Commando Actions

Useful tip: If you don’t find what you are looking for here, check the operational codenames on the Naval History website [view list].


Operation X Anzio beachhead

Sunday, March 19, 1944

Known only as Operation X, 9 Commando were tasked with clearing three Wadis about half a mile from the perimeter of the beachhead. The Germans had been using these as a forming up point for counter attacks.  These wadis formed a 'U' with a small hill in the centre and some further high ground below the base of the 'U'.

Due to their casualties at recent operations around Monte Ornito, the strength of 9 Commando had been reduced to 14 officers and just 255 OR's so the Commando was reformed from troops into 3 squadrons for the operation.

Operation Detained 11

Location

Solta (formerly part of Yugoslavia)
Croatia
43° 23' 13.1748" N, 16° 17' 15.0756" E
Monday, May 8, 1944

An Allied force of Yugoslav Partisans landed on Solta accompanied by Lieutenant Freeman and his signallers from No 2. After a sweep of the island for enemy forces they departed on the 10th.

Operation Foxhound

Location

Miljet
Dalmatian Islands
Croatia
42° 44' 51.9756" N, 17° 30' 54.0504" E
Monday, May 22, 1944

A large scale raid on the 22/23rd May involving No 2 (Army) Commando, 43RM Commando, and one troop from 40RM Commando, on Miljet Island. 

Operation Flounced

Location

Island of Brac, formerly Yugoslavia
Croatia
43° 18' 17.6076" N, 16° 39' 9.756" E
Friday, June 2, 1944

A night raid on the enemy held island of Brac involving Commando Units of 2 Special Service Brigade primarily from 40 and 43 Royal Marine Commandos, and 2 Special Service Brigade HQ. They were assisted by Partisan forces.

Lt Col. 'Jack' Churchill in overall command was taken prisoner.

Lt Col. Manners OC of 40RM Commando was among the casualties.

'Battle for Port-en-Bessin'

Location

Port en Bessin
France
49° 20' 55.2804" N, 0° 45' 18.8676" W
Tuesday, June 6, 1944

Professor John Forfar took part in the BBC programme 'Destination D-Day: The Raw Recruits', and wrote this account of his commando's D-Day experiences as Medical Officer for 47RM Commando. He went on to write an excellent book about 47RM Commando called 'From Omaha to the Scheldt.

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