Musketoon

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'Glomjford - Operation Musketoon’

Sunday, September 20, 1942

Location

Glomfjord
Norway
66° 51' 33.12" N, 14° 1' 36.48" E

Glomfjord, Norway

Operation Musketoon was a raid on an electricity generating station at Glomfjord in German occupied Norway. Ten Commandos from No 2 Commando and 2 Norwegian corporals working for the SOE took part in the raid leaving thier home port on the 11th September. They were taken by submarine to a remote Fjord, completed a difficult overland route, approaching their target from the rear and successfully destroyed it. Seven were captured and later executed at Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp under Hitler's infamous Commando Order. 
 

A Special Memorial Service for Sgt. Miller Smith

Extract from Commando Association newsletter 96 issued March 1993
Special Commando Memorial Service
On 25th October last, a special Memorial Service and Parade was held in honour of Commando Sergeant Miller Smith (2 Cdo), a Southport ex-policeman, who, participating on "Operation Musketoon" the raid on Glomfjord Power Station, Norway, on 20th September, 1942, was captured with eight others trying to escape via Sweden. Subsequently taken to Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp and executed by the SS under Hitler's infamous Reprisal Order.

ABRAM, Cyril Henry

No 2 Commando
Rifle Brigade
Executed
Rifleman Cyril Abram was one of the seven men of No. 2 Commando who were captured after Operation Musketoon, and later executed under Hitler's Commando Execution Order, at Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp, Berlin, 1942.

BLACK, Graeme Delamere

No 2 Commando
South Lancashire
Distinguished Service Order (DSO)
Military Cross (MC)
Executed
Captain Graeme Black DSO, MC, was executed whilst a Prisoner of War. He was one of the seven Commandos of No. 2 Commando who were captured after Operation Musketoon, and later executed under Hitler's Commando Execution Order, at Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp, Berlin, 1942. 

CURTIS, Eric Gordon

No 2 Commando
Queens Own Royal West Kent
Executed
Private Eric Curtis was one of the seven men of No. 2 Commando who were captured after Operation Musketoon, and later executed under Hitler's Commando Execution Order, at Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp, Berlin, 1942.
 
Sources
CWGC.

FAIRCLOUGH, John

John Fairclough MM
Fairclough 2 Commando
No 2 Commando
Grenadier Guards
Military Medal (MM)
Guardsman John Fairclough was one of the ten Commandos and 2 Norwegians who took part in Operation Musketoon. Seven were taken prisoner and later executed.

JOHNSON-HOUGHTON, Joseph Blundell

No 2 Commando
Queens Own Cameron Highlanders
Military Cross (MC)
Executed
Captain Joseph Blundell Johnson-Houghton MC was executed whilst a Prisoner of War. He was one of the seven men of No. 2 Commando who were captured after Operation Musketoon, and executed under Hitler's Commando Execution Order, at Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp, Berlin, 1942. Generally referred to as Joseph Houghton as the family often used the shortened surname of 'Houghton'.

MAKEHAM, Reginald Henry

No 2 Commando
Gordon Highlanders
Executed

Private Reginald Makeham, 6 troop,  was one of the seven men of No. 2 Commando who were captured after Operation Musketoon, and later executed under Hitler's Commando Execution Order, at Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp, Berlin, 1942.

Sources
CWGC.
Killing of British POWs Germany after capture in Norway Operation Musketoon  / National Archives file WO311/382.

O'BRIEN, Richard

No 2 Commando
Royal Berkshire Regiment
Distinguished Conduct Medal (DCM)
Military Medal (MM)
Lance Sergeant Richard O'Brien, 2 troop, was one of the Commandos who returned from Operation Chariot, the raid on St Nazaire. He sailed on board ML 447.
 

SMITH, Miller

No 2 Commando
Coldstream Guards
Executed

Sergeant Miller Smith was one of the seven men of No. 2 Commando who were captured after Operation Musketoon, and later executed under Hitler's Commando Execution Order, at Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp, Berlin, 1942. 

TRIGG, Frederick Harry

Frederick Harry Trigg 2 Commando
No 2 Commando
Royal Sussex Regiment
Military Medal (MM)
Killed in action or died of wounds
Private Frederick Trigg MM from Haywards Heath, Sussex, was killed in action in Italy.
He had been awarded the Military Medal whilst serving in No.2 Commando for gallant and distinguished service  in 1942 during Operation Musketoon in Norway and his subsequent evasion from capture. Seven of those on that raid were captured and executed.

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