extract from Commando Association newsletter 110 issued March 2000.
[Obituary written by Henry Brown OBE.]

BURKE, Edward

Sgt Edward 'Tiny' Burke BEM, 2 Commando
No 2 Commando

Edward 'Tiny' Burke enlisted into the 1st Bn Liverpool Scots TA (QOCH ) and volunteered for the Independent Companies. He was posted to No 4 Independent Company on the 23rd April 1940 and took part in the landings at Bodo Norway as part of Scissor Force. In February 1941 he joined the newly raised No 2 Commando and served as a Sergeant in 5 troop until it was disbanded at the end of the war.

BURN, Michael Clive

Capt. Burn MC 2 Commando
No 2 Commando

Captain Michael Burn, 6 troop, was awarded the Military Cross  for gallant and distinguished service during Operation Chariot, the raid at St Nazaire 28 March 1942. 

He was in charge of the commando contingent on board motor launch ML 192. Reported missing after the raid he was later found to have been taken prisoner. He was imprisoned at Oflag 4C Saalhaus Colditz.

BURNS, Charles

No 2 Commando
Gunner Charles Burns, 6 troop, died [1] during operations at Dragone Hill, Salerno. He was buried as far as is known by the 6th Yorks and Lancs on the forward slope of hill [2].
 
Sources
[1] CWGC.
[2] 2 Commando Casualties Salerno document below.
 
Notes

BUSHE, Patrick

Paddy Bushe 2 Commando
No 2 Commando

Rifleman Patrick Bushe, 6 Troop, was one of the commando contingent who embarked on Motor Launch ML 177 for Operation Chariot, the raid at St. Nazaire on 28 March 1942. Initially reported as missing he was later found to have been taken prisoner and transported to Stalag 344 at Lamsdorf, Poland.
 
Sources
St. Nazaire Society website.
British Army Casualty Lists 1939-45 / National Archives file WO417/42.
Prisoners of War 1715-1945 / National Archives file WO392/11.
CVA Gallery images.

CAMERON, John Ewen

No 2 Commando
Corporal John Cameron died whilst No 2 Commando were based on the island of Vis in June 1944 and were taking part in operations against Brac, and other German held islands.
 
Sources
CWGC.
Casualty Lists 1939-45 / National Archives file WO417/78.
 

CANT, Evelyn Arthur George

No 2 Commando
Corporal Evelyn Cant served in 4 troop of No.2 Commando. He attended Achnacarry as part of one of the Police Intakes being a member of Essex Police Force. There is a more about him in the No.2 Commando history section - The Men.  His last known rank in the Commando was Corporal.  
 
He was posted to OCTU and commissioned as 2/Lt. on the 7th April 1945 [1].  It is not known if he was still with the Commando at this point.  
 
Awarded BEM (Civil Division) in HM the Queen's birthday honours June 1969 [2].

CARPENTER, John Richard Owen

No 2 Commando
John Carpenter served in 5 Troop of No.2 Commando. He was wounded in Italy 17 April 1945 when a shell hit him in the shoulder but did not explode.
 
Sources
British Army Casualty Lists 1939-45 / National Archives / National Archives file WO417/91.
Account by Eric Buckmaster 5 Troop.
CBF List of No.2 Cdo.
 
Notes
Post war believed to have emigrated to Rhodesia.
 

CARROLL, J.J.

No 2 Commando

Fusilier J. Carroll, 3 Troop, was one of the commando contingent who embarked on Motor Launch ML 177 for Operation Chariot, the raid at St. Nazaire 28 March 1942 [1].
Reported missing after the raid, found to have been taken prisoner [2]. 
Detained at Stalag 344 Lamsdorf, Poland, and also at Stalag 3A Luckenwalde [3].

CHALLINTON, William Albert

LSgt Challinton 2 Commando
No 2 Commando
Lance Sergeant William Challinton, 5 troop, was awarded the Distinguished Conduct Medal [1] for his gallantry during Operation Chariot, the raid at St Nazaire. He was part of an assault party who disembarked from HMS Campbeltown, their role to destroy enemy coastal defence guns covering the dry dock area [2].
 
Sources
[1] London Gazette 37162, page 3493, amended (errata) by LG 37331, page 5317.
[1] National Archives file WO 373/46/273.
 

CHANT, Douglas

Private Douglas Chant 2 Commando
No 2 Commando
Private Douglas Chant, 2 Troop, was one of the commando contingent embarked on Motor Launch ML 307 for Operations Chariot, the raid at St. Nazaire 28 March 1942.
He was evacuated back to the UK after the raid [1][1a].
  • July 1942 member of the No.2 Commando Boxing Team [2].
  • 9 September 1943 (No.2 Commando) wounded during operations in Italy (Salerno) [3].
Sources
[1] St Nazaire Society website.

CHEETHAM, Gerald

No 2 Commando
Fusilier Gerald Cheetham, Heavy Weapons Troop, died of illness (pneumonia)  whilst on active service in Italy [1].
 
A former pupil of Ashton Grammar School, Gerald Cheetham joined the Metropolitan Police. In July 1942 he volunteered for the Commandos [2]. Prior to this whilst serving as a  Police Constable on " G " Division, Metropolitan Police, he  was awarded the King's commendation for brave conduct in Civil Defence during an air raid [3]
 

CHEETHAM, Jack, F.

Jack Cheetham 2 Commando
No 2 Commando
No 4 Independent Company
Corporal Jack Cheetham, 5 Troop, was one of the commando contingent embarked on HMS Campeltown for Operation Chariot, the raid at St. Nazaire 28 March 1942. Wounded, taken prisoner, and transported to Stalag 357 at Oerbke, Nr. Fallingbostel Germany.

CLARK, James

No 2 Commando

Gunner James Clark was awarded the MM in recognition of gallant and distinguished services in the field. 

Sources
London Gazettes Supp. 36983, page 1427.
 

CLARKE, Alfred John Douglas

No 2 Commando

Gunner Alfred Clarke died during operations at Sarande, Albania.

