42RM Commando

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3 Commando Brigade, Burma Operations

Saturday, January 1, 1944

Location

Myanmar
21° 54' 50.274" N, 95° 57' 22.4028" E
The reports at the foot of this page relate to the operations of the Commando Units attached to 3 Commando Brigade that took place after the 1st January 1944.
 
Link of interest
There were a large number of casualties in the Burma Campaigns, both battle and illness.
Lieutenant Colonel R. Wigglesworth, M.B., B.S. Lond., Royal Army Medical Corps, wrote an excellent article titled

42RM Commando

Formed as No. 42 Royal Marine Commando, Royal Marines, on the 1st August 1943 from the disbanded 1st RM Battalion.  Those not selected for the Commandos were posted primarily to Landing Craft duties. On the 5th October 1943 the unit attended the CBTC for Commando training.
 

ADAMS, Frank, M.

Sergeant
42RM Commando
Royal Marines

Served in 'A' Troop. Post war member of the Commando Association from Sandy, Bedfordshire.

Sources
Commando Association newsletter 93.

Obituaries in Commando Association newsletter 115.

ANDERSON, Hamish Alexander

Captain
279103
42RM Commando
1/5 Commando
Royal Army Medical Corps
Doctor Hamish Alexander Anderson was commissioned Lieutenant 4 September 1943 [1]. Attached from the R.A.M.C. to 42RM Commando and also served in 1/5 Commando [2]. Promoted Captain R.A.M.C. 3 March 1949 with seniority from 4 Sept. 1944 [3].
 
Sources

BALLANTYNE, George

Lance Corporal
PO/X 114916
42RM Commando
Royal Marines
Killed in action or died of wounds

Lance Corporal George Ballantyne died during operations at Kangaw.

Sources
[1] CWGC.
[2] Registers of Reports of Deaths - Naval Ratings / National Archives file ADM 104/127.
[3] 3 Commando Brigade Jungle Book issue 9 [see Linked Content below].

BANGAY, Lionel Arthur

Marine
PO/X112046
42RM Commando
Royal Marines
Killed in action or died of wounds
Marine Lionel Bangay died during operations at Kangaw, Burma.
 
Sources
[1] CWGC.
[2] Registers of Reports of Deaths - Naval Ratings / National Archives file ADM 104/127.
 
Notes

BANKS, Michael Edward Borg

Known as: 
Mike
Mike Banks (Borg-Banks) Royal Marines
Major
3 Special Service (Commando) Brigade
42 Cdo. RM
Royal Marines
Member of the Order of the British Empire (MBE)
Lieutenant Michael Banks served on HMS Malaya in 1942 and HMS Valiant in 1943/44 before joining 3 Commando Brigade and 42RM Commando in Burma [1][2a].
Took part in the Battle for Hill 170 signing a captured Japanese flag afterwards [view....] [2a][2b].

BARKS, Wilfred John

Mne Wilfred Barks MM 42 Commando
Marine
PO/X 102116
42RM Commando
Royal Marines
Military Medal (MM)
Marine Wilfred Barks, 'X' troop, was awarded the Military Medal for his gallantry during operations at Kangaw, Burma [1].
Extract from the Derby Daily Telegraph
Thursday 30 August 1945

BARNES, W.J.

Private
42RM Commando

Post war member of the Commando Association last known residing Nottingham.

Sources
Commando Association Lost Legion List 3 (shows Army rank of Private).

BATEMAN, Walter

Marine
CH/X 100600
42RM Commando
Royal Marines
Killed in action or died of wounds

Marine Walter Bateman died during operations at Kangaw, Burma.

Sources
CWGC.
Registers of Reports of Deaths - Naval Ratings / National Archives file ADM 104/127.

BAVIN, Richard Julian Ebblewhite

Lieutenant Colonel
3 Cdo. Bde. RM
Royal Marines
Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE)
Died in service
Lieut. Colonel Richard Bavin OBE was killed whilst on board a US Marine Corps transport plane that crashed into Mount Tobin, Nevada during a snowstorm.  18 US servicemen also died in the crash.  He was serving as the UK Royal Marines representative at the Quantico Education and Development Centre.
 

