45RM Commando

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45RM Commando

Formed at Burley in the first week of August 1943 as No. 45 Royal Marine Commando, Royal Marines, from the disbanded 5th RM Battalion.  Their first Commanding Officer was Lt. Col. N.C. Ries. There followed hard training with those unfit or unsuitable being removed to other duties. In September the Commando moved to billets at Ayr.

On formation there were five fighting Troops - 'A', 'B', 'C', 'D' and 'E' Troops.  'F' Troop was the Heavy Weapons Troop. 'H' Troop was the Headquarters troop which included Signals and Intelligence sections , Motor Transport and Administration. 

45RM Commando E Troop 1944

Type: Nominal Roll
Author: Unknown
Year of Publishing: 2020
Keywords:
From the collection of Marine Bob Yaxley, 45RM Commando, courtesy of his son Clive.
Notes
The author of this document is not known. It is not an 'official' nominal roll of all who served but likely a document put together from memory by a veteran and should be taken as such in respect of precise accuracy. Refresh/reload the page if the image below does does not display, or download from above.

ABRAHAMOWICZ, Richard George

No 10 Commando
Richard Abrahamowicz was of the Jewish faith and served in 3 troop, also known as 'X' troop,  of the inter allied commando under the alias of Richard Arlen. He was killed assaulting an enemy machine gun position during operations with 45RM Commando at Franceville Plage, Normandy. 
 
Sources:
10 Commando, author Ian Dear
Jewish Virtual Library.
 

ARMSTRONG, A.

45RM Commando
Post war Bob Armstrong served for a period as President of the Yorkshire branch of the Commando Association before moving to East Anglia.
(Source: CA Newsletter 74 of 1982)
 

BAXTER, Richard Fraser

45RM Commando
Captain Richard Baxter served in 45RM Commando and during 1945-6 on the staff of the CMWTC.
 
Post war he was ordained Reverend and was appointed OBE in the 1964 New Years Honours List "for public services in Nyasaland."
 
Sources
CA Newsletters 38 and 98.
London Gazettes Supp 43200, page 23.
 

BEADLE, Ian Nigel Neville

Major Ian Beadle MC 45RM Commando
45RM Commando
Formerly Captain of 'E' troop, Ian Beadle was awarded the Military Cross in 1945, whilst Acting Temporary Major with 45RM Commando for " distinguished service while operating with the Army in NW Europe."  (Source: London Gazette 36947, page 998, and 36992, page 1507.)

BEAVEN, Harwood Frederick George

TSM Harwood Beaven MM
40RM Commando
45RM Commando
Troop Sergeant Major Harwood Beaven was awarded the Military Medal for bravery and great devotion to duty whilst operating with the Allied Armies in North-West Europe.
 
Sources
London Gazette 37127, page 3090.
Cdo. Assoc. Newsletter 65 issued Sept 1977.
Image: A Plain Russet Coated Captain author Capt. John Day
 

BELL, Robert

45RM Commando
Marine Robert Bell died during operations at Le Mesnil, Normandy.
 
Extract from the Bo'ness Journal, and Linlithgow Advertiser - Friday 15 August 1952
In Loving Memory of our dear son, Marine Commando Robert Bell, killed in action.
We were not there to see you die,
Perhaps it's just as well,
We never could have said goodbye,
To the son we loved so well,
We think of you in silence
And often speak your name,

BENNETT, Henry

45RM Commando
Acting Company Sergeant Major Henry Bennett was awarded the Military Medal [1] for gallant and distinguished services in North West Europe whilst serving with 45RM Commando [2]. Post war he remained in service and in 1954 was serving as a Sergeant with 40 Commando RM [3]
 

BENSON, John

45RM Commando

Marine John Benson died during the period his Commando were engaged in operations at the River Aller in the vicinity of the village of Hademstorf.

