No 10 (IA) Commando 3 troop ('X' troop)

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'Document about No.10 (IA) Cdo 3 Troop'

Type: Files
Author: Martin Sugarman BA, Cert Ed. Archivist, Association of Jewish Ex-Servicemen and Women
Year of Publishing: 2000
Keywords: 10 inter allied commando,x troop,miscellaneous troop,pioneer corps

3 troop, also referred to as the miscellaneous troop and X troop, consisted solely of German speaking refugees many being of Jewish Faith. They included different nationalities, primarily German and Austrians, but also Hungarians and Czech's.

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'Personnel List of some of No.10(IA) Cdo. 3 Troop'

Type: Files
Author: Martin Sugarman BA, Cert Ed. Archivist, Association of Jewish Ex-Servicemen and Women
Year of Publishing: 2000
Keywords: 10 inter allied commando,x troop,miscellaneous troop,jewish troop,pioneer corps

3 troop, also referred to as the Miscellaneous troop, X troop, and, post war, as the Jewish troop, consisted solely of German speaking refugees most being of Jewish Faith. They included different nationalities, primarily German and Austrians, but also Hungarians and Czech's.

10 Cdo Roll of Honour 'X' tp.

                                                         The Fallen from 'X' Troop
Lieut. K.J. GLASER
WO1 RSM. E.W. NATHAN
Officer Cadet G.A. BARTH 
Sgt.  E. KAGERER-STEIN
Sgt.  O.  HESS 
Sgt . E.   VOGEL 
Cpl.  G.M.  FRANK 
Cpl.  S.  WEICH
LCpl. H.  ARENSTEIN 
LCpl. W.  AUERHAHN
LCpl. K.W. GUMPERTZ
LCpl. E.R.  LENEL
LCpl. K.  MEYER

10 Commando Nominal Roll

In 1946 the Army Council decided that the Army Commandos were to be disbanded and no provision was allowed or made for any depository or office which would have at least contained a complete Roster of Names of the men who served in the various units. 

A partial nominal roll for Dieppe

The following list contain the names, ranks and numbers of the officers and men of No4 Commando who participated. It also includes some from No 10 (IA) Commando Free French  and 'X' troop, and others including some US Rangers, who were attached to the Commandos for the raid.
It does not contain those from No 3 Commando and 40RM Commando as no such full list of names has been found. 
 

A speech by Colin Anson No.10(IA) Cdo 3tp

A transcript of a speech by Colin Anson on the 4th September 2007 at the Imperial War Museum about his experience as a member of No 10 (IA) Commando 3 troop. The speech was given by Colin when he attended a reunion of refugees from Nazism who served in the British Forces in WW2. This took place at the Imperial War Museum on 4th September 2007.  In 2010 Colin Anson granted his permission for us to display his speech on our website.
(nb. click on his name above for more information.)
 

ABRAHAMOWICZ, Richard George

No 10 Commando
Royal Sussex Regiment
Killed in action or died of wounds
Richard Abrahamowicz was of the Jewish faith and served in 3 troop, also known as 'X' troop,  of the inter allied commando under the alias of Richard Arlen. He was killed assaulting an enemy machine gun position during operations with 45RM Commando at Franceville Plage, Normandy. 
 
Sources

ARENSTEIN, Hans

Hans Arenstein 10 Commando
No 10 Commando
47RM Commando
Royal Sussex Regiment
Killed in action or died of wounds

Hans Arenstein served under an alias of Harry Andrews. He was of the Jewish Faith and a member of 3 troop, also known as 'X' troop, of the inter allied commando.  He was attached to 47RM Commando at the time of his death.

AUERHAHN, Werner

No 10 Commando
Hampshire Regiment
Killed in action or died of wounds
Werner Auerhahn served in 3 troop, also known as 'X' troop, of the inter allied commando under the alias of Peter Vernon Allan WELLS. He was killed by a mine during operations in Italy and was the first casualty of the troop. 
 