BEAMAN, Thomas Edward

Marine
PO/X110697
42RM Commando
Royal Marines
Killed in action or died of wounds

Marine Thomas Beaman died of wounds during operations at Kangaw, Burma.

Sources
CWGC.
Registers of Reports of Deaths - Naval Ratings / National Archives file ADM 104/127.

BELLHOUSE, Kenneth Rawson

Marine
PLY/X104330
42RM Commando
Royal Marines

Served in 'A' Troop. Post war member of the Commando Association from New Earswick, York.

Sources
42 RM Commando - names from the Third Jungle Book 1945.
Obituaries in Commando Association newsletter 103 (1996).
List of RM Commandos provided by RY (CA Sec and CBF).
 

BENNETT, Phil (42RM Cdo) writes home after Hill 170

Type: Letters
Author: Philip Bennett 42RM Commando
Year of Publishing: 2019
Keywords: kangaw, hill 170,42 commando, 3 commando brigade, royal marines, burma

This is a transcript of a letter sent by LCpl. Philip Bennett 42RM Commando to his wife recounting recent actions at the battle of Hill 170 at Kangaw. Courtesy of his son Chris Bennett who also provided the photo which has been added to the letter.

NB. If viewer does not load within 5 seconds refresh/reload this page, or click download above..

BENNETT, Philip

Philip Bennett 42 Commando
Marine (Acting Lance Corporal)
PO/X 108239
42RM Commando
Royal Marines
Philip Bennett served in 'X' troop of 42 RM Commando and particpated in operations in the Far East including the battle for Hill 170.
 
Source
Documents and images from his son Chris Bennett.
 

BENT, James

Corporal
EX/1184
42RM Commando
Royal Marines
Killed in action or died of wounds

Corporal James Bent died during operations at Kangaw, Burma.

Sources
CWGC.
Registers of Reports of Deaths - Naval Ratings / National Archives file ADM 104/127.
Registers of Births Jan, Feb, March 1919 / General Register Office UK.
 

BOURKE, Edward

Colour Sergeant (later Regimental Sergeant Major)
PO/X 31
42RM Commando
Royal Marines
British Empire Medal (BEM)
Colour Sergeant (Acting Sgt. Maj.) Edward Bourke was awarded the British Empire Medal for distinguished service during the war in the Far East.
 
Sources
London Gazette Supp. 37603, page 2882 dated 11 June 1946.
Commando Association newsletter 17 issued September 1953.
 

BRASSEY, J.M.

Lieutenant
42RM Commando
Royal Marines

Post war member of the Commando Association last known residing South Africa.

Sources
Commando Association Lost Legions Lists 2 and 6.
 

BROWN, John Herbert

Marine
EX/3617
42RM Commando
Royal Marines
Died on war service
Marine John Brown died from natural causes at The Queen Victoria Memorial Hospital, Herne Bay, Kent.
 
Sources
CWGC.
Registers of Reports of Deaths - Naval Ratings / National Archives file ADM 104/128.
 

BURCHAM, E.H.

Company Sergeant Major
CH/X.23306
42RM Commando
Royal Marines

Also served 3 Commando Brigade HQ. Post war member of the Commando Association last known residing London NW1.
 
Sources
Commando Association Lost Legions List 2.
List of RM Commandos provided by RY (former CA Sec and CBF).

CARLYLE, Edmond

Marine
PO/X112075
42RM Commando
Royal Marines
Killed in action or died of wounds

Marine Edmond Carlyle died during operations at Kangaw, Burma.

Sources
[1] CWGC.
[2] Registers Of Reports Of Deaths - Naval Ratings / National Archives file ADM104/128.
[3] Registers of Births in England - Easington District, April, May and June 1923.

CARTER, N.

Corporal
47RM Commando
Royal Marines

Post war member of the Commando Association last known residing Merthyr Tydfil

Sources
Commando Association Lost Legion List 3.

CHAPPELL, Aubrey Bertram

Marine
EX/4371
42RM Commando
Royal Marines
Military Medal (MM)
Marine Aubrey Chappell was awarded the Military Medal for daring, initiative and resource in November 1944 whilst operating on the Japanese occupied Elizabeth Island in the Bay of Bengal [1][2].

