42 Commando RM

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'42 Commando RM'

Formed in August 1943 from the disbanded 1st RM Battalion, the Commando saw service in India and Burma. 42 RM Commando took part in the Battle of Kangaw on the 31st January 1945.

Redesignated 42 Commando RM early in 1946, having been 42 RM Commando (Light) since August 1945. Postwar, the Commando operated across the Globe with combat operations in Malaya, Suez, Borneo and Brunei, Northern Ireland, the Falklands, Iraq, and Afghanistan.

42 Commando Royal Marines have been based at Bickleigh Barracks just outside Plymouth, Devon, since the 16th September 1971.

'Operation Vantage'

Saturday, July 1, 1961
1961 British military intervention in Kuwait in response to threats from Iraq.  42 Commando RM  'Charlie' Troop were the first to go ashore from HMS Bulwark in 848 Naval Air Squadron's Whirlwinds.
 
Notes
Additional photos can be found in our 42 Commando RM gallery album.
 

BARKER, Alfred

Sergeant Alfred Barker was awarded the M.M., for gallant and distinguished service in operations at Rawang which is located in Selangor, Malaya on the 29th February 1952.
 
Sources
London Gazettes Supp. 39584, page 3523.
National Archives file WO 373/131/7.
 

BEVAN, Christopher John

Marine Christopher Bevan died in a traffic accident in Plymouth. 
[Sources: AFM ROH / naval-history.net]
 
Notes
1.  Date of death shown as on AFM ROH;
2. The Naval history website shows the following: 
Friday, 12 June 1981  Royal Marines, 42 Commando, road accident at Plymouth, Devon
BEVAN, Christopher J, Marine, P040432F,

BEVERLEY, Henry York la Roche

Lieutenant General Henry York La Roche Beverley, O.B.E., was appointed K.C.B. (Military Division) on the 31st December 1990 [1].
  • April 1978 (Lieutenant Colonel) appointed Commanding Officer 42 Commando RM [2].
  • 1979 (Lieutenant Colonel) appointed O.B.E. (Military Division) in recognition of distinguished service in Northern Ireland during the period 1st August 1978 to 31st October 1978 [3].
Sources
[1] London Gazette Supp. 52382, page 2.

BISPHAM, Matthew

Marine Matthew Bispham was awarded the Military Cross in recognition of gallant and distinguished service in Afghanistan [1].
 
On 13 January 2007 Bispham’s company conducted a deliberate attack onto a hill and compounds. The enemy fired machine guns and rocket-propelled grenades from a group of compounds and all Troops were pinned down by the accuracy of the fire. Bispham’s group was tasked to assault.

CHISNALL, David Alan

WO1 David Chisnall
Colour Sergeant David Chisnall was awarded the British Empire Medal in recognition of meritorious service in Northern Ireland during the period 1st November 1979 to 31st January 1980 [1].
  • 16 April 1982 promoted Warrant Officer 1, and RSM of 42 Commando RM [2].
Sources
[1] London Gazette Supp. 48237, page 9373.
[2] Globe and Laurel Mar/Apr 1982.
[Image] Globe and Laurel May 1982.
 

CLARK, Ian Campbell

Lieutenant Ian Clark died during a cross border operation to Sajingan Besar * in Indonesia. He received a posthumous MiD for distinguished services in support of operations.
 
The operation, codenamed Lively Cricket,  was against Indonesian forces who had been mortaring the 42 Commando base at Kampung Biawak, in Sarawak, Malaysia.
 
Also died in this operation
Marine Thomas Collins.
 

CLIFFORD, Richard

Captain Richard Cormac Clifford
Lieutenant Richard Clifford received the Queen's Commendation for Brave Conduct.
Citation
"On the morning of 18th May 1972, a team of Service personnel was sent to deal with a bomb threat in the Queen Elizabeth II which at that time was in mid-Atlantic on her way to Europe.

COATES, Timothy Patrick

Marine Timothy Coates, serving on attachment to the UNHCR in Sarajevo, was shot dead by personnel manning a Bosnian Government checkpoint in the city. He was off duty and wearing plain clothes at the time. 
 