BOOTHROYD, Gordon

45RM Commando
Marine Gordon Boothroyd, 'E' Troop, died during operations in Normandy. 
 
Son of Edgar and Mabel Boothroyd, of Huddersfield. His brother Geoffrey serving with 40RM Commando 'T' Company on HMS Fidelity also died in the war [more....]
 

BROCKBANK, Maurice Chester

45RM Commando
Captain Maurice Brockbank, 'C' troop, died during operations at the River Aller in the vicinity of the village of Hademstorf. He had previously received a Mention in Despatches whilst with 40RM Commando for "outstanding service while operating with the Allied Armies in Italy."
 
Sources 
CWGC.
London Gazette 36903, page 518.
The Light Blue Lanyard, author Major J.C. Beadle MBE, MC, RM.

BROWN, Albert

45RM Commando
Sergeant Albert Brown was awarded the MM for gallant and distinguished services while operating with the Army during the successful landings in Normandy.
 

Citation

BURROWS, Derrick Trevor

46RM Commando
Lieutenant Derrick Burrows, 'Y' troop, No. 46 RM Commando, was killed whilst administering morphia to a wounded marine during operations at the River Aller.  He received a MiD for good service with the 21st Army Group.
 
Sources:
The Story of 46 Commando Royal Marines by Capt. P.K.W. Johnson RM.
MiD: London Gazettes Supp. 37251, page 4440.
 
Notes

CAIGER, H.J.

TSM Caiger 45RM Commando
45RM Commando
H.J. 'Ted' Caiger was Troop Sergeant Major of 'E' Troop in 1944. Captain John Day, 'E' Troop, describes him in his book [1] as " a reservist whose rather quiet manner belied the toughness and courage he was to show later in action."
 

Extract from the book "The Story of 45 Royal Marine Commando

CANN, Bernard Lawrence

45RM Commando
Marine Bernard Cann, 'E' Troop, died during the period his Commando were engaged in operations at Stolzenau and Leese (River Wesser crossing).
 
Sources
CWGC.
The Story of 45RM Commando published 1946.
'E' Troop - see Linked Content below.
 

CASPER, Peter

45RM Commando
Lieutenant Peter Casper was killed by enemy gunfire during operations across the bridgehead between Stolzenau and Leese. 
 
Capt. John Day 45RM Cdo. records in his book A Plain Russet-Coated Captain

COCKS, John Sidney

45RM Commando
Corporal John Cocks died during operations in Holland. 
 
At the time of his death his Commando were engaged in fighting at Maasbracht and Brachterbeek. (Source: 1 Cdo. Bde. HQ War Diary January 1945.)
 

CONATY, Alan Craba

45RM Commando
Marine Alan Conaty died on the day his Commando crossed the River Maas at Gennep. By evening they had entered Afferden where they encountered enemy shelling. Captain John Day, 45RM Commando, records that 'B' troop had one man killed.
 
Sources
CWGC.
The book 'A Plain Russet-Coated Captain' by Capt. John Day.
 

CULLEN, Michael

45RM Commando
Marine Michael Cullen died in service whilst deployed to Hong Kong.
 
Source
CWGC
 
Notes
Commando Unit as per CWGC entry. The title was redesignated to 45 Commando RM this year.

CUTTING, Vincent

Colour Sergeant Vincent Cutting
41RM Commando
42RM Commando
45RM Commando

Colour Sergeant Vincent Cutting RM was from Little Hulton, Greater Manchester. He also served in 41 and 45RM Commando [1].

His son Gunner Robert Steven Cutting, 29 Commando Regiment RA, was killed on active service in Northern Ireland [View ROH entry] [2].

Sources
[1] Commando Association newsletter 114 issued March 2002.
[2] + [image] His daughter Sandra Kennedy.
 