No 2 Commando War Diary entry:  " 9th Oct'44. Sarande - 3 troop moving round left flank come upon enemy positions suddenly. Heavy spandau and rifle grenade fire. Capt. Parsons MC is hit. Lt Coyle takes over but is hit in the leg. Moves forward again but is killed by grenade."

CLIBBORN, William Cuthbert

Lieutenant William Clibborn 2 Commando
No 2 Commando

Lieutenant William Clibborn, 2 Troop, took part in Operation Chariot, the raid at St Nazaire. He embarked on Motor Launch ML 447 and was wounded during the raid and taken prisoner.  He was imprisoned at Oflag 9A/H at Spangenberg. Germany.

Sources
Prisoners of War 1715-1945 / National Archives file WO392/1.
Casualty Lists 1939-45 / National Archives file WO417/3 and 417/8.
St Nazaire Society website.

COBELLI, Dominic

Dominic Cobelli 2 Commando
No 2 Commando
Lance Corporal Dominic Cobelli, 1 Troop, took part in Operation Chariot, the raid at St Nazaire. He embarked on board motor launch ML446 and was evacuated back to the UK after the raid.
 
Sources
St Nazaire Society website.
Obituaries in Commando Association newsletter 105 issued September 1997.
CVA Gallery.
 

COCKIN, Robert

No 2 Commando

Lance Corporal Robert Cockin, 4 Troop, took part in Operation Chariot, the raid at St Nazaire 28 March 1942. He embarked on Motor Launch ML 267 which was hit by enemy fire and sank. Eight of the 11 Commandos, and all bar 5 of the RN crew,  on board were killed. He survived, was taken prisoner, and transported to Stalag 344 at Lamsdorf, Poland.

COPLAND, William Oranmore

No 2 Commando
No 4 Independent Company
Major William Copland was second in command of No 2 Commando. He served with No 4 Independent Company and then with the newly formed No 2 Cdo. He took part in Operation Chariot and was awarded the Distinguished Service Order for his gallantry on the raid. He was taken prisoner and subsequently held at Oflag 9A/H at Spangenberg.
Citation

COUGHLAN, John

No 2 Commando

Lance Corporal John Coughlan, 4 troop, died during Operation Chariot, the raid at St Nazaire. He was one of the commando contingent on Motor Launch ML 267. The launch was hit by enemy fire and sank. Eight of the 11 Commandos, and all bar 5 of the RN crew,  on board were killed.

Sources
CWGC.
St Nazaire Society website.
Storming St. Nazaire, author james Dorrian.

COX, Edward

Edward Cox 2 Commando
No 2 Commando
Gunner Edward Cox died during operations at Scaletta, Sicily. We have a document that states "Buried on a terrace on the Shore side of the road at the North end of the beach North of Scaletta".
 
Sources
CWGC.
Page 4 of Salerno/Sicily Casualties document (see linked content below).
 

COX, Cecil Ernest Robert

No 2 Commando

Corporal Cecil Cox, 1 troop, died on the 22nd March 1944 of wounds received on the 18/19 March 1944 during a raid on the village of Grohote in the island of Solta [1+2].

The No 2 Commando War Diary dated 23rd March 1944 states "Cpl. Cox, wounded in the Solta raid and who died of his wounds the previous evening, was buried in the British Naval Cemetery, Vis." [2].

COYLE, James Albert

No 2 Commando

Lieutenant James Coyle died during operations at Sarande, Albania.

No 2 Commando War Diary entry:  " 9th Oct'44. Sarande - 3 troop moving round left flank come upon enemy positions suddenly. Heavy spandau and rifle grenade fire. Capt. Parsons MC is hit. Lt Coyle takes over but is hit in the leg. Moves forward again but is killed by grenade."

CRAIG, Robinson Ostle

No 2 Commando
Private Robinson Craig died [1] during operations on the 11th September at Dragone Hill, near Vietri Salerno,and he was buried there the following day, his grave being marked with a cross. However it was never again found and Private Craig is one of the many who now have no known grave [2].
 

CRIPPIN, Ronald

RQMS Ron Crippin 2 Commando
No 2 Commando
No 2 Independent Company
Ron Crippin, then a Corporal in the HQ troop, took part in Operation Chariot, the raid at St Nazaire. He embarked on motor launch ML 447 and was evacuated back to the UK.  He was awarded the British Empire Medal ( Military Division) "in recognition of distinguished services during the raid". (1)
  • He had previously seen action with 2 Ind. Coy., in May 1940 at Bodo, Norway, as part of Scissors Force. (2)

CUDBY, John

No 2 Commando
Fusilier John Cudby, 6 Troop, took part in Operation Chariot, the raid at St Nazaire. Embarked on motor launch ML177 he was taken prisoner after the raid and transported to Stalag 344 at Lamsdorf, Poland.

CUNNINGHAM, Henry Peter

No 2 Commando

Private Henry Cunningham, 4 troop, died during Operation Chariot, the raid at St Nazaire. He was one of the commando contingent on Motor Launch ML 267. The launch was hit by enemy fire and sank. Eight of the 11 Commandos, and all bar 5 of the RN crew,  on board were killed.

Sources
CWGC.
St Nazaire Society website.
Storming St. Nazaire, author james Dorrian.

CURTIS, Eric Gordon

No 2 Commando

Private Eric Curtis was one of the seven men of No. 2 Commando who were captured after Operation Musketoon, and later executed under Hitler's Commando Execution Order, at Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp, Berlin, 1942.

DAVIES, Ronald John

No 2 Commando
Corporal Ronald Davies, 2 Troop, was accidentally killed from a rifle shot whilst instructing a Squad [1][2][3].
  • 11 September 1943 (Lance Corporal) (No.2 Commando) wounded during operations at Salerno, Italy [4].
Sources
[1] CWGC.
[2] No.2 Commando War Diary 27 March 1944.
[3] British Army Casualty Lists 1939-45 / National Archives file WO417/76.
[4] British Army Casualty Lists 1939-45 / National Archives file WO417/68.