[Sources: AFM ROH / Navy News issue May 1994, p36. / Statement in Parliament 18th April 1994 by The Secretary of State for Defence, Mr. Malcolm Rifkind,  www. publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm199394/cmhansrd/1994-04-18/Debate-1.html ]
 

COLLINS, Thomas Joseph

Marine Thomas Joseph Collins 42 Commando
Marine Thomas Collins was shot on Indonesian territory on 16 March 1966, the same day as Lt Clark from L Coy 42 Cdo RM., while taking part in a cross-border operation during “Confrontation”. He was seen to fall but the circumstances of the operation made it impossible to recover his body at the time.

CURRY, Thomas Geoffrey

Mne. Tom Curry
Marine Thomas Curry died instantly as a result of enemy small arms fire when elements of 42 Commando were engaged in close-quarter fighting with the Taleban near Kajaki, in Northern Helmand. He received a posthumous Mention in Despatches in recognition of gallant and disting

DUNSTAN, Neil David

Mne Neil Dunstan

Marine Neil Dunstan was killed by an explosion in the Garmsir District of southern Helmand, at 1647 hrs local time, while operating as part of Task Force Helmand's Information Exploitation Group. He was taking part in a routine joint patrol with soldiers from the Afghan National Security Forces when his Jackal vehicle was struck by an explosive device.

ELMS, Liam Michael

Cpl Liam Elms 45 Commando
Corporal Liam Elms, 45 Commando Royal Marines, Zulu Company, died as a result of an enemy ied explosion during operations in southern Helmand. The Company was conducting a local area patrol alongside Afghan National Army troops in order to reassure the local population.
 

EMSLIE, Hamish Brian

Lieutenant Hamish Emslie was awarded the Military Cross for distinguished service in operations in Malaya with 42 Commando RM [1+2].
 
Recommendation for MC:  
Perak, Malaya.  July 1950 to Nov. 1950.
This Officer has been most zealous in operations for a continuous period since July 1950. He is bold and courageous and sets a fine example to the ranks under his command.

EPHRAUMS, Roderick Jarvis

Major General Roger Ephraums Royal Marines
Served with 42 Commando in Malaya in the 1950's and was later the Brigade Major, HQ 3 Commando Brigade RM in Sarawak. In 1969 he commanded 45 Commando RM *.
  • 1 January 1965 (Major) appointed O.B.E. [1].
  • 17 December 1972 promoted Brigadier [2]
  • 18 February 1974 (Brigadier) appointed an Aide-de-Camp to The Queen [3].
  • 11 June 1977 (Major General) appointed C.B. [4].
  • 7 April 1978 (Major General) to retired list [5].

EVANS, Tony

Mne Tony Evans 42 Commando

Marine Tony Evans died during operations in Afghanistan. He and Marine Georgie Sparks, both of J Company, had been conducting a foot patrol to the north-west of Lashkar Gah in Helmand province. Marines Evans and Sparks had moved on to the roof of a compound when, at around 0900 hours, there was an attack by insurgents armed with rocket-propelled grenades and they were badly wounded. Both received immediate medical attention and were moved to a secure location before being put on a helicopter to be transferred back to Camp Bastion.

FAIRBROTHER, David

Mne. David Fairbrother 42Commando
Marine David Fairbrother, Kilo Company, died whilst deployed as part of Combined Force Nahr-e Saraj in support of an Afghan National Army (ANA) patrol into the village of Old Khorgajat.  Just under two hours into the patrol they were engaged with small arms fire from close range and Marine Fairbrother was fatally wounded. Despite the best efforts of his colleagues to administer first aid, Marine Fairbrother died of his wounds.
[Source: MOD]
 

GARDNER, James Patrick

Lieutenant James Patrick Gardner, 'B' Troop, was awarded the Military Cross  for gallant and distinguished service with 3 Commando Brigade, Royal Marines in Malaya during the period 1st January to 30th June, 1952 [1].
  • 1964 (Captain) (Local Major) Mentioned in Despatches for gallant and distinguished services in operations in Borneo Territories during the period 24th December 1963 to 23rd June 1964 [2].
Sources
[1] London Gazette 39675, page 5528.

