45 Commando RM

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'Operation Vantage'

Saturday, July 1, 1961
1961 British military intervention in Kuwait in response to threats from Iraq.  42 Commando RM  'Charlie' Troop were the first to go ashore from HMS Bulwark in 848 Naval Air Squadron's Whirlwinds.
 
Notes
Additional photos can be found in our 42 Commando RM gallery album.
 

ARMSTRONG, Liam Peter

Marine Liam Armstrong MC
45 Cdo. RM
Marine Liam Armstrong was awarded the Military Cross  in recognition of gallant and distinguished services in Afghanistan in 2002.
 
Sources
London Gazette Supp. 56920, page 5274.
[Image] BBC News online 4 Dec. 2006.
 

ARNOLD, David James

SBS
Sergeant David Arnold, SBS formerly 45 Commando, died during operations in Aden [1].
  • On August 7, 1964, the marines were conducting operations in the Radafan Mountains. Sgt Arnold was killed during a planned night ambush near the village of Dhala, a centre of intense dissident activity.
    He is commemorated on the Special Boat Service Memorial in Poole and also at the National Memorial Arboretum. Sgt Arnold was also a noted racing canoeist, winning several events in the early 1960s, including the Devizes to Westminster Race [2]

AUBERTIN, Jack Stanley

45 Cdo. RM
Sergeant Jack Aubertin was awarded the Military Medal for gallant and distinguished services in Malaya during the period 1st July to 31st December, 1951.
 
Sources
London Gazettes Supp. 39507, page 1880.
National Archives file WO 373/130/123.
 

AUSTIN, Raymond Charles

Sgt. Raymond Charles Austin MM
29 Cdo. Regt.RA
Sergeant Raymond Austin, 79 Kirkee Battery, was awarded the Military Medal whilst attached to 'X' Company, 45 Commando RM, in Aden.
 
Recommendation
"On the 13th October 1966, Sergeant Austin was in charge of a 105mm gun crew which was attached to ‘X’ Company, 45 Commando Royal Marines for an operation in the Wadi Taym area of Qutaibi Province of the South Arabian Federation.  ‘X’ Company’s position was on the very open and exposed rocky feature known as ‘Table Top’.
 

BAIZLEY, Michael John

45 Cdo. RM
Major Michael Baizley was appointed M.B.E., (Military Division),  in recognition of gallant and distinguished services in operations in the Radfan Area, Western Aden Protectorate, during the period 1st to 15th February 1965.

BALDWIN, David

45 Cdo. RM
Sergeant David Baldwin died near Akanthou in the Karpas Peninsula during operations in Cyprus. He and Marine David Whitham were killed when their patrol landed by helicopter and came under ‘friendly fire’.
 
Sources
AFM ROH.
Cyprus Emergency Deaths 1955-1960.
British Cyprus Memorial Trust Book of Remembrance.
 
 

BALLANCE, John

45 Cdo. RM
Corporal John Ballance was awarded the Military Cross in recognition of gallant and distinguished service in Afghanistan during the period 1st October 2008 to 31st March 2009 [1].
 
A spokesman for the MoD said: "Despite a heavy weight of enemy fire, Ballance and a comrade relentlessly cleared a route towards stricken casualties. With complete disregard for his own safety, Ballance repeatedly ran from cover into fire to manage the evacuation of a casualty and continue the battle" [2].
 
Sources

BEWLEY, Neil

45 Cdo. RM
Marine Neil Bewley was shot and killed during operations in Turf Lodge, Belfast, Northern Ireland. [Source:  AFM ROH / Northern Ireland - An Agony Continued author Ken Wharton.]
 

BIRCH, Marc John

Cpl. Marc Birch
45 Cdo. RM

Corporal Marc Birch died whilst deployed on operations with X-Ray Company, 45 Commando Group, Royal Marines. The company was conducting an operation alongside Afghan National Army troops to dominate areas posing a dangerous threat to British forces and the local Afghan population. Whilst acting as Second-in-Command of the Quick Reaction Force in support of a company operation, Corporal Birch was killed by a suspected enemy suicide bomber.

BISHOP, Andrew Ronald

45 Cdo. RM
Corporal Andrew Bishop was awarded the Military Medal for his actions during operations on the Falkland Islands.
Citation
On the night of 11th/12th June 1982, on the Island of East Falkland, 45 Commando Royal Marines, launched a silent night attack against strongly held enemy positions on the craggy hill feature of Two Sisters. Initially, until eventually detected by the enemy, they achieved brilliant surprise.

BLAKEWAY, Benet Carr

3 Cdo. Bde. RM
Marine Benet Blakeway, HQ 3 Commando Brigade, died during operations in Cyprus. He, and QMS Alfred Wheeler, both perished from exposure on anti-terrorist operations after their vehicle fell into a deep gully in the Troodos Mountains during a blizzard [1].
 

BLYTH, Eric Joseph

45 Cdo. RM
Sergeant Eric Blyth received a Mention in Despatches for distinguished service with 45 Commando in operations in the Radfan Area, Western Aden Protectorate, during the period 13 April to 15 October 1964 [1].

BOTHAM, Grenville

Royal Marines
Warrant Officer 2 Grenville Botham was appointed M.B.E. (Military Division) on the 19 June 2000 [1].
  • 25 April 2006 (Warrant Officer 1) awarded the Meritorious Service Medal [2].
  • 1996 (Sergeant) Zulu Company 45 Commando RM [3].
  • 2007 RSM at the Commando Training Centre RM [4].
Sources
[1] London Gazette Supp. 55879, page 5.
[2] London Gazette supp. 57965, page 5682.

BRADFORD, John Gwyther

45 Cdo. RM
Surgeon Lieutenant John Bradford, attached to 45 Commando RM, received a Mention in Despatches in recognition of distinguished services in the Operations in the Near East, October-December, 1956.
 
Sources
London Gazette Supp. 41092, page 3418.
 

BRAND, Douglas John

45 Cdo. RM
Lieutenant Douglas Brand was awarded the Military Cross for distinguished service in operations in the Radfan Area, Western Aden Protectorate during the period 1st to 15th February 1965.
 
