9 Commando

History of the Unit

Many original members of No.9 originated from No’s 6 & 7 independent companies coming together under the command of No.2 Special Service Battalion in the autumn of 1940.

C.O. was Lt Col John Maclean (Jack) Saegert, RE.

After the Commando reorganisation the unit was redesignated No.9 Commando and H.Q. was at Criccieth in North Wales.

The first operational raid by the Commando was on the nights of 22nd/23rd November 1941 Operation Sunstar on the French coast at Houlgate. A successful landing and evacuation was affected without loss.

After this raid Lt Col R Tod assumed command of the unit. 

In March 1942 a small contingent of Commandos from No.9 took part in the famous St.Nazaire raid in support of No 2 Commando.

No.9 Commando were then called on to reinforce the garrison in Gibraltar during the lead up to the Torch landings in North Africa .The unit remained in Gibraltar until March 1943 after which it returned to the UK for refitting. After being posted to the Mediterranean and arriving there in November 1943 No 9 were in action again on the islands of Tremiti and Pianosa.

Operation Partridge was next in December 1943 in the river Garigliano area. The Commando suffered heavy losses during the bitter fighting in the early months of 1944 at Monte Ornito and Anzio , before leaving the area mid March ’44 for Naples, and then onto Molfetta.  The next few months were spent rebuilding the Commando from replacements sent from the UK already Commando trained, and when there no more available, from volunteers from Regiments operating in North Africa and the Central Mediterranean . These then had to undergo their training from the Commando training group that had been formed in Italy.

Later operations by No 9 included 'Operation Darlington 11’ in May 1944, and Operation ‘Gradient’ in August 1944. This latter operation featured men on bicycles attacking a garrison. The garrison did not exist so a local telephone exchange was ransacked instead.

In the latter stages of the war No 9 operated in Greece and finally saw its last involvement at Commachio and Argenta in April 1945. The following year the Commando along with other Army Commando units was disbanded.


View:  Photos and history of the Marble Memorial at Mt. Ornito

View: Gallery images of No 9 Commando

Click/touch No 9 Commando below for additional content, or follow the links below it to specific content entries.

9 Cdo. Roll of Honour

                                                    The Fallen from No. 9 Commando
Pte. J. ANDERSON
Pte. D.S. BALFOUR
Pte. J. BANKS
Pte. J. BANNON
Pte. J.G. BLACKIE
Pte. C.G. BROWN
Pte. J. BROWN
Pte. R.F. DICKIE
Pte. W.G. EDMONDS
Pte. H. FARMER
Pte. J. GELLATLY
Pte. J.F. GRIEVE
Pte. E.A. HUNT
Pte. R. JOHNSTONE
Pte. J.L. KEIL
Below is an A-Z view of the Roll of Honour with information about each of the Fallen. Displaying 1 - 101 of 101

BASSETT-WILSON, Paul Francis

Captain Paul Bassett-Wilson MC died during operations with 9 Commando at Lake Comacchio, Italy.
 
A former pupil of Stowe School and student at Trinity College, he had earlier served as a Lieutenant in No 12 Commando and took part in the raid at St Nazaire. He was one of the commando contingent on board ML 443 and was evacuated back to the UK.
 
He was awarded the Military Cross in 1944 for "gallant and distinguished services in Italy."
 
Sources
CWGC

BEARDMORE, Thomas

RSM Tom Beardmore No 9 Commando
RSM Tom Beardmore No 9 Commando
Regimental Sergeant Major Tom Beardsmore died during operations at Mount Ornito and Monte Faito, Italy.
 
Before the war commenced, whilst a Lance Corporal with the 2nd Bn., North Staffs.,  he was amongst a group of service personnel whose names were brought to notice by the General Officer Commanding the British Forces in Palestine and Trans-Jordan, in recognition of distinguished services rendered in connection with the operations in Palestine during the period, 12th September, 1937 to 31st March, 1938.
 

COUPE, Leonard

Lance Sergeant Leonard Coupe died during an operation against German forces in the wadis near the Anzio beachhead. He received a posthumous MiD in recognition of "gallant and distinguished services in Italy." 
 
Sources
CWGC
London Gazettes Supp. 36886, page 318.
 

GRIEVE, John Fletcher

Private John Grieve was accidently killed by a mine on Portland Range whilst training. A Court of Inquiry was held on the 20th May and reconvened on the 29th May 1943. Pte Grieve had apparently previously served in No 6 Commando.
 
Sources
CWGC

KINGSBURY, Harold Sidney

Sergeant Harold Kingsbury MM died during an operation against German forces in the wadis near the Anzio beachhead.
 
He had been awarded the MM in 1939 whilst a Lance Corporal in the 1st Bn., Border Regiment for "gallant and distinguished services in Palestine." 
 
Sources
CWGC
London Gazettes Supp. 34607, page 1765.
 

KITHER, Harry Thomas

Lt Kither 9 Commando
Captain Harry Kither MC died during operations at Lake Comacchio and the Argenta Gap. He had been awarded the MC "in recognition of gallant and distinguished services in Italy."
 
Sources
CWGC
London Gazettes Supp. 37162, page 3494.
 

MACINNES, Neil

Neil Macinnes was the Regimental Sergeant Major of No 9 Commando at the time of his death. The No 9 Commando War Diary for January 10th 1942 records the following "2974803, R.S.M. McINNES N, died of self inflicted gunshot wound."

THOMSON, Donald

Private Donald Thomson died from a gunshot wound. Court of Enquiry returned a verdict of accidental death.
(Source: No 9 Cdo War Diary 23rd March 1941 unit location Criccieth. National Archives ref WO/218/27.)
 

URQUHART, Robert Rose

Pte Robert Urquhart 9 Commando

Private Robert Urquhart, 5 troop, was killed during operations at Lake Comacchio, Italy.

He had previously been wounded during 9 Commandos operations at Anzio (Operation X as above) .  After initial hospital treatment in Italy he was evacuated to the UK to convalesce. He returned to 5 troop in Italy on the 20th March 1945, one year to the day after his wounding. He was killed in action 13 days later at Lake Comacchio.

WILSON, Reginald

Private Reginald Wilson died during operations in Italy. The exact circumstances of his death are not known to this archive, however he is recorded as being killed in action on the Westminster Abbey Commando ROH database.

9 Commando Nominal Roll

In 1946 the Army Council decided that the Army Commandos were to be disbanded and no provision was allowed or made for any depository or office which would have at least contained a complete Roster of Names of the men who served in the various units. 

For historical & research purposes, we have tried to compile the names of all No.9 Commando volunteers which were obtained from the Commonwealth War Graves Commission Lists of Casualties, the No 9 Commando War Diary, papers from the National Archives and further research by members of the CVA and various other resources. In preparing this list, we acknowledge that it is very likely there are omissions, Therefore, this is not a definitive list by any means, nor is it meant to be an official list, but it is the best we can do in an attempt to record all ranks by name who were part of No 9 Commando.  Research continues. 

The No 9 Commando Nominal Roll is listed below in surname order

No 9 Commando Nominal A - C

© Commando Veterans Archive 2016. All Rights Reserved. A lot of hard work has gone into producing this nominal roll in memory of all who served. There is no other comprehensive nominal roll of Army Commandos in existence. Reproduction is only permitted if accompanied by the copyright marker and a clear acknowledgement to the Commando Veterans Archive.
 
(click on highlighted surnames for more information)
 
SURNAME
FORENAME
RANK
S/N
AWARD
REGT/ADDITIONAL
Adcock
G
Pte
1444290
 
Gordon Hldrs
Agnew
H
Pte
7013491
 
A & SH
Albone
Victor Arthur
C/Sgt
974087
 
R Artillery
Aldred
Albert
Lbdr
3529596
 
R Artillery
Allan
Jack
Lcpl
2880907
 
London Scottish
Allan
Jock
Bdr
 
 
R Artillery
Allaway
M
Pte
2047258
 
Sussex Regt
Allen
J
Pte
3313201
 
Highland Li
Allen
M R H
Capt
76441
MC
Black Watch
Allen
S
Gnr
 
 
 
Allwright
Ian Donald Bruce
Cpl(Major)
 
 
 
John
Pte
3716829
 
KORR
Andrews
F
Pte
4124984
 
S Staffs Regt
Armitage
J W
Sgt
 
 
 
Arthur
Hugh
 
 
 
 
Ashworth
G
Pte
 
 
 
Aspden
J
Lbdr
315995
 
R Artillery
Bacon
Raymond William
Gnr
1792188
 
R Artillery
Baker
Edward
Dvr
T/10665750
 
Rasc
David Stewart
Pte
2936087
 
A & Sh
Balfour
William Campbell
Cpl
28844648
 
Gordon Hldrs
David Gavin
Capt
99724
 
Highland Li
Francis William
Cpl
 
 
 
Bamford
 
Sgt
 
 
 
F
Cpl
5678008
 
Royal West Kent
John
Pte
2884786
 
London Scottish
Banks
Thomas H
Sgt
3317455
 
Highland Li
James
Pte
2758223
 
Black Watch
Barnett
W
Dvr
4696289
 
Rasc
Bartlett
R
Pte
6107435
 
Middlesex Regt
Barton
Harold
Sgt
3533801
MM
Manchester Regt
Paul Francis
Capt
165718
MC
Innisks
Bates
P G T
Lt
 
 
Rac
Bates
W S
Capt
53496
MiD
R Signals
Batten
J
Pte
 
 
 
Baxter
 
Cpl
 
 
 
Beadell
W
Gnr
1517632
 
R Artillery
Beard
A
Spr
2194019
 
R Engineers
Thomas
RSM
5048331
MiD
N Staffs Regt
Beaton
W
Pte
2822502
 
Seaforth Hldrs
Beech
Reginald (Reggie) W
Pte
4039374
 
KSLI
Belasco
Dave
Pte
 
 
 
Bell
Thomas
Gnr
 
 
 
Bennell
W H
Pte
 
 
 
Bennett
W H C
Pte
 
 
 
Bigwood
G
Dvr
T/108066
 
RASC
Walter
L/Sgt
327597
 
R Artillery
Birkbeck
John Edward Hilbert Blake
Capt
P/266374
 
RACD
George Davidson
Lt
94549
MiD
R Engineers
Bissett
George Dickie
Pte
2883077
 
Gordon Hldrs
Black
A John
Sgt
 
 
 
John
Rfn
6920686
 
KRRC
James Gordon
Pte
2880769
 
London Scottish
Blagdon
George Graham
Gnr
 
 
R Artillery
Blake
W
Pte
 
 
 
Blyth
C
Gnr
6837862
 
R Artillery
Blyth
D A
Gnr
 
 
R Artillery
Bolton
Peter H
Major
295510
MBE
Seaforth Hldrs
Bostock
Thomas
L/Cpl
 
MM
 
Botting
John A
Pte
14409152
 
KOYLI
Bowley
Henry
Cfn
 
 
REME
Bradley
John F
Fus
 
 
 
Braithwaite Denys LCpl     From Wakefield.  Wife Irene.
Braithwaite
H
Cpl
4613732
 
DWR
Braithwaite
Harold
Major
 
 
 
Brand
George
Sgt
3061224
 
Royal Scots
Branton
Kenneth P
Lcpl
5257481
 
Worc Regt
Brawn
Douglas A
Pte
 
 
 
Brennan
F
Pte
3386504
 
East Lancs Regt
Bridle
J
Dvr
S/108262
 
RASC
Brierley
H
Sgt
3530324
 
Loyal Regt
Brindle
J
Dvr
 
 
 
Brine-Petty
F H
Capt
 
 
 
Britton
S H
L/Cpl
14200752
 
S Wales Borderers
Brown
A
Pte
1560796
 
Essex Regt
Charles Gilbert
Pte
 
 
 
Brown
D
Pte
3190489
 
KOSB
J
Pte
4350290
 
East Yorks Regt
Brown
J G S
Cpl
 
 
 
Reid
L/Cpl
7044540
 
R Irish Fusiliers
Brown
W
L/Cpl
2934354
 
Cameron Hldrs
Bryan
Gerald Jackson
Lt
 
MC
 
Bryan
Henry Joseph (PORKY)
Sgt
3392351
 
East Lancs Regt
Buchanan
George
Sgt
 
 
 
