40RM Commando

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40RM Commando

Formed at North Barracks, Deal on the 14th February 1942 as the RM Commando, it was briefly known as "A" RM Commando, before being designated No. 40 Royal Marine Commando, Royal Marines. This was the only Royal Marine Commando formed entirely from volunteers as with the Army Commandos. 
 

40RM Commando - HMS Fidelity

HMS Fidelity was sunk by torpedoes during a U Boat attack (U435) on the 30th December 1942 off the Azores. The U-boat reported a large number of survivors on rafts and in the water. All drowned in the rough seas as the weather deteriorated. The only survivors were a few who had launched a motor boat from the ship before the attack.  Among the casualties were 53 members of 'T' Company 40 RM Commando who were on board. The letter 'T' was never used again by 40RM Commando for a Company.
 

40RM Commando - HMS Queen Emma

 
On 17th July 1943 HMS Queen Emma was in Augusta Harbour Sicily with 40 Royal Marine Commando on board when there was a bombing raid on the harbour. This caused numerous casualties and damage on board when concussion and shrapnel from a bomb caused a box of grenades to go off on the mess deck. 
 

Entry from the 40 RM Commando war diary

(Source: National Archive file ref ADM 202 / 87)
 

15 July 1943

1300hrs -arrive SYRACUSE harbour

AINSWORTH, Richard Harold

Richard Ainsworth was awarded the British Empire Medal whilst an Acting T/ Corporal in 40 RM Commando, for gallantry in helping the wounded, in spite of his own injuries, when the ship in which he was serving, HMS Queen Emma, was attacked from the air.
 
The death of "Sgt. Richard Harry Ainsworth (40 & 47 RM Cdo) of Farlington, York", was announced in Commando Association newsletter 96 issued March 1993.
 
Sources
London Gazettes Supp 36259, page 5141.

ALEXANDER, John Moir

Marine John Moir Alexander 40 Commando
Marine John Alexander died during operations at Dieppe. He has no known grave.
 
Extract from the Dundee Courier
"Royal Marine Commando J. M. Alexander, 58 Mains Road, Dundee, has been reported missing whilst on combined operation.  Aged 21, he joined up three years ago. His brother William is in the Royal Navy." 
 
Sources
[1] CWGC.

ANGUS, David Charles

Captain David Angus was awarded the Military Cross for gallantry, zeal and skill during the attack on Sarande and the seizure of the Island of Solta.
 
The death of Captain Angus MC of St. Ninian, Stirling, was announced in Commando Association newsletter 98 issued March 1994.
 
Source
London Gazette 37013, page 1791.
 

BARCLAY, David Lovat

Major David Barclay was killed during operations at Normandy on D Day [1].
 
Born in May 1920, Dave Barclay entered the Corps in September 1938. He served in H.M.S. Norfolk for over two years and was appointed to 40th RM Cdo., subsequently transferring to the 41st Cdo. [2].
 
Sources
[1] CWGC
[2] Extract from the  RM Globe and Laurel Nov. 1944 edition.
 

BEADLE, Jeffrey Charles

Temporary Lieutenant Jeffrey Charles Beadle was awarded the Military Cross for gallantry, leadership and outstanding determination whilst serving in Commando operations in the Adriatic, June, 1944, specifically the attack on Brac Island [more....] [1].
  • 1967 (Major) appointed M.B.E. (Military Division) in the New Year's Honours list [2].
Sources
[1] London Gazettes Supp. 37387, page 6085.

BOSTOCK, Stanley

Staff Sergeant Stanley Bostock was awarded the B.E.M. (Military Division) in the 1946 New Years Honours [1].  He had previously been attached to 40RM Commando [2].
 
He also received a Mention in Despatches in recognition of gallant and distinguished services in Italy [3].
 
The death of "S/Sgt. Stanley Bostock, BEM. (40 RM Cdo) of Wollaton, Nottingham" was announced in Commando Association newsletter 66 issued March 1978 [2].
 
Sources

BROCKBANK, Maurice Chester

Captain Maurice Brockbank, 'C' troop, died during operations at the River Aller in the vicinity of the village of Hademstorf. He had previously received a MiD whilst with 40RM Commando for "outstanding service while operating with the Allied Armies in Italy."
 
Sources 
London Gazettes Supp. 36903, page 518
RM Officers 1939-45 www.unithistories.com
The book A Plain Russet-Coated Captain by Capt. John Day 45RM Cdo.
 

CALLOW, Arthur John

Marine Arthur Callow died during operations at Dieppe.
 
Notes
Escalles Churchyard
Escalles is a village and commune on the coast road (N.40) from Calais to Boulogne, 8 miles (14 kilometres) south-west of Calais, whence there is a bus service. The British grave is in the southern part of the churchyard, some 20 yards south of the main path. (Source: CWGC.)
 

COOPER, Charles

Marine (Temporary Corporal) Charles Cooper received a Mention in Despatches for gallant and distinguished service while operating with the Army in Italy in 1944 [1].
 
The following year, now a Sergeant, Charles Cooper was awarded the M.M. [2], for gallant and distinguished service displayed in the Italian campaign when taking part in the operations in April, 1945, north of the Reno and west of Argenta [3].
 
Sources
[1] London Gazettes Supp. 36676, page 4010.

