WW2 Monthly History - June
There are too many operations and/or notable dates to mention each and every one but here are some. Touch/click photos for more information.
24th/25th June 1940 Operation Collar, a raid on the coast of France by men from the Independent Companies grouped together as No 11 Ind. Coy. and led by Major Ronnie Tod [more] and accompanied by Lt Col. Dudley Clarke acting as an observer.
Learn more about the Independent Companies [read on......].
8th June 1941 Operation Exporter.
The original objective assigned to No. 11 'Scottish' Commando, who at the time formed 'C' Bn. of Layforce, was to land on two beaches to the north of the River Litani and one to the south, then seize and hold the Qasmiye bridge over it until relieved by 21 Australian Infantry Brigade.
Of the 406 men that landed, 130 were killed or wounded in nearly 29 hours of fighting. The Fallen included their Commanding Officer, Lt Col Dick Pedder [read more].
We have a gallery of over 100 images relevant to No 11 Commando [view].
A book by Ian McHarg provides some comprehensive background information on the battle.
3rd June 1942 Operation Bristle, a raid on the French coast North of Plage St. Cecily by men from No 1 Commando. Read more in our Forum [go to Forum] .
6th June 1943 Exercise Brandyball. This was a No. 4 Commando mock seaborne raid on cliffs near Zennor, St Ives, Cornwall known as The Brandys. The exercise was a seaborne landing on an area with no beach, followed by a climb with full kit up vertical cliffs to seize a target.
On the rehearsal day of 6 June 1943 the weather was not good with rough seas, and one of the boats capsized with the loss of two Commandos. These events were filmed by an Army Film Unit present with Allied officers as observers. The film is now in the archive of the Imperial War Museum. The two Commandos who drowned were Lance Sergeant John Albert Chitty [view] and Lance Corporal Donald Samuel Hoodless [view].
Despite this tragedy the exercise took place successfully in much calmer seas on the following day.
20th June 1943 The Old Comrades Association of the Special Service Brigade was formed at the Commando Basic Training Centre, Achnacarry [view].
Membership number 1 was given to the Commandant, Lt Col Charles Vaughan [view.....]. Later it would be renamed the Old Comrades Association of the Army Commandos, before finally being shortened to the Commando Association.
The history of the Commando Association can be found in our archive [view.....].
6th June 1944 D Day. The allied landings at Normandy.
Thousands of British and Allied troops took part in these landings. The Commando Units involved were HQ Commando group, Nos. 1 and 4 Special Service Brigades (later resignated as Commando Brigades), and troops from No.10(IA) Commando. Much has been written in the past about the Normandy landings and we could not hope to cover it in this small piece.
Those Commandos who made that original journey and did not come home are remembered on our Roll of Honour [search our WW2 ROH].
Some of their graves can be seen in our War Graves albums for France [view.....].
Veterans and members have returned every year for anniversary events. There are many photos from those return visits in our gallery albums of Event images [go to gallery].
16/17th June 1944 RN Commandos took part in Operation Brassard [view], an operation to liberate the enemy held island of Elba. The attack was launched from the now liberated island of Corsica.
There were several causalties and these can be viewed in our archive [view the RN Commando ROH at Elba].
June 1944 Below are a few more of the Commando operations taking place around the world.
No 5 Commando and 44RM Commando were involved in Operation Silchar in Assam. Read more about 3 Cdo. Bde. Operations in our Archive [view].
Nos.40 & 43RM Commandos, with a reserve from No.2 Commando were involved with other allied units and Partisans in Operation Flounced at Brac island, Yugoslavia [view in archive].
No 9 Commando were taking part in Operation Pipsqueak on the East coast of Italy. We have a gallery of over 150 images relating to No 9 Commando [view in gallery].
June 1945 The following Commandos died this month.
|WHITNEY, Robert Desmond||45RM Cdo. Roll of Honour||Marine||28/06/1945||Aberpergwm (St.Cadoc) Churchyard & Private Extension, Glamorganshire|
|THURSBY, John Fortescue||1 Cdo. Roll of Honour||Second Lieutenant||18/06/1945||Taukkyan War Cemetery Myanmar|
|ALLISON, George Edwin||41RM Cdo. Roll of Honour||Sergeant||15/06/1945||Reichswald Forest War Cemetery|
|MOON, Leonard Walter||3 Cdo. Roll of Honour||Private||11/06/1945||Becklingen War Cemetery Germany|
|WOOLLAM, George Arthur||46RM Cdo. Roll of Honour||Lieutenant||07/06/1945||Fort William (Glen Nevis) Cemetery|
|LEES, James Sykes||41RM Cdo. Roll of Honour||Company Sergeant Major||06/06/1945||Reichswald Forest War Cemetery|
|BALL, Joseph||'4 Cdo. Roll of Honour'||Fusilier||03/06/1945||Bergen op Zoom War Cemetery, The Netherlands|
The Commando Roll of Honour [Search the ROH].
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