Buchanan-Allen
Donald Roy
Capt
155094
 
RASC
Burgess
E
Fus
3526047
 
Lancs Fusiliers
Lesley
L/Cpl
 
 
 
Burke
J
Gnr
3654080
 
R Artillery
Burns
M
Spr
 
 
 
Burns
V
Gnr
911923
 
R Artillery
William Charles
L/Bdr
 
 
 
Bush
George Lawrence
Sgt
 
 
 
Bush
P J
Lt
321587
 
Somerset Li
Butler
Howard Herbert Cosen
Cpl
 
 
 
Butler
John
Cpl
14531039
 
RAMC
Butterworth
F
Fus
1493956
 
Lancs Fusiliers
Calderwood
Daniel
Cpl
 
 
 
Caldwell
D
Cpl
2823168
 
Seaforth Hldrs
Callif
Lesley Stewart
Major
138421
MC*
Royal West Kent
Cameron
Alasdair
Pte
 
 
 
Cameron
Donald
 
 
 
 
Cameron
J
Pte
2753952
 
Black Watch
Cameron
Ralph Averne Cyril
Capt
99223
MC
Cameron Hldrs
Campbell
George
Lsgt
14359667
 
Buffs/Coldstream Gds
Campbell
James Joseph
Gnr
 
 
R Artillery
Kenneth Norman
Capt
 
 
 
Campbell
T H
Spr
 
 
 
Campbell-Mclean
W
Pte
 
 
 
Campion
T H (WHAY)
Lsgt
4978529
 
Sherwood Foresters
Cannon
G
Pte
1807062
 
Buffs
Capewell
P
Pte
1503203
 
Sherwood Foresters
Carey
D S
Bdr
 
 
 
Carlyle
D
Pte
2752333
 
Black Watch
Carrie
William Wilson
Capt
98149
 
Seaforth Hldrs
Carten
J
Pte
 
 
 
Carter
A H
Lt
 
 
R Signals
Cartwright
R
L/Cpl
 
 
 
Cassidy
J H
Rqms
1555904
 
R Artillery
Cater
Tony
Capt
 
 
 
Caudrey
Douglas
Pte
1795604
 
London Scottish
Chadwick
M R
L/Cpl
 
 
 
Alexander
Rfn
3250016
 
Cameronian
Chambers
H
Pte
 
 
 
Wilfred Douglas
Bdr
2049911
 
R Artillery
Chapman
R T
Lt
262290
 
Cheshire Regt
Chesney
W
Rfn
 
 
 
Chisholm
Ian Mitchell
Fus
 
 
 
Chivers
Harold (HARRY)
Fus
 
 
 
Chorlton
Dudley Kenneth
Pte
14724270
 
Durham L I
Clancy
J
Cpl
3055034
 
Royal Scots
Clark
D
Pte
14604362
 
A & Sh
Francis William
Major
50979
 
A & Sh
Clarke
E
Gnr
6460520
 
R Artillery
Clarke
J
Gnr
 
 
 
Clay
Geoff
Cpl
5348758
 
R Berkshire Regt
Clemens
H
Pte
11051319
 
Royal Fusiliers
Clifton
J
Gnr
 
 
 
Climpson
Ernest
Pte
7365682
 
RAMC
Cloke
S M
Lt
273981
 
R Hampshire Regt
Cochrane
Andrew Rae
Capt
88299
MiD
Cameronian
Cochrane
W H
Gnr
 
 
 
Coles
W
Cpl
3910782
 
S Wales Borderers
William James
Cpl
 
 
 
Collins
A
Gnr
 
 
 
Colville
J
Pte
 
 
 
Connelly
P
Pte
2992429
 
A & SH
Conway
Leonard
L/Sgt
6848656
 
Krrc
Cosgrove
Stephen M
Cpl
 
 
 
L
L/Sgt
894763
 
R Artillery
Cowell
J
Pte
 
 
 
Cowie
D
 
 
 
 
Cowie
E L
Pte
 
 
 
Coyne
J
Pte
2756595
 
Black Watch
Albert John
Csm
2873976
 
Gordon Hldrs
Cramer
John
L/Cpl
 
MM
 
Cran
H
Pte
3064877
 
Royal Scots
Craven
M C
Lt
 
 
U D F
Crawford
B M
Pte
3062044
 
Royal Scots
Robert Ahan
L/Cpl
 
 
 
Crofts
 
Gnr
1469999
 
R Artillery
Crook
A
Pte
 
 
 
Crowley
William
Fus
 
 
 
Cruickshank
Albert
Lsgt
 
 
 
Cullen
Robert
 
 
 
 
Cunningham
J W
Capt
 
 
 
Curran
R R
Bdr
 
 
 

No 9 Commando Nominal D - H

© Commando Veterans Archive 2016. All Rights Reserved. A lot of hard work has gone into producing this nominal roll in memory of all who served. There is no other comprehensive nominal roll of Army Commandos in existence. Reproduction is only permitted if accompanied by the copyright marker and a clear acknowledgement to the Commando Veterans Archive.
 
(click on highlighted surnames for more information)
 
SURNAME
FORENAME
RANK
S/N
AWARD
REGT/ADDITIONAL
D'Arcy
Edward John
Capt
173842
MC
Ramc
Dabb
H E
Lt
323544
 
Kings Regt
Dagg
S V
Cpl
T/92529
 
Rasc
Daley
E
Pte
858262
 
London Scottish
Daniels
Samuel
L/Bdr
14322499
MM
R Artillery
Davidson
Alexander (ECK)
Pte
2758315
 
Black Watch
Davidson
John
Fus
 
 
 
Davies
Michael Alfred William
Capt
 
MC
 
Day
R
Fus
 
 
 
De Lapp
 
Capt
 
 
Ramc
Dean
F
Fus
3607581
 
R Inniskilling Fusiliers
James
Cpl
 
 
 
Delaney
M
Fus
3458791
 
Lancs Fusiliers
Delaney
William Henry
Lcpl
3860444
 
Border Regt
Dempster
James
Pte
 
 
 
Dennie
J
Pte
 
 
 
James Sidney
Sgt
3889716
 
East Lancs Regt
Robert Finn
Pte
2988081
 
A & Sh
Phillip Keith
Lt
180304
 
Durham L I
Dixon
Frank Ronald
 
 
 
 
Dobb
Ernest
Lt
 
 
 
Docker
E
Csm
 
 
 
Dodd
G
Pte
 
 
 
Donnelly
James
Pte
3196664
 
K O S B
Dons-Madsen
Erik
Lcpl
6299813
 
Buffs
Douglas
Graham
Pte
2985574
 
A & Sh
Downing
J D
Pte
 
 
 
Drummond
Alexander
Gnr
 
 
 
Drury
G F
Csm
 
 
 
Duncan
C J
L/Cpl
 
 
 
Ronald
L/Cpl
 
 
 
Duncan
L/Sgt
 
 
 
Dunlop
A
Pte
 
 
 
Dunning-White
J M
Lt Col
13278
 
8 Hussars
Durkin
J
Pte
3059066
 
Royal Scots
Dwyer
Timothy
Pte
3772173
 
Kings Own Royal Regt
Dyke
A
Rfn
 
 
 
Eames
William
Pte
 
 
 
Ebben
D
Pte
14736726
 
Somerset Li
George
Rfn
6850527
 
Krrc
Edger
W
Pte
 
 
 
William George
Pte
6348327
 
R West Kent Regt
Elliot
Duncan
Pte
S/10673657
 
Rasc
Ellis
E
Pte
5625296
 
Devonshire Regt
Espley
Victor Clarence
Pte
902005
 
N Staffs Regt
Evans
E A
Pte
 
 
 
Evans
J A G
Bdr
 
 
R Artillery
Fairell
E
Pte
14516303
 
A & Sh
Henry
Pte
4350517
 
East Yorks Regt
Farmer
R
Pte
1595357
 
Rwf
Farquhar
J K
Pte
2821551
MM
Seaforth Hldrs
Feedam
William Henry
Pte
4038825
 
Ksl I
Felle
T H
Fus
14443639
 
R Inniskilling Fusiliers
Fenner
R
Pte
14736391
 
Ox & Bucks L I
Fenwick
E
Pte
14801431
 
Gordon Hldrs
Ferguson
Angus Macleod
Capt
28736
CBE
Black Watch
Ferrey
Martin C
Capt
 
 
Cameronian
Fetigans
S
Dvr
 
 
 
Finlay
David (PIPER)
Cpl
2757157
 
Black Watch
Fisher
A
Pte
 
 
 
Flear
P H
Capt
268232
 
R Signals
Forbes
Ian M
Rfn
 
 
 
Robert
L/Bdr
902786
 
R Artillery
Foreman
D
Pte
4546719
 
R Hampshire Regt
Fortune
George Thomas
Lcpl
 
 
 
Foster
Robert
Lcpl
 
 
 
Foster
Roy
 
 
 
 
Fountain
M
Pte
14736735
 
Somerset Li
Fowler
W
Lcpl
6913481
 
Royal Fusiliers
Frampton
E
Gnr
2857339
 
R Artillery
Fraser
A
Cpl
2822034
 
Seaforth Hldrs
Galbraith
M
Pte
NS/8430
 
R Hampshire Regt
Gales
H W
L/Cpl
 
 
 
Gallacher
John Joseph
Pte
2979485
 
A & Sh
Gardiner
Frederick
Cpl
6848697
 
Krrc
J
L/Cpl
3535628
 
Manchester Regt
Garrington
W T
Gdsm
 
 
 
Garvie
J
Lcpl
2822297
 
Seaforth Hldrs
Gaunt
J
Pte
6347320
 
R Berkshire Regt
John
Pte
3318356
 
A & Sh
James Lang
Capt
 
 
 
Gilbert
J T
Sgt
 
 
 
Gill
Albert John
L/Bdr
 
 
 
Gillespie
C W
Lt
 
 
Ramc
Gingell
Harold (JACK)
 
 
 
 
Ginn
J W
Lbdr
14382309
 
R Artillery
Glancy
J
Cpl
3055034
 
Royal Scots
Glen
John
Pte
 
 
 
Glendinning
Bernard M
Cpl
3450580
 
Lancs Fusiliers
Goddard
I P
Pte
 
 
 
Goldie
Alexander
Bdr
1476335
 
R Artillery
Goodwin
J
Lcpl
280379
 
Rasc
Gordon
Edward
Lsgt
2873670
 
Gordon Hldrs
Gorman
G P
Cpl
 
 
 
Gorman
J
L/Sgt
3523913
 
Manchester Regt
Goss
R
Pte
2041718
 
London Scottish
Graham
L
Pte
14729560
 
Devonshire Regt
Grant
J F
Rsm
 
 
 
Graves
Derek
Cpl
 
 
 
Graves
K
L/Sgt
2880938
 
London Scottish
Gray
Frederick Charles 'Freddie'
Pte
14200811
 
Seaforth Hldrs
Gray
L E
Pte
5511428
 
Q R R
Greave
J
Pte
3065996
 
Royal Scots
Greenhill
J
Pte
14734939
 
Somerset Li
Thomas Cameron
Lt
90992
 
Cameronian
John Fletcher
Pte
2933802
 
Cameronian
Griffin
G
Pte
 
 
 
Griffin
R
Dvr
 
 
 
Griffiths
B
Fus
3447600
 
Lancs Fusiliers
Griffiths
F
Tsm
5045886
 
N Staffs Regt
Grimwade
C
Pte
 
 
 
Guthrie
H F
L/Cpl
3135796
 
R Scots Fusiliers
Guthrie
John
Sgt
2758175
 
Black Watch
Halliday
A
Pte
14566087
 
East Yorks Regt
Hamerton
A
Rfn
1817729
 
Krrc
Hankinson
Walter
Lsgt
4201450
 
Rwf
Hanley
J D
Gnr
 
 
R Artillery
Harris
 
Pte
1310728
 
R Artillery
Harvest
R M
Capt
 
 
Lincolnshire Regt
Harvey
Wilfred (BARNEY)
Capt
 
 
 