DELAP, Peter

Captain Peter Delap, M.B. (R.A.M.C.), attached to 40RM Commando [1], was awarded the MC in recognition of gallant and distinguished services in the field [2].
 
Sources
[1] Commando Association newsletter 118.
[2] London Gazettes Supp. 36983, page 1427 published 15March 1945.
 

ECREPONT, Edward William

Captain Edward Ecrepont was awarded the M.C. [1] for leadership, gallantry and devotion to duty on the 22nd January 1944 when, after the crossing of the River Gargliano, Italy, he led two troops in seizing and successfully holding the essential feature to the North of Mount Castellucio [2].
 
Sources
[1] London Gazettes Supp. 36583, page 3040.
[2] National Archives file WO 373/47/159.
 

EPHRAUMS, Michael Jarvis

Captain Michael Ephraums MC died during operations at Termoli, Italy. He had previously been awarded the M.C. [2] for gallant and distinguished service whilst commander of 'A' troop at the Pachino Peninsula on the 10th July 1943 [3].
 
Sources 
[1] CWGC
[2] London Gazettes Supp. 36229; Page: 4812.
[3] National Archives file WO373/47/133.
 

GORMAN, James John Thomas

Corporal James Gorman was awarded the MM for courage, leadership and resource in operations which led to the crossing of the Garigliano River in the face of determined opposition from the enemy.

Sources
London Gazettes Supp. 36474, page 1777.
National Archives file WO 373/47/155.
 

HELLINGS, Peter William Craddock

On the 6th September 1940 it was announced that Lieutenant Peter Hellings RM had been awarded the Distinguished Service Cross for courage and devotion to duty during the withdrawals from Boulogne and Calais [1]
  • 1943 (Acting Major)(40RM Commando) awarded the Military Cross for gallant and distinguished services in operations leading to the capture of Termoli [2]
  • 12th February 1946 (Captain)(Acting Lieutenant Colonel) received a Mention in Despatches for gallant and distinguished services in NW Europe [3].

HILL, Henry William

Henry William Hill 40RM Commando
Sergeant Henry Hill died during operations at Lake Comacchio. He received his MiD for "gallant and distinguished service while operating with the Army in Italy."
 
Sources
CWGC
London Gazettes Supp. 36676, page 4010.
 

HOBBS, Victor Frederick

Marine Victor Hobbs died during operations at Lake Commachio, Italy.
 
An account by Ron Perry of the action
In the beginning of 1945, at the end of the Italian campaign, we made our last break-through for the 8th Army. I was in Y troop of 40 Commando, Royal Marines, the leading troop in this action. We met some resistence by a canal near to what is now Lake Como. We were detailed to take two bridges and a power plant, which was our particular objective. This was along a spit of land alongside Lake Como.
 

HOPE, William Morgan

Sergeant William Hope was awarded the Military Medal [1] for gallantry, leadership, and  outstanding determination during Operation Impact [more....] in Italy on 11/12th April 1945. The award recommendation concludes with the following words "Throughout the entire action this S.N.C.O. displayed the utmost bravery and complete disregard for his own life. His devotion to duty and encouragement to his section on the death of his section officer was an inspiration to all around him." [2].
 

HOUGHTON, Robert Dyer

Robert Houghton 40 Commando
Acting Major Robert Houghton, Second in Command of 40RM Commando, was awarded the Military Cross for bravery, endurance and inspiring devotion to duty whilst serving in Commando operations in the raid on Dieppe, 19th August, 1942, and later as prisoner of war in

HUMPHRIES, Joseph

Marine Joseph Humphries was taken prisoner in the Dieppe Raid. He was one of a work party at Lamsdorf POW Camp who escaped and were shot. The headstone at his Grave states "Royal Marines" followed by "Commando".
 
In March 1946 it was announced In London Gazettes that he had received a posthumous award of Mention in Despatches in recognition of gallant and distinguished services in the field.
 
Sources
CWGC
London Gazettes Supp. 37499, page 1368

HURST, John

Marine John Hurst died during operations in Italy.
 
Notes
At the time of his death his Commando were engaged in operations to cross the River Garigliano.
 

HUTCHINSON, James

Marine James Hutchinson 40 Commando
Marine James Hutchinson died along with the rest of  'T' Company 40RM Commando, when the ship they were on board, HMS Fidelity was torpedoed and sunk.
 
Sources
CWGC.
[Image] Mark H. (via CVA forum message).
 

JAGGARD, Peter

Marine Peter Jaggard died during operations in Italy.
 
Notes
At the time of his death his Commando were engaged in Operation Ferdy at Vibo Valentia, known at the time as Porto San Venere.
 

JOCKAM, George Frank Forbes

Marine George Jockam* received a Mention in Despatches for gallant and distinguished service while operating with the Army in Italy.
 
Sources
[1] London Gazette Supp. 36676, page 4010.
[2] The Light Blue Lanyard, author Maj. J.C.Beadle MBE, MC, RM.
 
Notes
* Surname spelt as in LG entry; spelt as JOCKHAM in source @ [2].
 

JOHNSON, Ronald

Marine Ronald Johnson was killed during operations in Sicily whilst aboard the HMS Queen Emma during an enemy air attack on the vessel. 
 
Note
Awaits confirmation of Commando service.

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