COATES, John Gordon

No 10 Commando
30 Commando Assault Unit
Intelligence Corps
Distinguished Service Order (DSO)
1942 Intelligence Officer No.10 (Inter Allied) Commando.
1943 Operations Officer 30 Commando AU Italy and Corsica
1944 Special Operations Executive.
Captain John Coates, attached SOE, was awarded the Distinguished Service Order in recognition of gallant and distinguished service in the Field.
Recommendation

FRANK, Gunther Max

No 10 Commando
Pioneer Corps/Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment
Killed in action or died of wounds

Gunther Max Frank died during operations at Normandy on D Day. He served under an alias of George Mack Franklyn in 3 troop, also known as  'X' troop, of the inter allied commando. 

GLASER, Kurt Joachim

Grave of Lt Griffith 10 Commando
No 10 Commando
Queen's Own Royal West Kent
Killed in action or died of wounds

Kurt Joachim Glaser served in 3 troop, also known as  'X' troop, under the name of Keith James Griffith.  He was shot and killed by a sniper during operations with 1 Special Service Bde. to cross a railway bridge over the River Aller near the town of Essel.

GOLDSCHLAGER, Kurt Theodor

Kurt Goldschlager 10 Commando
No 10 Commando
1 Special Service (Commando) Brigade
Pioneer Corps
Mentioned in Despatches
Kurt Theodor Goldschlager being of the Jewish Faith served under the alias of Kenneth Edward Clarke. Born in Vienna, Austria he was one of four brothers, Kurt, Erich, Paul, and Robert. Their father Julius was an architect, who died of natural causes in 1940, and their mother was Irene, nee Von Mangold, who was transported from Izbica, Poland, to Auschwitz and murdered there.

GUMPERTZ, Kurt Wilhelm

No 10 Commando
Hampshire Regiment
Killed in action or died of wounds
Kurt Gumpertz died during operations in Normandy with No 4 Commando.  He served in 3 troop, also known as 'X' troop, of the inter allied commando under the alias of Kenneth Graham. 
 

HARRIS, Ian Walter

Ian Walter Harris MM 10 Commando
No 10 Commando
Queens Own Royal West Kent / Pioneer Corps
Military Medal (MM)

Corporal Ian Harris, born Hans Hajos, attached to No 10 (Inter Allied) Commando 3 troop ('X' troop), was awarded the MM in recognition of gallant and distinguished services in North West Europe.

KAGERER-STEIN, Eugen

No 10 Commando
Pioneer Corps/ Hampshire Regiment
Killed in action or died of wounds

Eugen Kagerer-Stein, an Austrian, served in 3 troop, also known as  'X' troop, under an alias of Eugene Fuller. He died during operations with 47RM Commando at Normandy.

LANE, George

Lieutenant George Lane 10 Commando
No 10 Commando
Pioneer Corps / The Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment)
Military Cross (MC)
George Lane, born Lanyi, a Hungarian national of the Jewish Faith had been a freelance journalist before the war and came to England in 1935 aged 20. When war was declared he immediately attempted to join the Grenadier Guards.  After initially being served with a deportation order as a "friendly alien" this order was rescinded and he was permitted to join the Pioneer Corps.

LENEL, Ernst Richard

No 10 Commando
Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment
Killed in action or died of wounds
Ernst Lenel, who was of the Jewish faith, served in 3 troop, also known as 'X' troop, of the inter allied commando under the alias of Ernest Lawrence.  He was reported missing whilst attached to No 3 Commando after a solo intelligence gathering patrol at Amfreville. 
 
Sources:

MEYER, Kurt

LCpl Peter Moody 3tp10Commando
No 10 Commando
Hampshire Regiment
Killed in action or died of wounds

Kurt Meyer served under an alias of Peter Moody. He was of the Jewish Faith and a member of 3 troop, also known as 'X' troop, of the inter allied commando. He was killed during operations in Normandy whilst attached to 47RM Commando.