Recommendation

BREAM, George Leonard

Captain Leonard George Bream
48RM Commando

George Leonard Bream, or 'Percy', as he was known in the Corps, was born on June 1st 1919 in the hamlet of Buckworth, Huntingdonshire. He was the middle son of a a family of six, his father being a farm labourer. After leaving school with a basic education he moved to his eldest sister's home in Luton where he at first worked as a market trader, and then in a gent's outfitters. In 1938 with talk of trouble in Europe he joined The Royal Marines. In 1944 he joined the newly formed 48RM Commando after successfully completing his training at the Commando Basic Training Centre at Achnacarry.

BROWNING, James Gardner

3 Cdo. Bde. RM

Corporal James Browning, HQ 3 Commando Bde. RM,  was reported missing presumed drowned, after the cessation of hostilities on the Falklands, when caught in a sudden squall whilst in a dinghy off Port Stanley. He had previously served in 45 Commando workshops. 

BURDETT, Julian

45 Cdo. RM
Corporal Julian Burdett was awarded the Distinguished Conduct Medal for his gallantry during operations on the Falkland Islands.
Citation
On the night of 11th/ 12th June 1982, on the Island of East Falkland, 45 Commando Royal Marines launched a silent night attack against strongly held enemy positions on the craggy hill feature of Two Sisters, ten kilometres to the west of Port Stanley. 

BUTCHERS, Peter John

45 Cdo. RM
Marine Peter Butchers from Paignton Devon was attached to the Mortar Platoon. He died when a mortar bomb exploded in the barrel during a live firing training exercise on Otterburn Ranges, Northumberland. Also killed were Marines Anthony Helstrip and Glenn Miller.
 
Sources

BUXTON, James George

45 Cdo. RM
Colour Sergeant James Buxton was awarded the British Empire Medal (Military Division), for gallant and distinguished service with 45 Commando, Royal Marines, in Malaya during the period 1st January to 30th June, 1952.
 
Sources
London Gazettes Supp. 39675, page 5527.
National Archives file WO 373/131/73.
 

BYE, Francis Clifford Edward

Holding Operational Commando
3 Cdo. Bde. RM
Lieutenant Francis Clifford Edward Bye served in the Holding Operational Commando in April 1945 [1].
  • May 1966 to July 1967 Commanding Officer 45 Commando [2].
  • 1 January 1968 (Lieutenant Colonel) appointed O.B.E. (Military Division) [3].
Sources
[1] See Linked Content below.
[2] Four Five, The Story of 45 Commando RM, author David Young.
[3] London Gazette 44484, page 6.
 

CAMPBELL, Robert Adair

45 Cdo. RM
Major Robert Adair Campbell received the Queen's Commendation for Brave Conduct  in recognition of distinguished service in operations in the Radfan Area during the period 8th-14th May 1965 [1].
  • 1971 Lieutenant Colonel commanding 41 Commando RM [2].
Sources
[1] London Gazette 43773, page 8973.

[2] Globe and Laurel june 1971 edition.

CARTER, Robert Ponsonby

45 Cdo. RM
Captain Robert Carter received a Mention in Despatches announced on 27 April 1951 for distinguished service in operations in Malaya [1]. 
  • Awarded the Military Cross for gallant and distinguished services during operations at Tapah, Malaya, between 1 January and 30 June 1951 [2] [3].

CHEESEMAN, Daniel James Edward

Major Daniel Cheeseman
40 Cdo. RM
Major Daniel Cheeseman, 40 Commando RM, was appointed M.B.E. (Military Division) in recognition of gallant and distinguished services in Afghanistan during the period 1st October 2007 to 31st March 2008 [1].
  • 30 June 2010 promoted Lieutenant Colonel [2].
  • 2012 Chief of Staff, HQ 3 Commando Brigade RM [3].
  • 2013 Officer Commanding 45 Commando Group RM [4].
  • 1 September 2015 promoted Colonel [5].
Sources

CHEESEMAN, Kevin John

45 Cdo. RM
Warrant Officer Class 2 Kevin Cheeseman was appointed M.B.E. (Military Division) in recognition of gallant and distinguished services in Afghanistan during the period 1st October 2008 to 31st March 2009.
 
Sources
London Gazette Supp. 59182, page 15639.
 

CHICKEN, Simon Timothy

Royal Marines
Captain Simon Chicken was appointed M.B.E. (Military Division) in recognition of gallant and distinguished services in Northern Ireland during the period 1st October 1994 to 31st March 1995 [1].
  • 2001 (Lieutenant Colonel) Commanding Officer 45 Commando Group [2].
  • 29 April 2003 (Colonel) appointed M.B.E. (Military Division) in recognition of gallant and distinguished services in Afghanistan in 2002 [3].
  • 1 November 2011 (Brigadier) promoted to Major General [4].

CLARK, Ian Campbell

Lieutenant Ian Clark RM
42 Cdo. RM
Lieutenant Ian Clark died during a cross border operation to Sajingan Besar*, Indonesia. He received a posthumous Mention in Despatches for distinguished service in support of operations. He had previously served in Aden with 45 Commando RM.
 
The operation, codenamed Lively Cricket,  was against Indonesian forces who had been mortaring the 42 Commando base at Kampung Biawak, in Sarawak, Malaysia. 
Marine Thomas Collins also died in this operation [see linked content below].
 
 

COLLINGWOOD, Frank Arthur

45 Cdo. RM
Quartermaster Sergeant Frank Collingwood was awarded the B.E.M. (Military Division) for distinguished service in operations against terrorists in Cyprus between 1955 and 1956..
 
Sources
London Gazettes Supp. 40987, page 653.
National Archives file WO 373/126/17.
 

CROMBIE, Richard Dennis

45 Cdo. RM
Lieutenant Colonel Richard Crombie was appointed O.B.E. (Military Division) in 1963 [1].
  • 1956 (Major) (45 Commando) Mentioned in Despatches in recognition of gallant and distinguished services in Operations in the Near East at Suez, October - December, 1956 [2].

CULLEN, Michael

45RM Commando
Marine Michael Cullen died of encephalitis at the 28th Imperial General Hospital, Hong Kong.
 
Sources
CWGC.
Registers Of Reports Of Deaths - Naval Ratings / National Archives file ADM104/129.
 
Notes

DAVIES, Hadyn

45 Cdo. RM
Corporal Hadyn Davies received a MiD for distinguished services in operations in Cyprus during the period 1st July to 31st December, 1957.
 