GILBERT, Adam

Marine Adam Gilbert was the victim of an accidental shooting when his patrol tried to stop a stolen car at a checkpoint on the New Lodge Road, Belfast.
[Source: AFM ROH / NIVets.org / Northern Ireland - An Agony Continued author Ken Wharton.]
 

GILL, Martin Joseph

LCpl Martin Gill 42 Commando
Lance Corporal Martin Gill died whilst deployed with his Multiple as part of a patrol in the area of Adensee in the Nahr-e Saraj (South) district in Helmand province. The aim of the patrol was to assess the atmospherics, meet and talk with local nationals, and disrupt insurgent activity in the area, in preparation for future operations. The Multiple was an hour into its patrol when it was engaged by small-arms re from a nearby compound. LCpl Gill was hit and fatally wounded, and, despite being administered immediate first aid, tragically died of his wounds.
 

GOSTICK, Dale Edward

Mne Dale Gostick ASRM

Marine Dale Gostick died whilst serving as a Viking operator in 3rd Troop, Armoured Support Company, at the Sangin crossing of the Helmand River, southern Helmand province, Afghanistan. His troop were returning to their Forward Operating Base, after providing essential support to 2nd Battalion The Parachute Regiment (2 PARA) Battle Group, when the Viking he was driving struck a suspected mine. Sadly, despite the best efforts of the medical team on site, Marine Gostick was pronounced dead at the scene.

GOURLAY, Basil Ian Spencer

Basil ian spencer Gourlay
Acting Captain Basil Gourlay was awarded the Military Cross whilst serving with 43RM Commando in WW2. 
 
Post war he served in 45 Commando Royal Marines 1945-1948, Brigade Major 3 Commando Bde Royal Marines 1955-1957; OC 42 Commando Royal Marines 1963-1965, ultimately being appointed Commandant General Royal Marines from 1971-75 after which he retired.
 
  • M.C. (A/Captain 43RM Commando) for gallantry, zeal and skill during the attack on Sarande and the seizure of the Island of Solta. [1 +2]

HOLLOWAY, James Oliver Roe

Mne James Holloway 42 Commando

Marine James Holloway was found dead on board  the RFA Fort Rosalie which was moored in Dubai.

A Royal Navy spokesman said: "We can confirm that Marine James Holloway died aboard RFA Fort Rosalie. The cause of death is still under investigation, however we can confirm it was not as a result of operational activity. Our thoughts and sympathies are with his family and friends at this sad time.”
[Sources: AFM ROH / BBC online, Sun online newspaper, and other media outlets.]
 

HOLMES, Matthew John

Lieutenant Colonel Matthew Holmes, Commanding Officer 42 Commando RM, was appointed D.S.O. in recognition of gallant and distinguished services in Afghanistan during the period 1st October 2006 to 31st March 2007 [1].
  • 19 March 2013 (Colonel) promoted Brigadier [2].
  • 9 May 2018 promoted Major General [3].
  • 8 June 2019 appointed C.B.E. (Military Division) [4].
Sources
[1] London Gazette Supp. 58396, page 10411.

HOWE, Gilbert Rex

Acting Corporal Gilbert Howe was awarded the Distinguished Conduct Medal for his gallantry on 21/22 February 1951 whilst attached to 40 Commando RM during operations at Kampong, Upper Perak, Malaya. He had been recommended for the M.M. but was awarded the D.C.M. [1].
 
Citation

HOWGILL, Colin Humphrey Cowley

Major Colin Howgill received a Mention in Despatches recognition of distinguished service in Northern Ireland during the period 1st November 1976 - 31st January 1977 [1].
  • 17 August 1979 promoted Acting Lieutenant Colonel [2].
  • 1980 Commanding Officer 42 Commando RM in the New Hebrides [3].
  • 15 April 1989 (Colonel) to Retired List [4].
Source
[1] London Gazette 47258, page 8411.