DAVIS, Kenneth William John

45RM Commando
Marine Kenneth Davis died during the operation to take the enemy held coastal resort of Franceville Plage which had been given the local codename of Piccadilly. At the Northern end of Piccadilly the enemy had a strong point which included pillboxes. Kenneth Davis was part of 'E' Troop's Piat team that advanced to try and destroy it.  They came under heavy enemy fire and he was killed. Soon after another group moved forward with the C.O. and they also came under fire from an enemy anti tank gun. RSM Grimsey and Cpl.

DAY, John Eddy

45RM Commando
Captain John Eddy Day received a Mention in Despatches for gallant and distinguished services in North West Europe.
 
Source
London Gazettes Supp. 37464, page 910.
The book Four Five, author David Young.
 

DEACON, William George

45RM Commando
Sergeant William Deacon was awarded the Military Medal for bravery and great devotion to duty whilst operating with the Allied Armies in North West Europe.
 
Sources
London Gazette 37127, page 3090; errata 37136, page 3191.
 

DUCHAN, John Joseph

Original grave of Cpl Duchan 45RM Commando
45RM Commando
Corporal John Duchan died during operations in Holland.
 
At the time of his death his Commando were engaged in fighting in the area of Bell Island (Osen) and Brachterbeek. (Source: 1 Cdo. Bde. HQ War Diary January 1945.)
 

DUNLOP, J.M.

45RM Commando
Lance Corporal J.M. Dunlop, Medical Orderly of 'E' Troop, volunteered to remain with casualties during operations at Franceville- Plage, Normandy, 7 June 1944. He was taken prisoner and later transported to Stalag 12A in Germany.
 
Sources
British Army Casualty Lists 1939-45 / National Archives file WO417/79.
Prisoners of War 1715-1945 / National Archives file WO392/1.
A Plain Russet-Coated Captain, author Captain John Day (45RM Cdo).
 

EMUSS, P.

45RM Commando
Corporal Emuss served in 'E' Troop.  
 
Sources
The Story of 45RM Commando published 1946, p23.
Linked Content below.
 

EVANS, Humphrey Ap

45RM Commando
Captain Humphrey Evans, Royal Artillery Forward Observation Officer attached to 45RM Commando, was awarded the M.C. [1] in recognition of gallant and distinguished services during the River Rhine crossing on the 23/24 March 1945 [2].
 
Sources
[1] London Gazettes Supp. 37172, page 3591.
[2] National Archives file WO 373/ 54/714.
 

GEORGE, Rex

45RM Commando
Marine Rex George, 'E' Troop, died during operations at Normandy. He received a Mention in Despatches for good services with the 21st Army group.
 
Sources
CWGC
London Gazettes Supp. 37251, page 4441.
'E' Troop - See Linked Content below.
 

GOOCH

45RM Commando
Lance Corporal Gooch, 'F' Troop, MG Section, was wounded in the face on leaving his landing craft on D Day.
 
Sources
Commando Association newsletter 100 issued March 1995.
 

GREEN, Norman

Mne Green MM 45 RM Commando
45RM Commando
Marine Norman Green was awarded the MM for gallant and distinguished services while operating with the Army during the successful landings in Normandy [1]. 
 
Recommendation

GRIMSEY, John Henry

45RM Commando
Regimental Sergeant Major John Grimsey died during the operation to take the enemy held coastal resort of Franceville Plage which had been given the local codename of Piccadilly. At the Northern end of Piccadilly the enemy had a strong point which included pillboxes.  An attempt by the Piat team of 'E' troop to destroy this resulted in the death of Lance Cpl. Davis.  The C.O. and his party moved forward to assess the situation and came under fire from an enemy anti tank gun. R.S.M.

HARRIS, Ian Walter

Ian Walter Harris MM 10 Commando
No 10 Commando

Corporal Ian Harris, born Hans Hajos, attached to No 10 (Inter Allied) Commando 3 troop ('X' troop), was awarded the MM in recognition of gallant and distinguished services in North West Europe.