Source
London Gazettes Supp. 41305, page 851.
 

DEWAR, Duncan Andrew

45 Cdo. RM
Lieutenant Colonel Duncan Dewar received the Queen's Commendation for Valuable Service in Afghanistan during the period 1st October 2006 to 31st March 2007 [1].
  • Commanding Officer, 45 Commando Group [1a].
  • 31 December 2013 (Colonel) appointed O.B.E. (Military Division) [2].
  • 19 April 2014 to retired list [3].
Sources
[1] London Gazette 58396, page 10412.
[1a] Globe and Laurel Jul/Aug. 2007.
[2] London Gazette 60728, page 5.

DOWLEN, Henry

Major Henry Dowlen
RM Reserve
Acting Major Henry Dowlen, RM Reserve, received the Queen's Commendation for Valuable Service in the field during the period 1 January to 30 September 2015 [1].
  • Surg. Lt. H. T. B. Dowlen, was initially Commissioned on 1 July 2002 and appointed to the Trained Strength of the Royal Navy Medical Branch on 18th February 2008 [2].
  • Appointed M.B.E. (Military Division) (45 Commando Medical Officer) in recognition of gallant and distinguished service in Afghanistan during the period 1 October 2008 to 31 March 2009 [3].

DUNN, Anthony John

45 Cdo. RM
Marine Anthony Dunn died in Aden when a Scout military helicopter that he was a passenger in crashed killing all on board.
 
A Scout from 13 Flt, 653 Sqn, (XT635) flew into a hillside during a night patrol at Jebal, on 5 May 1967, killing the two crew from 13 Flt, Lt David Anthony Morgan, RASC/RCT and Cpl Christopher Timothy Gibb, REME (23), and the two passengers: Anthony John Dunn, 45 Commando, Royal Marines (24) and Taff Iles, also known as John, Royal Engineers, serving with 22 Special Air Service.
 

EDWARDS, Brian Leslie

45 Cdo. RM
Major Brian Edwards, Officer Commanding 'Z' Company, received a Mention Despatches in recogntion of gallant and distinguished service in Aden in 1967.
 
Sources
[1] London Gazette Supp. 44558, page 3863.
[2] National Archives file WO373/138/70.
 

ELMS, Liam Michael

Cpl Liam Elms 45 Commando
45 Cdo. RM
Corporal Liam Elms, 45 Commando Royal Marines, Zulu Company, died as a result of an enemy ied explosion during operations in southern Helmand. The Company was conducting a local area patrol alongside Afghan National Army troops in order to reassure the local population.
 

EPHRAUMS, Roderick Jarvis

Major General Roger Ephraums Royal Marines
3 Cdo. Bde. RM
Served with 42 Commando in Malaya in the 1950's and was later the Brigade Major, HQ 3 Commando Brigade RM in Sarawak. In 1969 he commanded 45 Commando RM *.
  • 1 January 1965 (Major) appointed O.B.E. [1].
  • 17 December 1972 promoted Brigadier [2]
  • 18 February 1974 (Brigadier) appointed an Aide-de-Camp to The Queen [3].
  • 11 June 1977 (Major General) appointed C.B. [4].
  • 7 April 1978 (Major General) to retired list [5].

ESSEEN, David

45 Cdo. RM

Marine David Esseen from Wallasey died whilst deployed to Aden, cause of death not known to this archive.

Sources
AFM ROH.
British Casualties, Aden 1955-1967.

FELLOWS, Steven James

LCpl Steven Fellows 45 Commando
45 Cdo. RM

Lance Corporal Steven Fellows was part of a patrol in the Green Zone south of Forward Operating Base Jackson when a Jackal vehicle struck an improvised explosive device in the Helmand River Wadi.  All three of the vehicle occupants were wounded with LCpl Fellows’ position as the vehicle commander taking the full brunt of the explosion. Despite a rapid withdrawal to the Forward Operating Base’s medical facility, and subsequent evacuation by helicopter, LCpl Fellows was pronounced dead without regaining consciousness.

FORBES, Duncan Graham

45 Cdo. RM
Captain Duncan Forbes received a Mention in Despatches in recognition of gallant and distinguished service in Afghanistan during the period 1st October 2006 to 31st March 2007.

Sources
London Gazette Supp. 58396, page 10412.
Globe and Laurel Jul/Aug. 2007 edition.
 

FORD, Matthew Christopher

45 Cdo. RM
Lance Corporal Matthew Ford died when elements of 45 Commando Royal Marines were engaged in a deliberate offensive operation to the south of Garmsir in southern Helmand, Afghanistan.
 
Matthew Ford joined the Royal Marines aged 24, on 23 April 2001 after going to college and working locally. After passing out from the Commando Training Centre in Lympstone, Devon where he earned the coveted Green Beret, he joined 1 Assault Group Royal Marines in Poole.
 

FORRET, Andrew

45 Cdo. RM
Warrant Officer Class 2 Andrew Forret, 'Z' Company,  died during the annual deployment to Norway.  He was sitting in the cab of a BV 202 oversnow vehicle in which he had been awaiting the return of an overdue patrol group in atrocious weather. He was poisoned by exhaust fumes on a faulty vehicle. 
[Sources: AFM ROH / Navy News March 1993 edition / Daily Record newspaper August 29th 1996]
 

FRANCIS, Michael James

3 Cdo. Bde. RM
 Colour Sergeant Michael Francis joined the Royal Marines in January 1963 and after basic training he served in both 45 and 43 Commando.  He was awarded the Distinguished Service Medal for his gallantry during operations on the Falkland Islands.
Citation

FRASER, Hugh

45 Cdo. RM
Marine Hugh Fraser serving at 45 Commando Group died [1] at Coatbridge Lanarkshire as a result of a road traffic accident [2]
 
Sources
[1] AFM ROH
[2] Globe and Laurel, Christmas 1977 edition.
 

FRY, Robert Alan

Royal Marines
  • 1978 (Lieutenant) received Mention In Despatches for distinguished service in Northern Ireland [1].
  • 1980 (Captain) appointed M.B.E., in recognition of distinguished service in Northern Ireland [2].