Note

DAVIS, Stanley Berkeley Edward

LSgt Stanley Davis 2 Commando
No 2 Commando
Lance Sergeant Stanley 'Dai' Davis, 3 Troop, took part in Operation Chariot, the raid at St Nazaire. Embarked on board HMS Campbeltown he was wounded and taken prisoner after the raid and transported to Stalag 383 at Hohenfels, Germany.

Sources
Prisoners of War 1715-1945 / National Archives file WO392/11.
Casualty Lists 1939-45. /National Archives file WO417/50.
St Nazaire Society website.
CVA Gallery.
 

DAY, Arthur Frank

No 2 Commando
Private Arthur Day died [1] on the 17th September at Piegolelle (aka Piegolette), near Salerno, Italy. He was initially buried jointly with two Royal Marine Commandos in a vineyard 30 yards South of Piegolelle [2].
 

DAY, Stanley Ambrose

Capt Stanley Day MC 2 Commando
No 2 Commando
No 4 Independent Company
Captain Stanley Day, adjutant of No 2 Commando, was awarded the Military Cross in recognition of gallant and distinguished services during Operation Chariot, the raid on St. Nazaire. He was one of Lt. Col. Newman's HQ party on board MGB 314 and was taken prisoner after the raid. He was held at Oflag 9A/H at Spangenberg, Germany.
 
Sources
London Gazettes Supp. 37162, page 3493
Prisoners of War 1715-1945 / National Archives file WO392/1.

DEAKER, George James

No 2 Commando
Lance Bombardier George Deaker, 5 troop,died during operations at Lake Comacchio, Italy.
 
George Deaker joined No 2 Commando during the period in Italy when they sought replacements from those serving in units in North Africa. George volunteered from the Royal Artillery. His Commando training after selection would have taken place in Italy. (Source: Eric Buckmaster 2 Cdo.5tp)
 

DENISON, Mallinson Charles

Mallinson Charles Denison 2 Commando
No 2 Commando
Lieutenant Mallinson Charles Denison, 3 Troop,  was one of the Commando contingent for Operation Chariot, the raid at St Nazaire. He embarked on HMS Campbeltown in charge of a small protection party to cover the personnel carrying out demolitions on the dry dock.

DIAMOND, Thomas

No 2 Commando

Private Thomas Diamond, 4 troop, died during the raid at St Nazaire. He was one of the commando contingent on motor launch ML 267 , as was R.S.M. Alan Moss. Their squad was to be a small HQ reserve for Lieutenant Colonel Newman. However in the chaos of the action as the ML's tried to land their Commandos, ML267 came under heavy fire and the ML began to burn. They were ordered to abandon ship which they did.

DICKINSON, Joe

No 2 Commando
Private Joe Dickinson, 3 Troop, was one of the commando contingent embarked on Motor Launch ML 156 for Operation Chariot, the raid at St. Nazaire 28 March 1942. He was evacuated back to the UK after the raid [1][1a].
  • 1943 killed in action in Italy serving with 1st Bn. York and Lancaster Regiment [2][3].
Sources
[1] St Nazaire Society website.
[1a] Nominal Roll in Saint Nazaire Commando, author Stuart Chant-Sempill.
[2] CWGC.

DIXON, Herbert, Memories of No 2 Commando

Type: Personal Papers
Author: Herbert Dixon No 2 Cdo, Tim Huelin
Year of Publishing: 2015
Keywords: Herbert Dixon, No 2 Commando
Herbert 'Herbie' Dixon wrote this document aged 75.  It includes more than just his military service and is well worth reading. Our thanks to his grandson Tim Huelin for allowing us permission to reproduce on our website.
 
Names mentioned are as follows:
No. 2 Commando

DONALDSON, John

Lance Corporal John Donaldson 2 Commando
No 2 Commando

Lance Corporal John Donaldson, 3 troop, died during Operation Chariot, the raid at St Nazaire. He was one of the commando contingent on HMS Campbeltown.  

He was part of the Assault Party commanded by Lieut. John Roderick who later described him in the following words "Corporal Donaldson was a big loss to us. He was quite one of the nicest members of the troop. A quiet, soft spoken Scotsman with a charming smile and a most proficient soldier. [*]

DOUGLAS, Edward

Corporal Ted Douglas MM
No 2 Commando
Corporal Edward Douglas , 5 troop, was awarded the Military Medal in recognition of gallant and distinguished services in the field. He was one of the Commando contingent on board Motor Launch ML 177 for Operation Chariot, and one of only five men from those who landed at St Nazaire, that evaded capture and escaped through France back to the UK. 
 
Sources
London Gazette 35776, page 4861.
National Archives Escape and Evasion file WO208/3310/822.

DRANSFIELD, George David

No 2 Commando
Driver George Dransfield was awarded the Military Medal in recognition of gallant and distinguished services during Operation Healing 2 at Spilje, Albania.
Citation
"This man showed great courage and determination throughout the action. In the early stages he was particularly conspicuous in the bayonet assaults.
In the final stage during an attack on a fortified house, Dransfield’s section attacked but were held up by withering machine gun fire across very exposed ground.

DRURY, Charles Henry

No 2 Commando
Private Charles Drury, 2 troop, died [1] during operations at Dragone Hill, Vietri, near Salerno [2].
 
Sources
[1] CWGC.
[2] 2 Commando Casualties Salerno document below.
 
Notes 
The document @ [2] below differs in date to that shown on the CWGC database. The document states he died on the 14th September of wounds received at Dragone Hill, Vietri, on the 12th September.
 

DUFFY, Anthony Patrick

No 2 Commando
Sergeant Anthony Duffy died during operations at Scaletta. We have a document that states "Buried on terrace on Shore side of the road, at the North end of the beach, North of Scaletta."
 
Sources
CWGC.
Page 4 of Salerno/Sicily Casualties document (see linked content below).
 

ECKMAN, William, J.

William Eckman 2 Commando
No 2 Commando
Private William Eckman, 4 Troop, was one of the commando contingent who embarked on Motor Launch ML 306 for Operation Chariot, the raid at St Nazaire on 28 March 1942. Taken prisoner he was later imprisoned at Stalag 344 Lamsdorf, Poland.

