41RM Commando

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41RM Commando

Formed as No. 41 Royal Marine Commando, Royal Marines, on the 10th October 1942 primarily from the 8th RM Battalion.  Their operations included Salerno, Orne, Walcheren, before disbanding 20th February 1946. 

Reformed 16th August 1950 as 41 (Independent) Commando and served in Korea. 41 Commando was disbanded again on the 22nd February 1952.

ALDIS, Alec George

Lieutenant Alec Aldis MM died during operations at Normandy on D Day [1]
  • 1942 (Corporal) (Temporary Sergeant) awarded the Military Medal for "gallant and distinguished services in the Middle East." [2].
Royal Marines
Suda Section Crete.

ALLISON, George Edwin

Sergeant George Allison died of natural causes during war service.
RM Historical Society booklet "A Register of Royal Marines War Deaths 1939-1945.
In the book They did what was asked them" the author records that Sgt. Allison died in an accident.

BARCLAY, David Lovat

Major David Barclay was killed during operations at Normandy on D Day [1].
Born in May 1920, Dave Barclay entered the Corps in September 1938. He served in H.M.S. Norfolk for over two years and was appointed to 40th RM Cdo., subsequently transferring to the 41st Cdo. [2].
[1] CWGC
[2] Extract from the  RM Globe and Laurel Nov. 1944 edition.

BELCHER, Ernest John

Regimental Sergeant Major Ernest Belcher died during operations at Normandy on D Day. The announcement of his award of the BEM (Military Division) was made 2 days after his death. 
London Gazettes Supp. 36544, page 2594.

COLE, Roland William

Corporal Roland Cole was awarded the MM for leadership, gallantry and devotion to duty while serving with Royal Marine Commandos in Italy.

London Gazettes Supp. 36583, page 3040.
National Archives file WO 373/47/162.


Sergeant James Crooks was awarded the M.M. [1] for gallant and distinguished service during operations at the Pachino Peninsula, Sicily, on the 10th July 1943 [2].
His death was announced in the obituaries of Commando Association newsletter 43 issued 1966,  " C.S.M. Jim Crooks (41 Cdo.) of Warrington."
[1]  London Gazette Supp. 36229, page 4812.
[2] National Archives file WO373/47/135.


Captain William Cunningham was awarded the M.C. for gallant and distinguished service[1], whilst commander of 'Y' troop at the Pachino Peninsula, Sicily, on the 10th July 1943 [2].
[1] London Gazette Supp. 36229, page 4812.
[2] National Archives file WO373/47/132.

CUTTING, Vincent

Colour Sergeant Vincent Cutting

Colour Sergeant Vincent Cutting RM was from Little Hulton, Greater Manchester. He also served in 41 and 45RM Commando [1].

His son Gunner Robert Steven Cutting, 29 Commando Regiment RA, was killed on active service in Northern Ireland [View ROH entry] [2].

[1] Commando Association newsletter 114 issued March 2002.
[2] + [image] His daughter Sandra Kennedy.


Captain John Dexter was awarded the MIlitary Cross for gallant and distinguished services in North West Europe.
"Captain Dexter landed in Normandy on D Day as a Machine Gun Officer, and was very shortly afterwards to Command of the Support Troop of his unit. Throughout the campaign in NW Europe he has been engaged in every major and minor battle in which his unit took part.

DIXON, Peter Cory

Captain Peter Dixon, a Royal Artillery Forward Observation Officer attached to 41RM Commando, was killed during an enemy air attack on the Commando HQ.
The book "They did what was asked of them’ author Raymond Mitchell.

GRAY, Thomas Malcolm

Colonel Thomas Malcolm Gray DSO, MC, died in service whilst serving at HMS President.
  • Commanding Officer 41RM Commando on D Day, awarded the Military Cross.
  • Commanding Officer 46RM Commando from November 1944
Citation for the M.C.

GRINDROD, John Basil Rowland

Lieutenant John Grindrod, Manchester Regiment, was attached to 41RM Commando on 23 November 1944 and was posted to 'S' troop [1].
  • Commissioned Second Lieutenant, Manchester Regiment, on the 1st March 1941 [2].
  • Lt. Grindrod relinquished his commission on the 26th July 1952 and was granted the honorary rank of Captain [3]

HAWKINS, Kenneth Scott

Company Sergeant Major Kenneth Hawkins was awarded the MM for leadership, gallantry and devotion to duty while serving with Royal Marine Commandos in Italy [1].

He also received a MiD for gallant and distinguished service while operating with the Army in Italy [2].

