41RM Commando

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41RM Commando

Formed as No. 41 Royal Marine Commando, Royal Marines, on the 10th October 1942 primarily from the 8th RM Battalion.  Their operations included Salerno, Orne, Walcheren, before disbanding 20th February 1946. 

Reformed 16th August 1950 as 41 (Independent) Commando and served in Korea. 41 Commando was disbanded again on the 22nd February 1952.

ALDIS, Alec George

Lieutenant Alec Aldis MM was killed during operations at Normandy on D Day. He was awarded the MM in 1942 whilst a Temporary Sergeant for his "gallant and distinguished services in the Middle East."
 
Sources
CWGC
London Gazettes Supp. 35477, page 1054.
 

ALLISON, George Edwin

Sergeant George Allison died of natural causes during war service.
 
Sources
CWGC
RM Historical Society booklet "A Register of Royal Marines War Deaths 1939-1945.
 
Notes
In the book They did what was asked them" the author records that Sgt. Allison died in an accident.
 

BARCLAY, David Lovat

Major David Barclay was killed during operations at Normandy on D Day [1].
 
Born in May 1920, Dave Barclay entered the Corps in September 1938. He served in H.M.S. Norfolk for over two years and was appointed to 40th RM Cdo., subsequently transferring to the 41st Cdo. [2].
 
Sources
[1] CWGC
[2] Extract from the  RM Globe and Laurel Nov. 1944 edition.
 

BELCHER, Ernest John

Regimental Sergeant Major Ernest Belcher died during operations at Normandy on D Day. The announcement of his award of the BEM (Military Division) was made 2 days after his death. 
 
Source
CWGC.
London Gazettes Supp. 36544, page 2594.
 

COLE, Roland William

Corporal Roland Cole was awarded the MM for leadership, gallantry and devotion to duty while serving with Royal Marine Commandos in Italy.

Sources
London Gazettes Supp. 36583, page 3040.
National Archives file WO 373/47/162.
 

CROOKS, James

Sergeant James Crooks was awarded the M.M. [1] for gallant and distinguished service during operations at the Pachino Peninsula, Sicily, on the 10th July 1943 [2].
 
His death was announced in the obituaries of Commando Association newsletter 43 issued 1966,  " C.S.M. Jim Crooks (41 Cdo.) of Warrington."
 
Sources
[1]  London Gazette Supp. 36229, page 4812.
[2] National Archives file WO373/47/135.
 
Notes

CUNNINGHAM, William

Captain William Cunningham was awarded the M.C. for gallant and distinguished service[1], whilst commander of 'Y' troop at the Pachino Peninsula, Sicily, on the 10th July 1943 [2].
 
Sources
[1] London Gazette Supp. 36229, page 4812.
[2] National Archives file WO373/47/132.
 

CUTTING, Vincent

Colour Sergeant Vincent Cutting

Colour Sergeant Vincent Cutting RM was from Little Hulton, Greater Manchester. He also served in 41 and 45RM Commando [1].

His son Gunner Robert Steven Cutting, 29 Commando Regiment RA, was killed on active service in Northern Ireland [View ROH entry] [2].

Sources
[1] Commando Association newsletter 114 issued March 2002.
[2] + [image] His daughter Sandra Kennedy.
 

DIXON, Peter Cory

Captain Peter Dixon, a Royal Artillery Forward Observation Officer attached to 41RM Commando, was killed during an enemy air attack on the Commando HQ.
 
Sources
CWGC
The book "They did what was asked of them’ author Raymond Mitchell.
 

GRAY, Thomas Malcolm (Lt Col)

Post WW2 and now with the rank of Colonel, Thomas Malcolm Gray DSO, MC, died whilst serving at HMS President.
 
In World War Two he was Commanding Officer of 41RM Commando on D Day and later Commanding Officer of 46RM Commando during the River Rhine crossing. He was awarded the MC whilst  Captain (Acting Lieutenant-Colonel) of 41RM Commando.
 

Citation for the MC

GRINDROD, John Basil Rowland

Lieutenant John Grindrod, Manchester Regiment, was attached to 41RM Commando on 23 November 1944 and was posted to 'S' troop [1].
  • Commissioned Second Lieutenant, Manchester Regiment, on the 1st March 1941 [2].
  • Lt. Grindrod relinquished his commission on the 26th July 1952 and was granted the honorary rank of Captain [3]

HAWKINS, Kenneth Scott

Company Sergeant Major Kenneth Hawkins was awarded the MM for leadership, gallantry and devotion to duty while serving with Royal Marine Commandos in Italy [1].