ELLIOTT, Alfred John

No 2 Commando

Private Alfred Elliott, 3 Troop, received a Mention in Despatches in recognition of gallant and distinguished service during the Commando raid at St Nazaire on 28/29 March 1942. Embarking on board HMS Campbeltown he was taken prisoner after the raid and later imprisoned at Stalag 344 Lamsdorf* and Stalag 3A Luckenwalde**.
Recommendation

EVANS, Frank

No 2 Commando
Private Frank Evans took part in the raid at St. Nazaire on 28 March 1942. He embarked on motor launch ML262 and was reported missing after the raid, but was subsequently found to have been taken prisoner.

EVERETT, Thomas, H.

Tommy Everett 2 Commando
No 2 Commando
Private Thomas Everett, R.A.M.C. attached to No.2 Commando HQ, took part in Operation Chariot, the raid at St Nazaire on 28 March 1942. He was evacuated back to the UK and remained with No.2 Commando [1]
  • 16 August 1943 (Private) wounded during Operation Husky at Sicily [2].
  • Later promoted Sergeant [3].
Sources
[1] St Nazaire Society website.
[2] Britsish Army Casualty Lists 1939-45 Sicily / National Archives file WO417/66.

EWENS, George

George Ewens 2 commando
No 2 Commando
Lance Corporal George Ewens, 3 Troop, took part in Operation Chariot, the raid at St. Nazaire on 28 March 1942. Embarked on Motor Launch ML 156, he was evacuated back to the UK after the raid [1]
  • Emigrated to Tasmania [2][3].
Sources
[1] St Nazaire Society website.
[2] Commando Association newsletter 58 issued March 1974.
[3] Obituaries in Commando Association newsletter 69 issued September 1979.

FAHY, J.

No 2 Commando
Private J. Fahy, 4 troop, took part in Operation Chariot, the raid at St Nazaire 28 March 1942. Embarked on motor launch ML 177 he was taken prisoner after the raid. He is listed as having been detained at both Stalag 3A at Luckenwalde and Stalag 344 at Lamsdorf.
 
Sources
St Nazaire Society website.
Prisoners of War 1715-1945 / National Archives file WO392/1 and WO392/11.
 

FAIRCLOUGH, John

John Fairclough MM
No 2 Commando

John Fairclough was one of the ten Commandos and 2 Norwegians who took part in Operation Musketoon.  He held the rank of Guardsman at the time. Seven were taken prisoner and later executed. Gdsm. Fairclough evaded capture after the successful raid and made it back to the UK.  He was awarded the MM for his actions during this raid.

FERGUSON, John Ronald Alexander

No 2 Commando
Lance Corporal John Ferguson was awarded the Military Medal in recognition of gallant and distinguished services in the field [1].
He was one of the Commando contingent that took part in operations from HMS Triumph against the Palermo and Messina railway on the 29/30 August 1941. His party could not be re-embarked and were subsequently captured. He was eventually imprisoned at Campo 102 L'Aquilla from which he escaped on the 12th September 1943 [2][3].
 
Recommendation

FIELD, W.F.

No 2 Commando
Lance Corporal Field, 1 Troop, took part in Operation Chariot, the raid at St Nazaire on 28 March 1942. Embarked on board motor launch ML 457 he was reported missing after the raid but later found to have been taken prisoner and transported to Stalag 344 at Lamsdorf, Poland.
 
Sources
British Army Casualty Lists 1939-45 / National archives file WO417/41 and WO417/43.
Prisoners of War 1715-1945 / National Archives file WO392/1.
St Nazaire Society website.
 

FINCH, V.W.C.

Corporal V Finch 2 Commando
No 2 Commando

Corporal Finch, 3 Troop, took part in Operation Chariot, the raid at St Nazaire on 28 March 1942. Embarked on HMS Campbeltown he was reported missing after the raid but later found to have been taken prisoner and transported to Stalag 344 at Lamsdorf, Poland.

Sources
British Army Casualty Lists 1939-45 / National Archives file WO417/42.
Prisoners of War 1715-1945 / National Archives file WO392/1.
St Nazaire Society website.
[Image] CVA Gallery.

FITCHETT, John

John Fitchett 2 Commando
No 2 Commando
Private John 'Jack' Fitchett, 4 Troop, was one of the Commando contingent for Operation Chariot, the raid at St Nazaire 28 March 1942. He embarked on board Motor Launch ML 443 and was one of those to be evacuated back to the UK [1][2]
  • 30 July 1944 (Corporal) (5th Bn., East Lancashire Regiment) wounded North West Europe [3].
Sources
[1] St Nazaire Society website.
[2] St. Nazaire Society 75th Anniversary Newsletter. 

FOWLER, Henry Francis

No 2 Commando
Lance Corporal Henry Fowler, 2 Troop, died of wounds on 24 January 1943 [1][2]. He was one of the commando contingent for Operation Chariot at St. Nazaire embarked on board motor launch ML443 and was seriously wounded by enemy fire during the unsuccessful attempt by the naval crew to land the Commandos on board. He was evacuated back to the UK [3]
British Army Casualty Lists extracts  [2].

FREEMAN, B.G.

Freeman 2 Commando
No 2 Commando
Lance Corporal Freeman, 1 Troop, was one of the commando contingent embarked on motor launch ML 446 for Operation Chariot, the raid at St. Nazaire on 28 March 1942. He was wounded during the raid and evacuated back to the UK. 
 
Sources
British Army Casualty Lists 1939-45 / National Archives file WO417/41.
St Nazaire Society website.
CVA Gallery images.
 

FURSSE, Reginald Henry

Reg Fursse 2 Commando
No 2 Commando
Corporal Reginald Fursse, 6 Troop, was one of the Commando contingent on motor launch ML 156 during Operation Chariot, the raid at St Nazaire on 28 March 1942 [1].
  • Evacuated back to the UK, he remained with No. 2 Commando [2][3]
  • 13 September 1943 (Sergeant) (No.2 Commando) wounded during Operation Avalanche at Salerno [3].
Sources
[1] CVA Gallery images of No.2 Commando
[2] St Nazaire Society website.

FYFE, C.A.