CLARKE, D.

Lance Corporal
42RM Commando

Post war member of the Commando Association last known residing Heaton Mersey, Stockport.

Sources
Commando Association Lost Legions List 3.

COLE, F.A.

Sergeant
42RM Commando
Royal Marines

Post war member of the Commando Association last known residing Derby.
 
Sources
Commando Association Lost Legion List 3.

COX, Robert

Corporal Robert Cox 42RM Commando
Corporal
CH/X.1885
42RM Commando
Royal Marines

Corporal Robert Cox was awarded a Certificate of Gallantry during the period after 9 November 1944 when 42 Commando came under the command of 25 Indian Divison and took over a section of the line South of Maungdaw.

Sources
Report by Major D.B. Drysdale, BM, 3 Cdo Bde.[see below].
[Image] Glenda Stephenson (niece).

CRACKNELL, Frederick George

Marine
EX. 4376
42RM Commando
Royal Marines
Killed in action or died of wounds

Marine Frederick Cracknell died during operations at Kangaw.

Sources
CWGC.
Registers of Reports of Deaths - Naval Ratings / National Archives file ADM104/129.
Registers of Births _Hartismere, Suffolk July/Aug/Sept. 1919.
 

CRILLEY, John Henry

Lance Corporal
EX. 3297
42RM Commando
Royal Marines
Killed in action or died of wounds

Lance Corporal John Crilley died during operations at Kangaw, Burma.

Sources
CWGC.
Registers of Reports of Deaths - Naval Ratings / National Archives file ADM104/129.
 

CUTTING, Vincent

Colour Sergeant Vincent Cutting
Colour Sergeant
RM 12320
41RM Commando
42RM Commando
45RM Commando
Royal Marines

Colour Sergeant Vincent Cutting RM was from Little Hulton, Greater Manchester. He also served in 41 and 45RM Commando [1].

His son Gunner Robert Steven Cutting, 29 Commando Regiment RA, was killed on active service in Northern Ireland [View ROH entry] [2].

DELL, William Joseph

Corporal
EX. 3192
42RM Commando
Royal Marines
Killed in action or died of wounds

Corporal William Dell died during operations at Kangaw, Burma.

Sources
CWGC.
Registers of Reports of Deaths - Naval Ratings / National Archives file ADM 104/129.

DOWSE, William James

Acting Regimental Quartermaster Sergeant
EX/ 4379
42RM Commando
Royal Marines
Mentioned in Despatches

Regimental Quartermaster Sergeant William Dowse received a Mention in Despatches for gallant and distinguished service whilst attached to the Allied Land Forces South East Asia, announced in Gazettes 23 October 1945.

EVERETT, Walter George John

Temporary Sergeant
CH.X.1817
42RM Commando
Royal Marines
Mentioned in Despatches

Sergeant Walter Everett received a Mention in Despatches for gallant and distinguished service whilst attached to the Allied Land Forces South East Asia, announced in Gazettes 23 October 1945.

Sources
London Gazette 37318, page 5181.
Awards in 3 Cdo. Bde. Jungle Book issue 9.

FENTON, Ernest

Temporary Corporal
EX/1300
42RM Commando
Royal Marines
Military Medal (MM)
Corporal Ernest Fenton was awarded the Military Medal for bravery and undaunted devotion to duty during operations in Burma.
Recommendation

FOWKE, Roger Mansergh

Marine
CH/X 117104
42RM Commando
Royal Marines
Died in service

Marine Roger Fowke died at the 28th Imperial General Hospital, Hong Kong, of head injuries sutained as the result of a car accident.

Sources
CWGC.
Registers Of Reports Of Deaths - Naval Ratings / National Archives file ADM104/130.

GOWER, Herbert George

Known as: 
Phil
Marine
CH/X 110242
42RM Commando
Royal Marines
Died in service

Marine Herbert Gower died at Lymington Hospital, Hampshire, of self inflicted gunshot wounds three weeks after the formation of the Commando.

Sources
CWGC.
Registers of Reports of Deaths - Naval Ratings / National Archives file ADM 104/131.
 

