No 7 Commando

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'Layforce'

Three UK based Army Commando units, Nos. 7, 8, and 11 Commandos, were initially combined within 'Force Z' for operations initially envisaged against Rhodes in the Eastern Mediterranean.  Other elements of the Force included a number of men from No.3 Commando and the Canoe section of No.8 (Guards) Commando.  They sailed from the Isle of Arran on the 31st January 1941, and arrived at Suez on the 7th March.

7 Commando

The first troops of this Commando formed up in several locations.  ‘A’ Troop in Gamblingay under Capt. Wylie R.E. while the H.Q. Staff came together in Billericay Essex. A small party of ‘B’ Troop formed in St. Albans and the remainder in Newmarket under Capt G March Phillips who was later to command No.62 Commando. After this scattered beginning all the various sections came together finally in Felixstowe at the end of July 1940. H.Q. being in a school in Station Rd Felixstowe.

7 Commando Nominal Roll

In 1946 the Army Council decided that the Army Commandos were to be disbanded and no provision was allowed or made for any depository or office which would have at least contained a complete Roster of Names of the men who served in the various units. 

ASHFORD-RUSSELL, Brian Harborough

Served in No. 7 Commando as a Lieutenant. Appointed M.B.E. (Military Division) in recognition of gallant and distinguished services in Italy serving with the Intelligence Corps having left the Commando. 
 
On the Ist january 1968 he was appointed O.B.E. (Civil Division). 
 
The death of Major Brian Harborough Ashford-Russell OBE of Alresford, Hants., was announced in Commando Association newsletter 116 issued Feb. 2003.
 
Sources
MBE - London Gazettes Supp. 36850, page 5845.

CROSBIE, John

Private John Crosbie died during operations in Crete [1].
 
Extract from the Dumfries and Galloway Standard - Saturday 12 June 1943
"Dumfries Commando Dies Of Wounds :-  James Crosbie, 32 Shakespeare Street, Dumfries, has received intimation from the War Office that his son, Pte. John Crosbie, K.O.S.B., who was reported as wounded and missing while serving as a Commando in Crete two years ago, must now be presumed to have died of wounds." [2].
 

FLYNN, John

Lance Corporal John Flynn, a radio operator, was awarded the MM in recognition of gallant and distinguished services in the combined attack on Dieppe on 19 August 1942 [1].
 
Citation

GREENWOOD, Stephen

Trooper Stephen Greenwood died whilst a prisoner of war after being captured at Crete, and transported to Germany. He spent the rest of the war in Stalag 3-D near Berlin. He died during a forced march West whilst still a POW, when they were fired on by a Russian tank at Waganitz.
 
Sources
CWGC.
His nephew Andy Marshall.
 
Notes

HILDRETH, Sidney James

LCpl. Sidney Hildreth, formerly 7 Commando, was killed whilst attached to 'L' Detachment SAS.  He left the Commando to join the SAS on the 30th August 1941. He was fatally injured parachuting into the SAS first raid, Operation Squatter, an abortive attack against airfields at Tmimi and Gazala. 
 

PATERNOSTER, Harry

Private Harry Paternoster died of heatstroke.
 
Sources
CWGC.
War Diary A Bn,Layforce, file ref National Archives WO 218/168, Entry for the 6th April "The death from Heatstroke of 5827448 Pte Paternoster H. occurred in 13th General Hospital, Suez."
 

REDWOOD, Albert C.

Sergeant Albert Redwood died [1] having left the Commando and joined Force 136, the S.O.E.  At the time of his death he was part of Operation Ramrose, team Fox at Myothit - Irrawaddy. 
 
Extract from a Force 136 battle casualty report about his death [2].

RICHARDS, Branson

The exact circumstances of the death of Captain Branson Richards are not known to this archive.
 
He  was the son of Frank Branson Richards and of Harriet Louise Richards (nee Bowman), of San Francisco, California, U.S.A. His brother John Edward also fell.
 
Sources
CWGC
Award - London Gazettes Supp. 36563, page: 2856.
 

WESTWATER, Alexander

Sergeant Alexander Westwater DCM, formerly 7 Commando and SAS,  was killed in Italy after an explosion in what is described as a battle accident whilst serving with the Royal Artillery (AFHQ).
[Source: Royal Artillery Deaths 1939-1946, Form RH, stamped RA Record Office Field Branch]
 

WHITE, Harold

Harold White 7 Commando and SAS
Harold White was awarded the Military Medal for his gallantry whilst a Corporal serving with 'L' Detachment, Special Air Service Brigade, having left the Commando after operations in Crete.

 

Citation for the MM recommended by Lt. Col. A.D. Stirling, D.S.O.


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