Hatcher
W
Gnr
 
 
 
Hawkins
W G
Pte
14736731
 
Somerset Li
Hay
J
Lbdr
1473774
 
R Artillery
Hayden
S M
Pte
5825818
 
Sussex Regt
Haydock
Gerald
Lsgt
354082
 
R Artillery
Hayes
I M
Fus
14701610
 
Lancs Fusiliers
Healey
Wilfred
Pte
 
 
 
Heath
G A
Rfn
5623162
 
Krrc
Helen
F
Gnr
11002011
 
R Artillery
Henery
John
Pte
 
 
 
Herbert
H J
Pte
5186472
 
Glos Regt
Hespin
J
Pte
 
 
 
Hewitt
E
Spr
 
 
 
Higgs
E
Gnr
2037266
 
R Artillery
Hilditch
E
Gnr
1552790
 
R Artillery
Hill
Alex
Pte
2889064
 
Gordon Hldrs
Hill
Colin Clive
Capt
219245
 
R Irish Fusiliers
Hill
Victor Lionel
Gnr
1433589
 
R Artillery
Hissett
G B
Lt
94548
 
R Engineers
Hoare
J
Pte
1460380
 
Gordon Hldrs
Hodkinson
J
Sgt
3446114
MM
Lancs Fusiliers
Hodson
R
Pte
 
 
 
Hogg
J
L/Cpl
3190005
 
K O S B
Holland
J
Pte
1801165
 
Krrc
Holmes
A
Pte
1799384
 
Yorks & Lancs Regt
Leslie Thomas
Cpl
6897410
 
Krrc
Hood
J
Gdm
2665528
 
Coldstream Gds
Hooper
S
Pte
 
 
 
Hopkins
Leslie W
L/Sgt
6213259
DCM
Middlesex Regt
Horrocks
R
Pte
3535715
 
Manchester Regt
Horn
Francis Henry
Cpl
 
 
 
Horton
A J
Pte
 
 
 
Hudson
S K
Cpl
5550149
 
Hampshire Regt
Hughes
F
Cpl
3310694
 
Highland Li
Hughes
George William Stanley
Sgt
7360074
MM
Ramc
Hughes
G
Lsgt
2003542
 
R Engineers
Hughes
Joseph Wilfred
Lsgt
 
 
 
Ernest Arthur
Pte
6213166
 
Middlesex Regt
Hunt
G
Cpl
4584646
 
Koyl I
Hunter
H
Pte
3535764
 
Manchester Regt
Hunter
Harry
Cpl
3130410
 
R Scots Fusiliers
Hunter
Robert
Pte
2756942
 
Black Watch
Hurren
L
Rfn
 
 
 
Hyslop
Sam K
L/Cpl
 
 
 

No 9 Commando Nominal I - O

© Commando Veterans Archive 2016. All Rights Reserved. A lot of hard work has gone into producing this nominal roll in memory of all who served. There is no other comprehensive nominal roll of Army Commandos in existence. Reproduction is only permitted if accompanied by the copyright marker and a clear acknowledgement to the Commando Veterans Archive.
 
(click on highlighted surnames for more information)
 
SURNAME
FORENAME
RANK
S/N
AWARD
REGT/ADDITIONAL
Innes
G
Pte
2755031
 
Black Watch
Ironside
W
Pte
2991756
 
A & SH
Irwin
Lucas T
Gnr
 
 
R Artillery
Isaacson
R
Pte
 
 
 
Ison
George
Fus
 
 
 
Ives
Leonard
Rfn
878121
 
London Irish
Jackson
H C
Sgt
4919445
MM
S Staffs Regt
Jackson
J
Lcpl
14386124
 
Kings Own R.R.
Robert Evan
L/Sgt
 
 
 
Jarrett
W
Gnr
 
 
 
Jewell
P R
Csm
790299
 
R Artillery
Jewitt
Cressey (JOCK)
Sgt
 
 
 
John
F
Pte
 
 
 
Johnston
Guthie
Pte
 
 
 
Johnstone
Andrew T W
Cpl
3716829
 
Kings Own R.R.
Johnstone
E
Pte
2756972
 
Black Watch
Johnstone
Geoffrey
Cpl
 
 
 
Johnstone
George William (GEORDIE)
Pte
 
 
 
Johnstone
Robert
Pte
3189032
 
K O S B
Jones
H
Spr
2033557
 
R Engineers
Jones John, Bertram, 'Jack' Pte 5347501   South Staffs
Jones
Pte
3535712
 
HQ Tp/ xref. WO361/861/ Manchester Regt
Jones
W
Pte
2064853
 
London Scottish
Jones
William Henry C
Pte
 
 
 
Joplin
Reginald George
Nk
 
 
 
Kane
Cobber
 
 
 
 
Kane
Dennis
Pte
14286826
 
K S L I
Kane
N J
Sgt
 
 
 
Kay
R
Dvr
 
 
 
Keane
W F
Sgt
 
 
 
Keating
Thomas Cameron
Pte
3133680
 
Black Watch
Keefe
J W
Pte
 
 
 
John Leslie
Pte
2939369
 
Cameron Hldrs
Kelly
Brian M
Sgt
6482224
 
Royal Fusiliers
Kelso
James (BUNNY)
Fus
 
 
 
Kennedy
Matthew Durreen (MATT)
Major
52189
 
A & SH
Kennedy
Thomas Cameron
Pte
 
 
 
George Cray
Pte
2939370
 
Cameronian
Kenny
P G
Pte
 
 
 
Kerr
D I
Pte
2985681
 
A & SH
Kerry
H E
Gnr
 
 
 
Killoran
P
Spr
 
 
 
Kilpatrick
Charles
Pte
 
 
 
Kindley
P H
Pte
6299896
 
Buffs
King
Andrew
Lcpl
 
 
 
King
Robert
L/Cpl
7357784
MM
RAMC
Kinghorn
David
Cpl
3191690
 
K O S B
Harold Sidney
Sgt
3186138
MM
Border Regt
Kirkby
A
Pte
1473731
 
Somerset Li
Kirkby
E
Dvr
 
 
 
Kirwan
J
Fus
14447475
 
R Irish Fusiliers
Harry Thomas
Capt
96760
MC
R Artillery
Knight
W
Pte
6026253
 
East Surrey Regt
Knights
W
Pte
837334
 
Lancs Fusiliers
Knox
Alexander
Lcpl
 
 
 
Kurth
R
Pte
2933006
 
Cameron Hldrs
Laing
James
Piper
 
 
 
Laird
Albert
Pte
2756972
 
Black Watch
Laming
F A
Pte
897518
 
Gordon Hldrs
Lamont
D I
Pte
 
 
 
Lancaster
A L
Lcpl
5773335
 
Norfolk Regt
Lancaster
D
Fus
3851627
 
Lancs Fusiliers
Lancaster
E
Pte
4123431
 
Cheshire Regt
Lancaster
Herbert
Sgt
 
 
 
Peter John
Fus
864477
 
Royal Fusiliers
Large
K
Cpl
4470275
 
K O Y L I
Lawes
Ernest Arthur
 
 
 
 
Lawrence
A
Pte
 
 
 
Lawrence
A E F
Cpl
 
 
 
Lawson
F
Pte
14583024
 
Krrc
Lawson
J G
Sgt
 
 
 
Lawson
S
Pte
1517619
 
London Scottish
Lawson
S
Pte
1799652
 
Gordon Hldrs
Leech
J
Pte
3350754
 
Border Regt
Leith
G B
Gnr
 
 
 
Lendhill
D
Pte
14623162
 
DWR
Lewis
Raymond William
Pte
5732424
 
Worc Regt
Lewis
W
Pte
1473673
 
Somerset Li
Liddle
J
Pte
3322832
 
Black Watch
Lidster
W
Pte
4748135
 
Lancs Fusiliers
Lindsay
J L
Major
 
 
 
Lingard
D N
Gnr
 
 
 
Linge
C A
Pte
 
 
 
Lloyd
A E
Pte
 
 
 
Anthony
L/Cpl
 
 
 
Lofthouse
Francis George
Cpl
 
 
 
Long
Donald Bayley
Lt
 
MC
 
Long
M
Capt
97967
MC
A & SH
Lorimer
William
Nk
 
 
 
Love
Herbert C (BERT)
Pte
 
 
 
Lowe
K
Lcpl
 
MiD
 
Loxton
H
Pte
1704733
 
Essex Regt
Lucas
Harry Hillgrove
Capt
 
 
R Berkshire Regt
Lynch
W
Pte
4922528
 
Pioneer Corp
Maccormack
John James
Lsgt
 
 
 
Macdonnell
J
Pte
14437475
 
East Surrey Regt
Neil
Rsm
 
 
 
Mackay
Alexander Bowie
 
 
 
 
Mackenzie
Alex
Pte
 
 
 
Mackenzie
George Potts
Cpl
 
 
 
Mackenzie
John
 
 
 
 
Ian Robert
Cpl
 
 
QOCH
Mackenzie
Simon J
Sgt
 
 
 
Maclean
J
Sgt
7516695
 
RAMC
Macleod
Munro
Pte
 
 
 
Magee
P
Pte
2933752
 
Cameronian
Mailing
D
Pte
14447518
 
Hampshire Regt
Male
Leslie P
Pte
 
 
 
Manage/Menage
Ernest Frank
Sgt
 
 
 
Mann
R
Csm
2986799
MiD
A & SH
Marsden
T
Lt
68171
 
Loyal Regt
Marshall
W
Pte
3310326
 
Gordon Hldrs
Martin
J
Cpl
4200396
 
RWF
Mason
W
Pte
 
 
 
Massey
J
Fus
 
 
 
Matthews
E
Gnr
5192734
 
R Artillery
Leslie James
Pte
3391673
 
Border Regt
Maughan
J R
Rev
 
 
RACD
Maughan
Robert Mcpherson
Rfn
1485103
 
London Rifle Brigade
Maxwell
P
Pte
 
 
 
McAllister
Charles Joseph
Cpl
3600264
 
Border Regt
McAllister
R
Pte
2987006
 
A & SH
McAllister
William Hugh C
Gnr
842944
 
R Artillery
McAulay
Duncan
Cpl
3324765
 
Highland Li
Mcaulay
Finlay Campbell
Pte
2986407
 
A & SH
McCall
J
Rfn
 
 
 
McCann
Bernard James
Pte
3708880
 
RAC
McCartney
Alan
Fus
3135409
 
R Scots Fusiliers
McVlearie
J
Cpl
2932647
 
Cameron Hldrs
McCormick
J
L/Sgt
7018621
 
R Ulster Rifles
McCreath
A
Pte
2985458
 
A & SH
McDermott
J
Cpl
2991503
 
A & SH
McDonald
D
L/Sgt
3317322
 
Highland Li
McDonald
J
Pte
2022699
 
Seaforth Hldrs
McDonald
J
Cpl
3604728
 
Border Regt
Mcdonald
Robert
Pte
2821492
 
Seaforth Hldrs
C F
Capt
112898
 
Cameronian
McDouhagh
 
Pte
14733239
 
Somerset Li
MEewan
W
Pte
2990926
 
A & SH
McFadyen
J
Pte
 
 
 
McGeoch
H
Pte
14748596
 
R Scots Fusiliers
McGill
G
L/Cpl
3323587
 
Highland Li
R
Pte
14543790
 
K O S B
McGrath
J
Pte
 
 
 
MIiver
E M
Capt
273196
 
R Artillery
McKenzie
A
Pte
2951573
 
A & SH
McKenzie
A S
Csm
2822652
 
Seaforth Hldrs
McKinlay
Peter
 
 
 
 
Alexander Edward
L/Sgt
3132746
 
R Scots Fusiliers
McKinnon
Donald
Sgt
2927748
 
Cameron Hldrs
McKinnon
Donald Roy
Sgt
 
 
 
McLachlan
G
L/Cpl
7611488
 
REME
McLean
J
Lcpl
2002719
 
R Engineers
McLean
J
Sgt
7516695
 
RAMC
McLennan
Ronald Leslie
Lcpl
2032675
 
RWF
McLeod
M
Pte
2822845
 
Seaforth Hldrs
McLeod
Norman
Cpl
 
 
 
