Commando Actions

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Operation Horse

Location

Veerweg , Sprang-Capelle, Noord-Brabant
Netherlands
51° 42' 53.496" N, 4° 58' 51.33" E
Sunday, January 14, 1945

An attack on the German held small island of Kapelsche Veer. It had a harbour on the north side and was simply a segment of low-lying land between the main River Mass and the much narrower Oude Maas.

A German Paratroop Division, had taken up positions on Xmas Eve, and were well dug in at the top of a dyke on both sides of the island. A previous attempt by Polish Forces had been repulsed as was this attempt by the Commandos who suffered many casualties.

1 Commando, War Diary of Hill 170

Location

Formerly Burma
Myanmar
17° 49' 37.722" N, 95° 4' 52.2372" E
Wednesday, January 31, 1945

Source: 
War Diaries of No 1 Cdo.  ref.  National Archives WO 203/ 1792. Transcribed with the help of  John Mewett and Elaine Southworth-Davies from a copy typed on a ribbon type writer which was very hard to decipher.  ***** refers to a word that could not be made out.

Report by Lt. Col Peter Young on the Battle of Hill 170

Operation Widgeon

Location

Wesel
Germany
51° 39' 32.5944" N, 6° 33' 26.9208" E
Friday, March 23, 1945
Wesel after the capture March 1945

An operation by the 1st Commando Brigade to cross the River Rhine and capture and hold Wesel. The above photo © IWM (BU 7670) shows the devastation after the air raid.

Operation Roast

Location

Comacchio
Italy
44° 38' 5.8128" N, 12° 15' 1.5948" E
Sunday, April 1, 1945
Commandos unloading a storm boat

Battle of the Argenta Gap, Lake Comacchio, Italy, launched on the 1st April 1945 involving the whole of 2 Commando Brigade.  Operation Roast was an attack across Lake Comacchio to capture the spit of land between Lake Comacchio and the Adriatic Sea, from the River Reno to the Valetta canal, a distance of about 7 miles. It was essentially a plan to draw German reserve forces away from the main offensive to be launched across to the East.

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