GADIE, Philip

45 Cdo. RM
Major Philip Gadie, 45 Commando RM, received a Mention in Despatches in recognition of gallant and distinguished service in Afghanistan during the period 1st October 2006 to 31st March 2007 [1].
  • 30 June 2011 (Acting Lieutenant Colonel) promoted Lieutenant Colonel [2].

GENGE, Thomas John Head

45 Cdo. RM
Corporal Thomas Genge died of natural causes at the British Military Hospital Kamunting. 
  • Buried at Batu Gajah; later exhumed, Cremated at Sek Keng Cheng Crematorium, Kuala Lumpur and ashes returned to the UK. 
Sources
AFM ROH.
Malayan Emergency Commonwealth Deaths 1948-1960.

GEORGE, Kenneth Robert

45RM Commando

Marine Kenneth George died as a result of an accidental fall at Tung Chung, Hong Kong.

Source
CWGC.
Registers Of Reports Of Deaths - Naval Ratings / National Archives file ADM104/131.

Notes
Commando Unit as per CWGC entry. The title was redesignated to 45 Commando RM this year.

GIBSON, Neil

45 Cdo. RM
Marine Neil Gibson was awarded the Military Medal for courage and distinguished service in Northern Ireland during the period 1st August 1973 - 31st October 1973 [1].​
 
Mentioned in Despatches 1967 Aden [2].
Recommendation

GOURLAY, Basil Ian Spencer

Basil ian spencer Gourlay
43RM Commando
Acting Captain Basil Gourlay was awarded the Military Cross whilst serving with 43RM Commando in WW2. 
 
Post war he served in 45 Commando Royal Marines 1945-1948, Brigade Major 3 Commando Bde Royal Marines 1955-1957; OC 42 Commando Royal Marines 1963-1965, ultimately being appointed Commandant General Royal Marines from 1971-75 after which he retired.
 
  • M.C. (A/Captain 43RM Commando) for gallantry, zeal and skill during the attack on Sarande and the seizure of the Island of Solta. [1 +2]

GRIFFITHS, Patrick

Patrick Griffiths MC
45 Cdo. RM
Lieutenant Patrick Griffiths was awarded the Military Cross for distinguished service in operations in Malaya during the period 1st August  to 15th November, 1950 [1].
  • 11 June 1977 (Colonel) appointed C.B.E. (Military Division) [2]
Sources
[1] London Gazettes Supp. 39215, page 2389.
[1] National Archives file WO 373/129/123.
[2] London Gazette Supp. 47234, page 7085.
[Image] Obituary in the Globe and Laurel Jan/Feb.1994.
 

HADDOW, Fraser

3 Cdo. Bde. RM
Lieutenant Fraser Haddow, 3 Cdo. Bde R.M., Mountain and Arctic Warfare Cadre (M&AWC), received a Mention in Despatches in recognition of his service in operations on the Falkland Islands.

HALFORD, Jack Lovell

45 Cdo. RM

Colour Sergeant Jack Halford BEM was killed during operations in the Arabian Desert whilst seconded to the Northern Frontier Regiment on special duty with the forces of Muscat and Oman.

On the 2nd January 1945 it was announced in Gazettes that the then Corporal Jack Lovell Halford had been awarded the BEM (Military Division).

HEBDEN, Ralph Michael

45 Cdo. RM

Marine Ralph Hebden, a veteran of Afghanistan,  went missing after going for an early-morning run. His body was spotted in the sea by a passer-by 3 weeks later. A subsequent inquest heard how he drowned after falling from a cliff path in poor visibility,  and a verdict of accidental death was recorded.

HELSTRIP, Anthony John

45 Cdo. RM
Marine Anthony Helstrip from London was attached to the Mortar Platoon. He died when a mortar bomb exploded in the barrel during a live firing training exercise on Otterburn Ranges, Northumberland. Also killed were Marines Peter Butchers and Glenn Miller.
 
Sources
AFM ROH.
Report in the Aberdeen Press and Journal - Tuesday 23 March 1982.
 

HENRY, John

Corporal John Henry RM
45 Cdo. RM
Corporal John Henry, from Clarkleap, Newcastleton, died during operations in Malaya. His section were ambushed and pinned down in the Cameron Highlands and Cpl. Henry was killed as he went to get ammunition for them. [1]
 
Buried at Batu Gajah; later exhumed, cremated at Sek Keng Cheng Crematorium, Kuala Lumpur and ashes returned to the UK. [2]
 
Sources

HODGKISS, Richard George

45 Cdo. RM
Marine Richard Hodgkiss was awarded the Military Medal for outstanding courage and leadership whilst operating as a leading scout of a patrol that engaged the enemy on 13 February 1951 in a forest south of Tapah, Malaya.
 
Sources
London Gazettes Supp. 39290, page 3928.
National Archives file WO 373/130/13.
 

HUNT, Darren

Major Darren Hunt RM
45 Cdo. RM
Corporal Darren Hunt was awarded the Military Medal in recognition of distinguished service during operations in the South Atlantic in 1982 [1].
  • 1991 (Sergeant) received a Mention in Despatches in recognition of distinguished service in Northern Ireland [2].
  • 31 December 2014 (Major) appointed M.B.E. (Military Division) [3].
  • 4 August 2017 to Retired List [4].
Recommendation for MM

HUNTER, David Peter Lafayette

45 Cdo. RM
Captain David Hunter, Officer Commanding the operational troops of 45 Commando RM in the Cameron Highlands Malaya, was awarded the Military Cross for distinguished service from 1st August 1950 onwards [1].
  • 9 January 1961 to 11 January 1963 (Lieutenant Colonel) Commanding Officer 40 Commando RM [2]
World War 2
David Peter Lafayette Hunter served as a Lieutenant in the Royal Marines from 1937.

HYDES, Richard

45 Cdo. RM

Marine Richard Hydes, from Bracebridge Lincoln, died in a live firing training accident outside Dhala camp, Aden, while preparing for the initial Radfan operation.  A newly introduced GPMG went off accidentally whilst the gunner was moving position and hit his number two, Marine Hydes, who was ahead of the gunner locating a new fire position. 