McMiles
John
Csm
3910393
 
SWB
McMinnis
Ernest
Cpl
325546
 
R Artillery
McNeil
J
Capt
 
 
 
McNeil
R J
Csm
3189537
 
K O S B
McPherson
G Mcg F
L/Sgt
2761028
MM
Black Watch
McWilliams
W
Lcpl
3308864
 
Highland Li
Meadows
Alexander
Pte
 
 
 
Meakin
Frank
Gnr
 
 
R Artillery
Meehan
Rowland Thomas (BOBBY)
Lsgt
4922144
 
S Staffs Regt
Roy Alfred
Pte
5783885
 
Norfolk Regt
Metcalfe
Harry
Sgt
 
 
 
Middleton
Peter
Gnr
881646
 
R Artillery
Miller
M J (DUSTY)
Csm
4911007
 
S Staffs Regt
Milligan
John
Pte
 
 
 
Mills
V H George
Major
51999
 
Essex Regt
Mitchell
A
Ssgt
7586369
 
REME
Mitchell
J
Pte
2756938
 
Black Watch
Mitchell
James
Lsgt
6348465
 
R West Kent Regt
Mitchell
R W
Pte
 
 
 
Bertram Wigton
Fus
3127401
 
R Scots Fusiliers
Moir
J
Pte
2884011
 
Border Regt
Moloney
 
Pte
28833960
 
 
Barry Richard
Pte
6213656
 
MX
Moore
Edward William
Cpl
2880907
 
Gordon Hldrs
Moore
William White
Pte
14435092
 
R Inniskilling Fusiliers
Howell Charles
Lt
 
 
 
Andrew Wright
Pte
2885380
 
London Scottish
Morton
J H
Pte
6296553
 
Buffs
Muir
Jock
Rfn
14554594
 
Cameronian
Munro
Alexander
Cpl
1130311
 
R Artillery
Munro
Andrew C
Lbdr
883783
 
R Artillery
Munro
George Buchanan
Sgt
2933733
 
Cameron Hldrs
Murray
Joseph Elliot
Pte
3190120
 
K O S B
Nation
L P
Fus
 
 
 
Needleman
Harry
Rfn
 
 
 
Neil
G
Pte
3328809
 
Highland Li
Gilbert Reid
Pte
 
 
 
Neilson
V
Capt
 
 
 
J
Pte
6349065
 
MX
Nimock
J
Gnr
979196
 
R Artillery
Nisbet
 
Sgt
 
 
 
Nixon
A
 
 
 
 
Nixon
Joe G
Pte
2886863
 
Gordon Hldrs
Norman
L F
Gnr
14498752
 
R Artillery
Northover
Wilfred
Lcpl
3448353
 
Lancs Fusiliers
Nothard
Ralph
Cfn
 
 
Reme
Nottingham
R
Pte
10534436
 
Reme
Nouch
W
Pte
1817740
 
Lincolnshire Regt
O'Brien
J
Gnr
3450992
 
R Artillery
O'Neill
J H
Pte
 
 
 
O'Rourke
P
Lcpl
2884611
 
Gordon Hldrs
Oakley
Arthur James
Pte
 
 
 
Ogston
Frank
Lcpl
 
 
 
Oliver
J S
Pte
2976074
 
A & SH
Oram
Frank
Gnr
1432670
 
R Artillery
Owen
K
Pte
14736770
 
Somerset Li

No 9 Commando Nominal P - Z

© Commando Veterans Archive 2016. All Rights Reserved. A lot of hard work has gone into producing this nominal roll in memory of all who served. There is no other comprehensive nominal roll of Army Commandos in existence. Reproduction is only permitted if accompanied by the copyright marker and a clear acknowledgement to the Commando Veterans Archive.
 
(click on highlighted surnames for more information)
 
SURNAME
FORENAME
RANK
S/N
AWARD
REGT/ADDITIONAL
Paccitti
E
Gnr
 
 
R Artillery
Packham
C T
Pte
1833540
 
London Scottish
Page
Frederick
Pte
3857192
 
Loyal Regt
Parker
F
Pte
11411624
 
Suffolk Regt
Parker
 
Lt
 
 
 
Ivor George
Gnr
 
 
 
Parry
William
Gnr
 
 
R Artillery
Parson
Eric
Pte
 
 
 
Paterson
A
 
 
 
 
Paterson
S
Gnr
3246569
 
R Artillery
Paterson
T
Pte
2573711
 
London Scottish
Patrick
George
L/Cpl
4977733
 
Sherwood Foresters
Patrick
George
 
 
 
 
Patrick
H
Pte
3314888
 
Recce Corp
Pawley
J
Sgt
 
 
 
Payne
G
Pte
4039105
 
KSLI
Payne
Len
Cpl
 
 
 
Pearch
Graham E
Lt
153577
 
R Artillery
Peel
Derek W D
Lt
277050
 
R Artillery
Pendlebury
R
Pte
14731486
 
Wiltshire Regt
Penny
W
Pte
3595735
 
Border Regt
Perry
P
Pte
14422729
 
Cheshire Regt
Perry
 
Dvr
T/190634
 
RASC
Peters
W
Pte
14439899
 
Cameron Hldrs
Phee
W
Pte
 
 
 
Piggott
J
Pte
14522775
 
KRRC
Pond
Leo S
Lcpl
6298504
 
Buffs
Port
J G
Pte
2991563
 
A & SH
Porter
Anthony H
Lcpl
 
 
 
Henry William
L/Sgt
6215331
 
Middlesex Regt
Postles
George
Pte
 
 
 
Powell
George Edward
Gnr
1140908
 
R Artillery
Thomas
Dvr
 
 
 
Prescott
Frank
 
 
 
 
Robert William
Gnr
6217232
 
R Artillery
Prime
Arthur
 
 
 
 
Charles Taylor
L/Cpl
4914347
 
Worc Regt
Prior
G
Pte
4041897
 
Herefordshire Regt
Pritchard
J
Pte
 
 
 
Pullen
Harry A
Pte
14612025
 
Sussex Regt
Purdy
L
Pte
2880865
 
London Scottish
Quarrie
John L (JACK)
Rsm
 
BEM
 
Thomas
L/Cpl
4388422
 
RAMC
Quinton
E A
Lcpl
 
 
 
Ramsey
Norman (RAM)
Gnr
 
 
R Artillery
Ramshaw
Geordie
Pte
 
 
 
Rankin
T
Pte
2937988
 
Cameron Hldrs
Ray
F G
Pte
 
 
 
G
CSM
2881169
DCM
London Scottish
Redman
F
Pte
5345368
 
R Berkshire Regt
Reed
Thomas
Lsgt
2992385
 
A & SH
Reeves
Frederick Charles
Gnr
1653241
 
R Artillery
Reid
Adam (ANGUS)
Cpl
3059487
MiD
Royal Scots
Reid
H A
Capt
 
 
R Artillery
Reid
J
Gnr
1477728
 
R Artillery
Renton
J
Lcpl
3323640
 
Black Watch
Reynolds
R A W
Pte
 
 
 
Richards
David
Sgt
2094564
MiD
R Engineers
Richards
R
Pte
6104565
 
Q R R
John
Sgt
3603243
MiD
Border Regt
Riddal
Douglas
Gnr
2838408
 
R Artillery
Roach
Thomas
Gnr
 
 
R Artillery
Robb
W P
Csm
3189966
 
KOSB
Roberts
F
Lcpl
2929908
 
Cameron Hldrs
Roberts
John Samuel
Cpl
3602054
 
Border Regt
Robinson
G A
Capt
188998
 
Buffs
Robson
Paul R
Rfn
 
 
 
Robson
S
L/Cpl
7265390
 
RAMC
Julian Dudley
Pte
14416231
 
Highland Regt
Rose
Edward T (TED)
Fus
 
 
 
Ross
L V
L/Cpl
 
 
 
Robert Sharp
Pte
2928902
 
Cameron Hldrs
Russell
Alfred Cecil (RUSS)
Tsm
 
 
 
Ryan
 
Pte
4077120
 
SWB Mons Regt
Sadler
Frederick Lewis (BADGIE)
Gnr
 
 
 
Saegert
John Mcclean
Lt Col
 
 
R Engineers
Saxon
A
Pte
 
 
 
Andrew Stewart
Pte
2938003
MM
Cameron Hldrs
Scott
Archie
CSM
 
 
CA23
Scott
D
Dvr
 
 
 
Michael
Lt
117892
 
Black Watch
Scott
R
Pte
6216827
 
Kensington Regt
Scott
Sidney H (SCOTTIE)
Dvr
 
 
 
Clifford F
L/Sgt
14241831
DCM
RAC
Searles
A
Sgt
4039629
 
KSLI
Seddon
S
Gnr
1807356
 
R Artillery
Shanks
David
Lcpl
 
 
 
Sharp
J O
Rfn
6221474
 
R Berkshire Regt
Sharp
N A
Lt
 
 
 
Sharp
R
Gnr
8666000
 
R Artillery
Shaw
A
Pte
1779893
 
DWR
Ashley George
Dvr
T/106298
DCM, MM
RASC
Shelton
Mark J
Fus
 
 
 
Joseph
Pte
 
 
 
Robert Deary
Pte
 
 
 
Sherwood
D
Pte
5124652
 
Buffs
Shipton
H Bert
Cpl
2041795
 
R Engineers
Shreiber
Herbert
 
 
 
French Foreign Legion
Shurey
L
Pte
1806272
 
N Staffs Regt
Sigsworth
Stanley
Pte
14241696
 
Cameronian
Simcock
Sidney
Pte
3536256
 
Manchester Regt
Simms
R J
Pte
14750013
 
Glos Regt
Simpson
Alexander
Sgt
2882335
 
Gordon Hldrs
Simpson
D
Pte
14410044
 
Sherwood Foresters
Simpson
J
Pte
2820756
 
Seaforth Hldrs
Simpson
John Mccain
Pte
 
 
 
Simpson
T
Pte
3319965
 
Highland Li
Skeels
B
Rfn
7021181
 
Liverpool Irish
Slater
G E
Capt
 
 
Border Regt
Sleith
T H (TOMMY, Paddy)
Dvr
T/106521
 
RASC
Smart
Albert Kenneth
Cpl
14241644
 
Leicestershire Regt
Smethurst
Norman G
Pte
 
 
 
Smith
A
Tpr
14241776
 
RAC
Smith
A
Sgt
3775834
 
The Kings Regt
Smith
Albert Gordon
Sgt
 
 
 
Smith
C
Pte
11411039
 
Gordon Hldrs
Smith
D
Pte
2828814
 
Seaforth Hldrs
Smith
Edward (SMUDGER)
Lcpl
6711580
 
Black Watch
Smith
F
Gnr
857819
 
R Artillery
Smith
Frederick George
 
 
 
 
George Alfred
Pte
14241717
 
Black Watch
Smith
J
Lcpl
14605209
GC
A & SH
Smith
James A
Rfn
6847101
 
KRRC
Smith
P
Gnr
4927322
 
R Artillery
Smith
Patrick
Cpl
 
 
 
Smith
Peter
Lsgt
3248156
 
Cameronian
Smith
R
Pte
5185614
 
Surrey Regt
Smith
S
Pte
S/113555
 
RASC
Smith
William Edward
Bdr
 
 
R Artillery
Sneal
K
Pte
14415556
 
R Berkshire Regt
Snell
Arthur
Sgt
 
 
 
Sober
Jerry
Nk
 
 
 
Somerville
Robert (SLIM)
Bdr
1132655
 
R Artillery
Sparrow
L
Pte
6344059
 
R West Kent Regt
Spittle
 
Lt
 
 
 
Sprague
 
Capt
 
 
 
Sproule
Noble Goulding
 
 
 
 
Squires
William Philip
Cpl
 
 
 
Stack
William
Pte
14241832
 
RAC
Stanier
E
Pte
4039477
 
KSLI
Stansfield
Stewart
Sgt
14241698
 
R Artillery
Starling
A Michael P
Cpl
 
 
 
Horace Edward
Lt
 
 
 