HARRISON, Thomas

45RM Commando
Sergeant Thomas Harrison was awarded the Military Medal [1] for bravery, determination and great devotion to duty during operations to establish the River Aller bridgehead 10-12 April 1945 [2].
Recommendation
"On 12 Apr'45, 45RM Cdo. was advancing through the woods in order to extend the Aller bridgehead. C Troop was the right hand Troop on the axis of advance. Very strong opposition was encountered from the German Marine Division.

HAVILLE, John

45RM Commando
Marine John Haville received a Mention in Despatches for gallant and distinguished service in North West Europe.
 
Sources
London Gazettes Supp. 37464, page 911.
The Story of 45 Royal Marine Commando.
 

HAW, Reginald

45RM Commando
Reverend Reginald Haw, B.A., Temporary Chaplain R.N.V.R., was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross for gallantry, steadfastness and inspiring devotion to duty whilst serving with 45 Royal Marine Commando during the liberation of Holland [1].
He also served with 47RM Commando [2].
 
Sources
[1] London Gazette 37148, page 3329.
[2] Navy Lists (see linked content below).
 

LAING, James Hardie

45RM Commando
Corporal James Laing died during operations in Holland.
 
At the time of his death his Commando were engaged in fighting in the area of Bell Island (Osen) and Brachterbeek.  (Source: 1 Cdo. Bde. HQ War Diary January 1945.)
 

LAY, Gordon

45RM Commando
Marine Gordon Lay died during the period his Commando were engaged in operations at the River Aller in the vicinity of the village of Hademstorf.
 

MCNULTY, Herbert

Original grave of LCpl. McNulty 45RM Commando
45RM Commando
Lance Corporal Herbert McNulty died during operations in Holland.
 
At the time of his death his Commando were engaged in fighting in the area of Bell Island and Brachterbeek. (Source: 1 Cdo. Bde. HQ War Diary January 1945.)
 

MOSLEY, Claude

Original grave of Mne. Mosley 45RM Commando
45RM Commando
Marine Claude Mosley died during operations in Holland.
 
At the time of his death his Commando were engaged in fighting in the area of Bell Island and Brachterbeek. (Source: 1 Cdo. Bde. HQ War Diary January 1945.)
 
Notes
The CWGC show an initial of 'C' not a forename. The forename source is the Naval History website.
 

ORD, Bertram Kenneth

45RM Commando
Marine Bertram 'Kenny' Ord died during the period his Commando were engaged in operations at Wesel. 
 
Notes
His death is referred to in Reel 2 of IWM Museum interview with Mne Walter George Bigland ref. IWM Catalogue number 20617.
 

PEARCE, William Harry

Marine Pearce 45 Royal Marine Commando
Marine William Pearce 45 RM Commando
45RM Commando
Marine William Pearce was shot and killed by a sniper when his Commando crossed the River Weser at Stolzenau to take the town of Leese.
 
Sources
CWGC
[Image] 2nd cousin Mike Pearce.
Family account of death.
Historical timeline: The Story of 45RM Commando published 1946.
 
Notes
His age is recorded wrongly on the CWGC entry as 24. 

RIES, Norman Charles

45RM Commando
Lieutenant Colonel Norman Charles Ries was the first Commanding Officer of 45 RM Commando on its formation in August 1943 [1] and remained as such until June 1944 when wounded by enemy gunfire in Normandy. Post war he returned to command the restructured unit from December 1948 until August 1950 [2].
  • 1941 (Captain) (Royal Marines HMS Terror) received a Mention in Despatches for courage, skill and devotion to duty in operations off the Libyan Coast [3].

RUSHFORTH, John Nicholson

45RM Commando
Acting Major John Rushforth was awarded the Military Cross [1] for gallant and distinguished service on 7 June 1944 during operations at Franceville-Plage, Normandy [2]
Recommendation
"Major Rushforth was in commando of his Troop in a flank protection role during the advance and attack on Franceville. A strong counter attack was made by the enemy.