HUNT, Darren

Corporal Darren Hunt was awarded the Military Medal in recognition of distinguished service during operations in the South Atlantic in 1982 [1].
  • 1991 (Sergeant) received a Mention in Despatches in recognition of distinguished service in Northern Ireland [2].
  • 31 December 2014 (Major) appointed M.B.E. (Military Division) [3].
  • 4 August 2017 to Retired List [4].
Recommendation for MM

HUTTON, Jamie R.J.

Marine Jamie Hutton died when a land rover overturned on a training exercise at Lulworth firing range, near  Weymouth.
 
Jamie Hutton joined up at the age of 20 and excelled in training, winning the Charnock Shooting Trophy and earning himself the nickname of "The Colonel". He joined K Company 42 Commando RM in May 2006 and served in Afghanistan before becoming a sniper instructor at the CTCRM.
 
 [Sources: AFM ROH / BBC Dorset / Plymouth Herald newspaper 19/7/2008]

JOLE, Leslie Hugh

Captain Leslie Jole MC

Captain Leslie Jole, Officer Commanding 'Y' Troop since September 1950,  was awarded the Military Cross for gallant and distinguished services in Malaya during the period June 1951 to 31st December, 1951.

JOLLY, Richard Tadeusz

Surgeon Lieutenant Commander Richard Jolly, acting Surgeon Commander, commanded Medical Squadron of the Commando Logistic Regiment Royal Marines during Operation Sutton in the South Atlantic May/June 1982.
In addition he had under his operational control two surgical support teams and a parachute clearing troop. He was awarded the O.B.E. (Military Division) [1][2]
Recommendation

JONES, James

Marine James Jones was awarded the MM for gallant and distinguished service with 3 Commando Brigade, Royal Marines in Malaya during the period 1st January to 30th June, 1952.

LAWS, Kenneth

Marine Kenneth Laws died in service cause unknown to this archive. He is believed to have served with 40 Commando RM in the Brunei and Borneo campaigns c.1962-1966.  [Sources:  AFM ROH / royal-marines.net website]

LESTER, William John

Corporal William Lester was awarded the Military Medal for gallant and distinguished services in operations. He was in 5 troop, one of two sections of the Commando that assaulted Limbang Police Station, Sarwak, on the 12th December 1962 to release hostages being held there. Five Marines from his Commando died during this operation.
 
Sources
[1] London Gazettes Supp. 43009, page 4693.

LISON, Adam

Corporal Adam Lison received a Mention in Despatches in recognition of gallant and distinguished service in Afghanistan during the period 1st October 2006 to 31st March

MACKAY, Peter Lewis

Captain Peter Mackay died in Malaya. He was awarded the M.C.,[1] for gallant and distinguished service during an action in which he was shot in the head at Perak Malaya on the 1st May 1951[2]. He died 4 days later [3]. He was leading a charge by his patrol of 11 men against bandit forces firing from a ridge above them [2].
 

MACKIE, Alastair

Sergeant Alastair Mackie was awarded the M.M., gallant and distinguished services in operations at Sarawak, Borneo, during the period June 1963 to September 1963.
 
Sources
London Gazettes Supp. 43416, page 7156.
National Archives file WO 373/139/11.
 

MACKLIN, James

Marine James Macklin was fatally wounded whilst on patrol in North Belfast .
 

Extract from the Birmingham Daily Post - Friday 29 March 1974

Marine James Macklin. aged 28, who was wounded in a terrorist ambush a week ago, died last night in a Belfast hospital. He was shot in the head in Belfast's Antrim Road when gunmen operating from both sides of the street raked a vehicle carrying a patrol from 42 Commando Royal Marines. His mother was flown from her home in Milton, Glasgow. to his bedside and was with him when he died.*

MACNISH, Charles James

Charles James Macnish 42 Commando
Corporal (Acting Sergeant) Charles Macnish, 'S' Troop [1], was awarded the Military Medal for gallant and distinguished service with 3 Commando Brigade, Royal Marines in Malaya during the period 1st January to 30th June, 1952 [2]. His final rank attained was Colour Sergeant [3].

