No 10 (IA) Commando 3 troop ('X' troop)

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'Details of some of No.10(IA) Cdo. 3 Troop'

Type: Files
Author: Martin Sugarman BA, Cert Ed. Archivist, Association of Jewish Ex-Servicemen and Women
Year of Publishing: 2000
Keywords: 10 inter allied commando,x troop,miscellaneous troop,jewish troop,pioneer corps

3 troop, also referred to as the Miscellaneous troop, X troop, and, post war, as the Jewish troop, consisted solely of German speaking refugees most being of Jewish Faith. They included different nationalities, primarily German and Austrians, but also Hungarians and Czech's.

'Document about No.10 (IA) Cdo 3 Troop'

Type: Files
Author: Martin Sugarman BA, Cert Ed. Archivist, Association of Jewish Ex-Servicemen and Women
Year of Publishing: 2000
Keywords: 10 inter allied commando,x troop,miscellaneous troop,pioneer corps

3 troop, also referred to as the miscellaneous troop and X troop, consisted solely of German speaking refugees many being of Jewish Faith. They included different nationalities, primarily German and Austrians, but also Hungarians and Czech's.

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10 Cdo Roll of Honour 'X' tp.

                                                         The Fallen from 'X' Troop
Lieut. K.J. GLASER
WO1 RSM. E.W. NATHAN
Officer Cadet G.A. BARTH 
Sgt.  E. KAGERER-STEIN
Sgt.  O.  HESS 
Sgt . E.   VOGEL 
Cpl.  G.M.  FRANK 
Cpl.  S.  WEICH
LCpl. H.  ARENSTEIN 
LCpl. W.  AUERHAHN
LCpl. K.W. GUMPERTZ
LCpl. E.R.  LENEL
LCpl. K.  MEYER

10 Commando Nominal Roll

In 1946 the Army Council decided that the Army Commandos were to be disbanded and no provision was allowed or made for any depository or office which would have at least contained a complete Roster of Names of the men who served in the various units. 

A partial nominal roll for Dieppe

The following list contain the names, ranks and numbers of the officers and men of No4 Commando who participated. It also includes some from No 10 (IA) Commando Free French  and 'X' troop, and others including some US Rangers, who were attached to the Commandos for the raid.
It does not contain those from No 3 Commando and 40RM Commando as no such full list of names has been found. 
 

A speech by Colin Anson No.10(IA) Cdo 3tp

A transcript of a speech by Colin Anson on the 4th September 2007 at the Imperial War Museum about his experience as a member of No 10 (IA) Commando 3 troop. The speech was given by Colin when he attended a reunion of refugees from Nazism who served in the British Forces in WW2. This took place at the Imperial War Museum on 4th September 2007.  In 2010 Colin Anson granted his permission for us to display his speech on our website.
(nb. click on his name above for more information.)
 

ABRAHAMOWICZ, Richard George

Served as : 
ARLEN, Richard George
Known as: 
also seen as ABRAMOVICZ
Abrahamowicz alia Arlen
Private
No 10 Commando
Royal Sussex Regiment
Killed in action or died of wounds
Richard Abrahamowicz was of the Jewish faith and served in 3 troop, also known as 'X' troop,  of the inter allied commando under the alias of Richard Arlen. Reported missing 7 June 1944 later presumed killed in action on or shortly after that date. He was last seen assaulting an enemy machine gun position during operations with 45RM Commando at Franceville Plage, Normandy.

ANSON, Colin Edward

Birthname: 
ASCHER, Claus Leopold Octavio
Colin Anson 3 troop No 10 Commando
Sergeant
No 10 Commando
87th Company of the Pioneer Corps / Royal Sussex Regiment

Colin Anson served in 3 troop, also known as 'X' troop. Enlisting in his real name of Claus Leopold Octavio Ascher he first joined the 87th Company of the Pioneer Corps (for Aliens). 