SMITH, Hugh Norman

45RM Commando
Captain Hugh Smith, R.A.M.C., attached to 45RM Commando, was awarded the M.C. [1] in recognition of gallant and distinguished services during operations at the Merville, Normandy, on the 7th June 1944, and later at Breville on the 12th June 1944 [2]
 
Sources
[1] London Gazettes Supp. 36961, page 1177.
[2] National Archives file WO 373/51/363.
 

STUART, Ronald

45RM Commando
Corporal Ronald Stuart was awarded the Military Medal [1] for gallant and distinguished service June 1944 during operations at Franceville-Plage, Normandy [2][3].
Recommendation
"During an attack on the school at Franceville Plage, Major J.N. Rushforth who was leading the assault was wounded when the party came under heavy fire from concealed positions ten yards from the building.

TATE, Alan

45RM Commando
Lieutenant Alan Tate was awarded the M.C. [1] for courage and great devotion to duty during operations at the River Maas near Roermond on 27/28 January 1945 [2].
 
Citation

TIMMINS, John Robert

John Robert Timmins 45 Commando
45RM Commando
Marine John Robert Timmins from Gateshead died during operations in Holland.
 
Sources
CWGC.
[image] Newcastle Evening Chronicle - Friday 09 February 1945 © Trinity Mirror. Image created courtesy of The British Library Board.
 
Notes

TOWLER, Douglas

45RM Commando

Marine Douglas Towler, a Bren gunner in 'D' troop, was awarded the MM for distinguished service on the night of the Elbe crossing and capture of Lauenburg on 29th April 1945.

London Gazettes Supp. 37211, page 4023.
National Archives file WO 373/47/76.
 

TULLOCH, John Alexander

45RM Commando
Captain John Tulloch, R.A.M.C., joined 45RM Commando as Medical Officer in September 1944 [1].  He was awarded the M.C. [2] in recognition of gallant and distinguished services during the advance from Brachterbeek to Linne, Holland, on the 23rd January 1945 [3].
 
Sources
[1] The book published for those who served 'The Story of 45RM Commando'.
[2] London Gazettes Supp. 37027, page 1942.

WALES, Frederick Edward

Original grave of Mne Wale 45 RM Commando
45RM Commando
Marine Frederick Wales died during operations in Holland.
 
At the time of his death his Commando were engaged in fighting in the area of Maasbracht and Brachterbeek. (Source:1 Cdo. Bde. HQ War Diary January 1945)
 
Notes
His surname was originally reported as WALE. This is now amended on the CWGC entry.
 

WILSON, William Alan

45RM Commando
Sergeant William Wilson, 'E' Troop, died during operations at the village of Wangelau on the road from Lauenberg to Lubeck. After a short artillery barrage 'A' and 'E' Troops entered the village and took 130 prisoners. The only casualty was Sgt Wilson who was killed whilst assaulting a machine gun position. 
 

WOOLLEY, Arthur Rupert (Lt. Col)

30 Commando Assault Unit
Arthur Woolley joined the Royal Marines on 1 December 1939 and after his basic training was posted to the 5th Batallion Royal Marines Brigade.
  • Promoted Temporary Captain April 1940, Acting Temporary Major November 1941, and Second in Command of 5RM in June 1942.
  • After a brief spell as OC No.2 Landing Group Beach Unit he returned as Major (Second in Command) of 5RM which, by this time, had been redesignated as 45RM Commando. 

WRIGHT, Trevor Desmond

45RM Commando
Lieutenant Trevor Wright, SA Forces attached to 45RM Commando,  died [1] during the period the Commando were engaged in operations at Osnabruck.
 
In 1942 he had been awarded the MM whilst in the rank of Trooper for "gallant and distinguished services in the Middle East [2]." 
 
Sources
[1] CWGC
[2] London Gazettes Supp. 35665, page 3545.
 

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