Sources
AFM ROH.
England & Wales Government Probate Death Indices.
Ian Martin MBE, Troop Commander 
 

IRELAND, Luke

Mne Luke Ireland 45 Commando
45 Cdo. RM
Marine Luke Ireland went missing whilst on leave after going for a run in the Glen Clova area.  Despite an extensive search involving Tayside Police, five Mountain Rescue teams, three rescue dogs, search helicopters and 250 Royal Marines and Army commandos, the rescue attempt, in appalling weather, was unsuccessful. Police later confirmed that a body found in the Angus Glens was that of the missing Royal Marine.
 
Sources
AFM ROH / MOD / BBC Tayside and Central Scotland online.

JEFFERY, Reginald

45 Cdo. RM
Lance Corporal Reginald Jeffery from Penzance died whilst deployed to Aden [1][2].  He was part of a training party that accidentally strayed across into Yemen and was ambushed. Four of the party were killed, one of these being L/Cpl Reginald Jeffery, who at the time was attached from 45 Commando RM to Headquarters Middle East Command [3].
 
Sources
[1] AFM ROH
[2] British Casualties, Aden 1955-1967.

JONES, Christopher

59 Ind. Cdo. Sqn. RE

Sapper Christopher Jones, 59 Commando Sqn., RE, attached to 45 Commando RM, died during during operations against enemy forces dug in on the Falkland Islands mountain ridge known as Two Sisters. 

JONES, Jeffrey

29 Cdo. Regt.RA
Gunner Jeffrey Jones received a Mention in Despatches during operations in the Falklands.
Recommendation
On the night of 10/11 June 1982 Gunner Jones was manning an observation post on the upper slopes of Mount Kent. During the night he was ordered to withdraw from his position and return to his patrol base at the foot of the mountain. In the course of this move he fell breaking his ankle.

KEYES, David Charles

45 Cdo. RM
Marine David Keyes was killed during operations in Malaya when ambushed in a jeep along the Tapah-Chenderiang Road in Perak at Tapah Road Station near Ipoh. Buried in Batu Gajah (later exhumed, cremated at Sek Keng Cheng Crematorium, Kuala Lumpur and ashes returned to UK). Also killed was Marine Ernest Nevard 

KNOTT, Terence Peter Phayre

45 Cdo. RM
Lieutenant Terence Knott was awarded the Military Cross for gallant and distinguished service in Aden.
 
Recommendation
Early on the morning of 30th May 1967, Lieutenant Knott was commanding the Reconnaissance Troop of 45 Commando Royal Marines, which was the emergency standby troop at Habilayn Aden, and was at fifteen minutes notice to move.
 

KNOWLES, William

45 Cdo. RM
Marine William Knowles received a Mention in Despatches  in recognition of gallant and distinguished services in Malaya during the period from 1st January to 30th June, 1952.
 
Sources
London Gazette 39675, page 5528.
The Story of 45 Commando RM 1943-1971, author David Young.
 

LAMB, Ernest

45 Cdo. RM

Marine Ernest Lamb died of wounds received during operations in Malaya. He was cremated at Sek Keng Cheng Crematorium, Kuala Lumpur and his ashes returned to the UK.

Sources
AFM ROH.
Malayan Emergency Commonwealth Deaths 1948-1960.
RM Historical Group .

Notes
The RM Historical Group have a document online stating that he died of accidental gunshot wounds.

LAMB, Kenneth

Mne Kenneth Lamb 45 Commando
45 Cdo. RM
Marine Kenneth Lamb died during operations in Cyprus. He was accidentally shot and killed on anti-terrorist operations in the Troodos Mountains during the Cyprus emergency. They were reinforcing a Greek Police Station in Agros at the time. 
 
[Source: AFM ROH /  British Cyprus Memorial Trust Book of Remembrance.]
 

LANGDALE, Andrew John

Andy Langdale RM
Royal Marines
Acting Warrant Officer Class 1 Andrew Langdale was appointed M.B.E. (Military Division) 11 June 2011. 
Service
Served 08/03/1982 to 05/08/2011
40 Cdo RM ( Op Banner and UNFICYP)
45 Cdo Gp RM ( Op Banner x2, Op Agricola, Op Driver, Op Jacana, Op Telic
Brigade Reconnaissance Force
NP 1002 Diego Garcia

LASKI, Michael

Mne. Michael Laski 45 Commando
45 Cdo. RM

Marine Michael Laski died of the wounds he sustained in action on 23 February 2009 to the north of Sangin, Helmand province, Afghanistan. He passed away peacefully at Selly Oak Hospital in Birmingham on 25 February 2009 with his family beside him.

LEAROYD, Roger Halkett Brook

Royal Marines
Captain Roger Learoyd received a Mention in Despatches in recognition of gallant and distinguished service in the East and West Malaysian operations during the period 24th June to 11th August 1966 [1].
  • 28 October 1977 (Major) posted 45 Commando RM [2].
  • 31 December 1978 (Acting Lieutenant Colonel) promoted Lieutenant Colonel [3].
  • 31 December 1982 promoted Colonel [4].
  • 18 September 1987 to retired list [5].
Sources

LEAVER, Andrew

45 Cdo. RM
Sergeant Andrew Leaver, 45 Commando RM, was awarded the Military Cross in recognition of gallant and distinguished service in Afghanistan during the period 1st October 2008 to 31st March 2009 [1].

LEDGER, Christopher John Walton

45 Cdo. RM

Lieutenant Christopher Ledger, aged 19 and from Chiddingford, Surrey, received the Queen's Commendation for Brave Conduct  in recognition of distinguished service in operations in the Radfan Area during the period 8th-14th May 1965.

Sources
London Gazette 43773, page 8973.
Article in the Reading Evening Post 28 September 1965.
 

LUCAS, Alexander James

Mne Alexander Lucas 45 Commando
45 Cdo. RM
Marine Alexander Lucas died of wounds received in an IED explosion.  He was a specialist Royal Marine Assault Engineer and his role within Victor Company placed him at the vanguard of troop action. With his specialist skills he provided intimate engineer support to the front line of the fighting troops. As a consequence, he was often the first man into dangerous situations and vulnerable areas, clearing the way for his colleagues to follow.

MACKIN, Travis

Mne Travis Mackin 3 Commando Bde
3 Cdo. Bde. RM

Marine Travis Mackin, Communications Squadron, United Kingdom Landing Force Command Support Group, died in an ied explosion in Kajaki, northern Helmand province, during a joint patrol with Victor Company, 45 Commando Group Royal Marines, and the Afghan National Security Forces.  

