- Escaped from the Italian prison camp in which he was detained.
- Previously served in the Middle East Commando.
London Gazette 37536, page 1950.
POW Lists / National Archives files WO392/21.
Casualty List 1939-45 / National Archives file WO417/50 and WO417/68.
POW - Escapers & evaders - MI9 report, National Archives file WO208/5395.
POW - Interrogation report. National Archives file WO208/3345.
SBS in World War Two, author G.B. Courtney.
Love and War in the Apennines, author Eric Newby.