No 2 Commando
Lance Corporal 'Jock' Fyfe from Glasgow served as Signaller in No.2 Commando HQ. He embarked on HMS Campbeltown for the raid at St Nazaire on 28 March 1942. He was reported missing after the raid but later found to have been captured and transported to Stalag 344 at Lamsdorf, Poland.
 
Sources
Commando Benevolent Fund list of No.2 Cdo.
St Nazaire Society website.
British Army Casualty Lists 1939-45 / National Archives file WO417/43.

FYNN, Francis West (Lt Col)

Lieutenant Colonel Francis Fynn 2 commando
Lieutenant Colonel Francis Fynn 2 Commando
No 2 Commando
No 12 Commando
Lieutenant Colonel Francis West Fynn became the Commanding Officer of No 2 Commando from June 1944 after Lt Col Churchill was taken prisoner of war. 
 
A former Lance Sergeant in the Royal Artillery T.A., he was appointed Second Lieutenant on the 23rd December 1939 [1]. On the 11th July 1942 the then Lieutenant Fynn was posted from the RA to the Gordon Highlanders [2]
 

GALLAGHER, John

No 2 Commando
Acting Lance Sergeant John Gallagher, 4 Troop, was one of the commando contingent embarked on motor launch ML 306 for the raid at St Nazaire on 28 March 1942. Wounded and taken prisoner he was subsequently transported to Stalag 357 at Oerbke, Nr. Fallingbostel Germany.
 
Sources
St Nazaire Society website.

GARDNER, John, A.

No 2 Commando
Private John Gardner, 3 Troop, embarked on HMS Campbeltown for the raid at St. Nazaire on 28 March 1942. Reported as missing after the raid he was later found to have been taken prisoner and transported to Stalag 344 at Lamsdorf, Poland.
 
Sources
St. Nazaire Society website.
British Army Casualty Lists 1939-45 / National Archives file WO417/43.
Prisoners of War 1715-1945 / National Archives file WO392/1.
 

GEE, Harold

No 2 Commando

Corporal Harold Gee, 3 troop, died during operations at Sarande, Albania.

The No 2 Cdo War Diary dated 11th October 1944 states " Cpl H. Gee (3 Tp) died of wounds. Funeral of Padre, Cpl. Gee, and a RM.  CO read Burial Service. Officers acted as Pall Bearers for Padre. 2 i/c as Chief Mourner. Last post sounded."

GELDER, John Wille

No 2 Commando
Lance Bombardier John Gelder was awarded the Military Medal for his gallantry during Operation Healing 2 at Spilje Albania. The citation for his award is on our report on the Operation above.

GIBSON, William

No 2 Commando
Lance Sergeant William Gibson, 6 troop, died during Operation Chariot, the raid at St Nazaire. He was one of the commando contingent on motor launch ML 268. Like all those on the raid they were given an opportunity beforehand to write their will or last letters.  Bill Gibson wrote to his Father. Read it below.
 

GILL, Richard

No 2 Commando
Rifleman Richard Gill was awarded the MM in recognition of gallant and distinguished services in the field. 
 
The death of Rfn. R. Gill. MM. (2 Cdo) of Salisbury, Wilts. was announced in Commando Association newsletter 62 issued March 1976.
 
Sources
London Gazettes Supp. 36983, page 1428.
CA Newsletter 62.
 

GOODE, Frank Cecil

Frank Goode 2 Commando
No 2 Commando
Rifleman Frank Goode, 3 Troop,  was one of the Commando contingent for the raid at St Nazaire. He embarked on HMS Campbeltown. After heavy street fighting and when all ammunition was spent he was captured and became a prisoner of war. He was transported to Stalag 344 at Lamsdorf, Poland.
 
Sources
St. Nazaire Society.
Prisoners of War 1715-1945 / National Archives file WO392/1.
Commando Association Newsletter 39.
[Image] Graham Radford.

GRAY, Andrew

Andrew Gray MM 2 Commando
No 2 Commando
Fusilier Andrew Gray, 5 troop, was awarded the M.M., in recognition of gallant and distinguished services in Italy [1].
 
Recommendation
Gulf of Salerno 13 Sep 43.

GRIEF, George, V.

George Grief 2 Commando
No 2 Commando
Lance Corporal George Grief, 1 Troop, was one of the commando contingent embarked on Motor Launch ML177 for Operation Chariot, the raid at St. Nazaire on 28 March 1942. Reported missing after the raid he was later found to have been taken prisoner and transported to Stalag 344 at Lamsdorf, Poland.
 
Sources
St Nazaire Society website.
British Army Casualty Lists 1939-45 / National Archives file WO417/45.
Prisoners of War 1715-1945 / National Archives file WO392/1.

GWYNNE, John Edward Herbert

No 2 Commando
No 4 Independent Company
Private John Gwynne, 5 troop, died during Operation Chariot, the raid at St Nazaire [1]. He was one of the commando contingent on HMS Campbeltown and received a posthumous Mention in Despatches [2][3]
Recommendation
"Pte. Gwynne proved himself to be a courageous and determined soldier. His disregard for personal danger in the attack and his efforts to destroy enemy gun positions mounted in the roof of the Pumping station were outstanding.

HAINES, George Ernest

George Haines DCM 2 Commando
No 2 Commando
Troop Sergeant Major George Haines, 5 troop, was awarded the Distinguished Conduct Medal for his gallantry during the raid at St Nazaire [1]. He had embarked for the raid on board motor launch ML 177 but during the action took command of the HQ Reserve [2].  He was taken prisoner after the raid and subsequently held in captivity at Stalag 344 (formerly known as Stalag V111b) near Lamsdorf, Poland [3].
  • 27 April 1946 commissioned Second Lieutenant, East Surreys [4].  

HARKNESS, Peter

No 2 Commando
Lance Sergeant Peter Harkness, 6 troop, died during Operation Chariot, the raid at St Nazaire. He was one of the commando contingent on motor launch ML 268. He is referred to in the last letter of his good friend LSgt Bill Gibson who also died on the raid.
 
Sources
CWGC.
St Nazaire Society/James Dorrian.
 