GRAY, George Sharp

Lance Corporal
EX/ 1258
42RM Commando
Royal Marines
Mentioned in Despatches

Lance Corporal George Gray received a Mention in Despatches for gallant and distinguished service whilst attached to the Allied Land Forces South East Asia, announced in Gazettes 23 October 1945.

Sources
London Gazette 37318, page 5181.
Awards in 3 Cdo. Bde. Jungle Book issue 9.

Burma Star Association Membership List.

GROVES, John

Known as: 
Jack
Marine John Groves 42 Commando
Marine
EX3635
42RM Commando
Royal Marines
Killed in action or died of wounds
Marine John Groves died during operations at Kangaw, Burma.
 
Sources
CWGC.
Registers of Reports of Deaths - Naval Ratings / National Archives file ADM 104/131.

HARRIS, J.A.

Captain
42RM Commando
Royal Marines

Post war member of the Commando Association last known residing Chatham, Kent.

Sources
Commando Association Lost Legions List 6.

HAYNES, John

Marine
PO/X106735
42RM Commando
Royal Marines

Post war member of the Commando Association from Eastbourne, Sussex.

Sources
[1] 42 RM Commando - names from the Third Jungle Book 1945.
[2] Obituaries in Commando Association newsletter 103 (1996).
[3] List of RM Commandos provided by RY (CA Sec and CBF).

Notes
Source [1] shows a Mne. 'Ginger' Haynes serving in the HQ Troop.

HOGAN, J.J.

Marine
-
42RM Commando
Royal Marines

Post war member of the Commando Association last known residing Liverpool.

Sources
Obituaries in Commando Association newsletter 119.
 

JACQUES, Henry

Sergeant
42RM Commando
Royal Marines
Killed in action or died of wounds
Sergeant Henry Jacques died of wounds inflicted on the 31st January during operations at Kangaw, Burma.
 
Sources
CWGC.
Registers of Reports of Deaths - Naval Ratings / National Archives file ADM104/132.
Issue 9 of the Third Jungle Book.
 

JARVIS, Cyril, N.

Private (later Company Sergeant Major)
42RM Commando
Royal Army Medical Corps

Post war member of the Commando Association last known residing Cheltenham.
 
Sources
Obituaries in Commando Association newsletter 118 (2004).

JOHNSON, T.

Corporal
42RM Commando
Royal Marines
Post war member of the Commando association from Sinfin, Derbyshire.
 
Source
Obituaries in Commando Association newsletter 104 issued March 1997.
 

JONES, Jack Garner

Lieutenant
42RM Commando
Royal Marines
Mentioned in Despatches
Killed in action or died of wounds
Lieutenant Jack Jones died during operations at Kangaw. He received a posthumous Mention in Despatches for gallant and distinguished service.
 
Sources
CWGC
London Gazette 37318, page 5181 and 37338, page 5402 [errata]
 

KING, Herbert Richard

Marine
EX/4389
42RM Commando
Royal Marines
Killed in action or died of wounds

Marine Herbert King died during operations at Hill 170, Kangaw, Burma.

Sources
CWGC.
Registers of Reports of Deaths - Naval Ratings / National Archives file ADM 104/133.

LANGLEY, Eric

Temporary Lieutenant, Acting Temporary Captain
42RM Commando
Royal Marines
Military Cross (MC)
Captain Eric Langley was awarded the Military Cross in recognition of his gallant and distinguished service at Myebon [1].
Recommendation

LEATHES, Reginald Carteret de Mussenden

Major General
42RM Commando
45 Cdo. RM
Royal Marines
Companion of the Order of the Bath (CB)
Member of the Royal Victorian Order (MVO)
Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE)
  • 31 August 1943 Lieutenant Colonel Leathes was the first Commanding Officer of 42RM Commando until relinquishing command at Cocanada May 1944 [1].
  • September 1950 to December 1951 Commanding Officer 45 Commando RM during operations in Perak, Malaya [2].

LUCAS, William Frederick

Sergeant Major
EX/ 3508
42RM Commando
Royal Marines
Military Medal (MM)

Sergeant Major William Lucas was awarded the MM for distinguished services during the war in the Far East.