MACVICAR, Alexander

45 Cdo. RM
Quartermaster Sergeant Alexander MacVicar received a Mention in Despatches for distinguished service with 45 Commando in operations in the Radfan Area, Western Aden Protectorate, during the period 13 April to 15 October 1964.
 

MALONE, Bradley

Marine, Acting Corporal, Bradley Malone CGC
45 Cdo. RM
Acting Corporal Bradley Malone was awarded the Conspicuous Gallantry Cross for gallant and distinguished service in Afghanistan during the period 1 October 2008 to 31 March 2009.
 
Sources
London Gazette issue 59182, page 15640.
Errata London Gazette issue 59211, Notice ID: L-59211-943737.
[Image] M.O.D.
 

MANUEL, John Henry

Sgt. John Manuel
45 Cdo. RM

Sergeant John Manuel died whilst deployed on operations with X-Ray Company, 45 Commando Group, Royal Marines. The company was conducting an operation alongside Afghan National Army troops to dominate areas posing a dangerous threat to British forces and the local Afghan population. Whilst acting as the commander of the Quick Reaction Force in support of a company operation, Sergeant Manuel was killed by a suspected suicide bomber.

MARSH, Leslie George

40RM Commando
41 Ind. Cdo. RM
45 Cdo. RM
Captain Leslie Marsh, a veteran of service with 40RM Commando in WW2, was awarded the Military Cross during the Korean War for gallant and distinguished service. 
  • 29 November 1950 (41 Independent Commando) wounded during operations at Chosin Reservoir, Korea.
  • He remained in military service taking part in operations at Borneo, Suez, and Aden. He retired with the rank of Brigadier.
Sources
London Gazette 39230, page 2749.
British casualties, Korea 1950-1953.

MARTIN, Ian Campbell

Lieutenant Ian Martin 45 Commando
45 Cdo. RM
Lieutenant Ian Martin, a Troop Commander in 'Z' Company, was appointed M.B.E. (Military Division) in recognition of gallant and distinguished service in operations in the Radfan Area, Western Aden Protectorate, during the period 13 April to 15 October 1964 [1][1a].
Recommendation

MAUDE, Neil Stanley Eustace

40RM Commando
Lieutenant Neil Maude joined 40RM Commando on 17 February from the Holding Battalion at Deal [1].
  • 17 December 1943 promoted Acting Major and  second in command [2].
  • Mentioned in Despatches for distinguished services in the successful landing operations in Sicily, the Messina Straits, Salerno and Normandy [3].
  • 1962 (Lieutenant Colonel) Commanding Officer 45 Commando RM [4].
  • 27 July 1969 Brigadier N. S. E. Maude, R.M., appointed an Aide-de-Camp to The Queen [5].

MAYNE, James Thomas

45 Cdo. RM
Sergeant James Mayne received a Mention in Despatches in recogntion of gallant and distinguished service in Aden [1].
 
Recommendation
Sergeant  Mayne has been the troop sergeant of the assault engineer troop in 45 Commando, Royal Marines, since March 1967.

MCGILL, Alistair Iain

45 Cdo. RM
Warrant Officer 2 Alistair McGill was awarded the Queen's Gallantry Medal in recognition of gallant and distinguished service in Northern Ireland in 2004 [1].
  • 2007 (RSM) 45 Commando Group [2].
  • 31 December 2010 (Warrant Officer Class 1)  appointed M.B.E. (Military Division) [3].
  • 12 August 2014 awarded the Meritorious Service Medal [4].
Sources
[1] London Gazette 57588, page 3371.

MCGRATH, Edward

Edward McGrath 45 Commando
45 Cdo. RM

Corporal Edward McGrath, from Kirkdale Liverpool, died during fighting between dissident tribesmen in the Radfan mountains. He had served in the Royal Marines for 7 years.

Sources
AFM ROH.
British Casualties, Aden 1955-1967.
Liverpool Echo newspaper report 5 Sept. 1964.

MCKINLEY, Angus John

45 Cdo. RM
Sergeant Angus McKinley was awarded the British Empire Medal (Military Division) announced in Her Majesty's Birthday Honours list on 13 June 1964.
 
Sources
London Gazette Supp. 43343, page 4963.
The Story of 45 Commando RM , author David Young.
 

MEAD, Michael Edward

45 Cdo. RM
Corporal Michael Mead, Section Commander, No.7 Section, 'B' Troop,  was awarded the Military Medal for gallant and distinguished services on the 6th November 1956 during Operation Musketeer, the Anglo-French Invasion of Port Said, Egypt [1] [2].
 
Recommendation
"On 6 November 1956 Cpl. Mead, having just disembarked from the 2nd wave of the helicopter assault force, was moving with his section along the main road adjoining the beaches to start clearing some buildings.

MEADOWS, Richard Francis Gerard

45 Cdo. RM
Captain Richard Meadows was appointed M.B.E., (Military Division), for leadership and courage of a high order when fighting a forest fire in the Paphos District of Cyprus on 17th June, 1956  [1].
  • Mentioned in Despatches in recognition of gallant and distinguished services in the Operations in the Near East at Suez, October to December, 1956 [2].
Sources
[1] London Gazette 40941, page 6880.
[1] National Archives file WO 373/126/8.

MORGAN, Timothy Dennis

 Lt Col. Timothy Morgan © IWM (MH 30869
40RM Commando
Commando Basic Training Centre
Temporary Lieutenant Timothy Morgan, 40RM Commando, was awarded the Military Cross for gallant and distinguished services whilst leading a patrol at Pizzo, Italy, near Vibo Valentia, in September 1943 [1].
Partial extract from the Obituary in the Globe and Laurel July/August 1992
  • 1945 (Spring) posted as instructor at the Commando Basic Training Centre.
  • 1947 - 50 (Acting Captain) Troop Commander 42 Commando RM.
  • 1952 (Spring) (Captain, O.C. Royal Marines) HMS Indefatigable. 

MUNSON, James

45 Cdo. RM
Sergeant James Munson received a Mention in Despatches for distinguished service with 45 Commando in operations in the Radfan Area, Western Aden Protectorate, during the period 13 April to 15 October 1964 [1].