HAYDON, Peter Hillyard

Captain Peter Haydon, DSO, was killed during operations at Walcheren.
He had earlier been awarded the DSO for conspicuous gallantry and leadership in driving off repeated attacks by the enemy on the road from Salerno to Naples, though he was wounded and his men outnumbered by the enemy.*

HOLT, Harry

The cause of death of Marine Harry Holt is not known by this archive. At the time of his death his Commando were in Belgium preparing for the planned attack at Walcheren.

LEES, James Sykes

Company Sergeant Major James Lees MM, 'B' Troop,  died as a result of an accident. He had been awarded the MM for bravery, skill, and devotion to duty whilst serving with the Allied Forces during the campaign in the Low Countries, over a period from January to April, 1945.
London Gazettes Supp. 37318, page 5181.
The Westminster Abbey Commando Roll of Honour database file.

LUMSDEN, Bruce John David (Lt.Col)

Captain (Brevet Major) (Acting Colonel) Bruce Lumsden was appointed O.B.E. (Military Division) 1st January 1945 [1].
  • August 1943 (Acting Lieutenant Colonel) Commanding Officer 41RM Commando [2].
  • 9 July 1949 (Lieutenant Colonel) Commanding Officer 40 Commando RM [3].
  • 2 January 1952 appointed Fleet Royal Marines Officer [4].
  • 1 January 1958 (Colonel) (Royal Marines) (Retired) appointed C.B.E. (Military Division) [5].

MURRAY, Donald Frederick

Lieutenant Donald Murray served in 41RM Commando and the RM Holding Commando during WW2. In 1946 he joined the Foreign Office.
  • 1962 Head of Chancery, Saigon.
  • 1973 Donald Murray, lately Counsellor, H.M. Embassy, Tehran, appointed C.M.G. [1].
  • 1974 -1976 Ambassador to Libya.


Sergeant John Murray died during operations at Normandy.
Son of John and Jane Rankine Murray; husband of Agnes Murray, of Barrhead, Renfrewshire.
This man may be identical with Jack Murray who was a former goalkeeper with Greenock Morton FC.

MURRAY, William

Corporal William Murray was awarded the Distinguished Conduct Medal for outstanding gallantry in Sicily while serving in a Marine Commando, in leading an assault with fixed bayonets against an enemy machine gun post and in carrying the attack through with success in spite of a serious wound in the left eye.

London Gazette 36275, page 5334.
National Archives file WO 373/47/140.


Sergeant Leslie Musgrove was awarded the MM for gallantry, leadership and undaunted devotion to duty during the assault on the Island of Walcheren.

London Gazettes Supp. 36947, page 998.
National Archives file WO 373/47/45.


Corporal Frank Nightingale was awarded the Distinguished Conduct Medal for gallantry, leadership and undaunted devotion to duty during the assault on the Island of Walcheren.

London Gazette 36947, page 997.
National Archives file WO 373/47/43.

PALMER, Eric Charles Ernest

Acting Lieutenant Colonel Eric Palmer was appointed D.S.O. in recognition of his gallant and distinguished service during his Commando's landing at the breach in the dyke at Westkapelle, Walcheren, on 1st November 1944, and the successful attack and capture of the enemy battery  which had been causing considerable casualties in the landing area [1]
At the begining of August 1945 he took command of 46RM Commando until it was disbanded a few months later [2].

PRYOR, Frederick William

Sergeant Frederick Pryor, M.M., died during operations in Normandy. He was awarded the Military Medal for leadership, gallantry and devotion to duty while serving with Royal Marine Commandos in Italy.

London Gazettes Supp. 36583, page 3040.
National Archives file WO 373/47/163.

RATCLIFF, Kenneth Leslie

Marine Kenneth Ratcliff drowned during operations at the River Maas.
On February 5th 1945 a raid was planned across the River Maas to snatch a German prisoner from behind the German lines. Bad weather forced the mission to be abandoned but a collapsible canvas boat used was left behind on the far bank. The boat was ordered to be retrieved and Mne's. Kenneth Ratcliff,  Charles Brandon, and David Williams were sent across the river to do so. 

SMITH, John Alexander

Marine John Alexander Smith from Londonderry, died during operations in Normandy.
Extract from the Londonderry Sentinel Saturday 26 August 1944
There will be sincere regret among the wide circle of friends, by whom he was held in high esteem, of the death in German hands from wounds received in Normandy of Royal Marine Commando John Alexander (Jack) Smith, youngest son of Mr. Richard Smith and the late Mrs. Rebecca Smith, 22, Charlotte Street, Londonderry.


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