He also received a MiD for gallant and distinguished service while operating with the Army in Italy [2].

HAYDON, Peter Hillyard

Captain Peter Haydon, DSO, was killed during operations at Walcheren.
 
He had earlier been awarded the DSO for conspicuous gallantry and leadership in driving off repeated attacks by the enemy on the road from Salerno to Naples, though he was wounded and his men outnumbered by the enemy.*
 

HOLT, Harry

The cause of death of Marine Harry Holt is not known by this archive. At the time of his death his Commando were in Belgium preparing for the planned attack at Walcheren.

LEES, James Sykes

Company Sergeant Major James Lees MM, 'B' Troop,  died as a result of an accident. He had been awarded the MM for bravery, skill, and devotion to duty whilst serving with the Allied Forces during the campaign in the Low Countries, over a period from January to April, 1945.
 
Sources
CWGC
London Gazettes Supp. 37318, page 5181.
The Westminster Abbey Commando Roll of Honour database file.

MURRAY, Donald Frederick

Lieutenant Donald Murray joined the Foreign Office in 1946 .
  • 1962 Head of Chancery, Saigon.
  • 1973 Donald Murray, lately Counsellor, H.M. Embassy, Tehran, appointed C.M.G. [1].
  • 1974 -1976 Ambassador to Libya.
  • 1977- 1980 Assistant Under-Secretary of State, Foreign and Commonwealth Office.

MURRAY, John

Sergeant John Murray died during operations at Normandy.
 
Son of John and Jane Rankine Murray; husband of Agnes Murray, of Barrhead, Renfrewshire.
 
Notes
This man may be identical with Jack Murray who was a former goalkeeper with Greenock Morton FC.
 

MURRAY, William

Corporal William Murray was awarded the DCM for outstanding gallantry in Sicily while serving in a Marine Commando, in leading an assault with fixed bayonets against an enemy machine gun post and in carrying the attack through with success in spite of a serious wound in the left eye.

Sources
London Gazettes Supp. 36275, page 5334.
National Archives file WO 373/47/140.
 

MUSGROVE, Leslie

Sergeant Leslie Musgrove was awarded the MM for gallantry, leadership and undaunted devotion to duty during the assault on the Island of Walcheren.

Sources
London Gazettes Supp. 36947, page 998.
National Archives file WO 373/47/45.
 

PRYOR, Frederick William

Sergeant Frederick Pryor, M.M., died during operations in Normandy. He was awarded the Military Medal for leadership, gallantry and devotion to duty while serving with Royal Marine Commandos in Italy.

Sources
CWGC
London Gazettes Supp. 36583, page 3040.
National Archives file WO 373/47/163.
 

RATCLIFF, Kenneth Leslie

Marine Kenneth Ratcliff drowned during operations at the River Maas.
 
On February 5th 1945 a raid was planned across the River Maas to snatch a German prisoner from behind the German lines. Bad weather forced the mission to be abandoned but a collapsible canvas boat used was left behind on the far bank. The boat was ordered to be retrieved and Mne's. Kenneth Ratcliff,  Charles Brandon, and David Williams were sent across the river to do so. 
 

SMITH, John Alexander

Marine John Alexander Smith from Londonderry, died during operations in Normandy.
 
Extract from the Londonderry Sentinel Saturday 26 August 1944
There will be sincere regret among the wide circle of friends, by whom he was held in high esteem, of the death in German hands from wounds received in Normandy of Royal Marine Commando John Alexander (Jack) Smith, youngest son of Mr. Richard Smith and the late Mrs. Rebecca Smith, 22, Charlotte Street, Londonderry.

STEVENS, Terence Morton Patrick

Acting Captain Terence Morton Patrick Stevens, 41RM Commando,  was awarded the Military Cross for gallant and distinguished services while operating with the Army during the successful landings in Normandy. [1]
  • July 1963 to November 1964 Officer commanding 45 Commando RM.  The Commando was deployed in Aden, then Tanganyika (Tanzania) and, then on operations against rebels in the Radfan region. [2]
  • 13 June 1964 Lieutenant Colonel Stevens MC was appointed OBE. [3

STRATFORD, Henry Ernest

Captain Henry Stratford was awarded the M.C. [1] for gallant and distinguished service whilst commander of 'X' troop during operations at the Pachino Peninsula, Sicily, on the 10th July 1943 [2].
 
Sources
[1] London Gazette Supp. 36229, page 4812.
[2] National Archives file WO/373/47/134.
 

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