Steel
S
L/Cpl
7606706
 
RWF
Stephens
A Spence
Pte
7665614
 
R Hampshire Regt
Stephens
S
Lsgt
5336665
 
R Berkshire Regt
Stephenson
Matthew J (MATTIE)
Gnr
2085722
 
R Artillery
Sterling
Albert
Rfn
 
 
 
Stewart
D
Gnr
11403498
 
R Artillery
Stewart
G
Rfn
3247677
 
Cameron Hldrs
Stirling
Albert
Rfn
 
 
R Ulster Rifles
Stirling
Robert Kirkwood
Csm
 
 
 
Stockton
Brice
Pte
 
 
 
Storer
S
Cpl
14241808
 
Leicestershire Regt
Percy Ronald
L/Cpl
 
 
 
Straughan
Joseph Malcolm
Sgt
2876101
MM, MiD
Gordon Hldrs
John
Pte
2825409
 
Seaforth Hldrs
Summers
H
Gnr
1640409
 
R Artillery
Suter
Cyril
Capt
 
 
 
Suttie
J S
Pte
 
 
 
John Robert
Pte
2181475
 
Kings Own Royal Regt
Sutton
K
Lcpl
14366254
 
East Yorks Regt
Swindell
William Bill
Cpl
 
 
 
Swinson
S
Pte
4038517
 
KSLI
Justin
Fus
4204610
 
RWF
John
L/Cpl
4469403
 
Durham L I
John Andrew
Cpl
14241755
 
MX
Taverner
Eric
Lsgt
1616722
 
R Artillery
Taylor
R
Gnr
2991335
 
R Artillery
Alexander
L/Cpl
2886390
 
Gordon Hldrs
Teasdale
J
Dvr
T/247173
 
RASC
Telfor
Edward
Pte
3190329
 
K O S B
Templeton
W B
Capt
91824
MiD
Cameron Hldrs
Thom
J M
Sgt
2820388
 
Seaforth Hldrs
Thomas
A
Pte
3971770
 
Gordon Hldrs
Thomas
John Stuart
Cfn
14368592
 
REME
Thomas
Leslie
Sgt
 
 
 
Thomas
R
Pte
1771175
 
Welch Regt
Thomas
 
Pte
2986417
 
A & SH
Thompson
A
Rfn
6970370
 
Rifle Bde
Thompson
H
Pte
4123741
 
Cheshire Regt
Thompson
J
L/Sgt
3190591
DCM
K O S B
Thompson
W
Lbdr
877450
 
R Artillery
Donald
Pte
 
 
 
Thorn
John M
Sgt
 
 
 
Thurgar
Francis Vivian Patrick
Pte
7013391
 
Beds & Herts
Tickell
A
Pte
2880843
 
London Scottish
Titchmarsh
F
Pte
2930666
 
London Scottish
Ronald John Frederick
Brig
32187
 
AS&H
Todd
J
Gnr
 
 
R Artillery
Toft
George
L/Cpl
33194973
 
K O S B
Tombleson
Raymond J
Pte
5782682
 
Norfolk Regt
Tremayne
D
Gnr
 
 
 
Treptow
Ronald Leslie
Pte
277696
 
RASC
Trigg
Eric Albert
Lsgt
14241836
 
Grenadier Gds
Trusler
Kenneth Frank
Pte
 
 
 
W
Pte
 
 
 
Tulloch
Andy
Pte
2760016
 
Black Watch
Henry
Gnr
1476334
 
R Artillery
Underwood
T
Fus
1518562
 
Lancs Fusiliers
Urquhart
G
Pte
2757847
 
Black Watch
Robert Rose
Pte
2991922
 
A&S Highlanders
Venables
N D C
Lcpl
3606906
 
Border Regt
Venter
H
Sgt
41109V
 
UDF
John
Rfn
6969151
 
London Rifle Brigade
Leonard Alfred
L/Sgt
2881130
 
London Scottish
Wade
Lou
Gnr
6088241
 
R Artillery
Wakeham
C
Cpl
2958126
 
Cameron Hldrs
Walker
Henry John
Cpl
 
 
 
Walker
J
Lcpl
T/65291
 
RASC
Walker
Richard (DICKIE)
Major
245107
 
R Artillery
Waller
H
Gnr
14558923
 
R Artillery
Wallis
L
Pte
 
 
 
Walsh
E
Pte
14756703
 
Wiltshire Regt
Walsh
Frank
Csm
2986730
MM
A & SH
Walsh
R
Pte
 
 
 
Walsham
A
Cpl
2002610
 
R Engineers
Ward
David
Pte
14422339
 
Seaforth Hldrs
Warde
S
Pte
3536278
 
Manchester Regt
Warden
D G
Pte
14411375
 
R Hampshire Regt
Wardle
S
Pte
 
 
 
Wares
M J
Pte
2822571
 
Seaforth Hldrs
Warren
L T G
Dvr
T/6139709
 
RASC
Warren
W H
 
 
 
 
Warwicker
Wally
Pte
5180327
 
Glos Regt
Thomas
Cpl
3911661
 
S Wales Borderers
Alexander
Pte
 
 
 
Watson
C E
Pte
 
 
 
Albert
Dvr
T/269038
 
RASC
Waugh
William
L/Sgt
2991737
MM
A & SH
Webb
J
Pte
6148691
 
East Surrey Regt
Webber
Raymond C
Pte
 
 
 
Wenner
Michael
Capt
160947
MiD
AAC
Westly
Eric Roy
Capt
 
MC
R Artillery
Westwick
Stanley
Cpl
 
 
 
Westwood
 
Rfn
6898157
 
KRRC
Wham
James Howie
Sgt
3065655
MM
Royal Scots
Wheeler
G R
Lt
271249
 
Glos Regt
Whipps
Les
Pte
5117631
 
S Staffs Regt
White
A
Rfn
6215601
 
KRRC
White
Alan Mckaig
L/Cpl
 
 
 
White
D
Gnr
4691433
 
R Artillery
White
J
Pte
1612637
 
Gordon Hldrs
White
J
Pte
1782805
 
N Staffs Regt
White
M
Pte
2992407
 
A & SH
White
R F
Lt
337997
 
KOSB
Whitefield
G
Lsgt
 
 
 
James
LCpl
3249581
 
 
Whitehead
Albert
Pte
3602156
 
Border Regt
Whitehead
C
Pte
 
 
 
Whitehead
P A
Pte
 
 
 
Whitford
G
Gnr
 
 
 
Whitford
George
Gnr
 
 
R Artillery
Whittingham
G H
Rfn
 
 
 
William
Pte
 
 
 
Wickenden
J
Lbdr
 
 
R Artillery
Wigens
Claude
Gnr
1521579
 
R Artillery
Wilcox
C
Gnr
1518677
 
R Artillery
Wilcox
J
Bdr
853977
 
R Artillery
William Eric
Pte
4132967
 
Cheshire Regt
Wilkes
Geoff
Pte
4206278
 
R Welch F
Wilkins
George Rowland
Sgt
2881259
MM
London Scottish
Willbye
 
Pte
11420784
 
London Scottish
Williams
Francis Arthur 'FRANK'
Lsgt
14241758
 
RAC
Williams
H
Gnr
14266279
 
R Artillery
Williamson
John (Jack)
Cpl
3133157
 
R Scots Fusiliers
Eric
Gnr
 
 
R Artillery
Wilson
Alex
 
 
 
 
Wilson
Alistair D
Lt
 
MiD
 
Wilson
George (TUG)
Sgt
2979257
 
A & SH
George
LSgt
2983410
 
A&SH
Reginald
Pte
 
 
 
Wilson
William
Cpl
3190287
 
K O S B
William
Cpl
6470649
 
RAC
Wood
C
Gdm
2614618
 
Grenadier Gds
Woodcock
J
Pte
3606977
 
Border Regt
Woodham
William
Pte
 
 
 
Woods
A (TIMBER)
Pte
14208410
 
Buffs
Woodwarde
E
Sgt
 
 
 
Worsley
J
Lcpl
4196653
 
RWF
Wright
E
Pte
14648932
 
Green Howards
George Alexander
Cpl
3325200
 
A & SH
Wright
S A
Cpl
 
 
 
Wrigley
F
Pte
5783509
 
Norfolk Regt
Wyatt
Albert
Wo 2
 
 
 
Wybar
George
Lcpl
2885417
 
London Scottish
Young
Charles
Pte
3323693
 
Highland Li
Young
J
Pte
1573429
 
London Scottish
Young
Ronald
Pte
S/124347
 
RASC
Young
Stuart
Pte
2992521
 
A & SH

9 Commando, Overseas

    HISTORY OF No 9 COMMANDO - OVERSEAS  11 SEP 43 - 8 MAY 45

                         Author: John Batten No 9 Commando

                               (Original document  John Mewett . Transcribed by Jennie Barlow)

Once More Overseas

On the 11th of September 1943 No. 9 Commando, strength 27 officers and 427 ORs under the command of Lt-Col R.J.F. TOD, set sail from Liverpool, England to join No. 2 S.S. Bde in Italy. The Commando sailed in H.M.T. "Athlone Castle", the ship which had carried it back to U.K. from Gibraltar less than six months previously.  The ship's company gave the Commando a very fine welcome, and many old friends met again.  The ship was very crowded and little training was possible during the voyage.  The Commando was made responsible for the complete provost duties on board, and those duties kept it well employed.  The ship was dry but previous staff had considerably moistened matters.  The voyage was uneventful and the Commando disembarked safely at Algiers, N. Africa on the 27th of September.

The two main reasons why the Commando did not go direct to Italy were (a) the unsettled L of C in newly invaded Italy and (b) to allow the Commando to become acclimatised to hot climates.  The need for it was borne out by the numbers admitted to hospital suffering from dysentery.

Africa

The Commando were stationed in 'P' Reception Camp, 15 miles S.E. of Algiers. There it underwent the transformation from battle-dress to khaki drill, the intricacies of puttees, the correct measurements of shirt sleeves, hose tops, etc; the unveiling of knees, the battle with insects, the extra discipline required for the unit's health and hygiene. The yellow peril did not materialise, mepacrine did not affect the complexion, but had alarming effects on the bowels until it was warned how best to take it. By the time the unit had to move forward to Italy it was fully acclimatised for tropical countries.

The three weeks in Africa were use in mountain training, physical work and night training. Also the Commando was called on to provide personnel for P.W. escorts, dock fatigues, ammunition dump fatigues and guards for the B.O.D.  Everyone had given up hope of seeing Italy when the Commando eventually received its movement orders. The journey from Algiers to Bizerta was a new experience for the Commando, and a three and a half days train journey in horseboxes. Leaving Algiers on the 23rd of October, Bizerta was reached on the 26th. At Bizerta the Commando was accommodated in the Texas Transit Camp. Why it was called Texas was never discovered unless because of the oily sea of mud on which the camp floated. On the 30th of October the Commando embarked LCIs and sailed next day. The voyage was uneventful except for a few hours stay at St. Augusta, Sicily, where the Commando loosened cramped muscles with games and P.T. followed by baths.

Italy - At Last

The mainland of Italy finally came in sight and the Commando disembarked at Taranto on the 6th of November. Another train journey took the unit to Molfetta, 15 miles north of Bari on the Adriatic coast of Italy where it came under the command of No 2 S.S. Bde, comd. Brig T.B.L. CHURCHILL MC. Billets were found in a large school in the centre of the town. The Commando had only been in Molfetta three hours when the Germans welcomed it to Italy by dropping a bomb on the town which blew out all the windows in the billets. A week in Italy and the Commando was back into B.D. It was not mosquito cream that was required here but frostbites lotion.

It was intended to introduce the Commando to the battle at first by troop raids. Meanwhile, the unit settled down to training. The country with a 40 miles radius round Molfetta was one massive olive grove, which prohibited any kind of advanced training. Initially the unit concentrated on individual training consisting of officers TEWTs, NCOs cadres, range work and WT cadres.

The first troop operation was carried our by No. 2 Troop under the command of Capt. J. McNEIL. The task was to reconnoitre the islands of Tremiti and Piansoa 48 miles east of Termoli. The force embarked on a LCI(L) and an Italian M.T.B. at Termoli on the 15th of November. The islands were unoccupied and after searching them, the force returned to Italy.