MAHONEY, David Callaghan

Captain David Mahoney 42 Commando
Captain David Mahoney was awarded the Military Cross for gallant and distinguished services in Malaya [1]. He became Commander of 'B' Troop in Malaya in September 1950 and was on continuous operations from that time and throughout the following year, primarily in the Batu Gajah region [2].
 
Sources
[1] London Gazette Supp. 39361, page 5432.
[2] National Archives file WO373/130/44.

MCKIBBEN, Robert Joseph

Mne Robert McKibben
Marine Robert McKibben died in an explosion in the Garmsir District of southern Helmand, at 1647 hrs local time, while operating as part of Task Force Helmand's Information Exploitation Group. He was taking part in a routine joint patrol with soldiers from the Afghan National Security Forces when his Jackal vehicle was struck by an explosive device. He joined the Royal Marines at the age of 27 and, after completing Command

MEAD, Nigel Dean

Mne Nigel Mead 42 Commando
Marine Nigel Mead, Lima Company, was fatally injured in an improvised explosive device blast during a cordon and search operation, partnered with the Afghan National Security Forces, of compounds suspected of being associated with improvised explosive device facilitation in the Loy Mandeh wadi in the Nad ‘Ali district of Helmand province.
 

MOORE, John Jeremy

John Jeremy Moore
Major General John Jeremy Moore served as the commander of the British land forces during the Falklands War in 1982.
  • Lieutenant - awarded the Military Cross for gallant and distinguished service with 40 Commando RM in Malaya during the period 1st January to 30th June, 1952 [1].
  • Captain - awarded a Bar to the Military Cross for gallant and distinguished service whilst Commander of 'L' Company 42 Commando RM during a hostage rescue operation at Limbang, Sarawak, on the 12th December 1962 [2].

MORGAN, Timothy Dennis

 Lt Col. Timothy Morgan © IWM (MH 30869
Temporary Lieutenant Timothy Morgan, 40RM Commando, was awarded the Military Cross for gallant and distinguished services whilst leading a patrol at Pizzo, Italy, near Vibo Valentia, in September 1943 [1].
 
Partial extract from the Obituary in the Globe and Laurel July/August 1992
  • 1945 (Spring) posted as instructor at the Commando Basic Training Centre.
  • 1947 - 50 (Acting Captain) Troop Commander 42 Commando RM.
  • 1952 (Spring) (Captain, O.C. Royal Marines) HMS Indefatigable. 

MULVIHILL, Damian

Cpl Damian Mulvihill 40 Commando
Corporal Damian Mulvihill died whilst taking part in a joint ISAF - ANA patrol engaged in operations near Sangin. The marines of Alpha Company were conducting a clearance patrol to deter Taliban intimidation of local Afghans. It was during this action that an Improvised Explosive Device was detonated, which sadly killed Corporal Mulvihill instantly. He died leading his section and the Company from the front.
 

NORCOCK, Peter Lawrence

Major Peter Norcock was Mentioned in Despatches for distinguished service during the War in the Far East [1].
 
  • 1948 (Major) Mentioned in Despatches for gallant and distinguished services in Palestine during the period 27th March, 1948 - 30th July, 1948 [2]
  • 1 January 1954 (Lieutenant Colonel) Appointed O.B.E. (Military Division) [3]

O'HERLIHY, Simon

Acting Lieutenant Colonel Simon O'Herlihy was appointed M.B.E., (Military Division), in recognition of gallant and distinguished services in Afghanistan during the period 1st October 2010 to 31st March 2011 [1].
  • 30 June 2011 promoted Lieutenant Colonel [2].
Source
[1] London Gazette Supp. 59924, page 18713.
[2] London Gazette Supp. 59860, page 14180.
 

OATES, Ashley

Corporal Ashley Oates received a Mention in Despatches in recognition of gallant and distinguished service in Afghanistan during the period 1st October 2006 to 31st Mar

OWEN, John Ivor Headon

Captain John Owen served with 44RM Commando during operations in the Far East [1]. Post war he served with 42 Commando RM in Borneo and commanded 45 Commando RM in Aden [2]
  • 1st January 1963 (Major) appointed O.B.E. (Military Division) [3].
  • 1968 (Lieutenant Colonel) received a Mention in Despatches for gallant and distinguished service in Aden [4].
Sources
[1] Commando Association (WW2) newsletter 109 issued Sept. 1999.