NETHERY, Steven

Marine Steven Nethery 45 Commando
45 Cdo. RM
Marine Steven Nethery was awarded the Conspicuous Gallantry Cross in recognition of gallant and distinguished service during operations in Afghanistan.
 
Sources
London Gazette Supp. 59182, page 15640.
[Image] M.O.D.
 

NEVARD, Ernest John

45 Cdo. RM

Marine Ernest Nevard was killed when ambushed in a jeep along the Tapah-Chenderiang Road in Perak. Also killed was Marine David Charles Keyes [view].

Sources
AFM ROH
Malayan Emergency Commonwealth Deaths 1948-1960.
Birmingham Daily Gazette - Saturday 16 September 1950.
British Newspaper Archive (website britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk); The British Library Board.

NICELY, Michael

Medical Assistant Michael Niceley
3 Cdo. Bde. RM
Medical Assistant Michael Nicely, attached to 45 Commando RM, received a Mention in Despatches in recognition of his service during operations in the South Atlantic.
 
Recommendation
"On the night of 11/12 June 1982, on the Island of East Falkland, 45 Commando, Royal Marines, launched an attack against strong enemy positions on the craggy hill feature of Two Sisters, ten kilometres to the West of Port Stanley. Medical Assistant Nicely was with his Company throughout the battle.

O'HERLIHY, Simon

Royal Marines
Acting Lieutenant Colonel Simon O'Herlihy was appointed M.B.E., (Military Division), in recognition of gallant and distinguished services in Afghanistan during the period 1st October 2010 to 31st March 2011 [1].
  • 30 June 2011 promoted Lieutenant Colonel [2].
Source
[1] London Gazette Supp. 59924, page 18713.
[2] London Gazette Supp. 59860, page 14180.
 

OWEN, John Ivor Headon

45 Cdo. RM
44RM Commando
Captain John Owen served with 44RM Commando during operations in the Far East [1]. Post war he served with 42 Commando RM in Borneo and commanded 45 Commando RM in Aden [2]
  • 1st January 1963 (Major) appointed O.B.E. (Military Division) [3].
  • 1968 (Lieutenant Colonel) received a Mention in Despatches for gallant and distinguished service in Aden [4].
Sources
[1] Commando Association (WW2) newsletter 109 issued Sept. 1999.

PALLISTER, Jamie

45 Cdo. RM
Colour Sergeant Jamie Pallister, a veteran of Afghanistan, was found dead at his base at RM Condor.  At the inquest acting Teesside Coroner Clare Bailey recorded a verdict that he took his own life.
 
Sources
AFM ROH.
Numerous online press reports.
 

PARR, Dennis

45 Cdo. RM

Marine Dennis Parr was killed when the truck he was in surprised bandits in the act of robbing a bus in the Gopeng-Kampar hills, Malaya. Also killed in the same incident was Marine Leslie Turner.

Source
AFM ROH,
Malayan Emergency Commonwealth Deaths 1948-1960.
Click on Mne. Turner's name for full account.
 

PATERSON, George Begg

45 Cdo. RM
Sergeant George Paterson was awarded the Military Medal for distinguished service in operations in the Radfan Area, Western Aden Protectorate, during the period 13th April to 15th October 1964 [1][2].
 
Sources
[1] London Gazettes Supp. 43636, page 4130.
[2] The book 'Four Five'  - The Story of 45 Commando Royal Marines 1943 - 1971, author David Young.
 
Notes

PHILLIPS, Mark Christopher

Royal Marines
Acting Major Mark Phillips was appointed M.B.E. (Military Division) in recognition of gallant and distinguished service in the field in 2004 [1].
  • 30 June 2010 promoted Lieutenant Colonel [2].
  • Died after a short illness aged 56yrs having retired from the Service [3].
Sources
[1] London Gazette Supp. 57588, page 3376.

PILCHER, Joseph Henry

45RM Commando

Marine Joseph Pilcher died by accidental drowning whilst deployed to Hong Kong.  

Source
CWGC.
Registers Of Reports Of Deaths - Naval Ratings / National Archives file ADM104/135.
Royal Marines Association

Notes
Commando Unit as per CWGC entry. The title was redesignated to 45 Commando RM this year.

POUNDS, Edgar George Derek

Edgar George Derek Pounds
41 Ind. Cdo. RM
Lieutenant Edgar George Derek Pounds was an instructor at the Commando Basic Training Centre in 1945 [1].
 
Captain Edgar Pounds, 41 Independent Commando RM, was awarded the Bronze Star with Combat 'V' decoration bestowed by the President of the United States of America, for gallant and distinguished services during operations in the Korean war [2].
 
He later received a MiD for for distinguished services in operations against terrorists in Cyprus serving with 45 Commando RM. [3]. 
 

POYZER, Gerald Anthony

43 Cdo. RM
Marine Gerald Poyzer, from Bingham Nottinghamshire, died at The Infirmary, Salisbury [1][2][3] from injuries received in a vehicle accident in Aden. [4]
 
Sources
[1] AFM ROH.
[2] England and Wales Government Probate Death Indices for 1962.
[3] British Casualties, Aden 1955-1967.

REED, William Kenneth

45 Cdo. RM
Marine William Reed, 'Z' Company, from Whitley Bay, died during Operation Pendulum South, part of the annual deployment to Norway. 
 
He and 2 others, Marines Stephen West and Philip Yates, were found unconscious in a tent whilst sheltering from a whiteout during an exercise. They were casevaced to a hospital at Gjorvik by a 3 Commando Bde. Lynx helicopter where Mne. West was revived, but Marine Reed and Marine Philip Yates were found to be dead on arrival through asphyxiation caused by the men's cooker.

REES, Cecil Thomas

45 Cdo. RM
Sergeant Cecil Thomas Rees, 45 Commando RM, was seconded to the Northern Frontier Regiment for operations in Oman.
He was awarded the Military Medal for courage, initiative and devotion to duty in the face of well armed Omani rebels. He successfully led a fighting patrol against an enemy strong point, inflicting casualties upon the rebels.
 
Sources
London Gazette 41800, page 5365.
National Archives file WO373/125/128.