A suitable area for troop training was found at Minervino, 56 miles from Molfetta, and it was intended that each troop in turn would undergo ten days intensive training there, commencing with 4 Tp. It so happened that it was the only troop to complete this training as, on the 1st Dec. the Commando was moved from Molfetta to Bacoli, 21 miles North of Naples on the coast. The reason for this move was that the weather in the Adriatic was now considered unsuitable for small landing craft. A two day train journey in horseboxes took us across Italy. At Bacoli the troops were billeted in a Castle, a part of which was an orphanage. HQ was in a building on the beach which on a calm day was licked gently by the sea, but in a storm its lower floor was awash. In fact, the Orderly Room was washed away one day.

Into Battle

The Commando's long period of operational inactivity was now to come to a close, and in no mean manner. In the previous three years almost every operation planned for the Commando had been cancelled, in the next three months almost every one planned took place. The 5th Army's left flank had now reached the River Garigliano where it was held up by strongly entrenched enemy in the mountains North of the river and farther East at Cassino. These mountains completely dominated the Southern bank of the river to a depth of three miles. 10 Corps was on this left flank and as the Commandos now came under its command, it was decided that 9 Commando would carry out an amphibious raid on the North side of the Garigliano. The operation was called "Partridge".

The next weeks were spent in training for this operation. An area roughly similar to the ground on which we were to operate was found. Landing craft were made available for training and a full-scale rehearsal was carried out from the LSIs "Princess Beatrix" and "Royal Ulsterman". On almost every night some kind of night training was carried out. All Christmas festivities had to be postponed. On Christmas Eve the Signal Officer gained fresh popularity by holding a signal exercise, which necessitated troops HQs being represented. The skies poured down and most troop HQs had to wade along paths one foot deep in mud and water. 5TP HQ, on sheltering in a tent of an American Camp in an endeavour to regain communications , found itself in the middle of a Christmas party.  It was thus technically established that vino does not cause as much absorption as aqua. On Christmas Day the A.O., on returning from a visit to the 3rd Pn Rangers, U.S. Army Commandos, turned right, instead of left, into HQ and walked straight into the sea. The sea for the past week had been covered with a thick coat of oil. The guard managed to pull him out. It can be said he was well and truly oiled. The day before Op "Partridge" the M.O. received a Christmas present, a book "Death Tomorrow"!

The main hazard of the operation was the return across the Garigliano, a fast running river, a hundred yards wide. The CO's request for DUKWs was granted and training in these was carried out.

On the 29th Dec. operation "Partridge" took place. It started very badly, as the Navy landed the Commando 95 mins too late and 1000x away from the correct beach. Thus daylight found the Commando still on the enemy side of the river.  At the mouth of the river the main body of the unit returned by DUKWs, but 4 and 6 Tps had to cross the river 2700 yards up from the mouth by swimming and use of ropes. This they successfully achieved, bringing back their casualties. The bagpipes were very effectively used on this operation. When HQ had established itself at the mouth of the river most of the personnel made no attempt to dig themselves in. After one Jerry stonk, the C.O. says they dug so fast, he literally saw them sink into the ground.

After this successful operation, the Commando celebrated Christmas on New Year's Day.  On the 3rd of Jan 5 Tp carried out a patrol to the mouth of the Garigliano.

The first half of January was spent in preparation and training for future operations. Several operations were proposed by 5th Army, then scrapped. These included an attack from the sea on the German bastion at Gaeta, guerrilla warfare in the hills North of Rome, and the capture of Rome by 2 S.S. Bde alone.  All these different plans required the unit to change its type of training for each different role. One day a man trained carrying loads of 68 lbs, next day he was in light assault order. Finally it was decided that the Commando would take part in Operation "Shingle", the landings at Anzio. On the 20th Jan the landings were made, meeting very slight opposition. The Commando had never carried more ammunition and fired less. On the 25th Jan when the Commando was withdrawn from the beach-head and returned to Bacoli, it was wondered why the Commando should have been with withdrawn so early, the reason was soon known. On the 30th Jan the unit moved off on Operation "Ornito".

Operation "Ornito" took the Commando into the mountains North of the Garigliano over tracks, which even mules shunned to tread. The force was made up by 9 and 43 Commandos. Any propaganda the enemy were short of ammunition was quickly dispelled by the Commandos during this operation. Never had so much been dropped on so few. Although the final objective was considered untenable, Mt Ornito was secured and the Field Army were unable to make any further advances from there for three months.

The Commando returned to Bacoli. Up to date the unit had suffered 150 casualties, the C.O. was wounded, the 2i/c missing and Adjt, Capt. M.R.H. ALLEN, assumed temporary command of the Commando. It was impossible to maintain five rifle troops and the unit was reorganised into three squadrons. The C.O. returned from hospital and went to Bari to arrange the transfer of the Commando to the Adriatic for operations on the Dalmation coast of Jugoslavia. It was felt that an operation using the whole Commando was out of the question until reinforcements arrived. This complacency was rudely shattered by a cryptic signal on the night of Feb 27th from 5th Army HQ; warning the Commando to be prepared to embark for Anzio on Mar 1st. The C.O. was still in Bari and it was hoped a mistake had been made. Nonetheless, on the 1st March, the Commando, strength now 14 offrs and 255 ORs, embarked at Baia on two LCIs for Anzio.

Anzio Again

Anzio was not the same. The pleasant seaside town was now a shattered battlefield. A new phase was started for 9 Commando, living underground for a protracted period. Many ideas for post war housing could be seen in the various dugouts. The Command Post was a thing of beauty, heat and running water, (when it rained). Life was rather trying, you never knew where your next shell was coming from, the M.T. section had rather a hazardous time. All rations and stores had to be transported by them across tracks more resembling mud pitches, all the time subject to mortar and shell fire. In the innumerable wadis found in the sector in which the Commando was, one could never be sure if the enemy were in front or behind you. Even visiting forward Bn.HQs was a hazardous business.

During the first nine days in the beach-head, the Commando carried out 10 battle patrols, 5 Recce patrols, and 2 attacks of a troop strength, while each squadron had a short period in the line in a patrol and counter attack role. Much useful information was obtained. One prisoner captured by A Sqn. on the 36 U.S. Combat Engineers sector was the first from that sector since the beach-head was formed. On the 19th March, the Commando carried out an attack on an enemy held wadi. Originally, this attack was cancelled except for 9 Commando's part. The wadi battle will remain vividly in the memory of those taking part. It will be considered their longest 24 hours. Incidents flash to mind: the C.O. as No 2 on the Bren to Duggie Brown, the Officers' Mess Cook; Capt BASSETT-WILSON's "Hurry up or you will be too late to throw your grenades at the Germans"; when the I.O. was hit in the water-bottle, the C.O. greeted the gush of escaping water with "Good God, he has been hit in the bladder".

This battle was the first offensive action on the beach-head for a long time, and for days after it the Germans displayed great signs of nervousness.

On the 24th March the Command left Anzio. Dream of clean clothes, dry billets and baths awaiting at Bacoli were rudely shattered when the unit disembarked at Puzzoli. The unit station had been moved to the Adriatic coast of Italy. An unpleasant evening was spent in the former QM stores at Bacoli. Next day the Commando left Naples by train and crossed Italy in the middle of a snowstorm. On the 27th March the unit arrived at Molfetta.

A New Tree With The Same Roots

A phase in the Commando history of 9 Commando had come to an end. Of the unit that had sailed from Liverpool in Sept 1943, there were only 11 officers and 217 ORs left. The percentage of casualties suffered to date was: Officers 80%, ORs 62%. The Commando was about to be rebuilt. The following months were spent recruiting, training and reorganising. Owing to the great difficulties in training, recruiting and training areas, this was to be no easy task. Operational commitments had necessarily to be curtailed. A draft of 11 officers and 80 ORs arrived from the U.K. on 24th April. As no more drafts could be sent from U.K. on account of the forthcoming Western Invasion, recruiting had to be done locally and reinforcements could not come from the hard pressed infantry. Main sources of recruits for Special Services were the R.A. and R.A.S.C. While these men were of good calibre, they had first to be trained as infantrymen, then secondly as Commandos. Some of them had never seen any infantry weapons other than a rifle. Many trips across Italy were taken by officers, chiefly the 2 i/c, Major M.R.H. ALLEN MC, to interview volunteers. Major R.A.C. CAMERON MC even had to return to Anzio. One of the few occasions, if not the only time, volunteers for Commandos were interviewed under fire. Once the volunteers were accepted, there was a considerable delay before they finally reached the Commando. A training troop had to be formed to handle all new intake personnel. The training period started with intensive drill and W.T. periods. This was most essential to bring them up to required in discipline and in handling weapons. Once they were considered proficient, they were posted to troops where they underwent field training. It was decided to rebuild the Commando a troop at a time, commencing with 1 and 5 troops, and these troops were able to start troop training on 25th May. Once again, the training area had to be found outside of Molfetta. Minervino was unsuitable at the time, so bivouac camp was set up outside Monopoli, 45 miles from Molfetta, and the troops, as they were reformed, carried out training there. The heavy weapons troop found a suitable area at Altamura. On the 31st July the bivouac camp was moved further South to Crispiano, 12 miles from Taranto. The area here permitted two troops training together. At this camp one of 4 Tp went sick with an ulcerated stomach. To his Tp Leader's surprise, the sick report excused him boots. Capt. E.J. D'ARCY MC, the M.O., on being confronted with this said "Well the Army marches on its stomach, doesn't it?"

Balkans Through a Stereoscope

During this troop training period, HQ was kept busy planning operations and administering the widely scattered troops. Altogether, nine operations were planned and 27 movement order issued. Operationally the Commando was under command of Force 133, renamed Force 266, then 399. A planning staff was formed consisting of the C.O., Major CAMERON MC; and the I.O. The first operation "Independence", destruction of a radar station on Corfu, was cancelled in favour of "Landlubber I", an attack on a German garrison at Himara, Albania. Capt. BASSETT-WILSON, MC was dropped by parachute to make a reconnaissance. On his report, it was decided that the operation was unfeasible with the force available, and was accordingly postponed. Operation "Landlubber II" was planned to take place in the same area, it was to employ a troop in a guerrilla warfare role. Owing to enemy movements, this operation had to be cancelled.

Meanwhile under "A" Force, two troop operations "Darlington II" and "Pipsqueak" had been placed, and 2 and 4 troops carried them out on the 24th May and 14th June respectively. These operations were similar, and entailed the bringing off by sea of escaped PWs from behind the enemy's line. On "Pipsqueak" the landing craft beached so solidly that the entire troop had to swim to another craft. The Commando now came under the command of the newly formed Land Forces Adriatic. Planning continued unabated. Operation "Gradient", a troop raid on the Northern Adriatic islands of Lussin and Cherso, was the next to be planned. After any changes in the target, 5 troop carried out the operation successfully on 9th August.  No. 2 S.S. Bde returned to Italy on the 24th August from Vis, Yugoslavia, and the Commando once more came under command of L.F.A. Planning commenced for Brigade operation to capture the Dalmation island of Korcula. This was cancelled by A.F.H.Q. Finally operation "Aplomb" appeared and this was to be the planning staff's farewell to L.F.A. They, having looked at so many air photographs, were cross-eyed and had stereoscopic vision. Most of the Balkans was familiar to them through a stereoscope. In fact, when the I.O. flew from Greece to Italy some time later, he instantly recognised some familiar spots in Albania. The planning staff now appreciated that the really important decisions were not made in the Executive Planning Room, but in the bar of the Imperial, the British Officers' Club.

On the 15th August, the Commando moved to a staging camp 6 miles North of Taranto and underwent Commando training.