NATHAN, Ernst

No 10 Commando
Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment
Killed in action or died of wounds
Ernst Nathan, who was of the Jewish faith, served in 3 troop, also known as 'X' troop, of the inter allied commando under the alias of Ernest Norton.  He died during operations at Normandy.
 
Sources:
10 Commando, author Ian Dear
Jewish Virtual Library.
 

OPPELT, Gustav

No 10 Commando
Pioneer Corps, 93 Company
Killed in action or died of wounds
Gustav Oppelt was a refugee from Czechoslavakia (Sudeten German) and was killed during operations at Dieppe. For this raid he was attached to 'X' troop, of  No 10.

POLLASCHEK, Otto Israel

No 10 Commando
Royal Sussex Regiment
Otto Israel Pollascheck, born in Vienna and of Jewish Faith, served in 3 Troop No.10 (Inter Allied) Commando under the alias of A.C.Turner. He was attached to No.3 Commando during the advance through North West Europe. 
1 December 1939  exempted from internment.
Nationality: German.
Police Registration Certificate number 764138.

RICE, C.

Independent Companies and Special Service Battalions
Royal Sussex Regiment
Pte. C. Rice was reported a prisoner of war at Stalag 344 in 1943. His unit is shown on the Casualty Lists as Special Service Bn. The SS Bn's. were a short lived designation which had long ended. 
Notes

SACHS, Herbert

No 10 Commando
The Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment)
Killed in action or died of wounds
Herbert Sachs was of the Jewish Faith and served under an alias of Herbert Seymour in 3 troop, also known as 'X' troop, of the inter allied commando.
 

SAUNDERS, George Victor

George Saunders 10 Commando
No 10 Commando
Royal Sussex Regiment
Pioneer Corps
Private (later Sergeant) George Saunders was reported missing in France on 9 June 1944, later reported a prisoner of war in German hands [1][5].
  • Served in No.10 (Inter Allied) Commando 3 Troop ( aka 'X' Troop) [1][3][4][5].
  • Birthname Georg Victor Frederick Otto Wilhelm Felix SALOSCHIN [6][2].

SMITH, J.

No 10 Commando
The Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment)
Pte. J. Smith, 3 Troop aka 'X' Troop, was recorded in the War Diary as not returning from Operation Jubilee at Dieppe, France, on 19 August 1942. In 1943 he was recorded as being a prisoner of war at Stalag 344.
Notes

THEILINGER, Johann

Johann Theilinger 10 Commando Czech
Johann Theilinger
No 10 Commando
Pioneer Corps / The Buffs
Johann Theilinger was a Sudetan Czech from Mikulov.  He was baptised a Catholic and later in life could speak numerous languages. He fought in the International Brigades in Spain, the Czech army in exile, later joining No.10 Commando 3 troop aka 'X' troop.

VOGEL, Egon

Vogel alias Villiers 10 Commando
No 10 Commando
Royal Sussex Regiment
Killed in action or died of wounds
Sergeant Ernest Robert Villiers, birth name Egon Vogel, was of the Jewish Fait

WEICH, Salo

No 10 Commando
Pioneer Corps & Royal Sussex Regiment
Killed in action or died of wounds

Salo Weich, an Austrian of Jewish faith, served in 3 troop, also known as 'X' troop, of the inter allied commando under an alias of Robert Geoffrey Hamilton. He was killed during operations with 41RM Commando at Walcheren.

WEINBERGER, Ernest George

No 10 Commando
The Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment)
Killed in action or died of wounds
Ernest Weinberger was of the Jewish faith and served in 3 troop, also known as 'X' troop, of the inter allied commando under the alias of Ernest Webster. He was killed in a landing craft with Max Lewinsky [more...] during operations in Normandy on D Day.
 
Sources
CWGC.

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