Sources
London Gazettes Supp. 37636, page 3390.
National Archives file WO 373/47/111.
 

MACKENZIE, John William

Lieutenant
42RM Commando
Royal Marines
Lieutenant John Mackenzie served in the Commando from its formation August 1943.
Post war he resided in South Africa.
 
Sources
Navy Lists (see Linked Content) below.
Burma Star Association Memberhsip List.
 

MELLOR, Peter Joseph

Marine
PO/X 112061
42RM Commando
Royal Marines
Military Medal (MM)
Marine Peter Mellor was awarded the Military Medal for distinguished service during the war in the Far East [1][2]. Post war resided in Portsmouth [3].
Recommendation
"Mne. Mellor, throughout the period of the Unit's fighting in Burma, has shown himself a brave, reliable and resourceful, fighter.

NASH, H.J.

Marine
PLY/X 112847
42RM Commando
Royal Marines
1954 working as resident engineer at the Power Station, Nyeri, Kenya. Member of the Commando Association last known residing Sevenoaks, Kent.
 
Sources

Commando Association newsletter 18 (1954).
Commando Association Lost Legions List 10.
List of RM Commandos provided by RY (former CA sec and CBF).

NICHOLL, D.

Marine
CH/X 106824
42RM Commando
Royal Marines

Post war member of the Commando Association from Dundee.
 
Sources
[1] Commando Association Lost Legions List 9.
[2] List of RM Commandos provided by RY (former CA sec and CBF).

Notes
Source [2] spells surname as NICOLL.

OGILVIE, N.

Marine
PLY/X.2753
46RM Commando
42RM Commando
Royal Marines

Post war member of the Commando Association from Burnley.
 
Sources
Commando Association Lost legions List 9.
List of RM Commandos provided by RY (former CA sec and CBF).

PENNIE, Aubrie

Known as: 
Mick
Marine
PLY/X 2482
43RM Commando
Royal Marines

Also served 42RM Commando and at the CMWTC. Post war member of the Commando Association from Praze, Cornwall.

Sources
Commando Association list of RM Commandos
Commando Association newsletters 93 and 120.

PHILPOTT, Ronald Henry

Marine
CH/X106487
42RM Commando
Royal Marines
Killed in action or died of wounds

Marine Ronald Philpott died during operations at Kangaw, Burma.

Sources
CWGC.
Registers of Reports of Deaths - Naval Ratings / National Archives file ADM 104/135.

POVEY, H.

Marine
PO/X114756
45RM Commando
Royal Marines

Also served 42RM Commando. Post war member of the Commando Association from Hattersley.

Sources
Commando Association newsletter 93.
Commando Association list of RM Commandos.

RAWLINSON, James

Corporal
PLY/X 106012
42RM Commando
Royal Marines
Killed in action or died of wounds

Corporal James Rawlinson died during operations at Kangaw, Burma.

Sources
CWGC.
Registers of Reports of Deaths - Naval Ratings / National Archives file ADM 104/136.
 

RICHARDSON, James

Marine
PLY/X114093
42RM Commando
Royal Marines

Post war member of the Commando Association from Fleetwood, Lancashire..

Sources
Commando Association list of RM Commando members.
Obituaries in Commando Association newsletter 115.

ROSSER, Albert

Marine
PO/X 100791
42RM Commando
Royal Marines
Died on active service
Marine Albert Rosser died at Maungdaw, Burma.
 
Sources
CWGC.
Registers of Reports of Deaths - Naval Ratings / National Archives file ADM 104/136.
See Linked Content below.
 

SCOTT, R.

Lance Corporal
42RM Commando
Royal Army Medical Corps

Post war member of the Commando Association from Dundee.
 
Sources
Commando Association Lost Legions List 10.

SCOTT, Thomas Veitch

Marine
PLY/X 100758
42RM Commando
Royal Marines
Killed in action or died of wounds
Marine Thomas Scott died during operations at Myebon, Burma.
 
The 42 RM Commando War Diary and the CWGC both record only one commando from 42 as dying on this day. The entry in the War Diary reads as follows:
“Date 12 Jan 1945.
Place - Akyab Island Myebon

SHERMAN, George

Marine
EX/3566
42RM Commando
Royal Marines
Killed in action or died of wounds

Marine George Sherman died during operations in Burma.

