Commando Actions

Operation Detained 11

Location

Solta (formerly part of Yugoslavia)
Croatia
43° 23' 13.1748" N, 16° 17' 15.0756" E
Monday, May 8, 1944

An Allied force of Yugoslav Partisans landed on Solta accompanied by Lieutenant Freeman and his signallers from No 2. After a sweep of the island for enemy forces they departed on the 10th.

Operation Detained 1

Location

(formerly part of Yugoslavia)
Grohote, Island of Solta
Croatia
43° 23' 30.3864" N, 16° 17' 10.6872" E
Saturday, March 18, 1944

An attack on the German held village of Grohote in the Damatian Island of Solta. The assault involved two Landing Craft Infantry (LCI), one from Vis and the other from Komiza. A spare LCI from Komiza accompanied them. Each towed a Landing Craft Assault (LCA).  The RAF also provided aerial support to the Commandos consisting of 36 Kittyhawk dive bombers. The raid was successful and the Commandos later evacuated back to thier base at Vis with the entire German garrison of over 100 soldiers as prisoners.

Operation Widgeon

Location

Wesel
Germany
51° 39' 32.5944" N, 6° 33' 26.9208" E
Friday, March 23, 1945
Wesel after the capture March 1945

An operation by the 1st Commando Brigade to cross the River Rhine and capture and hold Wesel. The above photo © IWM (BU 7670) shows the devastation after the air raid.

Operation Horse

Location

Veerweg , Sprang-Capelle, Noord-Brabant
Netherlands
51° 42' 53.496" N, 4° 58' 51.33" E
Sunday, January 14, 1945

An attack on the German held small island of Kapelsche Veer. It had a harbour on the north side and was simply a segment of low-lying land between the main River Mass and the much narrower Oude Maas.

A German Paratroop Division, had taken up positions on Xmas Eve, and were well dug in at the top of a dyke on both sides of the island. A previous attempt by Polish Forces had been repulsed as was this attempt by the Commandos who suffered many casualties.

Operation Chopper

Location

Luc sur Mer
France
49° 19' 3.9576" N, 0° 21' 20.4516" W
Sunday, September 28, 1941

65 men of 5 Troop No1 Commando took part in a twin raid against the coast of Northern France, code named Operations Chopper and Deepcut.

One ssection led by Captain Tom Hemmimg landed at Luc sur Mer (Chopper) and suffered a number of casualties including two killed, these were Pt Elwyn Edwards and L Cpl Cyril Evans.  

The other section led by Lt Scaramanga  landed at St Vaast Bay (Deepcut) and ambushed a German cycle patrol.

Operation Frankton

Location

Bordeaux
France
44° 51' 33.1488" N, 0° 33' 7.4268" W
Monday, December 7, 1942

Operation Frankton  was a raid on shipping in the port of Bordeaux which was under German occupation. Often wrongly associated with being undertaken by Commandos, it was in fact carried out by a select group of Royal Marines who were designated as the Royal Marine Boom Patrol Detachment or RMBPD, operating under the command of Combined Operations.

Operation Screwdriver

Location

Alethangyaw
Myanmar
20° 41' 26.9988" N, 92° 24' 20.0016" E
Saturday, March 11, 1944

A raid from the sea on the the village of Alethangyaw ( also spelt as Alethankyaw  ) and the surrounding areas near to Maungdaw to harrass the enemy. The initial assault was made by 44RM Commando. They were relieved on the 15th March by No 5 Commando.  

2 troops of No 5 were sent to assist a battery of field guns who were in danger of being overrun by the enemy.  The Commandos were ambushed by the enemy and there were many casualties within both troops, but after a prolonged battle of several hours they managed to extricate themselves.

Pages