Greek Campaign

For operation "Aplomb" a force, to be know as 'Foxforce', was formed. It consisted of 9 Commando with under its command four patrols of S.B.S.; one patrol of L.R.D.G., and 75mm gun sec; 4.2" Mortar dets and 0.5 MG Sec R.S.R. Original object of the operations was to destroy a radar station on Kithera Island, South of the Peloponnese. Capt. BASETT-WILSON MC with a patrol of S.B.S. was dropped by parachute in Kithera. P.R. on the 9th Sept showed radar destroyed. The patrol reported the island evacuated by the Germans. The Navy decided to use Kithera as a forward base for Coastal Raiding Forces and Foxforce was to hold the naval base. On the 14th Sept the Force sailed from Taranto in LSI "Prince David" and on the evening of 15/16 Sept landed in Avlemon Bay, Kithera. The population gave the Force a terrific welcome. Next day the Navy decided that Kapsali would make a better anchorage, so all the stores had to be reloaded and shipped round to Kapsali. The ELAS at first appeared friendly and co-operative and their Ops round the island were made part of our defences. The Commando held a defensive perimeter round Kapsali Bay, living in odd buildings or bivouacs. The S.B.S. and L.R.D.G. patrols set off on recces of Poros, Aiyina and Salamis islands and Navplion in the Peloponnese. Operation "Manna", the landing of British forces at Piraieus, was planned to take place at the beginning of October. Foxforce's job on "Manna" was to knock out the C.D. guns on Aiyina.  HQ, while endeavouring to plan these future operations, was besieged by oppressed Greeks, naturalised British and American subjects, appeals for relief, etc. It also became apparent the ELAS were carrying out subversive activities. The Force was not able to deal with any of these problems because (a) its only job was the prosecution of the war against the Germans, (b) no staff or experience in these matters, and (c) no fixed policy was given by higher authorities. Foxforce HQ to be found from 9 Commando HQ and this placed a big strain on it. This was helped a bit by a C.A.O. and "G III" sent from L.F.A. One additional difficulty at first was the time. The Navy worked on Cairo time, Foxforce on Italian time and Greeks on local time. All different!

In the last week of September the Germans withdrew from the Peloponnese, leaving the Greek Security Bns behind. A naval recce party reported from the Peloponnese town of Kalamata that help was required from British troops to prevent bloodshed between the ELAS and the Security Bn at Tripoli. The latter had declared their willingness to surrender  to British troops. The C.O. immediately set off with a troop to Kalamata, where he managed to arrange the surrender of the Security Bn. They were to be taken under a joint British and ELAS guard to Spetzai, an island off the Peloponnese. At one period during these negotiations, the C.O. found himself left alone amidst a band of ferocious guerrillas as a sign of good faith. The surrender was carried out successfully and the C.O. returned to Kithera, leaving Major R.A.C. CAMERON MC in charge of one section to act as British part of the guard. En route for Spetzai, Major CAMERON managed to arrange the surrender of the Security Bn garrison at Navplion. This was no easy task as fighting had already broken out between the garrison and the ELAS. After overcoming many difficulties in transport and shipping, Major CAMERON's party reach Spetzai on 5th Oct. A Stirling woman summed up the situation in the Peloponnese for Major CAMERON when she said "It was Hell under the Germans but worse with the ELAS".

On the 24th Sept 'C' Sqn of the Greek Sacred Regiment arrived from the M.E. and came under the command of Foxforce. The patrol to Poros reported that the island had been evacuated by the Germans. The Navy decided to move the naval base to Poros and on 30th Sept the Force sailed on minesweepers to Poros. On the Force's arrival in Poros Bay at first light on 1st Oct, there was wild firing from the shore. An opposed landing was feared until it was realised that it was an old Greek custom to signify welcome. Again the population was jubilant. The force took up positions around the bay with Ops on the hills overlooking Aiyina, 11 miles away. Any craft venturing on the North side of Poros Island was shelled from Aiyina. Again the Force was confronted with civilian problems. The ELAS in the newly liberated Peloponnese were not losing much time in assuming control. Opponents conveniently disappeared, men were conscripted and food was pillaged from villages. Many Greeks arrived at Poros driven from their homes by terror of the ELAS. Major CAMERON's party at Spetzai reported the ELAS were being most uncooperative and were indulging in anti-British propaganda.

Planning for the operation on Aiyina continued. There was no air cover of the island in spite of urgent appeals to L.F.A. Much information was obtained about the German positions in the Gulf of Athens from patrols and interrogation of German PWs and Greek caique skippers. Briefing was handicapped by the necessity for all orders having to be translated to the C.O. of the Sacred Greek Regt. By the 11th October all plans for the attack on the Aiyina C.D. Batteries at Perdhika and Tourlos were firm. D-day was on the 13th Oct. Air and naval support was arranged including preliminary softening up raids on D - 1. On D - 2 the enemy evacuated Perdhika and the plans had to be changed accordingly. Then on D - 1, AFHQ ordered an attack on Fleves Island to coincide with the Aiyina attack. In the afternoon of D - 1, patrols reported Aiyina completely evacuated. "Emergency Operation" signals sped back and forward between Poros and Italy. All changes in the air support had to be made through L.F.A. in Italy. Changes in the naval support had to go via S.N.O. Poros to the Navy in the M.E. at Alexandria. To add to the excitement, a plane from M.E. at last dropped us the long requested air photographs. They were the air cover of Poros and Aiyina! On the evening of D - 1, the 12th Oct, the final orders from L.F.A. arrived: cancel attack on Aiyina, secure port of Piraieus and aerodrome at Kalmaki preventing demolitions at both, D Day the 14th that same night the OPs reported many demolitions at Piraieus. On the 13th October a small patrol went to Fleves and found the island evacuated. At 2100 hours on the 13th the Force embarked on 2 LCTs and sailed for Piraieus. The minefield between Aiyina and Piraieus was successfully passed at first light on the 14th. As the landing craft came in sight Piraieus harbour, every available craft in the bay came speeding towards them. In no time the Force was surrounded by a cheering armada. The Germans had left the day before. On the shore could be seen a solid black mass of Greeks. The caique harbour had been left undamaged so the landing was made there. The assault troops made a beach-head in the crowd to allow the force to disembark. The C.O. of the British Military Mission in Athens decided it was essential that British troops should enter Athens immediately in order to prevent civil disturbances. The Force made a quick change from denim battle order into K.D. parade order, and by bus were taken to the outskirts of Athens. There the Force was joined by a weak company from No. 4 Para Bn, who had dropped at Megara airfield that morning, and were just in time to take part in the entry into Athens. The Force made a ceremonial march through the streets of Athens to Constitutional Square. Vast crowds cheered the procession and at time almost engulfed the Force. In Constitutional Square the Force was inspected by the Greek Military Governor of Attica. Then the Force marched past the Unknown Warrior's Tomb on which the C.O. laid a wreath. The C.O. received the Freedom of Athens. Billets for the Force were provided in the Melakon building in the centre of Athens. There the Force was virtually imprisoned by madly cheering crowds. This building became the centre of demonstrations and processions which continued by torchlight after dark. Greek political slogans, songs, dances, loudspeakers and more political slogans rent the air. The only starving people in Athens that night was Foxforce, having had no food that day save a haversack breakfast at 0500 hrs. Late at night M.T. forced the way through the mob and raised the siege.

The following days saw no diminution in the crowds. HQ was engulfed by German deserters, Italian PWs seeking protection, British and American subjects, escaped Allied PWs, Greeks desiring jobs with the British Forces. Once the main body of British troops arrived, Foxforce was unceremoniously thrown out of the Melakon building and given as billets a louse-ridden school, which was uninhabitable. Every respectable billet had been chosen in Cairo for other units from a town plan. Foxforce found its own billet, outside of Athens. The Force now came under the command of No. 2 Independent Para Bde Gp and was renamed Commando Force. The S.B.S. and L.R.D.G. patrols ceased to be under command. It was decided that Commando Force, renamed Scrumforce, should be the advance party of the occupational troops for Salonika. On the 29th of October the 'C' Sqn. Sacred Regiment ceased to be under command of Scrumforce. On the 30th October the Force embarked at Piraieus on LCIs. The stores were loaded on caiques with Lieut. P.H. BOLTON i/c. When a storm dispersed the caique fleet, it became known as Bolton Wanderers. Just prior to leaving Piraieus, the CC, Lt-Col R.J.F. TODD DSO, had to return to Italy to assume command of No. 2 S.S. Bde in succession to Brig. T.B.L. CHURCHILL MC. Major M.R.H. ALLEN MC assumed temporary command of 9 Commando and Scrumforce with the local rank of Lt-Col. On the 31st October the Force disembarked at Skiathos Island, which was to be used as an advance staging area for Salonika. Bivouacs were made in an olive grove. On leaving Italy the Commando had been ordered to prepare for a three weeks operation. It was now well into the second month of the Force's stay in Greece and the stores were being heavily strained. On the 2nd of November Flyforce, commanded by Major R.A.C. CAMERON MC, the advance party of Scrumforce, entered Salonika. Three days later, after one of the worst voyages ever experienced, the main body of Scrumforce arrived at Salonika. The craft had crossed a heavily sown and unswept minefield, which later proved very destructive against following convoys. The ELAS were in complete control here. The main body of British troops arrived on the 7th November. Scrumforce was split up. The R.S.R. detachments ceased to be under command. Lt-Col HAMILTON-HILL, the C.A.O., returned to Italy. 9 Commando was left by itself and came under command 7 Ind Inf Bde. On 13th November a detachment of 50 All Ranks formed part of a guard of honour for the arrival of MODIS, Governor General of Salonika.

There was a tense situation at Drama between Nationalists and the ELAS. Co 9 Commando had to despatch two troops to show the flag and maintain order by their presence. 1 and 2 Tps made up this force, called Dramforce, under the command of Capt. H.T. KITHER. The journey to Drama was rather a long business owing to enemy demolitions especially at the river Strymon which had to be crossed by a slow ferry driver by the current of the river. Dramforce held ceremonial parades in Drama and the neighbouring towns, which greatly impressed the local populace. A patrol was maintained on a temporary boundary set up between the ELAS and Nationalists.

The situation remained tense the whole time Dramforce was there. Dramforce were relieved by 1st Coy R. Sussex and returned to Salonika on the 1st December.

At the beginning of November 9 Commando was split up all over Greece. The main body was at Salonika, a rear HQ in Athens, two troops were at Drama, one section was at Skiathos, and one section still at Spetzai. In addition there was a rear party in Italy.

On the 1st December Lt-Col. J.M. DUNNING-WHITE, 8 Hussars, arrived from U.K. fresh from the Western front, to take over command of No. 9 Commando.

When fighting broke out in Athens a high state of preparedness had to be maintained in Salonika. On the event of the outbreak of fighting, all forces in Salonika had to withdraw into and hold a perimeter. The Commando had to provide guards for several VPs and PW escorts. The Commando's role in the perimeter changed several times, and the C.O. had to change his plans accordingly. Adding to his difficulties was the necessity of carrying our recces as unostentationously as possible, pretending he was sightseeing. As the situation had deteriorated, the Commando had to move into the perimeter and was billeted in Allatini Flour Mills, the troops living amongst the machinery. Everyone was confined to billets and street patrols were sent out during the hours of darkness.  Christmas once again could not be celebrated on 25th December, all festivities being postponed. The ELAS remained very correct, but obstructed the British at every turn, while expounding the most violent anti-British propaganda. A football match the C.O. had arranged with the ELAS was cancelled by EAM. Spies were everywhere. The C.O. and 2 i/c were sniped at in their car. The ELAS celebrated the New Year by firing all their weapons into the air. The Military Command in Salonika feared that the ELAS attack had commenced and ordered a stand to. So 0030 hrs on the 1st January 45 saw 9 Commando standing to, ready for battle (hic). Woe to any foe that had crossed their path that night.

The beginning of January saw the complete rout of the ELAS in Athens, forcing them to seek terms. By the conditions of the terms they had to withdraw outside the Salonika area and be clear by the 16th January. The C.O. with 1, 2 and 5 Tps patrolled an area up to the withdrawal boundary to confiscate any stores not clear by midnight 16th January. The whole Commando was then employed in house searching for arms and ammunition.

During this period a certain amount of sport was carried out. The football team played very well and was highly placed in the Salonika League. A very successful novices' boxing competition was run.