ARENSTEIN, Hans

Served as : 
ANDREWS, Harry
Hans Arenstein 10 Commando
Lance Corporal
No 10 Commando
47RM Commando
Royal Sussex Regiment
Killed in action or died of wounds

Hans Arenstein served under an alias of Harry Andrews. He was of the Jewish Faith and a member of 3 troop, also known as 'X' troop, of the inter allied commando.  He was attached to 47RM Commando at the time of his death.

AUERHAHN, Werner

Served as : 
WELLS, Peter Vernon Allan
Known as: 
surname also seen spelt as AVERHAHN
Lance Corporal
No 10 Commando
Hampshire Regiment
Killed in action or died of wounds
Werner Auerhahn served in 3 troop, also known as 'X' troop, of the inter allied commando under the alias of Peter Vernon Allan WELLS. He was killed by a mine during operations in Italy and was the first casualty of the troop. 
 

BARTH, George Alexander

Served as : 
STREETS, George Bryan
George Barth 10 Commando 3 troop
Sergeant/Officer Cadet
No 10 Commando
Pioneer Regiment/Royal Sussex Regiment
Died on war service
Died in the UK

Sergeant George Alexander Barth, a German national, served in 3 troop, also known as  'X' troop, under an alias of George Bryan Streets. He was selected for officer training and died in a traffic accident whilst on course 164 O.C.T.U. 
From Police Registration Certificate No. 741027 dated 11 October 1939.
Nationality: German

COATES, John Gordon

Captain (later Temporary Major)
No 10 Commando
30 Commando Assault Unit
Intelligence Corps
Distinguished Service Order (DSO)
1942 Intelligence Officer No.10 (Inter Allied) Commando.
1943 Operations Officer 30 Commando AU Italy and Corsica
1944 Special Operations Executive.
Captain John Coates, attached SOE, was awarded the Distinguished Service Order in recognition of gallant and distinguished service in the Field.
Recommendation

FRANK, Gunther Max

Served as : 
FRANKLYN, George Mack
Max Frank alias Franklyn 10 Commando
Corporal
No 10 Commando
Queen’s Own Royal West Kent Regiment
Pioneer Corps
Killed in action or died of wounds
Gunther Max Frank, a German national, was killed in action during operations at Normandy on D Day. He served under an alias of George Mack Franklyn in 3 troop, also known as 'X' troop, of the inter allied commando. Son of Ernest J. and Carla Franklyn, of Huddersfield.
 
Sources
CWGC.

GLASER, Kurt Joachim

Served as : 
GRIFFITH, Keith James
Grave of Lt Griffith 10 Commando
T/Captain
No 10 Commando
Queen's Own Royal West Kent
Killed in action or died of wounds

Kurt Joachim Glaser served in 3 troop, also known as  'X' troop, under the name of Keith James Griffith.  He was shot and killed by a sniper during operations with 1 Special Service Bde. to cross a railway bridge over the River Aller near the town of Essel.

GOLDSCHLAGER, Kurt Theodor

Served as : 
CLARKE, Kenneth Edward
Known as: 
Teddy
Kurt Goldschlager 10 Commando
Corporal
No 10 Commando
1 Special Service (Commando) Brigade
Pioneer Corps
Mentioned in Despatches
Kurt Theodor Goldschlager being of the Jewish Faith served under the alias of Kenneth Edward Clarke. Born in Vienna, Austria he was one of four brothers, Kurt, Erich, Paul, and Robert. Their father Julius was an architect, who died of natural causes in 1940, and their mother was Irene, nee Von Mangold, who was transported from Izbica, Poland, to Auschwitz and murdered there.