HARRINGTON, Jack Lonsdale

No 2 Commando

Lance Corporal Jack Harrington was awarded the Military Medal in recognition of distinguished services during Operation Chariot, the raid at St. Nazaire on 28 March 1942.  He was one of the Commando HQ contingent who embarked on board MGB 314.  Reported missing after the raid he was later found to have been taken prisoner and transported to Stalag 344 at Lamsdorf, Poland.

He has been identified in a photo in our gallery. [view photo.]

HARRISON, Maurice

No 2 Commando
Lance Sergeant Maurice Harrison, 6 troop, died during Operation Chariot,  the raid at St Nazaire. He was one of the commando contingent on motor launch ML 192.
 
Sources
CWGC.
St Nazaire Society/James Dorrian.
 

HARRONS, Charles Edward

No 2 Commando

Corporal Charles Harrons, 1 troop, died after No 2 Commando had just taken part in the raid on Spilje, Albania.

An entry in the No 2 Cdo War Diary dated 24th August 1944 states " Burial Service for Cpl Harrons (1 Tp) who died in hospital at Bari was held in the afternoon."

HAUSMANN, Fritz Sigmund

Fritz Hausmann alias Fred Houseman 2 Commando
No 2 Commando

Fritz Sigmund Hausmann was born in Bingen Am Rhein, April 27th 1921. He was a German Jew who at age 13, fled Germany alone and went to school in Palestine. When he was of age he enlisted and did his basic training in Sarafend, Palestine and he then joined the 462 RASC. On May 1st, 1943 he was on board the Erinpura, which was attacked and sunk in the Mediterranean with heavy loss of life. Having survived the sinking, he joined No.

HAY, William

No 2 Commando
Lance Corporal William Hay died during Operation Chariot, the raid at St Nazaire. He was one of the commando contingent on Motor Launch ML 267. The launch was hit by enemy fire and sank.

HEERY, John

John Heery 2 Commando
No 2 Commando
Lance Corporal John 'Jack' Heery, 6 Troop, was one of the commando contingent who embarked on motor launch ML443 for Operation Chariot, the raid at St Nazaire on 28 March 1942 [1][1a]. He was evacuated back to the UK after the raid.
  • 16 August 1943 (Acting Lance Sergeant) (No.2 Commando) wounded in Sicily during Operation Husky [2]
Sources
[1] St Nazaire Society website.
[1a] 6 Troop Nominal Roll in No.2 Cdo gallery.

HEMPSTEAD, Stanley

No 2 Commando
Sergeant Stanley Hempstead, 2 troop,  died during Operation Chariot, the raid at St Nazaire. He was one of the commando contingent on motor launch ML 262.
 
Sources
CWGC.
St Nazaire Society/James Dorrian.
 

HENDERSON, John Patrick Leo

Lt Henderson 2 Commando
No 2 Commando
2 Special Service (Commando) Brigade
Major John Henderson MC, 2 Special Service Brigade, died during operations in Italy [1].
 
On the 8th May 1940 he transferred from the Oxford and Bucks Light Infantry to the Royal Engineers retaining his seniority as 2/Lieutenant. [2]
 
​He was awarded the MC whilst a Captain (T/Major)  in No 2 Commando at Salerno. [3].
 
Citation

HENDRY, Bernard

No 2 Commando
Private Bernard Hendry was awarded the Military Medal on 15 March 1945 in recognition of gallant and distinguished service in the Field [1].
  • 9 September 1943 wounded during operations in Italy (Salerno) [2].
  • 9 October 1944 wounded during operations in Italy [3].
Sources
[1] London Gazette 36983, page 1428.
[2] Casualty Lists 1939-45 / National Archives file WO417/67.

HEWETT, Herbert Edward

No 2 Commando

Troop Sergeant Major Herbert Hewett, 2 Troop, was one of the commando contingent embarked on motor launch ML447 for Operation Chariot, the raid at St. Nazaire on 28 March 1942. Reported missing after the raid he was later found to have been taken prisoner and transported to Stalag 344 at Lamsdorf, Poland.

Post war in 1948 he worked as the manager of an off licence in Islington. In 1951 he was the proprietor of The Windmill Tavern in East Hanningfield, Essex *.

HOGGETT, William

No 2 Commando
Lance Corporal William Hoggett was awarded the Distinguished Conduct Medal on 15 March 1945 in recognition of gallant and distinguished service in the Field.
 
Sources
London Gazette 36983, page 1427.
Britain, Campaign, Gallantry & Long Service Medals & Awards.
 

HOLLAND, William Anthony

William Holland 2 Commando
No 2 Commando

Private William 'Dutch' Holland, 3 Troop, received a Mention in Despatches in recognition of gallant and distinguished service during the raid on St. Nazaire on the night of 27/28th March, 1942.  Embarking on board HMS Campbeltown he was reported missing after the raid but later found to have been taken prisoner and transported to Stalag 344 Lamsdorf.
Recommendation
"Pte. Holland displayed magnificent courage and devotion to duty in a small assault group whose task it was to destroy three enemy medium AA gun positions.

HOLMES, Frederick Lewis

Frederick Holmes 2 Commando
No 2 Commando

Sapper Frederick Holmes was one of the commando contingent who embarked on motor launch ML443 for Operation Chariot, the raid at St Nazaire 28 March 1942. He was evacuated back to the UK after the raid.  He remained with the No.2 Commando attaining the rank of Lance Sergeant.

Sources
St Nazaire Society website.
Commando Association Lost Legion List 6.
No.2 Cdo. 2 Troop images in gallery.

HOLT, Frederick

Corporal Fred Holt 2 Commando
No 2 Commando
No 4 Independent Company

Corporal Frederick Holt, 5 troop, was one of the commando contingent on board HMS Campbeltown during the raid at St Nazaire in March 1942 [1]. He was initially reported missing in action until it was discovered he had been taken prisoner [2][2a][2b].  He was transported to Stalag 383 at Hohenfels Germany [3].