The Greek situation by the end of January being under control, it was possible to release 9 Commando from Greece. The three weeks stay in Greece had dragged out to almost five months, by the time the Commando left Salonika on the 6th February aboard two LSTs. No one was really sorry to leave Greece. The stay in Salonika had been most irksome and uncomfortable, being neither one thing nor the other, battle or peace. Most of the unit's kit was still in Italy. Welfare was very slow in arriving and the Commando always seemed to be one step ahead of it. Training was impossible owing to the many moves and constant state of emergency. Altogether, save for a few days in Athens, the Greek campaign for 9 Commando was marked by constant fatigues, guards, moves and periods of stand to.

Return to Italy

After a four week voyage, the Commando arrived at Taranto on the 10th February. By the 11th the unit had moved into its new station at Martina Franca. The next weeks were spent in reorganisation, administration and training.

W.T., Sen NCOs and Sub Offrs demolition, snipers and field craft cadres were held. The Commando classified in all weapons. The period of time given to the C.O. for this very essential work had to be curtailed by operational necessity. On the 11th March the Commando had to move to Ravenna to join 2 Commando Bde. The move was made by train to Rimini and thence by M.T. arriving at Ravenna on the 14th. The armies in Italy, bogged down for so long, were preparing for their final big offensive, in the initial stages of which, 2 Commando Bde were to play a large part in operation "Roast".  9 Commando started training for its role in this operation.  It was introduced to and became familiar with the new types of equipment it was to use; Stormboats, LVTs (Fantails); Weasels, Lifebuoy flamethrowers and Littlejohn 2 pr A.tk guns. Each troop spent a few days in the line to familiarise it with the type of terrain over which it would be operating.

The Last Battles in Italy

On April 1st the Commando left Ravenna for operation "Roast". This was an amphibious operations involving a crossing of Lake Comacchio. This must stand out in Commando history as one of the most hazardous and complicated operations ever undertaken. The special craft intended to carry the troops across the lake had almost to be carried themselves by the troops. The operation was very successful. During the operation, a man complained that he had no cigarettes. His L/Cpl reminded him that he had been issued seven that morning. "Seven!" he objected. "I smoked them all in one stonk". After the heavy morning counter attack had been repulsed, rations and mail reached 5 Tp. Pte LANCASTER received a book "Bullets for Breakfast"!

The next operation was when one section of 4 Troop under Lieut. P.H. BOLTON was sent to occupy certain islands on Lake Comaccio (Op. "Fryforce"). This was uneventful.

Capt. M.A.W. DAVIES MC rejoined the unit from Staff College, Haifa, on 10th April and took on the job of Adjutant again. The Guard Room has remained full ever since.

On April 11th the C.O. received notice to mount another amphibious operation "Impact Royal" under 24 Guards Bde. It was again over Lake Comaccio, but this time on its South West shore. Little time was given for planning as the Commando had to leave its base, Marina di Ravenna, P.M. on 12th April, embark that night and land the next day in broad daylight - on Friday 13th! The operation was carried out in Fantails (LVTs IV). The landing proved to be unopposed. The operation then took on in principle two bashes against the enemy to clear up to an cross the Fossa Marina which was holding up the advance of the Guards Bde. Though the Commandos did not succeed in crossing, it made it possible for the Brigade to cross, first by clearing the enemy from some very strongly defended positions South of the Fossa Marina, then by knowledge gained of the enemy, his weapons, positions, and the nature of the water obstacle with its many hazards.

The Commando returned to Marina di Ravenna on 17th April. Owing to the casualties sustained on Ops "Roast" and "Impact Royal", the C.O. reorganised the Commando into three rifle troops and a heavy weapons troop.

Total Victory

V.E. Day, 8th May 1945, 9 Commando, strength 25 Officers and 430 ORs, paraded for an address from the C.O., followed by a service of thanksgiving and remembrance, the sounding of the "Last Post, Reveille and Cease Fire." All ranks then had a issue of rum. The Sergeants marched with pipes to the Officers' mess which was drained dry. At night a bonfire was lit and toasts drunk round it in vino.

This ends another phase in the history of 9 Commando. What the future holds is as yet unknown. One more phase or many? Who knows?

Appendix 'A'

 

STATISTICS

Unit Strength

 
 
 
Offrs
ORs
‘’          ‘’
Embarked at Loverpool 11th Sept 43
:
 
27
427
‘’          ‘’
After Operation “Anzio II”
:
 
12
217
‘’          ‘’
Embarked Taranto for Greece 14 Sept 44
:
 
27
399
‘’          ‘’
Before OP “Roast” 31 Mar 45
:
 
30
442

 

Casualties

Allied
Missing
Wounded
Operation“Partridge”
 
 
6
ORs
 
 
1
ORs
6
Offrs
15
ORs
Patrol 5 Jan 44
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operation “Ornito”
3
Offrs
16
ORs
1
Offrs
15
ORs
6
Offrs
78
ORs
Operation “Anzio II”
2
Offrs
23
ORs
 
Offrs
4
ORs
2
Offrs
74
ORs
Operation “Roast”
3
Offrs
8
ORs
 
 
 
 
2
Offrs
40
ORs
Operation “Impact Royal”
1
Offrs
5
ORs
1
 
 
 
2
Offrs
48
ORs
Batttle Casualties
1
Offrs
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Battle Accidents
 
 
2
ORs
 
 
 
 
 
 
15
ORs
TOTALS:
10
Offrs
60
ORs
2
Offrs
20
ORs
18
Offrs
271
ORs

 

Reinforcements

 
Offrs
ORs
Draft from U.K
24 Apr 44
11
80
Draft from U.K
Oct 44
1
18
Draft from U.K
Dec 44
1
25
Recruited in Italy Apr – Aug 1944 (from 35 Offrs and 361 ORs interviewed
 
10
171
TOTAL:
 
23
294

R.T.U

 
Offrs
ORs
"      "
Sept 42 – Apr 44
1
45
"     "
May 44 – Apr 45
 
42
TOTAL:
 
1
87

 

 
Offrs
ORs
On 8 May 45 Nos still in Cdo who were in it when it was formed Nov 40
8
79
On 8 May 45 Nos still in Cdo who embarked U.K. Sept 43
10
152
Estimated Casualties inflicted on Enemy by 9 Cdo between 29 Dec and 15 Apr 45         
9
1600

 

Appendix 'B'

DECORATIONS AND AWARDS

 

D.S.O.

D.C.M.

M.C.

  • Major   M.R.H. ALLEN                                                                             
  • Major   R.A.C. CAMERON
  • Capt.    M. LONG                                                                                                                     
  • Capt.    E.J.D. D'ARCY
  • Capt.    P. BASSETT-WILSON (KIA)                       
  • Capt.    M.A.W. DAVIES
  • Capt.    L.S. CALLF                                                                                                  
  • Capt.    H.T. KITHER (KIA)
  • Lieut.   D.B. LONG

Bar to M.C. 

M.M.

Mentioned in Despatches

 

Appendix 'C'

INSPECTIONS AND VISITS

20 Nov 43
Molfetta
Brig. T.B.L. CHURCHILL MC; Comd. 2 S.S. Bde inspected the unit.
1 Jan 1944
Bacoli
Brig. T.B.L. CHURCHILL MC addressed the unit.
   Jan 44
Bacoli
Gen. Sir Richard L. McCREERY, K.C.B., D.S.O., M.B.F., MC., 10 Corps Comd. Inspected the unit.
15 Mar 44
Anzio
Maj. Gen. GREIGSON-ELLIS, D.S.O. Comd. 5 Div, and Brig LORNE-CAMPBELL, V.C., D.S.O. visited the unit.
20 Mar 44
Anzio
Maj. Gen. GREIGSON-ELLIS, D.S.O. visited the unit to congratulate it on the operation of 19 Mar.
28 June 44
Molfetta
Brig. G.C. DAVY, C.B.E., D.S.O., inspected No. 5 Troop.
29 June 44
Bari
Admiral Sir W. COWAN, K.C.B., D.S.O., M.B.E., inspected unit's guard of honour.
6 July 44
Molfetta
Maj. Gen. R.G. STURGESS, R.M., C.B.E., D.S.O., Comd. S.S. Group inspected the unit.
16 Aug 44
Taranto
Lieut-Col. C.E. VAUGHAN, M.B.E., addressed the unit.
19 Dec 44
Salonika
Brig. D.O. BUTTERWORTH, D.S.O., Comd. 3 Dist inspected unit accommodation.
22 Jan 45
Salonika
Maj. Gen. G.H. BOUCHER, C.B.E., D.S.O., Comd. 4 Ind Div visited the unit.
3 Feb 45
Salonika
Brug. O. do T. LOVETT, D.S.O. Comd. 7 Inf Bde inspected the unit.
15 Feb 45
Martina-Franca
Brig. R.J.F. TOD, D.S.O., Comd. 2 Cdo Bde inspected the unit.
1 Apr 45
Ravenna
Brig. R.J.F. TOD, DSO., addressed the unit.
4 Apr 45
Ravenna
Lieut-Gen. C.F. KEIGHTLEY, C.B., D.S.O., O.B.E., Comd. 5 Corps visited unit and congratulated it on Op "Roast".
7 Apr 45
Marina di
Ravenna
Field Marshall, The Honourable Sir Harold R.L.G. ALEXANDER, G.C.B., C.S.I., D.S.O., M.C., visited Brigade and met all Cos and Major L.S. CALLF, M.C. He was accompanied by the Army Comd. Lieut-Gen. Sir Richard L. McCREERY, K.C.B., D.S.O., M.B.E., M.C. and 5 Corps Comd. Lieut. C.F. KEIGHTLEY, C.B., D.S.O., O.B.E.
26 Apr
Marina di
Ravenna
Brig. R.J.F. TOD, D.S.O. inspected the unit.

 

TOD, Ronald John Frederick (Brig)

Known as: 
Ronnie
Rank: 
Brigadier
Regiment/Corps: 
Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders
Service: 
Army
Service number: 
32187
Born: 
Friday, November 3, 1905
Died : 
Saturday, April 5, 1975
Commissioned  into the Argyle and Sutherland Highlanders in 1925. Served in No 6 Independent Company and was  Officer Commanding No 11 Independent Company in 1940 and later took command of No 9 Commando in 1942.  Awarded DSO, and later a Bar to the DSO, each for "gallant and distinguished services in Italy " whilst commanding No 9 Commando in 1944.  Promoted Brigadier and Officer Commanding 2 Commando Brigade,  in 1945 he was awarded a CBE for "gallant and distinguished services in Italy."
 

Commando Association Newsletter 61 of 1975.

"We are saddened by the death on 5th April last of Brigadier Ronald John Froderick Tod CBE, DSO & Bar,  Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders, a Vice President of the Association and one of the first Commanding Officers of the Independent Companies from which Army Commandos were developed. Lt.Colonel Michael Allen (9 Commando) writes:
 
Ronnie Tod, as he was universally and affectionately known, rose spontaneously during the Second World War to the occasion for which he had been trained as a regular soldier, and throughout his wartime commands of No. 6 Independent Company, No. 9 Commando and ultimately 2nd Commando Brigade, he operated as a talented, intrepid, and adventurous professional.  He instinctively recognised the right job to be done, acknowledged the supreme significance of the men with whom he had to see to the doing of it, and then commanded, cared for, and directed them accordingly. Those men remained under his command with unswerving resolution and loyalty for so long as they were fit and able.
Ronnie Tod was daunted by nothing except concern for his men, and at all times was inspired by an implacable determination that together they would achieve the object of whatever task or exercise was set them. He will happily have joined those whose names are inscribed in the Cornmando Roll of Honour Book which rests in St. George's Chapel, Westminster Abbey and we recall that the final completion of this Book of Remembrance was only made possible by his generosity. We have lost another comrade without the like of whom the Army Commandos would never have gained their place in the history of the British Army".
 
Sources:
CBE: LG Publication date: 18 September 1945; Supplement: 37274; Page: 4669
DSO: LG Publication date: 29 June 1944; Supplement: 36586; Page : 3069
Bar to DSO: LG Publication date: 18 July 1944; Supplement: 36615; Page: 3375
 
Photo of grave in Gallery: 
Yes