GUMPERTZ, Kurt Wilhelm

Served as : 
GRAHAM, Kenneth William
Kurt Gumpertz alias Kenneth graham
Private
No 10 Commando
Hampshire Regiment
Killed in action or died of wounds
Private Kurt Gumpertz, a German national, died of wounds during operations in Normandy, France, whilst attached to No 4 Commando.  He served in 3 troop, also known as 'X' troop, of the inter allied commando under the alias of Kenneth Graham. Son of Karl Wilhelm and Else, husband of Elisabeth of Highbury, London.
 
Sources
CWGC.

HARRIS, Ian Walter

Birthname: 
Hans Hajos
Ian Walter Harris MM 10 Commando
Corporal
No 10 Commando
Queens Own Royal West Kent / Pioneer Corps
Military Medal (MM)
Corporal Ian Harris, born Hans Hajos, attached to No 10 (Inter Allied) Commando 3 troop ('X' troop), was awarded the Military Medal in recognition of gallant and distinguished service on 6 April 1945 during the crossing of the River Weser [1][2][4].
Recommendation
Crossing of River Weser-6th April 1945.

HEPWORTH, Walter Douglas

Birthname: 
HERSCHTHAL, Walter
Walter Herschthal alias Walter Hepworth
Private
No 10 Commando
Hampshire Regiment
Pioneer Corps
Walter Herschthal was of the Jewish faith and served in 3 troop, also known as 'X' troop,  of the inter allied commando under the alias of Walter Douglas Hepworth. 
1946 Certificate of Naturalization granted. London Gazette " Hepworth, Walter Douglas (formerly Walter Herschthal); Germany; Manager and Secretary; 68, Norfolk Road, Littiehampton, Sussex".
 

HESS, Otto

Served as : 
GILES, Peter
Sergeant
No 10 Commando
Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment
Killed in action or died of wounds
Otto Hess served in 3 troop, also known as 'X' troop, of the inter allied commando under the alias of Peter Giles. Reported missing on or shortly after 1 October 1944 later presumed killed in action. Posthumously granted the King's Commendation for Brave Conduct.
 
Additional Sources
CWGC.

KAGERER-STEIN, Eugen

Served as : 
FULLER, Eugene
Known as: 
Didi
Eugen Kagerer-Stein, alias Eugene Fuller
Sergeant
No 10 Commando
Hampshire Regiment
Pioneer Corps
Killed in action or died of wounds
Eugen Kagerer-Stein, an Austrian national, was killed in action at Normandy, France, whilst attached to 47RM Commando. He served in 3 troop, also known as 'X' troop, under an alias of Eugene Fuller. Son of Alfred and Anna Kagerer-Stein; husband of Cicely Kagerer-Stein, of Balcombe, Sussex.
 
Sources
CWGC.

LANE, George

Birthname: 
LANYI, Gyorgy
Lieutenant George Lane 10 Commando
Lieutenant
No 10 Commando
Pioneer Corps / The Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment)
Military Cross (MC)
George Lane, born Lanyi, a Hungarian national of the Jewish Faith had been a freelance journalist before the war and came to England in 1935 aged 20. When war was declared he immediately attempted to join the Grenadier Guards.  After initially being served with a deportation order as a "friendly alien" this order was rescinded and he was permitted to join the Pioneer Corps.

LENEL, Ernst Richard

Served as : 
LAWRENCE, Ernest Richard
Lance Corporal
No 10 Commando
Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment
Killed in action or died of wounds
Ernst Lenel, who was of the Jewish faith, served in 3 troop, also known as 'X' troop, of the inter allied commando under the alias of Ernest Lawrence.  He was reported missing whilst attached to No 3 Commando after a solo intelligence gathering patrol at Amfreville. 
 
Sources:

LEWINSKY, Werner Max

Served as : 
LADDY, Max
Private
No 10 Commando
Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment
Killed in action or died of wounds
Werner Max Lewinsky died in a landing craft with Ernst Weinberger during operations at Normandy on D Day. He served in 3 troop, also known as 'X' troop, of the inter allied commando under the alias of Max Laddy, and was one of their medical orderlies. 
 
Sources
CWGC.