RICHARDS, John

45 Cdo. RM
Major John Richards, Second in Command of 45 Commando RM, was appointed M.B.E. (Military Division) for gallant and distinguished service in Malaya during the period 1st January to 30th June, 1952 [1].
  • 1951 Mentioned in Despatches for gallant and distinguished service in Malaya [2].
Sources

RIES, Norman Charles

45RM Commando
Lieutenant Colonel Norman Charles Ries was the first Commanding Officer of 45 RM Commando on its formation in August 1943 [1] and remained as such until June 1944 when wounded by enemy gunfire in Normandy. Post war he returned to command the restructured unit from December 1948 until August 1950 [2].
  • 1941 (Captain) (Royal Marines HMS Terror) received a Mention in Despatches for courage, skill and devotion to duty in operations off the Libyan Coast [3].

ROBSON, Thomas

45RM Commando
Marine Thomas Robson died of accidental drowning at Kowloon whilst deployed to Hong Kong. He was attached to HM Motor Fishing Vessel 1044 at the time. He had previously received a Mention in Despatches for "outstanding service while operating with the Allied Armies in Italy."
 
Sources
CWGC.
Registers Of Reports Of Deaths - Naval Ratings / National Archives file ADM104/136.
Royal Marines Association.
London Gazette 36903, page 518.

ROBSON, Troy

45 Cdo. RM
Marine Troy Robson died [1] in a traffic accident in Arbroath whilst returning a hire car for the military. Originally from Seaburn, he lived with his wife, Rhona, 38, and five-year-old son, Jed, in the Condor Camp, Arbroath. Troy had served in the Royal Marines for 20 years including deployment to the Falklands War, and tours in Norway, Belize, Northern Ireland, Kosovo, Cyprus and Canada [2].
 
Sources
[1] AFM ROH.
[2] Sunderland Echo newspaper 24 July 2001.

SHEMMANS, Terence

45 Cdo. RM
Acting Corporal Terence Shemmans received a Mention in Despatches in 1951 for distinguished service in operations in Malaya.
 
Sources
London Gazette 39215, page 2389.
The Story of 45 Commando RM 1943 - 1971, author David Young.
 

SIM, Ernest James

45 Cdo. RM
Sergeant Ernest Sim received a Mention in Despatches in recognition of gallant and distinguished services in the Operations in the Near East at Suez, October to December, 1956.
 
Source
London Gazette 41092,page 3419.
 

SMITH, Darren James

Mne Darren Smith 45 Commando
45 Cdo. RM
Marine Darren Smith, 'X Ray' Company, was based in Forward Operating Base Nolay in southern Sangin. He was wounded in an ambush by Taliban fire and despite the efforts of his colleagues, he tragically died of his wounds en-route to the medical facilities at Camp Bastion. He had joined X-ray Company in July 2008 immediately after completing Royal Marines Commando Recruit Training. [Source: MOD].
 

SMITH, Derek

45 Cdo. RM
Marine Derek Smith was shot and killed by a Malayan Police Inspector. He was originally buried in Pasir Panjang Cemetery before being reinterred at Kranji.
 
Sources
AFM ROH
Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer - Saturday 17 January 1953.

SMITH, Robert William

45 Cdo. RM
Quartermaster Sergeant Robert Smith was awarded the British Empire Medal (Military Division) in the New Years Honours List 1st January 1965 [1].
  • Additionally awarded the Military Medal for distinguished service in operations in the Radfan Area, Western Aden Protectorate between the 9th to 15th February 1965 [2].
Recommendation

STEWART, David James

45 Cdo. RM
CTCRM
Lieutenant David Stewart was awarded the Military Cross for his gallantry during operations on the Falkland Islands [1].
Citation
"Early in the morning of the 9th June Lieutenant Stewart, 45 Commando led a troop strength fighting patrol to the Two Sisters feature in East Falklands with a mission to harass the enemy and cause him casualties.

SWALLOW, Charles

45 Cdo. RM
RSM Charles Swallow was Regimental Sergeant Major of 45 Commando RM between November 1963 and January 1964. 
 
Sources
Andy Holloway. WO2 RM.
Four Five, The Story of 45 Commando RM 1943-1971, author David Young.
 
Note
His son Sergeant Paul Raymond Swallow died in service.
 

SYRAD, Stuart Lawrence

45 Cdo. RM
Lieutenant Stuart Syrad was awarded the M.C., for gallant and distinguished services on the 6th November 1956 during Operation Musketeer, the Anglo-French Invasion of Port Said, Egypt.  
 
Sources
London Gazettes Supp. 41092, page 3418.
National Archives file WO 373/124/52.
 

TAILYOUR, Norman Hastings

45 Cdo. RM
Lieutenant General Norman Tailyour was knighted in June 1966.
 
  • 1945, 8 January, Commanding Officer 27RM Battalion [1].
  • 1945, D.S.O. for gallant and distinguished services in North West Europe with 27 RM Bn. [1, 2].
  • 1945, MiD in recognition of good services with the 21st Army group [3]
  • 1954 December, Commanding Officer 45 Commando RM [4].  
  • 1955, Bar to D.S.O. during operations in Cyprus with 45 Commando RM [4,5].

THOMASON, Perry

45 Cdo. RM
Marine Perry Thomason received a Mention in Despatches in recognition of service in the operations in the South Atlantic.
 
Source
London Gazette 49134, page 12843. 
 

THOMPSON, Terence David

3 Cdo. Bde. RM
Captain Terence David Thompson died during the 1976 Army Everest Expedition. An experienced mountaineer and climbing instructor he was killed in a crevasse accident on the mountain.
 
The Thompson Trophy, donated by the RN and RM Mountaineering Club of which he was a member, is awarded annually to the best all round student on the Mountain Leaders Course at 45 Commando Group.
 
Sources:
AFM ROH 

THORNTON, Brian Richard

45 Cdo. RM
Marine Brian Thornton was awarded the British Empire Medal (Military Division) for distinguished service in operations in Cyprus during the period 1st July to 31st December, 1957.
 
Sources
London Gazettes Supp. 41305, page 850.
National Archives file WO 373/126/87.
 

TUCK, Keith

45 Cdo. RM
Marine Keith Tuck, from Ilkeston Derbyshire, died at the Royal Air Force Hospital, Aden.
 
Sources
AFM ROH.
England and Wales Government Probate Death Indices.
 

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