Fred, who was from Wallasey in the Wirral, died in 1964 aged 49 [4]

HOMER, Levi

Leo Homer 2 Commando
Leo Homer 2Cdo
No 2 Commando
No 4 Independent Company

Lance Corporal Levi Homer, 5 Troop, was one of the commando contingent who embarked on Motor Launch ML 457 for Operation Chariot, the raid at St Nazaire on 28 March 1942. Reported missing after the raid he was later found to have been taken prisoner and transported to Stalag 344 at Lamsdorf, Poland.

HONEY, Peter

Pte Pete Honey MM 2 Commando
No 2 Commando
No 4 Independent Company
Private Peter Honey, 5 troop, was awarded the Military Medal for gallant and distinguished services during Operation Chariot, the raid at St. Nazaire 28 March 1942. He was one of the Commando contingent who embarked on HMS Campbeltown. Reported missing after the raid he was later found to have been taken prisoner and transported to Stalag 344 at Lamsdorf, Poland.
Recommendation

HOOPER, Richard Henry

Capt Richard Hooper MC 2 Commando
No 2 Commando
No 4 Independent Company

Captain Richard Hooper was awarded the Military Cross for his gallantry during operations at Scaletta Sicily on the 16th August 1943. He had previously taken part in operations at Vaagso and St Nazaire. During the latter he was in charge of an assault squad on motor launch ML 156, wounded, and evacuated back to the UK.

On the 21st September 1951 it was announced that Capt. (Hon. Maj.) R. H. Hooper, M.C. of the King's Regiment had been awarded the Efficiency Medal Territorial.

HOOPER, W.F.

Corporal W Hooper 2 Commando
No 2 Commando

Corporal Hooper, 1 Troop, was one of the commando contingent embarked on Motor Launch ML457 for Operation Chariot, the raid at St Nazaire on 28 March 1942. Reported missing after the raid he was later found to have been taken prisoner and transported to Stalag 357 at Oerbke, Nr. Fallingbostel, Germany.

HOPE, J.R.

No 2 Commando
Private J.R. Hope was one of the commando contingent embarked on motor launch ML 446 for Operation Chariot, the raid at St. Nazaire 28 March 1942. Evacuated back to the UK after the raid he remained with No. 2 Commando and was later wounded during operations at Salerno on 18 September 1943.
 
Sources
St. Nazaire Society website.
British Army Casualty Lists 1939-45 / National Archives file WO417/67.
 
Notes

HOPWOOD, Howell Gaston Lloyd

No 2 Commando

Lieutenant Howell Hopwood, 5 Troop, received a Mention in Despatches in recognition of gallant and distinguished service during the raid on St. Nazaire on the night of 27/28th March, 1942.  Embarking on board HMS Campbeltown he was captured after the raid and imprisoned at Oflag 9A/Z Rotenberg Germany and Oflag 9A/H Spangenberg Germany.
Recommendation

HOWARD, John Denis

No 2 Commando
Lance Corporal John Howard, RAMC attached to No. 2 Commando, was awarded the Military Medal [1] in recognition of gallant and distinguished service durng Operation Healing 2 at Spilje Bay, Albania, on 28/29 July 1944 [2]. The citation for his award is in our report on the Operation above.
 
Sources
[1] London Gazette 36730, page 4570.
[2] National Archives file WO373/46/222.
 

HUGHES, William, A.

Bill Hughes 2 Commando
No 2 Commando
No 4 Independent Company
Private William Hughes, 5 Troop, embarked on Motor Launch ML177 for the raid at St. Nazaire on 28 March 1942. Reported as missing after the raid he was later found to have been taken prisoner and transported to Stalag 344 at Lamsdorf, Poland.

HUMBLE, William McLean

No 2 Commando
Lance Sergeant William Humble served in 5 troop of No 2 Commando.
 
Citation for the Military Medal:
Gulf of Salerno 13th September 1943
On September 9th on the Salerno Road, Pte Humble engaged at 100yds an advancing Mk111 Special enemy tank which was shelling the house from which Pte Humble was sniping.

HUNTER, John Edmund

No 2 Commando
Lance Corporal John Hunter, 5 troop, died [1] during operations at Dragone Hill, Salerno, on the 13th September 1943 and was originally buried by the 6th Yorks and Lancs. However his grave was never found [2]
 

HURST, Edward

Edward Hurst 2 Commando
Ted Hurst 2 Commando
No 2 Commando
No 4 Independent Company
Private Edward Hurst, 5 Troop, was one of the Commando contingent embarked on Motor Launch ML307 for the St Nazaire raid on 28 March 1942. He was evacuated back to the UK and rejoined No.2 Commando [1][2].

HUTTON, George Francis

TSM George Hutton DCM 2 Commando
No 2 Commando
Troop Sergeant Major George Hutton, 1 troop, was awarded the Distinguished Conduct Medal in recognition of gallant and distinguished services in the field. [1]
 
On the 22nd February 1945 it was announced that he had receieved a Mention in Despatches in recognition of gallant and distinguished services in the field. [2]
 

IMRIE, Ian

No 2 Commando

Gunner Ian Imrie died during the 6 week period in February/March when No 2 Commando were placed "in the line" in Italy under 5 Corps.

JACKSON, Joseph (LSgt)

No 2 Commando
Lance Sergeant Joseph  Jackson DCM died during the 6 week period in February/March when No 2 Commando were placed "in the line" in Italy under 5 Corps. He was awarded the Distinguished Conduct Medal for "gallant and distinguished services in the field."
 
Sources
CWGC
London Gazette 36983, page 1427.
 

JACKSON, Joseph (Pte)

No 2 Commando
Private Joseph Jackson died during operations at Salerno [1].
 
We have a document that outlines these details: He held a temporary or acting rank of Lance Corporal; he was killed in action "on the 17th September 1943 at the bottom of Marine Hill, Piegolette (Piegolelle) Village"; and that he was originally buried " Between house (map ref 694323) and bottom of Marine Hill, 7 yards East side of House." [2].
 

JARVIS, G.

No 2 Commando
Rifleman Jarvis, 3 Troop, embarked on HMS Campbeltown for the raid at St. Nazaire on 28 March 1942. He was wounded and reported missing after the raid but was later found to have been taken prisoner.