MEYER, Kurt

Served as : 
MOODY, Peter
Kurt Meyer alias Peter Moody 10 Commando
Lance Corporal
No 10 Commando
Hampshire Regiment
Killed in action or died of wounds
Kurt Meyer, a German national, was killed in action at Normandy, France. He was of the Jewish Faith and a member of 3 troop, also known as 'X' troop, of the inter allied commando, serving under an alias of Peter Moody. Son of Fritz Max Meyer and Margeretta Meyer, of Birmingham.
 
Sources
CWGC.

NATHAN, Ernst

Served as : 
NORTON, Ernest
Known as: 
forename also seen as Eli
Private
No 10 Commando
Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment
Killed in action or died of wounds
Ernst Nathan, who was of the Jewish faith, served in 3 troop, also known as 'X' troop, of the inter allied commando under the alias of Ernest Norton.  He died during operations at Normandy.
 
Sources:
10 Commando, author Ian Dear
Jewish Virtual Library.
 

NATHAN, Wolfgang Erich

Served as : 
HOWARTH, Eric William
Known as: 
forenames also seen as Eli Erich Wolfgang and Eric William
Eric Nathan alias Howarth 3 troop
Troop Sergeant Major (Acting Warrant Officer 1)
No 10 Commando
The Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment)
Killed in action or died of wounds

Warrant Officer (Class 1) Nathan, who was of the Jewish faith, served in 3 troop, also known as  'X' troop, of the inter allied commando under the alias of Eric William Howarth. He was killed in action at Osnabruck Germany.

OPPELT, Gustav

Served as : 
BATE, George
Private
No 10 Commando
Pioneer Corps, 93 Company
Killed in action or died of wounds
Gustav Oppelt was a refugee from Czechoslavakia (Sudeten German) and was killed during operations at Dieppe. For this raid he was attached to 'X' troop, of  No 10.

RICE, Charles

Private
Independent Companies and Special Service Battalions
Royal Sussex Regiment
Private Charles Rice was reported a prisoner of war at Stalag 344. He had been captured at Dieppe on 19 August 1942. His unit is shown on the Casualty Lists as Special Service Bn. The SS Bn's. were a short lived designation which had long ended. 
Notes

SACHS, Herbert

Served as : 
SEYMOUR, Herbert
Private
No 10 Commando
The Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment)
Killed in action or died of wounds
Herbert Sachs was of the Jewish Faith and served under an alias of Herbert Seymour in 3 troop, also known as 'X' troop, of No.10 (Inter Allied) Commando.

SAUNDERS, George Victor

Birthname: 
SALOSCHIN, Georg Victor Frederick Otto Wilhelm Felix
Georg Saloschin alias George Saunders
Private (later Sergeant)
No 10 Commando
Royal Sussex Regiment
Pioneer Corps
George Saunders (born Georg Saloschin) was reported missing in France on 9 June 1944, later reported a prisoner of war in German hands [1][5].
  • Served in No.10 (Inter Allied) Commando 3 Troop ( aka 'X' Troop) [1][3][4].
  • Birthname Georg Victor Frederick Otto Wilhelm Felix SALOSCHIN [6][2].

SHELLEY, Alfred

Birthname: 
SAMSON, Alfred
Alfred Samson alias Alfred Shelley
Lieutenant
No 10 Commando
The Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment)
Alfred Samson, a German national of the Jewish faith, served in 3 troop, also known as 'X' troop, of the inter allied commando under the alias of Alfred Shelley.
He was attached initially as a Corporal to 45RM Commando in North West Europe but early in 1945 received a battlefield commission when posted to Italy.

SMITH, J.