RAWLINSON, Robert Croft

Corporal Robert Rawlinson was awarded the Military Medal for gallant and distinguished services in operations. He commanded one of the two sections of the Commando that assaulted Limbang Police Station, Sarwak, on the 12th December 1962 to release hostages being held there. Cpl. Rawlinson was wounded during this operation in which five other Marines died. 
 
Sources
London Gazettes Supp, 43009, page 4693.
National Archives file WO 373/127/98.
 

REDDY, Benjamin

Mne. Benjamin Reddy 42 Commando

Marine Benjamin Reddy, 'K' Company, died when his unit came under enemy fire during a deliberate clearance operation in the Kajaki area of Helmand Province.  He joined the Royal Marines on 18 April 2005 and deployed with K Company, 42 Commando Royal Marines to Helmand Province, Afghanistan, in September 2006. [Source: MOD]

RHYCE-REES, Stewart Duncan

Marine Stewart Rhyce-Rees died on a 9 mile cross country march carrying full kit during his Commando training.  An inquest heard evidence from pathologist Dr. G.A.C. Lynch that he died from a liver infection. Coroner Mr. W.E.J. Major returned a verdict of "death in accordance with the medical evidence".

ROLLASON, Hayden

Mne Hayden Rollason 42 Commando
Marine Hayden Rollason died when hit by a car whilst walking along the A38 road outside Plymouth in the early hours of the morning. Plymouth coroner Ian Arrow found Marine Rollason had died of multiple injuries and ruled the death was accidental.
 
Hayden joined the Royal Marines in September 2004 and joined M Company of 42 Commando Royal Marines in June 2005. He had served in Afghanistan in 2006 and was due to go back later in the year.

ROLLS, Graham

Lieutenant Graham Rolls died in service in Sarawak. Precise details are unknown to this archive.
 
Notes
There is a photo of a plaque in our gallery for those who died in Borneo/Sarawak wnere Lt. Rolls is named.
 

ROSE, Harry Howard

Marine Harry Rose died in Ipoh General Hospital as a result of an accidental gunshot wound. He was originally buried at Batu Gajah Cemetery but was later exhumed and cremated at Sek Keng Cheng Crematorium, Kuala Lumpur and his ashes returned to the UK.
[Sources: AFM ROH / Malaya Historical Group]
 

SALZANO, Gerard Mark

Major Gerard Salzano was appointed M.B.E. (Military Division) in June 2000 [1]
 
Following promotion he also received the Queen's Commendation for Valuable Service twice:
  • in recognition of gallant and distinguished services in Afghanistan during the period 1st October 2001 to 31st March 2002 [2].
  • in recognition of gallant and distinguished services in Afghanistan during the period 1st October 2007 to 31st March 2008 [3].

SIMPSON, Peter Leash

Acting Sergeant Peter Simpson was awarded the MM for gallant and distinguished services in Malaya during the period 1st July to 31st December, 1951.[1]
 

Extract from the Aberdeen Evening Express - Monday 14 April 1952

SMITH, Philip Robert

Cpl Philip Smith 42 Commando
Corporal Philip Smith died in a traffic accident in a lay-by near Catterick Garrison, North Yorkshire. He was crushed between the military lorry he had been driving and another military lorry.  [Source: Mail Online]
 

SPARKS, Georgie

Mne Sparks 42 Commando

Marine Georgie Sparks died during operations in Afghanistan. He and Marine Tony Evans, both of J Company, had been conducting a foot patrol to the north-west of Lashkar Gah in Helmand province. Marines Sparks and Evans had moved on to the roof of a compound when, at around 0900 hours, there was an attack by insurgents armed with rocket-propelled grenades and they were badly wounded. Both received immediate medical attention and were moved to a secure location before being put on a helicopter to be transferred back to Camp Bastion.

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