Sources
[1] CWGC.
[2] Registers of Reports of Deaths - Naval Ratings / National Archives file ADM 104/136.
[3] See Linked Content below.

SHUTTLEWORTH, Charles Denis

Charles Denis Shuttleworth 42RM Commando
Marine
PO/X122001
42RM Commando
Royal Marines
Killed in action or died of wounds

Marine Charles Shuttleworth died during operations at Kangaw, Burma.

Sources
CWGC.
Registers of Reports of Deaths - Naval Ratings / National Archives file ADM 104/137.
[Image] Ian Shuttleworth (nephew).
 

SINGLETON, R.

Marine
PLY/X 114704
42RM Commando
Royal Marines
Post war emigrated to Canada. Member of the Commando Association last known residing Ontario.
 
Sources

Commando Association newsletter 27 (1958).
Commando Association Lost Legions List 10.
List of RM Commandos provided by RY (former CA sec and CBF).

SMITH, Albert

Corporal
EX/3182
42RM Commando
Royal Marines

Corporal Albert Smith was awarded a Certificate of Gallantry during the period after 9 November 1944 when 42 Commando came under the command of 25 Indian Divison and took over a section of the line South of Maungdaw.

Sources
Report by Major D.B. Drysdale, BM, 3 Cdo Bde.[see below].

SMITH, Sydney Davidson

Captain
45 Cdo. RM
42RM Commando
Royal Marines
Mentioned in Despatches
Acting Temporary Captain Sydney Davidson Smith, 42RM Commando, received a Mention in Despatches for gallant and distinguished service whilst attached to the Allied Land Forces South East Asia, announced in Gazettes 23 October 1945 [1][1a]. 

SNOW, Henry Thomas

Lance Corporal
7403421
42RM Commando
Royal Army Medical Corps
Military Medal (MM)
Lance Corporal Henry Snow, RAMC attached to 42RM Commando, was awarded the MM  in recognition of gallant and distinguished services in Burma.
 
Sources
London Gazettes Supp. 37040, page 20180.

SNOW, Henry Thomas

Lance Corporal
7403421
42RM Commando
Royal Army Medical Corps
Military Medal (MM)
Lance Corporal Henry Thomas Snow [see notes], R.A.M.C., attached to 42 RM Commando, was awarded the Military Medal [2] in recognition of gallant and distinguished service at Myebon, Burma [1].
Recommendation

TYRIE, Ernest Campbell

Corporal
CH/X 117123
42RM Commando
Royal Marines
Died in service

Corporal Ernest Tyrie died of smallpox at the 28th Imperial General Hospital in Hong Kong. 

Sources
CWGC.
Registers Of Reports Of Deaths - Naval Ratings / National Archives file ADM104/138.

WATSON, Maurice

Marine
PO/X 124306(T)
42RM Commando
Royal Marines
Died in service
Marine Maurice Watson died of injuries sustained in a road accident in Hong Kong.
 
Sources
CWGC.
Registers Of Reports Of Deaths - Naval Ratings / National Archives file ADM104/138.
 

WELSH, Albert James

Temporary Troop Sergeant Major
EX/1217
42RM Commando
Royal Marines
Distinguished Conduct Medal (DCM)
Troop Sergeant Major Albert Welsh, 'X' troop, was awarded the Distinguished Conduct Medal for bravery and undaunted devotion to duty during operations in Burma. 
Recommendation
Arakan 1945.

WHITEHEAD, John

Corporal
EX1219
42RM Commando
Royal Marines
Killed in action or died of wounds

Corporal John Whitehead died during operations at Hill 170 in Burma.

Sources
CWGC.
Registers of Reports of Deaths - Naval Ratings / National Archives file ADM 104/138.

YEOMANS, Geoffrey Richard

Lieutenant
42RM Commando
Royal Marines
Died on war service
Lieutenant Geoffrey Yeomans died from multiple injuries received in a road accident.
 
Sources
CWGC.
British India Office Ecclesiastical Returns - Deaths & Burials / The British Library Archive Reference N-3-174.

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