Private
No 10 Commando
The Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment)
Pte. J. Smith, 3 Troop aka 'X' Troop, was recorded in the War Diary as not returning from Operation Jubilee at Dieppe, France, on 19 August 1942. In 1943 he was recorded as being a prisoner of war at Stalag 344.
Notes

SPENCER, Thomas

Birthname: 
STEIN, Karl Artur
Private
No 10 Commando
No 3 Commando
The Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment)
Private Thomas Spencer served under an alias. He was a German national born Karl Artur Stein and served in 3 Troop (aka 'X' Troop) of the inter allied commando. He was wounded on 11 April 1945 during operations with No.3 Commando at the River Aller crossing. Post war member of the Commando Association with whom they lost contact.

THEILINGER, Johann

Served as : 
Taylor, John Robert
Known as: 
Jan
Johann Theilinger 10 Commando Czech
Johann Theilinger
Private
No 10 Commando
Pioneer Corps / The Buffs
Johann Theilinger was a Sudetan Czech from Mikulov.  He was baptised a Catholic and later in life could speak numerous languages. He fought in the International Brigades in Spain, the Czech army in exile, later joining No.10 Commando 3 troop aka 'X' troop.

THOMPSON, Walter Gerald

Birthname: 
ZADIK, Walter Gabriel
Walter Thompson 10 commando
Lance Corporal
No 10 Commando
Hampshire Regiment
Lance Corporal Walter Thompson, born Walter Gabriel Zadik, was reported missing 20 June 1944 in Normandy France, whilst attached to No.4 Commando, later found to be a prisoner of war. From Germany and of the Jewish faith he served under the alias in 3 Troop (also known as 'X' Troop) of No.10 (Inter Allied) Commando. 
Naturalisation Certificate

TUCHMANN, Bernhard

Served as : 
TAYLOR, Bernard
Known as: 
Benny
Private
No 3 Commando
No 10 Commando
Lincolnshire Regiment
Pioneer Corps
Killed in action or died of wounds
Bernard Taylor, birthname Bernhard Tuchmann, was attached to No 3 Commando when killed in action during operations at Normandy in the area of Chateau d'Amfreville.
 
Sources
CWGC.
Casualty Lists / National Archives file WO417/77.

TURNER, Andrew Charles

Birthname: 
POLLASCHEK, Otto
Private
No 10 Commando
Royal Sussex Regiment
Otto Pollaschek, born in Vienna and of Jewish Faith, served in 3 Troop No.10 (Inter Allied) Commando under the alias of Andrew Charles Turner. He was attached to No.3 Commando during the advance through North West Europe. 
1 December 1939  exempted from internment.
Nationality: German.
Police Registration Certificate number 764138.

VOGEL, Egon

Served as : 
VILLIERS, Ernest Robert
Sergeant
No 10 Commando
Royal Sussex Regiment
Killed in action or died of wounds
Sergeant Ernest Robert Villiers, birth name Egon Vogel, was of the Jewish Faith and died during operations at the River Rhine crossing. He served  under an alias of Ernest Robert Villiers in 3 troop, also known as  'X' troop, of No.10 Inter Allied Commando but was attached at the time of his death to 46RM Commando. 

WEICH, Salo

Served as : 
HAMILTON, Robert Geoffrey
Corporal
No 10 Commando
Pioneer Corps & Royal Sussex Regiment
Killed in action or died of wounds

Salo Weich, an Austrian of Jewish faith, served in 3 troop, also known as 'X' troop, of the inter allied commando under an alias of Robert Geoffrey Hamilton. He was killed during operations with 41RM Commando at Walcheren.

WEINBERGER, Ernst Georg

Served as : 
WEBSTER, Ernest George
Weinberger alias Webster 10 Commando
Private
No 10 Commando
The Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment)
Killed in action or died of wounds
Ernst Weinberger, an Austrian national of the Jewish faith, served in 3 troop, also known as 'X' troop, of the inter allied commando under the alias of Ernest Webster. He was killed in action in a landing craft with Max Lewinsky during operations in Normandy on D Day. Husband of Gerda Webster, of Twickenham, Middlesex.
 

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