JENKINS, Morgan

2nd Lieut Jenkins 2 Commando
No 2 Commando
No 5 Independent Company
Second Lieutenant Morgan  Jenkins died during Operation Chariot, the raid at St Nazaire. He was one of the commando contingent on motor launch ML 268.
 
Morgan was the sixth of seven children born to Morgan and Mary Jenkins in 1915. His father was a plate layer at the Ynisfaoi Mine, Treherbert, South Wales. Morgan attended local schools in his younger years. Being a bright pupil he achieved a place at Brecon Boy's County Grammar School for his secondary education. Morgan's death at St Nazaire is recorded on the School's War Memorial. 
 

JENKINS, Samuel Leslie

No 2 Commando

Captain Samuel Jenkins died during operations at Solta.  

Two entries from the No.2 Cdo War Diary:   4th March 1944 at Vis - "Captain S.L. Jenkins departed with Lt McMenamin to Solta to recce for proposed raid";  8th March 1944 at Vis.  "Lt McMenamin returned with the news that Captain Jenkins had been wounded and captured by the Germans on Solta." 

The memorial cross at St David's Church, Llanarthney Carmarthenshire,  is inscribed to the memory of Captain Jenkins.

JOHNSON-HOUGHTON, Captain, Biography

Type: Booklet
Author: Carol Kerr, Mrs Desiree Roderick MBE
Year of Publishing: 2011
Keywords: 2 commando, joe houghton, musketoon,

Titled : So Fine and Honourable an Englishman

An account about Captain Joseph Blundell Johnson - Houghton MC , who was known simply as Joseph Houghton,  who served in No.2 Commando. It was written for The Colditz Society by Carol Kerr, with information provided by Capt. Houghton's sister, Mrs Desiree Roderick MBE, reproduced here with the permission of the author Carol Kerr, Mrs Desiree Roderick MBE, and The Colditz Society. 

JONES, Colin

LSgt. Colin Jones MM 2 Commando
No 2 Commando
No 4 Independent Company

Sergeant Colin Jones, 5 troop, was awarded the Military Medal in recognition of his gallant and distinguished service during the raid on St Nazaire on 28 March 1942. He was one of the Commando contingent who embarked on HMS Campbeltown.  Reported missing after the raid then found to have been taken prisoner and transported to Stalag 383 at Hohenfels, Germany.

The death of Sgt. Colin Jones MM, of Huyton nr. Liverpool, was announced in Commando Association newsletter 67 issued September 1978.

JONES, W.G.

No 2 Commando

Private W.G. Jones, 4 Troop, was one of the commando contingent embarked on Motor Launch ML 267 for Operation Chariot, the raid at St. Nazaire 28 March 1942. The ML was hit by enemy fire and sank. Eight of the 11 Commandos, and all bar 5 of the RN crew,  on board were killed. He survived, was taken prisoner, and later transported to Stalag 344 Lamsdorf, Poland.

KEEP, Raymond Walter

Raymond Walter Keep 2 Commando
No 2 Commando
Acting Major Raymond Keep was awarded the Military Cross (Periodic) [1] in recognition of his consistent gallant and distinguished service during operations at Scaletta, Salerno, Brac, Solta, Miljet, and Hvar [2].
  • January 1945 serving as G.S.O.3 (Ops) Commando Group [3].
Sources
[1] London Gazette Supp. 36950, page 1040.

KILLEEN, Martin

No 2 Commando
Private Martin Killeen died [1] during operations on the 10th September at Vietre Sul Mare (Map ref 614298).  He was initially buried in the Orange Grove at back of a school in Vietri (Map ref 618298) [2].
 

KING, David

No 2 Commando
Lance Bombardier David King, 5 troop, died during the 6 week period in February/March when No 2 Commando were placed "in the line" in Italy under 5 Corps. The War Diary records that he was killed during shelling that took place between 1110hrs and 1550hrs.
 
In the same entry it records that LSgt Campbell was seriously injured later dying of his wounds during this shelling.
 
Sources
CWGC.

KNOWLES, John, A.

Johnny Knowles 2 Commando
No 2 Commando
No 4 Independent Company
Lance Sergeant John Knowles, 4 troop, was one of the commando contingent embarked on Motor launch ML268 for Operation Chariot, the raid at St Nazaire 28 March 1942. Reported missing after the raid, later found to have been taken prisoner and transported to Stalag 344 Lamsdorf, Poland.
 
Sources
St. Nazaire Society website.
British Army Casualty Lists 1939-45 / National Archives file WO417/43.
Prisoners of War 1715-1945 / National Archives file WO392/1.

LAWSON, William Henry

Pte Bill Lawson 2 Commando
No 2 Commando
Private William Lawson was wounded on 17 June1940 serving with the 6th Bn. Royal Sussex Regiment as part of the British Expeditionary Force in France [1].
Evacuated back to the UK and after recovery from his wound he volunteered for Special Service and joined 1 troop of No.2 Commando. On 28 March 1942 he was embarked on Motor Launch ML 457 for Operation Chariot, the raid at St. Nazaire [2].

LEE, Jack William

General List
SAS
Lieutenant Jack Lee (born Raymond Jack William Couraud) was a French Liaison Officer attached to No.2 Commando specifically for Operation Chariot, the raid at St. Nazaire 28 March 1942. He embarked on Motor Launch ML 447. [1][1a]
  • Wounded during the raid and evacuated back to the UK [2].

LEES, Brian

Capt Brian Lees 2 Commando and CBTC
No 2 Commando
Commando Basic Training Centre

Brian Lees served as a Lieutenant in No 2 Commando and is included in pictures in our gallery of the officers at Gibraltar in 1943. At some stage after that he is posted to the staff at the Commando Basic Training Centre and is included in a 1945 photo of the Officers there.

Post war he settled in the 50's in Illinois, America, and is referred to as Doctor Brian Lees in Commando Association Newsletter 26 of March 1958. His death was announced in a later newsletter which additionally showed the fact he had served in the CBTC (CA Newsletter 56).
 

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